Western New Guinea known as Papua, is the Indonesian part of the island of New Guinea. Since the island is alternatively named as Papua, the region is called West Papua. Lying to the west of the independent state of Papua New Guinea, it is the only Indonesian territory to be situated in Oceania. Considered to be a part of the Australian continent, the territory is in the Southern Hemisphere and includes nearby islands, including the Schouten and Raja Ampat archipelagoes; the region is predominantly covered with ancient rainforest where numerous traditional tribes live, such as the Dani of the Baliem Valley, although a large proportion of the population live in or near coastal areas, with the largest city being Jayapura. Following its proclamation of independence in 1945, the Republic of Indonesia took over all the former territories of the Dutch East Indies, including Western New Guinea. However, the Dutch retained sovereignty over the region until the New York Agreement on 15 August 1962, which granted Western New Guinea to Indonesia.
The region became the province of Irian Jaya before being renamed Papua in 2002. The following year, the second province in the region, West Papua in Manokwari, was created. Both provinces were granted special autonomous status by the Indonesian legislation. Western New Guinea has the majority of whom are Papuan people; the official and most spoken language is Indonesian. Estimates of the number of local languages in the region range from 200 to over 700, with the most spoken including Dani, Yali and Biak; the predominant religion is Christianity followed by Islam. The main industries include agriculture, oil production, mining. Speakers align themselves with a political orientation when choosing a name for the western half of the island of New Guinea; the official name of the region is "Papua" according to International Organization for Standardization. Independence activists refer to the region as "West Papua", while the Indonesian officials has used "West Papua" to name the westernmost province of the region since 2007.
The region has had the official names of Netherlands New Guinea, West New Guinea or West Irian, Irian Jaya, Papua. The region is 1,200 kilometres from east to 736 kilometres from north to south, it has an area of 420,540 square kilometres, which equates to 22% of Indonesia's land area. The border with Papua New Guinea follows the 141st meridian east, with one section defined by the Fly River; the island of New Guinea was once part of the Australian landmass and lies on the continent of Sahul. The collision between the Indo-Australian Plate and Pacific plate resulted in the formation of the Maoke Mountains, which run through the centre of the region and are 600 km long and 100 km across; the range includes about ten peaks over 4,000 metres, including Puncak Jaya, Puncak Mandala and Puncak Trikora. This range ensures a steady supply of rain from the tropical atmosphere; the tree line is around 4,000 m and the tallest peaks feature small glaciers and are snowbound year-round. Both north and west of the central ranges, the land remains mountainous – 1,000 to 2,000 metres high with a warm humid climate year-round.
The highland areas feature alpine grasslands, jagged bare peaks, montane forests, fast-flowing rivers, gorges. Swamps and low-lying alluvial plains with fertile soil dominate the southeastern section around the town of Merauke. Swamps extend 300 kilometres around the Asmat region; the province has 40 major rivers, 12 lakes, 40 islands. The Mamberamo river runs through the north of the province; the result is a large area of rivers known as the Lakes Plains region. The southern lowlands, habitats of which included mangrove and freshwater swamp forest and lowland rainforest, are home to populations of fishermen and gatherers such as the Asmat people; the Baliem Valley, home of the Dani people, is a tableland 1,600 m above sea level in the midst of the central mountain range. The dry season across the region is between May and October. Strong winds and rain are experienced along the north coast from November to March. However, the south coast experiences an increase in wind and rain between April and October, the dry season in the Merauke area, the only part of Western New Guinea to experience distinct seasons.
Coastal areas are hot and humid, whereas the highland areas tend to be cooler. Lying in the Asia-Australian transition zone near Wallacea, the region's flora and fauna include Asiatic and endemic species; the region has a high degree of biodiversity. The island has an estimated 16,000 species of 124 genera of which are endemic; the mountainous areas and the north are covered with dense rainforest. Highland vegetation includes alpine grasslands, pine forests and scrub; the vegetation of the south coast includes mangroves and sago palms, in the drier southeastern section, eucalypts and acacias. Marsupial species dominate the region; the region is the only part of Indonesia to have kangaroos, marsupial mice and ring-tailed p
John Smith was one of the first two U. S. Senators from the state of Ohio, he reluctantly resigned from the Senate under charges of alleged complicity in the Burr conspiracy. Little is known of his early life. There are conflicting reports on the location of his birth, with some sources saying he was born in the Province of Virginia, others saying Hamilton County, Ohio, he prepared for the ministry, was pastor of the Baptist Church at Columbia, Miami Purchase, Northwest Territory, during the 1790s which some sources credit as the first Baptist Church in modern Ohio.. He began a profitable business supplying military posts near Cincinnati, Ohio, he ran multiple grain mills. In 1799 Smith along with his agent Reuben Kemper were the first US based merchants to ship to Baton Rouge, taking nearly $10,000 worth of goods fine clothing and house furnishings, he was a member of the Northwest Territorial legislature 1799–1803 and a delegate to the Ohio state constitutional convention in 1802. He was a leader of a group that supported statehood in opposition to the Territorial Governor Arthur St. Clair.
Upon the admission of Ohio as a State into the Union, he was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the United States Senate and served in the 8th, 9th and 10th Congresses. While in the Senate, Smith continued his profitable trading ventures in Louisiana and West Florida and pursued numerous land investment schemes. In 1805, former Vice President Aaron Burr sought his support in organizing a military expedition against Spanish Florida. Although Smith claimed he had no interest in Burr's plot to force secession of Spanish territories, he agreed to provide supplies for the proposed expedition; when President Thomas Jefferson issued an alert, charging that Burr's actual purpose was an invasion of Mexico, Smith responded patriotically by financing weapons to defend against the Burr expedition and delivering those weapons to New Orleans. These travels caused him to miss weeks of Senate sessions and led the Ohio legislature to charge him with dereliction of duty and to demand his resignation. Although Smith ignored that demand, he found his troubles increasing as a court in Richmond, indicted him in mid-1807 for participating in Burr's conspiracy.
As he traveled to Richmond, he learned that the charges against him were dropped after the court acquitted Burr on a technicality. But on December 31, 1807, a Senate committee chaired by John Quincy Adams recommended that Smith be expelled from the Senate. A trial was held with Adams leading the attack. Smith was defended by Francis Scott Key and Robert Goodloe Harper, who argued that Smith may have been naive, but was not a traitor; the expulsion resolution fell one vote short of the required two-thirds majority. Smith resigned on the last day that Congress was in session for the year. Smith had enjoyed a close friendship with President Thomas Jefferson early in his Senate career, though that relationship was ruined, along with Smith's political career, by his implication in the Burr treason. Smith was forced into bankruptcy and moved to St. Francisville, where he served as a Methodist preacher; the History of Cincinnati and Hamilton County Ohio, published in 1894, indicates that Smith died in Hamilton County, Ohio on June 10, 1816, although this is incorrect, since an obituary and sources agree on his death in 1824 in St. Francisville, Louisiana.
List of United States Senators censured United States Congress. "John Smith". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Online Text of History of Cincinnati and Hamilton County Ohio published 1894 U. S. Senate web site Pitcher, M. Avis. "John Smith, First Senator from Ohio and His Connections with Aaron Burr". Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly. 45: 68–88. Archived from the original on 2004-01-26. Retrieved 2004-04-01. "Smith, John". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1900
Enrique González Castillo, nicknamed La Pulga, was a Cuban singer-songwriter from Santiago de Cuba. His two most famous works are the boleros "Injusta duda" and "Lupina", which have been recorded by artists such as Arsenio Rodríguez and Compay Segundo, respectively; the latter was written for danzonete singer Pablo Quevedo in 1934. His repertoire included boleros, canciones and guajiras written by himself; the height of his career took place in the 1930s and'40s in Havana, where he was the guitarist for Benny Moré before he joined Conjunto Matamoros to tour Mexico. In addition, he was part of several other vocal groups, collaborating with famous guarachero Ñico Saquito. In March 2014, Cuban trova musicians paid homage to González in his hometown of Santiago. "El que usted conoce no soy yo" - Recorded by Sonora Matancera feat. Rey Caney on October 8, 1958 "Injusta duda" - Recorded by Arsenio Rodríguez on January 22, 1952. 1958, among others "Lupina" - Originally recorded in 1934 by Pablo Quevedo with Cheo Belén Puig's orchestra.
Ñico Membiela in 1954. Ñico Membiela in 1954 "Mi tesorito" - Recorded by Cheo Belén Puig's orchestra feat. Ñico Membiela in 1954 "Una sola miradita" - Recorded by Cheo Belén Puig's orchestra feat. Ñico Membiela in 1954 Enrique González Castillo, Discogs
Shakedown! The Texas Tapes Revisited is a grammy nominated compilation of the work of Bobby Fuller and his recording band in El Paso, Texas before signing to Bob Keane's Del-Fi Records 1964; the two CDs compile Fuller's hit local singles, a wealth of outtakes and other recordings over its 50 tracks. All tracks are written by Bobby Fuller except. Bobby Fuller - vocals, guitar Randy Fuller - backing vocals, bass Mike Ciccarelli - backing vocals, guitar Tex Reed - backing vocals, guitar Sonny Fletchter - backing vocals, guitar Jerry Miller - backing vocals, guitar Billy Webb - backing vocals, guitar Jim Reese - backing vocals, guitar Dalton Powell - drums Freddy Paz - drums Jimmy Wagnon - drums DeWayne Quirico - drums on tracks 7, 8, 19, 21 on Disc 2
Buffalo Hart is an unincorporated community in northern Sangamon County in the U. S. state of Illinois. It is the population center of Buffalo Hart Township. Buffalo Hart was built in the 19th century, first as a frontier settlement based on a prairie grove, as a rural station stop on the Gilman and Springfield Railroad twelve miles northeast of Springfield, the state capital. Farmers would bring fresh vegetables and milk to the now-vanished railroad station for transportation into nearby cities; the railroad's successor-in-interest, the Canadian National, continues to operate a right-of-way that passes through Buffalo Hart. A small grove of trees about 0.5 miles south of the village, which stood out amongst the tallgrass prairie grassland of central Illinois, has long been called "Buffalo Hart." A three-acre remnant of the white oak grove has been preserved for public use as the Robert Burns Memorial Park. Buffalo Hart Grove had a post office as early as 1837; the crossroads general store closed about 1971 and the trackside grain elevator was no longer in active use as of 2012.
Peter Nicholas Pusey is a British physicist. He is an Emeritus Professor of Physics at the School of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Edinburgh. Pusey is a pioneer of dynamic light scattering and is known for elucidating the structure and dynamics of concentrated colloidal suspensions, he contributed to the development, underlying theory and applications of DLS. He was among the first to apply photon correlation techniques and, with colleagues, developed the now standard method of cumulant analysis for particle sizing, his theory, with William van Megen, of DLS by non-ergodic media resolved long-standing difficulties, allowing DLS studies of amorphous solid-like systems such as polymer gels and glassy colloidal suspensions. With his work on the Brownian motions of interacting particles, Pusey was one of the first to apply microscopic approaches to colloidal suspensions, his research exploited analogies and differences between concentrated suspensions of hard-sphere colloids and atomic materials, to investigate such fundamental phenomena as crystallisation, the glass transition and the formation of ordered binary superlattices.
With Eric Jakeman, Pusey introduced K-distributions. Pusey was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1996 and Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in the same year. In 2005, he was awarded the Rhodia Prize by the European Colloid and Interface Society for his Outstanding contributions in the experimental study of dynamically arrested particulate matter in relation to hard sphere fluids with added polymer