Westfield Sydney is a shopping centre operated by Scentre Group and located beneath the Sydney Tower in the Sydney central business district. It is located on Pitt Street Mall and is adjacent to the Mid City Centre, The Strand Arcade and Stockland Glasshouse, it is the largest shopping centre by area in Sydney. The site of the A$860 million Westfield Sydney redevelopment was once occupied by the Centrepoint Shopping Centre, Sydney Central Plaza and the smaller Skygarden and Imperial Arcade. Centrepoint Shopping Centre opened in 1972 with 52 stores; the centre was refurbished in 1984 and further upgraded in 1996 and 2000. Centrepoint purchased by The Westfield Group in December 2001 and was renamed Westfield Centrepoint and housed over 140 stores. Sydney Central Plaza featured the Myer Department Store and featured over 50 stores, it was purchased by the Westfield Group in 2003. Imperial Arcade was designed by prominent Sydney architect Thomas Rowe; the Westfield Centrepoint provided bridge connections to two of Australia's major department stores and David Jones.
There was a connection to Imperial Arcade which featured the Sydney central business district's Angus & Robertson bookstore. Westfield has invested $930 million in redeveloping Westfield Centrepoint, Sydney Central Plaza and Imperial Arcade; the four shopping centres including Westfield Centrepoint, Sydney Central Plaza and Imperial Arcade merged and was redeveloped and became Westfield Sydney. Stage 1 of the development opened in October 2010 with 130 specialty stores; the new centre fronts three streets, including the Pitt Street Mall, one of the world's most expensive shopping streets by rent. Stage 2 opened a further 120 stores between November 2010 and late-2011; the opening of a 25-storey commercial tower at 85 Castlereagh Street marked the completion of the total project in early 2012. Westfield Sydney has over 350 stores. Anchor tenants in the centre include Sydney Tower Myer Zara JB Hi-Fi Microsoft Store Official website
Australian Institute of Architects
The Australian Institute of Architects is a professional body for architects in Australia. The Australian Institute of Architects is the peak body for the Australian architectural profession, representing 11,000 members, works to improve the Australian built environment by promoting quality, sustainable design; the Australian Institute of Architects exists to: advance the interests of members, their professional standards and contemporary practice expand and advocate the value of architects and architecture to the sustainable growth of our community and culture A number of states formed professional societies for architects, including the Queensland Institute of Architects. The Australian Institute was formed in 1930, when state architectural institutes combined to form a unified national association. A chapter is now maintained in each state and territory, though full federation did not come about with some states resolutely maintaining their independence; the RVIA was the last to join, in 1968.
The Institute is represented on many national and state industry and government bodies, is affiliated with the International Union of Architects. The AIA Gold Medal is the highest award of the Australian Institute of Architects awarded annually since 1960; the National Architecture Awards have been presented since 1981. The categories are: Public Architecture The Sir Zelman Cowen Award for Public Architecture National Award for Public Architecture National Commendation for Public Architecture Residential Architecture – Houses The Robin Boyd Award for Residential Architecture – Houses National Award for Residential Architecture – Houses National Commendation for Residential Architecture – Houses Residential Architecture – Houses Residential Architecture – Multiple Housing The Frederick Romberg Award for Residential Architecture – Multiple Housing National Award for Residential Architecture – Multiple Housing National Commendation for Residential Architecture – Multiple Housing Commercial Architecture The Harry Seidler Award for Commercial Architecture National Award for Commercial Architecture National Commendation for Commercial Architecture Heritage Architecture The Lachlan Macquarie Award for Heritage National Award for Heritage Interior Architecture The Emil Sodersten Award for Interior Architecture National Award for Interior Architecture National Commendation for Interior Architecture Urban Design The Walter Burley Griffin Award for Urban Design National Award for Urban Design National Commendation for Urban Design Small Project Architecture The Nicholas Murcutt Award for Small Project Architecture National Award for Small Project Architecture National Commendations for Small Project Architecture Sustainable Architecture The David Oppenheim Award for Sustainable Architecture National Award for Sustainable Architecture National Commendation for Sustainable Architecture Enduring Architecture The National Enduring Architecture Award International Architecture The Jørn Utzon Award for International Architecture Award for International Architecture Colorbond Award for Steel ArchitectureEach of the state chapters presents awards.
The categories are: ACT Chapter Medallion – Residential Award Art & Architecture Award Sustainable Architecture Award Heritage Award Bluescope Steel Award Mervin Willoughby Thomas Renovation Award The Marion Mahony Griffin Prize is awarded to acknowledge a distinctive body of work by a female architect for architectural education, research, professional practice or built architectural work. The award honours pioneering architect Marion Mahony Griffin. Recipients include: The Paula Whitman Leadership in Gender Equity Prize is awarded to acknowledge achievement in one or more of the following areas: creation and advancement of knowledge through research and education; the award honours architect and gender equity advocate Paula Whitman. Recipients include: Melonie Bayl-Smith Catherine Baudet Architectural Innovation Award Burnett Award Colorbond Steel Award Interiors Award Multiple Housing Award People's Choice Award President's Award for Recycled Buildings Public Architecture Award Residential Award Sustainable Architecture Award Tracy Memorial Award Urban Design Award FDG Stanley Award for Public Architecture Robin Dods Award for Residential Architecture – Houses Residential Architecture – Houses Job & Froud Award for Residential Architecture – Multiple Housing Beatrice Hutton Award for Commercial Architecture Hayes & Scott Award for Small Project Architecture G.
H. M. Addison Award for Interior Architecture Robin Gibson Award for Enduring Architecture Don Roderick Award for Heritage Harry Marks Award for Sustainable Architecture Karl Langer Award for Urban Design Art & Architecture Prize Colorbond Award for Steel Architecture Sir James Irwin Chapter President's Medal Jack McConnell Award for Public Architecture Award for Urban Design Keith Neighbour Award for Commercial Architecture Robert Dickson Award for Interior Architecture John S Chappell Award for Residential Architecture – Houses The SA Chapter Award for Residential Architecture – Houses Small Project Award David Saunders Award for Heritage Architecture Derrick Kendrick Award for Sustainable Architecture Jack Cheesman Award For Enduring Architecture Colorbond® Award For Steel Architecture Emerging Architect Prize People's Choice Award for Residential Architecture Victorian Architecture Medal William Wardell Award for Public Architecture Public Architecture Award Joseph Reed Award for Urban Design Sir Osborn McCutcheon Award for C
Village Cinemas is an Australian-based film exhibition brand that shows blockbuster, mainstream and family films and some arthouse, foreign language and documentary films. Since 2003, its Australian sites became a joint venture between Village Roadshow and Amalgamated Holdings Limited, forming Australian Theatres. Previous to this, Village Cinemas was the founding entity of parent company, Village Roadshow from 1954 when the first drive-in theatre was established, from 1988 Warner Bros. owned a third share in the chain. The Village Cinemas brand operates in various forms within some international markets, either as a joint venture with Village Roadshow, or under licence, where they operate within Event Hospitality and Entertainment's Event Cinemas/Greater Union/Birch Carroll & Coyle, many international cinema chains. Village Cinemas has output deals with all major film distributors and selectively screens some independently sourced films depending on material. In 1954, the company origins of Village Roadshow and Village Cinemas came from the foundation in one of Australia's first drive-in theatre operations in Croydon, an outer Eastern suburb of Melbourne, established by Roc Kirby.
The drive-in was adjacent to Croydon Village. Kirby had operated traditional indoor cinemas, under the Kirby Theatres name, but the outdoor Village-brand concept was to provide the motor for the company's growth; the original Village Drive-In featured capacity for 454 cars being redeveloped to offer features such as a swimming pool and a go-cart track, as well as a walk-in area for customers without cars. Kirby's company built and operated a motel facing the theatre. Kirby expanded Village Drive-In Pty Limited through the late 1950s, with the circuit opening in the Melbourne suburbs of Rowville and Essendon. Village went into its first partnership with Greater Union to build a Geelong drive-in, by the beginning of the 1960s, operated 27 drive-in theatres throughout the states of Victoria and Tasmania. Village Drive-In Pty Limited began to expand throughout the rest of Australia after the company began adding so-called "hard-top" cinemas in the 1960s. While drive-ins catered to Australia's suburban and vast regional markets, the hard-top theatres targeted the country's growing inner-city areas where their populations were less reliant on private automobile ownership.
Joining Roc Kirby in the company's expansion were his sons and John, who helped out by serving popcorn and soft drinks, Graham Burke, who commenced with the company in 1960 sweeping floors at one of its theatres. Burke became integral to the business, joining the Kirbys in Village Roadshow's expansion beyond exhibition. In 1967, the company entered the film distribution side; that operation grew into Australia's largest, while adding film production to its portfolio during the 1970s. The advent of home video in the late-1970s, spelled the end of the drive-in theatres. Although Village Roadshow continued to operate a number of drive-ins until the 1990s, the format itself faded with the growing availability of videocassettes and VCRs. However, Village Coburg Drive-In, within the inner-Melbourne suburb of Coburg North, survived this period and is the last drive-in still operated by Village to this day. However, Village Roadshow responded to these new trends, adding its own video distribution and video rental operations in 1985.
Village Roadshow responded to another expanding trend, that of the multiplex cinema in the 1980s and'90s. Multiplexes were a reaction by the movie exhibition industry to the rise of video. Village Roadshow became a pioneer in building and converting its existing single or'twin' screen cinemas into the multiplex concept, investing in new sound and projection technologies and introducing new features, such as stadium-style seating. By this change in business operations, Village Roadshow and their competitor cinema operators were able to attract audiences back into their theatres and were the forerunners to the multiplexes of today. In 1988, Village Roadshow sold two-thirds in Village Cinemas and entered into an equal joint-venture partnership with Warner Bros. and Greater Union to develop a new chain of multiplex cinemas throughout Australia. The partnership, called the Australian Multiplex Joint Venture, grew through the 1990s, establishing a chain of nearly 30 theatres with nearly 320 screens.
The first joint-venture multiplex opened in Melbourne's Airport West as'Village Greater Union 8' in 1989. In 1995, Village Roadshow added a new retail format from the creation of joint-venture, Village Nine Leisure, with Publishing & Broadcasting Limited and Westfield Holdings, to open a string of'virtual entertainment' shops known as, Intencity; these video arcades expanded to most states and territories throughout Australia co-locating with most Village Cinema sites in Victoria and Tasmania, Greater Union/Birch Carroll & Coyle sites in other states. Village Roadshow wholly acquired the chain in 1999, since 2005, rationalised most locations down to the current nine arcades. With the company being led by John and Robert Kirby and Graham Burke, who undertook the managing director's position, Village Roadshow b
Westfield Eastgardens is an Australian shopping centre in the Sydney suburb of Eastgardens. The centre was the largest shopping centre in Australia when it opened in September 1987; the centre is owned by the Terrace Tower Group but operated and managed on a long term agreement by the Scentre Group. The centre's major tenants include three supermarkets, a department store, three discount department stores and a cinema. Westfield Eastgardens was built on the site of the former Urban Transit Authority Pagewood bus depot; the depot was soon followed by the nearby Holden and WD & HO Wills factories. The closure of these two sites would result in job losses of around 1,000 people. In order to save jobs, the Government of New South Wales persuaded the Westfield Group to develop the site; the Government added crown land in order to convince Westfield. In July 1982, three other commercial landlords whose own trade would be affected by the new shopping centre made a challenge to the Land & Environment Court.
Following this the Government passed legislation that disallowed an appeal to be made to the Land & Environment Court. Significant public debate followed about the right of the New South Wales Government to overrule the legal process. Westfield Eastgardens opened on 23 September 1987 and was the largest shopping centre in Australia for a short period until Chadstone Shopping Centre in Melbourne was redeveloped; when the centre opened it had two supermarkets, a department store, two discount department stores, a 6-screen Hoyts cinema as well as 180 other retailers. The centre was redeveloped in 2002, with a new supermarket, discount department store and brought the total amount of retailers to 290 with parking for 3,260 cars and the upgrade of Hoyts; when the redevelopment completed, Westfield Eastgardens was the first shopping centre in New South Wales to house three discount department stores, Kmart and Big W. After 20 years as an anchor tenant, David Jones closed its store on 23 September 2007 due to its proximity to the company's Westfield Bondi Junction and Elizabeth Street/Market Street stores.
Myer took over David Jones' space after an extensive refurbishment, opening on the 8 March 2008. Eastgardens suffered significant damage when part of the car park collapsed at around 07:00 on 24 July 2012. Around 500 people were evacuated from the building when a second-level steel beam that supported the car park roof broke; the entire shopping centre was closed off after a survey found the collapse may have caused structural damage in other areas of the building. The dislodgement of the beam caused a partial roof collapse near the food court entrance on the second level, bringing down a plant room, air conditioning units, a cool room, toilet facilities, exhaust fans and an electrical switchboard. Police set up an exclusion zone around redirected road traffic; the building was closed pending further investigation. The building reopened the following day for retail trade, although some areas in the food court remained closed. Repairs were underway to restore the collapsed sections of the building.
Westfield Eastgardens had 84,627 m ² of floor space on two levels and 3,263 car spaces. Major retailers are located on either end of the centre. Anchor tenants Myer Coles Kmart Target Woolworths Big W AldiCinemas Hoyts cinemaMini-majors JB Hi-Fi Rebel Sport The centre has a major bus interchange serviced by Sydney Buses, with routes to Sydney Airport, the City and Bondi Junction as well as a taxi rank, contains many car parking spots. Media related to Westfield Eastgardens at Wikimedia Commons
Westfield Hurstville is a shopping centre in the suburb of Hurstville in the St George area of Sydney, Australia. The Eastern Suburbs and Illawara rail link offers frequent train services to Hurstville station located opposite the centre. Westfield Hurstville has bus connections to the Riverwood, Beverly Hills, Kogarah, Burwood, Parramatta, as well as local surrounding suburbs, it is served by Sydney Buses, Metrobus and Hillsbus. Majority of its bus services located in Forest Road in front of the railway station. Westfield Hurstville has multi level car parks with 2,745 spaces. Westfield Hurstville opened on 9 October 1978 by NSW Premier Neville Wran; the centre was first announced in 1975 with a cost of $30 million was hailed as “the start of a new and greater shopping era for St George”. It was a joint venture between Westfield; the centre featured Coles New World, Nock & Kirby and Best & Less. It was the first shopping centre in Australia to feature a quiet park on top of the centre; the park was known as Snowy Hill Park, named after former alderman and mayor of Hurstville, Gordon William'Snowy' Hill.
Hill who served 19 years at the council, being elected mayor in 1962 and 1963. He died on 2 June 1978; the decision to name the park in recognition of Hill's services to the local community was made at a Special Hurstville Municipal Meeting shortly after his death. A pedestrian ramp from Croft's Avenue was constructed to allow pedestrian access to the park from street level; the park was opened by Mr Kevin Ryan MLA, former mayor of Hurstville, on 7 April 1979 and was popular for shoppers who wanted a quiet break from shopping. In 1987, the Waltons chain was sold by Alan Bond to the Cookes family in which the remaining stores split into Venture and Norman Ross. Westfield Hurstville was redeveloped extended across Park Road towards The Avenue with a retail bridge linking both sides of the centre in the 1990s. Grace Bros, Greater Union cinema and 125 speciality stores were added to the centre as part of the extension; the celebration of the opening of the redevelopment and the opening of Grace Bros was held on 10 April 1990.
The opening of the store was popular with hundreds of locals queuing up to snap up a bargain which took one hour for the store to make $51,000 in sales. The Grace Bros store was planned to open in the Southside Plaza at Rockdale, but due to David Jones planning to open a Hurstville store, with a possible site near the current location of Hurstville Library on Queens Road, Grace Bros amended the plan and opened at Hurstville. Venture, which took over Norman Ross, relocated from its original space to the space next to Grace Bros. Snowy Hill park was converted to the rooftop carpark. After the redevelopment of the centre, shops on Forest Road started to decline after the centre took trade away from the street and the plans for a pedestrian mall on Forest Road, to be known as Forest Road Mall or Hurstville Boulevard, were proposed. During the 1990s, many high-end stores and stores such as Brashs and Intencity closed. Intencity opened in 1995 and was the first in the chain to open on the space vacated by BBC Hardware and part of Waltons until it was taken over by Target in 1997.
The Toys "R" Us store shrunk to become a one-level store with the bottom level of the store taken over by Rebel Sport, taken over by Aldi. Franklins closed in 2001 and was taken over by Food For Less in 2002 and operated until November 2015 when Woolworths opened at the other end of the centre. Food For Less was taken over by a medical centre. Grace Bros became sole department store until its closure in early 2015. Despite having many variety stores added, the centre was criticized in the 2010s for lack of high-end retailers, department stores and having too many discount and cheap stores, it was criticized for being run down and in need of redevelopment. In early 2015, Myer made a departure from the centre after deciding to not renew their lease and was followed by Toys "R" Us. On March 2015, the centre underwent a $100 million redevelopment, completed by 18 November 2015; the centre celebrated the opening of the redevelopment on 19 November 2015. The redevelopment consists of: A full line Woolworths and JB Hi-Fi on the bottom floor of the Myer space A Big W and Cotton On on the first floor of the Myer space.
A Rebel Sport was added to the centre on the half of Kmart A new relocated Best & Less on the space vacated by Toys "R" Us A rooftop alfresco dining precinct. A refurbished Greater Union Cinema renamed Event Cinemas which added a large VMAX screen New floor finishes, ceiling treatments and soft furnishings New ticketless, number-plate recognition system parkingWestfield Hurstville is expected reach an average of $17 million in spending and can support a trade area of over 329,000 people. Plans for six towers up to 20 storeys high and containing 1249 units could be built above the centre under a planning proposal before Georges River Council; the towers would be 18 to 20 storeys above the existing centre from the top of the roof carpark and each tower would include 456 residential apartments, 793 mixed use units consisting of serviced apartments and student accommodation. There are requests to increase the floor space of the development. If approved by the council, the planning proposal will go to the Department of Planning for Gateway before being put on exhibition for public comment.
The plans are expected to be finalised by March, 2018. A new major department store to replace the exi
The Reject Shop
The Reject Shop is an Australian discount variety store chain. Founded in 1981 as a "seconds" store in South Yarra, the company operates over 340 stores Australia-wide; the Reject Shop employs over 5,600 staff. The group replaced a number of Chickenfeed stores in Tasmania, took up the space, left when Retail Adventures closed down. Since 1994, the chain was majority owned by Macquarie Bank, but was floated on the Australian stock exchange in June 2004 when Macquarie decided to offload its shares; the float was successful, with the company tripling in size two years after going public. Former chief executive Barry Saunders, recruited to the company in 2000 by Macquarie Bank, retired in 2007, he was replaced in May 2007 by Gerry Masters, a former Coles Group executive, after 33 years with his former employer. On 11 September 2009, it was announced that Gerry Masters had resigned his position as Managing Director and would be replaced by Chris Bryce, the Chief Financial Officer, effective 14 September 2009.
Despite the strong growth experienced by the company in the years following 2004, a profit warning in December 2010 resulted in a sharp drop in the share price. The company was affected by the Queensland Floods of 2010, with the company's brand new Ipswich Distribution Centre being flooded; the warehouse became operational once again on August 28, 2011. A similar profit warning in June 2014 resulted in another share drop of 50%, making them one of the top worst performing shares in 2014. In 2013, the company commenced an aggressive growth plan, following the closure of a number of Retail Adventures stores; the company passed the 300 store milestone in October 2013. On 8 July 2014, The Reject Shop announced the appointment of Ross Sudano as Chief Executive Officer, his appointment follows the departure of Chris Bryce in June 2014, after leading a significant growth phase of the business. Daniel Andrews Red Dot Homeart Target Australia Best & Less Official site
Scentre Group Limited is a shopping centre company with retail destinations operating under the Westfield brand in Australia and New Zealand. The corporation undertakes ownership, design, funds/asset management, property management and marketing activities for its centres; the group was created in June 2014 when the Westfield Group separated its American and European businesses from its operations in Australia and New Zealand. The company is listed on the Australian Securities Exchange and has a shopping centre portfolio that includes investment interests in 43 shopping centres across Australia and New Zealand, encompassing around 12,544 retail outlets and total assets under management in excess of A$39.4 billion. Scentre Group has origins in the western suburbs of Sydney; the first development was named "Westfield Place", opened in July 1959 in Blacktown. The name Westfield is derived from "west" related to the West-Sydney location, "field" due to having located on subdivided farmland. John Saunders and Frank Lowy opened the centre.
The company was floated on the Australian Stock Exchange in 1960 and built another five centres in New South Wales before expanding into Victoria and Queensland in 1966-67. The expansion into the United States began with the purchase of Trumbull Shopping Park in Connecticut in 1977, was followed by three centres in California and Connecticut in 1980 and three centres in California, New Jersey and Long Island, New York in 1986. In 1994, Westfield joined together with General Growth and Whitehall Real Estate to purchase 19 centres for US$1 billion; the company built considerable holdings on the east coast and in California before expanding in the Mid-West. By 2005, the company owned centres in 15 US states. In the 1990s, Westfield began a major expansion to New Zealand, where it bought existing shopping centres of the Fletchers Company, progressively rebranded them. Only in 2007, with Westfield Albany, did the company open a new centre in the country. On 9 May 2006, Westfield announced the sale of eight United States shopping centres which it deemed to fit outside its strategic plan, to Centro Properties Group.
In April 2012, it was announced that Westfield Group would sell seven'non-core' property assets to Starwood Capital Group for A$1 billion and one other property to an undisclosed buyer for A$147 million. The funds would be used to invest in businesses offering higher return; the sales were expected completed by November 2013. In June 2014, Westfield Group, one of the world's largest shopping centre companies, restructured to create two, new independent companies: Scentre Group and Westfield Corporation. Scentre Group was created to manage the company's interests in Australia and New Zealand. Westfield Corporation owns and manages Westfield shopping centres in the United States and the United Kingdom. Although Westfield Group has evolved into two separate companies, the consumer branding will remain the same for Scentre Group's shopping centre portfolio. In October 2015, Frank Lowy stepped down as the chairman of Scentre Group following 55 years in charge. In January 2019 the group's decision to double the rent at NightQuarter, one of the Gold Coast's most popular culture and music venues, was cited as the single reason behind the owner's need to close the location.
NightQuarter, situated on land owned by the group, were being asked to pay more than twice the $200,000 a year rent the owners paid, a figure, unsustainable. The mission statement on their website home page says that Scentre Group's purpose is'Creating extraordinary places and enriching communities.' According to its last annual report, Scentre Group's asset management strategy is “to grow property income through contractual annual rent escalations”. It increased statutory profit by 41 per cent to $4.2 billion in FY17. Scentre Group has interests in total assets worth A$38.6 billion, owning 43 shopping malls in Australia and New Zealand − with over 3.8 million square meters of retail space. Having been established in Australia, with its original premises being at Blacktown, the Scentre Group continues to operate a large number of shopping centres in Australia under the Westfield brand. Westfield entered the New Zealand market in 1997 and acquired an interest in the St. Lukes Group portfolio in 1998.
Westfield malls are by far the most numerous chain in New Zealand, with most of its centres located in Auckland, including their largest development located in Albany. As of February 2017, Westfield had NZ$2.5 billion in assets under management in New Zealand. In mid-2012 Westfield sold its 50% share of Westfield Shore City in Takapuna on Auckland's North Shore, now known as Shore City Shopping Centre; that same year the company sold Westfield Downtown and Westfield Pakuranga, now known as Pakuranga Plaza. In 2014 Scentre sold 49% of five malls to the Singapore Government's GIC Private Limited; the malls are Albany, Newmarket and St Lukes in Auckland, Riccarton in Christchurch. In 2015 two more Westfield malls sold by Scentre Group were Chartwell Shopping Centre and Queensgate Shopping Centre. In February 2017, it was announced that Scentre Group had sold the Westfield WestCity mall in Henderson, Auckland, to the family-owned Australian business Angaet Group for A$147 million. Based in San Francisco, Westfield Labs is an entity of Westfield Corporation.
Westfield Labs works with Scentre Group to provide it with digital shopping initiatives that can be deployed throughout the company's operations in Australia and New Zealand. Official website Westfield eCommerce platform developer site