Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the north and west, the Southern Ocean to the south, the Northern Territory to the north-east, South Australia to the south-east. Western Australia is Australia's largest state, with a total land area of 2,529,875 square kilometres, the second-largest country subdivision in the world, surpassed only by Russia's Sakha Republic; the state has about 2.6 million inhabitants – around 11 percent of the national total – of whom the vast majority live in the south-west corner, 79 per cent of the population living in the Perth area, leaving the remainder of the state sparsely populated. The first European visitor to Western Australia was the Dutch explorer Dirk Hartog, who visited the Western Australian coast in 1616; the first European settlement of Western Australia occurred following the landing by Major Edmund Lockyer on 26 December 1826 of an expedition on behalf of the New South Wales colonial government.
He established a convict-supported military garrison at King George III Sound, at present-day Albany, on 21 January 1827 formally took possession of the western third of the continent for the British Crown. This was followed by the establishment of the Swan River Colony in 1829, including the site of the present-day capital, Perth. York was the first inland settlement in Western Australia. Situated 97 kilometres east of Perth, it was settled on 16 September 1831. Western Australia achieved responsible government in 1890 and federated with the other British colonies in Australia in 1901. Today, its economy relies on mining and gas, services and construction; the state produces 46 per cent of Australia's exports. Western Australia is the second-largest iron ore producer in the world; the first inhabitants of Australia arrived from the north about 40,000 to 60,000 years ago. Over thousands of years they spread across the whole landmass; these Indigenous Australians were long established throughout Western Australia by the time European explorers began to arrive in the early 17th century.
The first European to visit Western Australia was a Dutch explorer, Dirk Hartog, who on 25 October 1616 landed at what is now known as Cape Inscription, Dirk Hartog Island. For the rest of the 17th century, other Dutch and British navigators encountered the coast unintentionally, as demonstrated by the many shipwrecks along the coast of ships that deviated from the Brouwer Route. Two hundred years passed before Europeans believed that the great southern continent existed. By the late 18th century and French sailors had begun to explore the Western Australian coast; the origins of the present state began with the establishment by Lockyer of a convict-supported settlement from New South Wales at King George III Sound. The settlement was formally annexed on 21 January 1827 by Lockyer when he commanded the Union Jack be raised and a feu de joie fired by the troops; the settlement was founded in response to British concerns about the possibility of a French colony being established on the coast of Western Australia.
On 7 March 1831 it was transferred to the control of the Swan River Colony, named Albany in 1832. In 1829 the Swan River Colony was established on the Swan River by Captain James Stirling. By 1832, the British settler population of the colony had reached around 1,500, the official name of the colony was changed to Western Australia; the two separate townsites of the colony developed into the port city of Fremantle and the state's capital, Perth. York was the first inland settlement in Western Australia, situated 97 kilometres east of Perth and settled on 16 September 1831. York was the staging point for early explorers. Population growth was slow until significant discoveries of gold were made in the 1890s around Kalgoorlie. In 1887, a new constitution was drafted, providing for the right of self-governance of European Australians and in 1890, the act granting self-government to the colony was passed by the British Parliament. John Forrest became the first Premier of Western Australia. In 1896, the Western Australian Parliament authorised the raising of a loan to construct a pipeline to transport 23 megalitres of water per day to the Goldfields of Western Australia.
The pipeline, known as the Goldfields Water Supply Scheme, was completed in 1903. C. Y. O'Connor, Western Australia's first engineer-in-chief and oversaw the construction of the pipeline, it carries water 530 km from Perth to Kalgoorlie, is attributed by historians as an important factor driving the state's population and economic growth. Following a campaign led by Forrest, residents of the colony of Western Australia voted in favour of federation, resulting in Western Australia becoming a state on 1 January 1901. Western Australia is bounded to the east by longitude 129°E, the meridian 129 degrees east of Greenwich, which defines the border with South Australia and the Northern Territory, bounded by the Indian Ocean to the west and north; the International Hydrographic Organization designates the body of water south of the continent as part of the Indian Ocean. The total length of the state's eastern border is 1,862 km. There are 20,781 km including 7,892 km of island coastline; the total land area occupied by the state is 2.5 million km2.
Abane, one of several languages called Baniwa known as Baniva Yavitero, was an Arawakan language of Venezuela. It is believed to have become extinct by the late 20th century, is only attested in a short word-list from the late 18th century, it was spoken in the Amazonas region of Venezuela and along the Colombian border, had dialects called Quirruba and Baniva-Avani. The language began deteriorating with the arrival of the Jesuits in the late 18th century; the Avane language included a colloquial name to refer to the neighboring indigenous Maipure people, "Metimetichini", which may be humorously alluding to the polysyllabic nature of many Maipure words and contains two sounds not found in Avane. The language shares some words with others in the same family, including Maipure and Guipunave, but is phonetically distinct. Avane is characterized phonetically in comparison to Maipure. Avane uses the dental stop //, not seen in Maipure but is native to Yavitero and Baniva, it uses the glottal fricative // before // and/or //, where Maipure would use //, //, //.
Unlike Maipure, the Avane diphthongs // and // do not appear to be contracted in stressed syllables. Ethnographer Gilij described the Avane pronunciation as "rude, guttural" compared to the Maipure's "gentle, beautiful" version. In morphology, Avane is seen as close to Maipure, with both using the "empty morph" suffix "-cà" for certain active and intransitive verbs
"Starting Over" is a song written by Bob McDill, recorded by American country artist Tammy Wynette. It was released as a single in March 1980 and became a top twenty hit on the Billboard country songs chart. "Starting Over" was recorded in January 1980 at the Columbia Recording Studio in Nashville, Tennessee. The session featured tracks that would appear on Wynette's 1980 album; the recording session was produced by Billy Sherrill and included renowned Nashville session musicians such as Johnny Gimble, Pete Drake and George Richey. The song reached number 17 on the Billboard Hot Country Singles chart, it released on her 1980 studio album Only Lonely Sometimes. 7" vinyl single"Starting Over" – 3:07 "I'll Be Thinking of You" – 3:58