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Westwood Studios

Westwood Studios, Inc. was an American video game developer, based in Las Vegas, Nevada. It was founded by Brett Sperry and Louis Castle in 1985 as Westwood Associates and was renamed Westwood Studios when it merged with Virgin Games in 1992; the company was bought by Electronic Arts alongside Virgin Interactive's North American operations in 1998. In January 2003, it was announced that Westwood, alongside EA Pacific, would be merged into EA Los Angeles; the studio closed in March that year. Westwood is best known for developing real-time strategy and role-playing genres, it was listed in Guinness World Records for selling more than 10 million copies of Command & Conquer worldwide. Brett Sperry and Louis Castle founded Westwood Studios in 1985. According to Louis Castle, the company was named after the "entertainment meets professional" character of the Westwood neighborhood in Los Angeles. We liked the "entertainment meets professional" character of Westwood CA and the attraction of the area to teens and young adults felt like the perfect fit for a new company specializing in entertainment software.

Back we recognized that it took a team of people to make great products so we appended the "Associates" to emphasize that aspect of product development. We were not sure if we could make a go at game development so the original name "Westwood Associates" gave us the ability to get into more traditional business software if necessary; the company's first projects consisted of contract work for companies like Epyx and Strategic Simulations, Inc. porting 8-bit titles to 16-bit systems like Commodore Amiga and Atari ST. Proceeds from contract work allowed the company to expand into designing its own games in-house, their first original title was Mars Saga, a game developed for Electronic Arts and released in 1988. They laid the foundations for the real-time strategy genre with the release of real-time tactics game BattleTech: The Crescent Hawk's Revenge, one of the more literal translations of the classic tabletop game BattleTech. One of the company's first great successes was Eye of the Beholder, a real-time role-playing video game based on the Dungeons & Dragons license, developed for SSI.

Other publishers of early Westwood games included Disney. Their company was acquired by Virgin Games in 1992; the company in the late 1980s was known for shipping products late, but by 1993 it had so improved that, Computer Gaming World reported, "many publishers would assure that a project was going to be completed on time because Westwood was doing it". The magazine added that it "not only has a solid reputation for getting product out on time, but a reputation for good product", citing Eye of the Beholder, The Legend of Kyrandia, Dune II as examples. By Westwood had about 50 employees, including up to 20 artists. Other well-known Westwood titles from the early 1990s include Lands of Lore and Westwood's greatest commercial success, the 1995 real-time strategy game Command & Conquer. Building on the gameplay and interface ideas of Dune II, it added pre-rendered 3D graphics for gameplay sprites and video cinematics, an alternative pop/rock soundtrack with techno elements streamed from disk, modem play.

Command & Conquer and Lands of Lore all spawned multiple sequels. In August 1998, Westwood and sister company Burst Studios was acquired by Electronic Arts for $122.5 million from Virgin Interactive's North American operations, which EA acquired. At the time, Westwood games had a 5% to 6% share of the PC game market the Command and Conquer franchise was considered valuable; the 50,000 square foot building in Las Vegas included motion capture facilities, comfortable offices and was considered a showcase for the industry. According to Westwood Studios designer and programmer Joe Bostic, Electronic Arts did not interfere with Westwood's operations due to Westwood co-founder Brett Sperry's efforts in keeping the corporate cultures of the two companies separate, but Westwood succumbed to wishes that every game had to be a hit; the last games Command & Conquer: Renegade and Earth & Beyond didn't meet expectations of the publisher. In January 2003, EA announced their intent to close Westwood, as well as EA Pacific, merge them into EA Los Angeles as part of a consolidation plan.

This move included "significant layoffs" for Westwood, which at the time employed 100 people, while the remaining people were given the option to transfer to the Los Angeles studio or EA's headquarters. Most employees were let go by January 31, while some staff stayed with Westwood transitionally until it was closed on March 31, 2003; some formed Petroglyph Games in April 2003, while another three formed a development studio called Jet Set Games in 2008, both based in Las Vegas, Nevada. Westwood Studios at MobyGames

Unit (Cristian Fleming)

Unit is an electronic musician based in New York City. Unit began releasing electronic music at the age of 25, although he had musical involvement for many years prior, playing bass guitar at 17, began working on electronic music at the age of 18. Unit has toured at various venues in Europe. Hello... My Name Is, Caipirinha Productions 1999 The Narcoleptic Symphony, Caipirinha Productions 1999 Most Of Me Just Thinks It's Because You're Heartless, Co. Ad. Audio 2001 FT037. Imp. - Music To Fix My Boat By I Came Here To Tell You How It's Going To Co.. Ad. Audio 2004 I Came Here To Tell You How It's Going To Begin, Modulo 2004 Hello... My Name Is, Bohnerwachs Tontraeger 2005 The Narcoleptic Symphony, Bohnerwachs Tontraeger 2005 The Narcoleptic Symphony / Hello... My Name Is, Bohnerwachs Tontraeger 2005Music Also Appears On: Trax Sampler 025 Ring Worm Trax Sampler Across The Cell Wall Untitled Kodama The Wire Tapper 4 Ring*worm Wire Magazine It Sounds Different - Sweet Electro Static Beef Different Crash Redevelopment Medicine is Using (Mag...

Co. Ad. Audio WIDE Presents... Boloni Wider At The Controls Your Arrival Is Our Ar... Resist Music Unit Mr. S. Pants Dotman Imp Fleming is a professional freelance graphic designer for various New York design firms and is an avid editorial cartoonist for The Brooklyn Paper. Discogs.com Release History "Most Of Me Just Thinks It's Because You're Heartless" at rateyourmusic.com Cristian Fleming's Political Weblog Brooklyn Paper Weekly Unit on IMDb 1. "Microscope Session:: RU.electronics". Live Performance in Dresden, Germany. Ds-x.org. 2006-09-22. Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-07-20

L. Nelson Bell

Lemuel Nelson Bell was a medical missionary in China and the father-in-law of famous evangelist Billy Graham. Few people had more influence on Billy Graham than Bell. Bell was born in Longdale, the son of Ruth Lee and James Harvey Bell. Bell and his wife, Virginia Myers Bell, served as Presbyterian medical missionaries in China from 1916 to 1941 with the American Southern Presbyterian Mission, they lived on the compound of Love and Mercy Hospital in Qingjiangpu, Jiangsu Province, 300 miles north of Shanghai. They had five children: Rosa, Lemuel and Clayton. Bell kept a busy schedule as administrative superintendent at the hospital. Although the hospital had a pastor on staff, Bell made the healing of souls a priority in his work explaining the Gospel to his patients, he never minimized the importance of addressing the spiritual needs of the people as well as their physical needs. The Bells returned to the United States before Pearl Harbor in 1941 and retired in Montreat, North Carolina, across the street from their daughter Ruth and Billy Graham.

In 1942, Bell founded The Southern Presbyterian Journal, a publication which championed conservative Presbyterianism within the denomination that had sent Bell and his family to China as missionaries. From 1942 to 1966, the Southern Presbyterian Journal championed racial segregation. Historian Kenneth Taylor describes this segregationist stance: "Paternalistic Journalers professed to love African Americans and to want only the best for them. Integration, the writers insisted, was cruel, segregation was kind. Thus, social separation was consistent with the Golden Rule,'to do unto others as you want others to do unto you.' In 1947 Bell wrote without irony that he was'ashamed at the intolerance, the discrimination, the humiliations which have been heaped on them by the white race' while he defended segregation. … Segregation was kind and Christian." After Bell's death, the subsequent founding of the Presbyterian Church in America, this publication would evolve into the God's World News line of children's magazines, founded in 1981 under the direction of Joel Belz, lead to the 1986 founding of a parallel news publication for adults, WORLD Magazine.

Bell was the one who suggested to Billy Graham the idea of the periodical that would be named Christianity Today. He became its executive editor, commuting to Washington from his home in Montreat and writing "A Layman and His Faith," a regular column in the magazine. With his son-in-law, he was active in trying to mobilize evangelicals to support Richard Nixon against Roman Catholic John F. Kennedy for president in 1960. Bell received seven awards from the conservative Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania for articles and editorials. Nelson Bell died in North Carolina. Bell's biography is entitled, "A Foreign Devil in China: The Story of Dr. L. Nelson Bell," by John Charles Pollock. L. Nelson Bell Papers, Billy Graham Center Archives, Wheaton College. FamilySearch: Ancestral File: 76DV-1M Slacktivist – "The Sins of the Fathers"

Robert Godlonton

Robert Godlonton was an influential politician of the Cape Colony. He was an 1820 Settler, who developed the press of the Eastern Cape and led the Eastern Cape separatist movement as a representative in the Cape's Legislative Council. Robert Godlonton was born in London on 24 September 1794, he was a weak and sickly child and after he was orphaned at the age of twelve he was apprenticed at a printing office. He emigrated to the Cape as part of the 1820 settlers; however the British Governor, fearing the beginnings of a free press, confiscated the press and compensated the price. After unsuccessful attempts at farming, he became a clerk at a landdrost's office and was promoted over the next ten years; the Cape was given freedom of the press in 1828, due to the efforts of the journalist and politician John Fairbairn. In 1834 Godlonton became partner in the Grahamstown Journal and in 1839 he took over the business; the firm, now renamed Godlonton & White, became the leading newspaper in the Eastern Cape.

He developed a wide range of business interests, but his primary activity remained newspapers and the printing industry. He gained a controlling stake in the Kingwilliamstown Gazette, the Uitenhage Times, the Queenstown Free Press, the Eastern Province Herald, the Eastern Province Monthly Magazine, the Friend of Bloemfontein, Het Grahamstads Register en Boeren-vriend. With the time and resources of his business success, he able to concentrate on additional personal publications, such as "Narrative of the Irruption of the Kafir Hordes" and "Notes on the Separation of the Eastern from the Western Province", proposing a stronger colonial policy against the neighbouring Xhosa people and calling for more British immigration to the Eastern Cape to bolster its White population. Godlonton began to involve himself in politics, he took an active role in the frontier wars as member of the board of defence and, although never elected a municipal commissioner, he diligently attended town and committee meetings in the area.

As his business enterprises grew, he began to take a much stronger role in Cape politics. Godlonton's early political career was taken up by a long campaign against the Lieutenant-Governor of the Eastern Cape, Andries Stockenström. Stockenström, who professed considerable respect for the Xhosa, had developed a new frontier policy that involved the exchange of diplomatic agents as reliable "ambassadors" between the Cape Colony and the Xhosa Chiefs; this system was underlain by formal treaties to guard the border and return any stolen cattle from either side. Stockenström forbade colonial expansion into Xhosa land. With this key provision, the treaty system soon brought a degree of peace to the frontier; however many frontier colonists resented Stockenström's restrictions on their expansion into Xhosa land. As one settler ominously remarked of the Xhosa lands: "The appearance of the country is fine, it will make excellent sheep farms." Godlonton swiftly came to the forefront as the leader of this Eastern Cape settler movement.

He used his newspapers to advocate seizing the Xhosa lands. He used his considerable influence in the religious institutions of the 1820 British settlers to drive his opinions, declaring that: "the British race was selected by God himself to colonise Kaffraria". In the face of massive pressure and ruinous lawsuits, Stockenström was dismissed and his treaty system was dismantled by the new British Governor, Maitland. A fresh wave of frontier violence soon developed building up to the Amatola War which broke out in 1846. Stockenström died soon afterwards but crucially, Godlonton's attacks on him and his treaty system made an opponent of Stockenström's friend and ally John Molteno, who would come to confront Godlonton's political movement decades later. From his leadership of the frontier settlers' attacks on Stockenstrom's treaty system, Godlonton had acquired a prominent and powerful position in the Eastern Cape. In the 1840s he thus began to take on the role of self-appointed leader of the Eastern Cape separatist movement.

This movement accused the Cape Town-based government of being overly lenient in its frontier policy, called for the political capital to be moved to a city nearer the frontier or, barring that, for the white Eastern Cape to be allowed to secede as a separate state. It supported greater British imperial involvement in southern Africa. In 1849 – 50 Godlonton took a controversial stand in support of the British Governor's attempt to use the Cape as a penal colony. In the wake of this "Convict Crisis", the Governor appointed him to the Cape's Legislative Council, resulting in the other Council members resigning en masse in protest. Godlonton unsuccessfully opposed the implementation of the multi-racial Cape Qualified Franchise in 1851/2. In 1854, the Cape was granted its first parliament, with the old Legislative Council becoming an elected upper house – divided between representatives of the Eastern and Western Cape. Godlonton represented the Eastern Cape in this new Legislative Council for the next 25 years.

In the new parliament, Godlonton led the separatist cause in the upper house of parliament, while his colleague John Paterson led the movement in the lower house. Meanwhile, Stockenström's old protege, claiming direct British rule in southern Africa to be unjust and inept, was leading a growing movement for "Responsible Government", to make the Cape's Executive democratically accountable, thus give the Cape a degree of independence from Britain; as this movement grew in power throughout the 1860s, Godlonton redirected his

Varangerfjord

The Varangerfjord is the easternmost fjord in Norway, north of Finland. The fjord is located in Troms og Finnmark county between the Varanger Peninsula and the mainland of Norway; the fjord flows through the municipalities of Vardø, Vadsø, Sør-Varanger. The fjord is 100 kilometres long, emptying into the Barents Sea. In a strict sense, it is a false fjord, since it does not have the hallmarks of a fjord carved by glaciers, its mouth is about 70 kilometres wide, located between the town of Vardø in the northwest and the village of Grense Jakobselv in the southeast. The fjord stretches westwards inland past the town of Vadsø to the village of Varangerbotn in Nesseby Municipality; the Kven residents of Varangerfjord are descendants of Finnish immigrants who arrived to the area during the 19th century from Finland and northern Sweden. During the first half of the 19th century, the possibility of Russia demanding the cession of a stretch of coast along the Varangerfjord was for some time on the European diplomatic agenda, inducing King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway to conclude an alliance with Britain and France in order to forestall this possibility.

Media related to Varangerfjorden at Wikimedia Commons

1968 Formula One season

The 1968 Formula One season was the 22nd season of the FIA's Formula One motor racing. It featured the 19th FIA World Championship, which commenced on 1 January 1968, ended on 3 November after twelve races, numerous non-championship races. Although they had failed to win the title in 1967, by the end of the season the Lotus 49 and the DFV engine were mature enough to make the Lotus team dominant again. For 1968 Lotus lost its exclusive right to use the DFV. McLaren built a new DFV-powered car and a new force appeared on the scene when Ken Tyrrell entered his own team using a Cosworth-powered car built by French aeronautics company Matra and driven by ex-BRM driver Jackie Stewart. Unsurprisingly the season-opening 1968 South African Grand Prix confirmed Lotus' superiority, with Jim Clark and Graham Hill finishing 1–2, it would be Clark's last win. On 7 April 1968 Clark, one of the most successful and popular drivers of all time, was killed at Hockenheim in a non-championship Formula Two event.

The Scotsman had gone off the track caused by. And because there was no protection from the solid trees lining the circuit on both sides, Clark's Lotus smashed into a wall of trees, breaking the hapless Scotsman's neck and killing him instantly; the season saw three significant innovations. The first was the arrival of unrestricted sponsorship, which the FIA decided to permit that year after the withdrawal of support from automobile related firms like BP, Shell and Firestone. Team Gunston, a South African privateer team, was the first Formula One team to paint their cars in the livery of their sponsors when they entered a private Brabham for John Love, painted in the colours of Gunston cigarettes, in the 1968 South African Grand Prix. In the next round at the 1968 Spanish Grand Prix, Lotus became the first works team to follow this example, with Graham Hill's Lotus 49B entered in the Red and White colors of Imperial Tobacco's Gold Leaf brand; the second innovation was the introduction of wings as seen on various cars including the Chaparral 2F sports car.

Colin Chapman introduced modest front wings and a spoiler on Graham Hill's Lotus 49B at the 1968 Monaco Grand Prix. Brabham and Ferrari went one better at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix with full width wings mounted on struts high above the driver. Lotus replied with a full width wing directly connected to the rear suspension that required a redesign of suspension wishbones and transmission shafts. Matra produced a high mounted front wing connected to the front suspension; this last innovation was used during practice as it required a lot of effort from the driver. By the end of the season most teams were using sophisticated wings. Lastly, the third innovation was the introduction of a full face helmet for drivers, with Dan Gurney becoming the first driver to wear such helmet at the 1968 German Grand Prix. Despite the death of Jim Clark, Lotus won both titles in 1968 with Graham Hill, but Stewart was a serious contender, winning several Grands Prix in the Tyrrell-run Matra MS10. Stewart's winning drive during the rain and fog of the 1968 German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring, where he won by a margin of four minutes, is considered as one of the finest even though his rain tires were better than those of the competition.

The car's most innovative feature was the use of aviation-inspired structural fuel tanks. These allowed the chassis to be around 15 kg lighter, while still being stronger than its competitors; the FIA considered the technology to be unsafe and decided to ban it for 1970, insisting on rubber bag-tanks. Safety became a major issue in Formula One. McLaren fielded a pair of Cosworth powered M7s for reigning Formula One World Champion Denny Hulme and team founder Bruce McLaren. McLaren won the non-championship Brands Hatch Race of Champions the Belgian Grand Prix was the scene of the team's first Championship win. In doing so, McLaren became only the third driver to win a race in a car manufactured by his own team – Jack Brabham having done it in 1966 and Dan Gurney in 1967 at Spa Francorchamps. Hulme won the Italian Grand Prix and Canadian Grand Prix in the year. Repco produced a more powerful version of their V8 to maintain competitiveness against Ford's new Cosworth DFV, but it proved unreliable.

The Brabhams were fast — Rindt set pole position twice during the season — but Brabham and Rindt finished only three races between them, ended the year having scored just ten points.1968 turned out to be a turning point in the history of Formula One, in terms of technicalities and safety. Wings were used on Formula One cars and aerodynamics played a part in terms of the cars' performance, 5 Grand Prix drivers were killed in this year – including Jim Clark, Mike Spence, Jo Schlesser and Ludovico Scarfiotti – Clark at a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim in a Lotus in April, Spence during practice for the Indianapolis 500 in a Lotus in May, Scarfiotti during a hillclimb event in Germany driving a Porsche sportscar in June, Schlesser during the French Grand Prix driving a Honda in July, it was the last year where all the races were run on tracks with no safety modifications. The rather dubious events of the season included Schlesser's recklessly caused fatal accident at Rouen Les Essarts and the German Grand Prix run in atrocious rain and thick fog at the dangerous and long Nürburgring, a race, questioned at the start to be run in the intolerable conditions.

Dan Gurney introduced the first full face helmet at Brit