The Western Australian Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Western Australia, an Australian state. The Parliament sits in Parliament House in Perth; the Legislative Assembly today has 59 members, elected for four-year terms from single-member electoral districts. Members are elected using the preferential voting system; as with all other Australian states and territories, voting is compulsory for all Australian citizens over the legal voting age of 18. Most legislation in Western Australia is initiated in the Legislative Assembly; the party or coalition that can command a majority in the Legislative Assembly is invited by the Governor to form a government. That party or coalition's leader, once sworn in, subsequently becomes the Premier of Western Australia, a team of the leader's, party's or coalition's choosing can be sworn in as ministers responsible for various portfolios; as Australian political parties traditionally vote along party lines, most legislation introduced by the governing party will pass through the House of Assembly.
The Legislative Assembly was the first elected legislature in Western Australia, having been created in 1890, when Western Australia gained self-government. It consisted of 30 members, all of whom were elected, although only male landowners could vote; this replaced a system where the Governor was responsible for most legislative matters, with only the appointed Legislative Council to guide him. Suffrage was extended to all adult males in 1893, although Indigenous Australians were excluded. Women gained the right to vote in 1899, making Western Australia the second of the Australian colonies to do so. In 1921, Edith Cowan became the first woman to be elected to parliament anywhere in Australia when she won the Legislative Assembly seat of West Perth for the Nationalist Party. For many years, Western Australia used a zonal electoral system for both houses of parliament. In most Australian jurisdictions, each state electorate represents an equal number of voters. However, in Western Australia, until 2008 an MP represented 28,519 voters in greater Perth or 14,551 country voters.
At the 2006 census taken on 8 August 2006, 73.76% of Western Australia's residents lived in and around Perth, but only 34 of Western Australia's 57 Legislative Assembly seats, representing 60% of the total, were located in the metropolitan region. There has been strong support over time in some quarters for the principle of one vote, one value from the Labor Party who were at particular disadvantage under the system. Up until 2005, reform had proceeded gradually—the most dramatic changes had occurred with the enactment of the Electoral Districts Act 1947 and the Acts Amendment Act 1987, the latter of which raised the number of metropolitan seats from 29 to 34. Effective on 20 May 2005, the Electoral Amendment and Repeal Act 2005 abolished the country-metropolitan distinction for the Legislative Assembly, but all seats in place remained until the following election on 6 September 2008. A redistribution of seats announced by the Western Australian Electoral Commission on 29 October 2007 places 42 seats in Perth and 17 in the country, with a variation of ±10% from the average population permitted.
The only distinction for rural seats is that any seat with an area of 100,000 square kilometres or greater may have a variation of +10%–20% from the average, using an adjusted population based on the seat's area in square kilometres. 30 votes as a majority are required to pass legislation. 2021 Western Australian state election Members of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly Members of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly, 2017–2021 Speaker of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly Electoral districts of Western Australia Western Australian Legislative Council Parliaments of the Australian states and territories
William L. Dickinson High School is a four-year comprehensive community public high school located in Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, serving students in ninth through twelfth grades as part of the Jersey City Public Schools. Dickinson occupies a prominent location on Bergen Hill overlooking lower Jersey City and the New York Harbor; the school has been accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Secondary Schools since 1929. As of the 2017-18 school year, the school had an enrollment of 1,780 students and 140.0 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 12.7:1. There were 1,250 students eligible for 88 eligible for reduced-cost lunch; the school was the 304th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 339 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2014 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", using a new ranking methodology. The school had been ranked 302nd in the state of 328 schools in 2012, after being ranked 308th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed.
The magazine ranked the school 295th in 2008 out of 316 schools. The school was ranked 291st in the magazine's September 2006 issue, which surveyed 316 schools across the state. In 1999, student Samir Kapadia placed fourth at the Annual Intel International Science and Engineering Fair for his project "Identification and Targeting Multiple Myeloma Cancerous Tumors."In 2002–03, students Juliet R. Girard and Roshan D. Prabhu won the team competition of the Siemens Westinghouse Competition for "Identification and High Resolution Mapping of Flowering Time Genes in Rice." The duo shared a $100,000 scholarship with their victory. In 2007, Abdullah Anwar, a student was recognized as a semi-finalist in the 2007 New Jersey Business Idea Competition conducted by Fairleigh Dickinson University. Named Jersey City High School, the property was purchased in 1904 and the new building opened on September 6, 1906, in an attempt to relieve overcrowding in the city's public schools, it was the first public secondary school in the city.
When the school opened, it housed a 2,000 seat auditorium that saw extensive public use, hosted such events as a lecture by Helen Keller and political rallies for United States Presidents Taft and Roosevelt. The original school was expanded with the construction of a second building in 1912 to further industrial skills education; this building contained a foundry, print shop, vocational classrooms. In 1913, the school was renamed William L. Dickinson High School for the superintendent who had advocated for creation of the school during his term from 1872 to 1883; the school was expanded again in 1933 with the addition of an annex containing a swimming pool and gymnasium. The rear of the building is the site of a late 1800s-era cannon mount built to protect the Hudson River shoreline from early invaders. Given the location of the cannon and the associated technology of the time, it is doubtful that the cannon would have been effective as a defensive emplacement. While the cannon has since been removed, the original mounting was reused as the site of a black-granite monument to the victims of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
In 1946, students went on strike to protest a proposal by the city's board of education to extend the end of the school day from 1:00 PM to 3:00 PM, with striking students arguing that the longer school day would interfere with their part-time jobs. The William L. Dickinson High School Rams compete in the Hudson County Interscholastic League, following a reorganization of sports leagues in Northern New Jersey by the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. With 1,649 students in grades 10–12, the school was classified by the NJSIAA for the 2015–16 school year as North II, Group IV for most athletic competition purposes, which included schools with an enrollment of 1,114 to 4,800 students in that grade range. In 1930, Walt Singer and his identical twin brother Milton led the Dickinson football team to a 9–0 record as it became the second-ever Hudson County Interscholastic Athletic Association champion; the Dickinson Rams football team had been led by head coach Rich Glover who used to play as a defensive lineman for the New York Giants.
In February 2010, the Jersey City Public Schools cut funding for interscholastic sports and ended the football program at Dickinson. The Dickinson football tram was re-established in 2012 after a few years in hiatus; the boys indoor track team was the state public school champion in both 1937 and 1938, won the Group IV state championship in 1966. The boys track team won the indoor relay state championships in 1966 and 1967; the boys cross country team won the Group IV state championships in 1948 and 1955. The team won the North I Group IV state championship in 1967; the boys' baseball team won the North I Group IV state sectional championship in 1966, the only time that the team has won a state title in the post-1958 playoff era. The Dickinson High School boys' basketball team won the 2000 Public Sectionals – North I, Group IV, edging Memorial High School 43–41 in the tournament final. In 2009, the boys soccer team went on to the state tournament, losing to Ridge High School by a score of 2–0 in the tournament final, finishing with a record of 17–8–0 and marking the first time in Dickinson history that the boys varsity soccer team made it to state finals, under the coaching of Rene "Toro" Portillo and Tom Worley.
The principal is Frederick D. Williams John C. White, the Louisiana state education superintendent since 2012, taught English at Dickinson from 1998 to 2001; the school requires its students to wear school uniforms, consisting of a burg
Like any supplier of goods or services, a translator bears ethical and legal obligations toward his patron or employer. This has turned to be of enormous importance with the development of the language industry at global scale. For the protection of both parties, standards have been developed that seek to spell out their mutual duties. Standards of quality and documentation were developed for manufacturing businesses. Codes for all types of services are now maintained by standardization organizations such as the International Organization for Standardization. Standards of this type include those of the ISO 9000 series; as interest in quality management has grown, specific quality standards have been developed for translation services. These have included the Italian UNI 10574, the German DIN 2345, the Austrian Önorm D 1200 and Önorm D 1201, the Canadian CAN CGSB 131.10. In 2015, EN 15038 was replaced by ISO 17100:2015; the European EN 15038 translation-services standard went into effect on August 1, 2006, replacing the previous standards of the 30 individual CEN member countries.
It aims to unify the terminology used in the translation field, define basic requirements for language-service providers and create a framework for the interaction of customers and service providers in terms of their rights and obligations. It defines certain services, in addition to translation, that may be offered by language-service providers. A strong focus is on administrative, documentation and revision processes, as well as on the functions of different specialists who guide the translation project over its duration. Appendices to the standard provide information and suggestions on how best to comply with the standard. On May 12, 2009, the Language Industry Association of Canada, AILIA launched the latest standards certification program in the world; the certification is based on CAN/CGSB-131.10-2008, Translation Services, a national standard developed by the Canadian General Standards Board and approved by the Standards Council of Canada. It involved the participation of representatives from AILIA, professional associations, academia, purchasers of service, other stakeholders.
The Canadian Standard for Translation Services CAN CGSB 131.10 - 2008 establishes and defines the requirements for the provision of translation services by translation service providers. This National Standard of Canada is a modified adoption of the European Committee for Standardization standard EN 15038 Translation Services; this document was prepared with the intent to harmonize where possible with the provisions of EN 15038 Translation Services. Variances in wording and content with EN 15038 reflect the Canadian perspective. Conformity assessment and certification based on this standard are in place. With the recent development of national and regional standards for translation services, many translation service providers and internationally, are now in the process of either considering or seeking certification of the services they provide in meeting the demands of the marketplace; the standard specifies the requirements for the provision of translation services by the translation service provider.
There are three key points common to all standards: Select your human resources with care. Come to an agreement on your project specifications before translation begins. Follow the specifications at every step of the project; the CGSB 131.10 discuss the following: Scope Definitions Human Resources Technical Resources Quality Management System Client-TSP Relationship TSP Project Management Procedures Translation Process Notes Appendixes: A. Project Recording B. Pre-Translation Processing C. Additional ServicesThe standard does not apply to terminology services. TSPs interested in getting certified can review the AILIA Certification Preparation Guide The AILIA Translation Committee takes care of the promotion of the Canadian Translation Standard and its certification; the American translation-services standard is the ASTM F2575-06 Standard Guide for Quality Assurance in Translation. It provides a framework for customers and translation-service providers desirous of agreeing on the specific requirements of a translation project.
It does not provide specific criteria for translation or project quality, as these requirements may be individual, but states parameters that should be considered before beginning a translation project. As the document's name suggests, it is a guideline, informing stakeholders about what basic quality requirements are in need of compliance, rather than a prescriptive set of detail instructions for the translator. There is, however, a view within the translation industry that, while not doing any actual harm, an over-reliance on such standards can give a false sense of security. Blindly following translation standards does not on its own provide real assurance regarding translation quality; the argument is that the path to quality in translation is by focusing more on providing on-going training and feedback to translators. Translation EN 15038 Medical translation Translation project Translation criticism Tim Martin, Directorate-General for Translation: Managing risks and resources: a down-to-earth view of revision
William John Richard Squance was a Welsh trade unionist. Born in the Landore area of Swansea, Squance found work as a cleaner for the Great Western Railway in 1894, four years became a fireman on the railway, he joined the Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen, at which time he was based in Aberdare. In 1907, Squance became an engine driver, he moved to Goodwick to take up the post, was elected as secretary of the local branch of ASLEF, he maintained leading roles in local branches as he moved, first to Newport to Llanelli. There, he chaired a joint committee of unions during the railway strike of 1911. Radical, he supported two drivers who refused to move Irish freight during the 1913 Dublin lock-out, organising solidarity action which led to most of the South Wales railway workers going on strike. ASLEF set up a GWR Delegation Board in 1915, Squance was chosen as its first secretary. In 1920, he was appointed to the National Wages Board. Following Squance's presidency, he became the union's full-time organising secretary.
Active during the UK general strike of 1926, he was imprisoned for his role, but this only increased his prestige in the union, in 1927 he was promoted to Assistant General Secretary. Squance was a member of the Labour Party, was selected as the Prospective Parliamentary Candidate for Bassetlaw at the 1935 UK general election. However, ASLEF decided that, if he were elected, he would need to resign his union posts, Squance decided instead to stand down as PPC. During the early 1930s, ASLEF's general secretary, John Bromley, suffered from poor health, Squance deputised for him; as such, when Bromley retired in 1936, Squance was the natural choice as his successor. He served on the General Council of the Trades Union Congress from 1936, until his retirement in 1939; as general secretary, Squance was known as an outspoken anti-fascist, close to the Communist Party of Great Britain. He took a leading role in the People's Convention of 1940/41, as a result was expelled by the Labour Party
Out Run Europa, is a driving video game developed by Probe Software and published by U. S. Gold for the Amiga, Amstrad CPC, Atari ST, Commodore 64, Game Gear, Sega Master System and ZX Spectrum in 1991, it is a spinoff from the arcade game Out Run. Levels in Out Run Europa are set across Europe, with the player passing road signs for places like Paris and Berlin; the player must escape from the police using a variety of vehicles, from the standard sports cars from Ferrari and Porsche to motorbikes and jet skis. Some levels arm the player with a weapon. Out Run Europa's development was first announced in 1988, the game's release was delayed until 1991; the Spectrum version was well received, with Your Sinclair awarding the game 83%, praising the big sprites and smooth animation when compared to the original game
Eugène Olivier was a French fencer and Olympic épée champion. He received a bronze medal in épée individual and a gold medal in épée team at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London. Eugene Olivier est medecin et collectionneur Francais. Membre de l'equipe de France d'épée, il est champion olympique par equipe aux Jeux de Londres de 1908. Il remporte egalement la medaille de bronze dans le concours individual. Il est member fondateur et le premier president du Paris Universite Club. Docteur es Sciences et professeur agrege d'Anatomie, il est elu member de l'Academie de Chirurgie en 1953. Heraldiste et philateliste, president de l'Academie de philatelie de 1957 a 1964, il a rassemble des collections de timbres, de marques postales, d'ex libris et de relieures armoriees, et est l'auteur d'un Manuel de l'Amateur des Relieures Armoriees francaises en 30 volumes ainsi que de nombreuses publications d'anatomie. Il avait une large collection de livre anciens signees et annotes entre autres par Balzac, Victor Hugo, Celine