Beaver Dam, Kentucky
Beaver Dam is a home rule-class city in Ohio County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 3,515 at the 2010 census and it is named for the Beaver Dam Baptist Church which predates the town by 65 years. The city was incorporated by the state assembly in 1873. Beaver Dam is located at 37°24′26″N 86°52′40″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 square miles, all land. Beaver Dam is located at the junction of U. S, as of the census of 2000, there were 3,033 people,1,297 households, and 889 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,200.9 people per square mile, there were 1,411 housing units at an average density of 558.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93. 11% White,3. 43% African American,0. 16% Native American,0. 26% Asian,0. 07% Pacific Islander,1. 71% from other races, and 1. 25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2. 57% of the population,29. 0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16. 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.33 and the family size was 2.84. In the city, the population was out with 23. 2% under the age of 18,9. 3% from 18 to 24,25. 6% from 25 to 44,24. 2% from 45 to 64. The median age was 40 years, for every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males, the median income for a household in the city was $28,066, and the median income for a family was $35,518. Males had an income of $30,326 versus $17,955 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,575, about 17. 6% of families and 22. 0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33. 6% of those under age 18 and 15. 3% of those age 65 or over. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Beaver Dam has a subtropical climate
Hopkins County, Kentucky
Hopkins County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,920, the county was formed in 1806 and named for General Samuel Hopkins, an officer in both the American Revolutionary War and War of 1812, and a Kentucky legislator and U. S. Congressman. The Madisonville, KY Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Hopkins County, the topography ranges from flatlands along the broad river valleys of the Pond River, Tradewater River, and Green River, to hilly and rolling land in the southern and central parts of the county. Coal mines operate in the part of Hopkins County and agriculture is a mainstay in the northern part. Major crops are soybeans and tobacco, along with coal, resources include oil and natural gas. Hopkins County ranks second in the state both in terms of coal extracted and in total coal reserves remaining. The earliest inhabitants were prehistoric Native Americans who lived, one of their settlements was a rough stone structure on Fort Ridge, which has since been destroyed by strip mining for coal.
Some of the settlers were Revolutionary War veterans who received land grants for their service from Virginia in the area southwest of the Green River. Among these was Baron Von Steuben, a Prussian general who had trained George Washingtons Continental Army at Valley Forge during the winter of 1776-77 and he had received a grant of several thousand acres in the northwest part of the county. According to tradition, Von Steuben was wounded in an Indian attack on his first visit to Kentucky, nevertheless, a salt spring on his grant came to be known as Steubens Lick. By the 1880s, the community grew up around the lick was known as Manitou. Roads in the county often followed animal trails that led to salt, the major traces were those which connected the county seat at Madisonville with Henderson to the north, Hopkinsville to the south, and Russellville to the southeast. Numerous other trails led to the mills and ferries on the Pond and Tradewater Rivers, on January 3,1829, Ashbyburg in the northeastern part of the county was incorporated.
Located on the Green River, it thrived as a landing during the 19th century. Hopkins County was divided by the American Civil War, the harsh policies imposed by the occupying Union armies caused much more resentment and served to increase the sympathy for the Confederate cause. Ever since then, local politics have been dominated by the Democratic party. Farming was the occupation in Hopkins County for most of the 19th century. Around 1837 local blacksmith James Woolfolk found an outcropping of coal on his land, john Bayless Earle, for whom the town of Earlington, Kentucky was named, opened the first coal mine in the county in 1869
Muhlenberg County, Kentucky
Muhlenberg County is a county located in the U. S. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,499, the county was founded in 1798 and named for General Peter Muhlenberg, a colonial general during the American Revolutionary War. Muhlenberg County was established in 1798 from land given by Logan and Christian counties, Muhlenberg was the 34th Kentucky county in order of formation. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 479 square miles. The two primary features of Muhlenberg County are the Green River and Lake Malone. The northern portion of the county is gently rolling hills, river flatlands. The southern portion consist of rolling hills with higher relief, many of the valleys in the southern part of the county are rather deep and in places and somewhat rugged. This area is known for many sandstone formations and some small limestone caves. A number of faults cross the county at roughly the point between neighboring counties to the north and south. Coal is a natural resource found in the central part of the county.
Most deposits reside deep underground, though in the past deposits were closer to the surface, in former years, it was common to see machines such as the Big Brother Power Shovel throughout the county. During the 1970s and early 1980s, Muhlenberg County was the leader in Coal Production. This was the subject of the song Paradise, Muhlenberg Countys predominate rock type is sandstone. As one travels south and gets closer to the border, one begins to notice limestone outcroppings become more numerous. Early attempts at extracting iron ore were tried at Old Airdrie on the banks of the Green River and at Buckner Furnace south of Greenville, both operations were extant in the late 19th century and early 20th century, neither enjoyed long-term success. The 300 miles -long Green River is a tributary of the Ohio River and it provides a commercial outlet for goods to be shipped from the county to the major trade centers along the Mississippi River. Muhlenberg County and the Green River first entered the popular consciousness through the John Prine song Paradise, spanning 788 acres near the small town of Dunmor in southern Muhlenberg County, Lake Malone provides a locale for water recreation such as swimming and fishing.
Lake Malone and the hardwood forest form Lake Malone State Park
Caldwell County, Kentucky
Caldwell County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,984, Caldwell was a prohibition or dry county until 2013, when the citizens voted to lift the ban. Caldwell County was formed from Livingston County in 1809, prior to that, Caldwell County had been part of Christian and Lincoln Counties — Lincoln County having been one of the three original counties of Kentucky. In the early nineteenth-century, Caldwell County witnessed the passage of the migration of the Cherokee to the West on the Trail of Tears during Indian removal. The Cherokee camped for several weeks in Caldwell County during the winter of 1838, mainly at Big Springs, now in downtown Princeton, at Skin Frame Creek, in 1860, the construction of Princeton College began, but it was delayed by the Civil War. Confederate troops camped on the grounds of Princeton College in 1861, following the Confederate retreat in early 1862, Union soldiers occupied Princeton for the remainder of the war.
In December 1864, raiding Kentucky Confederate cavalry commanded by General Hylan B, lyon burned the Caldwell County courthouse in Princeton, since it was being used to house the Union garrison. The expansion of railroads in the nineteenth century made Princeton an important junction on several major railway lines, most notably the Illinois Central. By the turn of the century, a boom in dark leaf tobacco had made Caldwell County, along with Christian County. However, the monopolization of the market by James B. Duke left many farmers in debt and discontented, under the leadership of Dr. David Amoss of Cobb in Caldwell County, a vigilante force called the Night Riders was formed to combat the Duke monopoly. The Night Riders terrorized those who cooperated with the company by destroying crops, burning warehouses. The Night Riders took over Princeton one night in December 1906, the Black Patch Wars came to an end around 1908. In the mid-twentieth century, Caldwell County began to shift from agriculture to industrialization, Caldwell County is still largely agricultural, however it is home to factories such as Bremner, who are the largest private cookie and cracker factory in North America.
Since 1925, Caldwell County has housed the University of Kentucky Research and Education Center, the UKREC in Princeton is a leader in horticultural and biological sciences. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 348 square miles. The population density was 38 per square mile, there were 6,126 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93. 89% White,4. 81% Black or African American,0. 15% Native American,0. 16% Asian,0. 01% Pacific Islander,0. 39% from other races, and 0. 60% from two or more races
Kentucky Transportation Cabinet
The Transportation Cabinet is led by the Kentucky Secretary of Transportation, who is appointed by the governor of Kentucky. The current Secretary is Mike Hancock, who was appointed by Democratic Governor Steve Beshear, as of October 2012, KYTC maintains 27,562.975 miles of roadways in the state. The Transportation Cabinet is composed of four operating Departments, headed by Commissioners and those units are subdivided into Divisions headed by Directors
Interstate 24 is an Interstate Highway in the Midwestern and Southeastern United States. It runs diagonally from I-57,10 miles south of Marion, Illinois, to Chattanooga, Tennessee, as an even-numbered Interstate, it is signed as an east–west route, though the route follows a more southeast–northwest routing. Because the routing of I-24 is diagonal, the numbering is a bit unusual as it not completely follow the Interstate Highway System numbering conventions. I-24 makes up the majority of a corridor between St. Louis and Atlanta. This corridor utilizes I-64 and I-57 northwest of I-24, and I-75 southeast of I-24, I-24 begins at exit 44A on I-57 in southern Williamson County, near the community of Pulleys Mill. The highway heads southeast into rural Johnson County, bypassing Goreville to the east and it reaches an exit at Tunnel Hill Road, which serves Goreville and Tunnel Hill. The highway continues south to its exit at U. S. Route 45 north of Vienna. It reaches its next exit at Illinois Route 146 in eastern Vienna, I-24 heads southeast from Vienna into Massac County.
Its first exit in Massac County is at Big Bay Road, I-24 continues southward, bypassing the community of Round Knob before entering Metropolis. The highway meets US45 again in Metropolis and passes west of Fort Massac State Park and it leaves Metropolis to the south by crossing the Interstate 24 Bridge over the Ohio River, continuing into Kentucky. I-24 crosses into Kentucky on a bridge over the Ohio River, passing to the west of the city of Paducah and intersecting US60, US45, the freeway passes near the communities of Woodlawn-Oakdale and Reidland, and connects with US68. East of this point, I-24 runs concurrently with I-69, intersecting US62 and crossing the Tennessee River, the roadway travels along the north shore of the Cumberland River as I-69 splits off to the east just north of Mineral Mound State Park. I-24 continues east, away from the river, through farmland for several miles, near the Tennessee border, I-24 passes north of Fort Campbell before crossing into Tennessee. I-69 runs concurrently with I-24 for 17 miles from the Purchase Parkway in Calvert City to the Western Kentucky Parkway near Eddyville, compared to grades elsewhere, Monteagles 4–6% grade does not come close to the steepest, but the slope is protracted over a distance of several miles.
While all motorists need to exercise caution, truckers are particularly vexed by Monteagle, owing to geography, these two ramps are on the left side of the grade. This stretch of highway inspired Johnny Cash to write a song about Monteagle Mountain, there is more than a mile between the eastbound and westbound lanes at one point. The eastbound lanes descend the mountain on one side of a ridge, of interest on Monteagle Mountain is the steep grade on I-24 north of Monteagle. This steep grade occurs for westbound traffic and features a sharp 45 mph curve to the right while descending steeply at the same time and this downhill curve features off-ramp approach style lane dividers, in order to slow both motorists and truckers
Interstate Highway System
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways is a network of controlled-access highways that forms a part of the National Highway System of the United States. The system is named for President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who championed its formation, construction was authorized by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, and the original portion was completed 35 years later, although some urban routes were cancelled and never built. The network has since been extended and, as of 2013, as of 2013, about one-quarter of all vehicle miles driven in the country use the Interstate system. In 2006, the cost of construction was estimated at about $425 billion, the nations revenue needs associated with World War I prevented any significant implementation of this policy, which expired in 1921. In the plan, Mehren proposed a 50, 000-mile system, the system would include two percent of all roads and would pass through every state at a cost of $25,000 per mile, providing commercial as well as military transport benefits.
As the landmark 1916 law expired, new legislation was passed—the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921 and this new road construction initiative once again provided for federal matching funds for road construction and improvement, $75 million allocated annually. The Bureau of Public Roads asked the Army to provide a list of roads that it considered necessary for national defense. A boom in construction followed throughout the decade of the 1920s. As automobile traffic increased, planners saw a need for such a national system to supplement the existing, largely non-freeway. By the late 1930s, planning had expanded to a system of new superhighways, in 1938, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave Thomas MacDonald, chief at the Bureau of Public Roads, a hand-drawn map of the United States marked with eight superhighway corridors for study. He recognized that the system would provide key ground transport routes for military supplies. The publication in 1955 of the General Location of National System of Interstate Highways, informally known as the Yellow Book, assisting in the planning was Charles Erwin Wilson, who was still head of General Motors when President Eisenhower selected him as Secretary of Defense in January 1953.
The Interstate Highway System was authorized on June 29,1956 by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate, three states have claimed the title of first Interstate Highway. Missouri claims that the first three contracts under the new program were signed in Missouri on August 2,1956, the first contract signed was for upgrading a section of US Route 66 to what is now designated Interstate 44. On August 13,1956, Missouri awarded the first contract based on new Interstate Highway funding, kansas claims that it was the first to start paving after the act was signed. Preliminary construction had taken place before the act was signed, the state marked its portion of I-70 as the first project in the United States completed under the provisions of the new Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956. The Pennsylvania Turnpike could be considered one of the first Interstate Highways, on October 1,1940,162 miles of the highway now designated I‑70 and I‑76 opened between Irwin and Carlisle.
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania refers to the turnpike as the Granddaddy of the Pikes, October 12,1979, The final section of the Canada to Mexico freeway Interstate 5 is dedicated near Stockton, California
William H. Natcher Parkway
The William H. Natcher Green River Parkway is a limited-access freeway from Bowling Green to Owensboro in the US state of Kentucky. The Natcher is one of nine highways that are part of Kentuckys parkway system, the parkway begins at an interchange with US Route 231 south of Interstate 65 near Bowling Green. At exit 43, the parkway intersects with the Wendell H. Ford Western Kentucky Parkway, the Natcher Parkway bypasses the cities of Morgantown, Beaver Dam and Hartford. The parkway carries the designation of Kentucky Route 9007. Conceived as the Owensboro–Bowling Green Parkway, it was named the Green River Parkway when it opened on December 15,1972. It received its current name in 1994 following the death of William H. Natcher, Natcher is best known for his record-setting string of 18,401 roll call votes, even being wheeled in on a hospital gurney to vote shortly before his death. However, the newly designed marker signs that were installed on the Natcher Parkway in the summer of 2006 do not bear the words Green River, on November 21,2006, toll plazas on the Natcher were removed.
State law requires toll collection ceases when enough tolls are collected to pay off the parkways construction bonds. Prior to their removal, toll plazas were located at Exit 7 /Bowling Green, Exit 34 /Morgantown, motorists traveling between the I-65 exit and Exit 7 in the Bowling Green area were not charged toll. The Natcher and the nearby Audubon Parkway, were the last two roads in the Kentucky parkway system to have their tolls removed, under Kentucky law, toll roads cease toll collection once their construction bonds are paid, either by collected tolls or other sources. In November 2011, the Natcher was extended by an additional 2.5 miles from I-65 southward to US231 on the side of Bowling Green. This was done to provide relief of traffic on Scottsville Road as that roadway is the busiest thoroughfare in the city. The project included a new interchange to KY622 near Plano, the Southern Kentucky Corridor would connect with the proposed King Coal Highway in West Virginia as listed in Section 1105 in ISTEA.
The preferred I-66 route followed U. S.68 between Bowling Green and Hopkinsville, however the I-66 spur along the Natcher Parkway eventually entered the highway plans. The only remaining study of I-66 was conducted under the Federal Highway Administration and the Illinois Department of Transportation under the 66 Corridor Study, although I-66 has been officially cancelled, the conversion of the William H. The city of Owensboro, Daviess County Fiscal Court, Greater Owensboro Economic Development Corporation, the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet and the Indiana Department of Transportation have never proposed building I-67 nor endorse the specific concept proposed by the I-67 Development Corporation. I-565 story Official Kentucky Transportation Cabinet website with information and toll schedules for the Natcher Parkway KentuckyRoads. com — William H. Natcher Parkway Exit Guide for Natcher Parkway
Nortonville is a home rule-class city in Hopkins County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 1,264 during the year 2000 U. S. census, Nortonville was incorporated by the state legislature in 1873 under the name Norton. Nortonville celebrated its centennial in 1972, having established a post office in 1871, eckstein Norton participated in the creation of the Elizabethtown & Paducah Railroad in the late 1860s. He purchased 2000 acres of land in what would become Norton Village, Norton became a shipping agent for the Illinois Central Railroad, which eventually acquired the Elizabethtown & Paducah Railroad. Named the Evansville and Nashville, was completed through Nortonville in 1872. It was purchased in a sale in 1879 by the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. Norton became president of the L&N Railroad on October 6,1886, Nortonville in 1886 was one of only nine towns to have a steam hoist operated in the L&N Railroads system to unload and transfer freight. By Nortonville was a junction of the IC and L&N Railroads, Nortonville saw growth after 1902, when investors purchased land from the Norton heirs and opened a shaft coal mine as the Nortonville Coal Company.
They operated a power plant. Nortonville implemented its first water system in 1936 and paved its streets in 1956, a centralized sewage treatment system was built in the late 1970s, opening an opportunity for continued growth. The Nortonville City Hall occupies the well maintained 1930s high school building, Nortonville is located at 37°11′16″N 87°27′22″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 1.1 square miles. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,264 people,525 households, the population density was 1,136.3 people per square mile. There were 584 housing units at a density of 525.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96. 44% White,2. 06% Black or African American,0. 55% Native American,0. 08% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 87% of the population. 28. 4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city, the population was out with 24. 1% under the age of 18,8. 8% from 18 to 24,29. 0% from 25 to 44,23. 0% from 45 to 64. The median age was 36 years, for every 100 females there were 95.1 males
Lyon County, Kentucky
Lyon County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,314, the county was formed from Caldwell County, Kentucky in 1854 and named for former Congressman Chittenden Lyon. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 257 square miles. The population density was 38 per square mile, there were 4,189 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 91. 86% White,6. 72% Black or African American,0. 30% Native American,0. 17% Asian,0. 01% Pacific Islander,0. 40% from other races, and 0. 54% from two or more races. 26. 80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12. 20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.70. The age distribution was 15. 80% under the age of 18,7. 50% from 18 to 24,32. 90% from 25 to 44,27. 00% from 45 to 64, the median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 133.50 males, for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 138.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,694, males had a median income of $36,034 versus $21,806 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,016, about 10. 20% of families and 12. 70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17. 30% of those under age 18 and 13. 30% of those age 65 or over
Eddyville is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Lyon County, United States. The population was 2,554 at the 2010 census, up from 2,350 in 2000, the Kentucky State Penitentiary is located at Eddyville. Eddyville, the seat of Lyon County, was settled around 1798 and it became the seat of Livingston County when it was formed in 1799, the seat of Caldwell County upon its formation in 1809, and finally the seat of Lyon County upon its establishment in 1854. Thus, it holds the distinction of being the city in Kentucky to have served as the county seat of three separate counties. The Eddyville post office opened in 1801, taking six years to build, the massive stone prison structure towers over Lake Barkley and is sometimes called The Castle on the Cumberland. Executions are still held at the prison, although there have only been three since 1976 and only one since 1999, the primary method has been changed to lethal injection. Following the completion of Kentucky Dam in the 1940s, rumors began that a dam would be built on the lower Cumberland and this meant relocating Eddyville and Kuttawa.
By the mid-1950s, the fears were confirmed. The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers began surveying for the construction of Barkley Dam, the entire population of Eddyville was in a turmoil with decisions to be made. This ordeal caused many angry feelings among some of the residents and it was about this time that Lee S. Jones entered the picture. Jones had purchased farms in the Fairview community and he came to the Eddyville City Council and presented his plan, each person owning land in the towns to be flooded would receive a free lot in the new Eddyville site. Eddyville residents accepted his offer and on August 13,1959, the plat included 254 residential lots,46 business lots,28 acres for construction of a school and campus, city park, health office, water works, and location of streets. August 28,1959, was designated as Dedication and Free Deed Day at the new site, a large group of people gathered for the event which was held in a field. Mr. Jones handed the first deed to Boyce and Lillian Yates, the first house to be built in the new town was the home of Mr.
and Mrs. J. I. The first business to be built was the Kentucky Utilities office, during the time of building, Eddyville was booming and, with the impoundment of Lake Barkley in the 1960s, tourists began making their way into the area for the abundance of fish and boating. The influx of tourists did not happen as rapidly as most people had envisioned and hoped, although campgrounds and marinas were springing up around the lake, the city was struggling. December 1988 brought the ground breaking for the West Kentucky Outlet Mall, three brothers, Bob and Ben Jent purchased a tract of land in the city limits of Eddyville and started construction of a mall, which opened the following fall with ten stores. Within a short time the mall would boast a total of nearly 50 stores, the opening of the mall brought a surge of progress to Eddyville, and all types of businesses began to move into the city
Dawson Springs, Kentucky
Dawson Springs is a home rule-class city in Hopkins and Caldwell counties in the U. S. state of Kentucky. The population was 2,764 at the 2010 census and it is the birthplace of former governor Steve L. Beshear. Originally known as Tradewater Bend, the city was incorporated in 1832 under the name Dawson City by two Menser brothers, from the late 1800s to the 1930s, Dawson Springs was well known as a spa and resort town. It is still popular as a tourist destination because of the Pennyrile Forest State Resort Park and nearby lakes, Dawson Springs is located in southwestern Hopkins County at 37°10′18″N 87°41′21″W. Its southern and western border is the Tradewater River, which is the Hopkins/Caldwell County line, a small portion of Dawson Springs extends across the river into Caldwell County. U. S. Route 62 passes through the center of the city, leading east 14 miles to Nortonville, interstate 69, the Western Kentucky Parkway, runs generally parallel to US62 and touches the northern end of Dawson Springs city limits, with access from exit 92.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 3.8 square miles, of which 3.7 square miles is land and 0.077 square miles. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,980 people,1,214 households, the population density was 755.8 people per square mile. There were 1,353 housing units at a density of 343.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97. 72% White,0. 94% African American,0. 27% Native American,0. 30% Asian,0. 07% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 27% of the population. 31. 2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.90. In the city, the population was out with 23. 1% under the age of 18,8. 4% from 18 to 24,25. 4% from 25 to 44,21. 1% from 45 to 64. The median age was 40 years, for every 100 females there were 84.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.7 males, the median income for a household in the city was $22,670, and the median income for a family was $27,872.
Males had an income of $29,545 versus $18,875 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,649, about 25. 5% of families and 27. 1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39. 0% of those under age 18 and 18. 9% of those age 65 or over. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Dawson Springs has a subtropical climate. City of Dawson Springs official website Dawson Springs at Kentuckytourism. com