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Wheel of Fortune (American game show)

Wheel of Fortune is an American television game show created by Merv Griffin that debuted in 1975. The show features a competition in which contestants solve word puzzles, similar to those used in Hangman, to win cash and prizes determined by spinning a giant carnival wheel. Wheel aired as a daytime series on NBC from January 6, 1975, to June 30, 1989. After some changes were made to its format, the daytime series moved to CBS from July 17, 1989, to January 11, 1991, it returned to NBC from January 14, 1991, until it was cancelled on September 20, 1991. The popularity of the daytime series led to a nightly syndicated edition being developed, which premiered on September 19, 1983, has aired continuously since; the network version was hosted by Chuck Woolery and Susan Stafford, with Charlie O'Donnell as its announcer. O'Donnell was replaced by Jack Clark. After Clark's death in 1988, M. G. Kelly took over as announcer until O'Donnell returned in 1989. O'Donnell remained on the network version until its cancellation, continued to announce on the syndicated show until his death in 2010, when Jim Thornton succeeded him.

Woolery left in 1981, was replaced by Pat Sajak. Sajak left the network version in January 1989 to host his own late-night talk show, was replaced on that version by Rolf Benirschke. Bob Goen replaced Benirschke when the network show moved to CBS remained as host until the network show was canceled altogether. Stafford left in 1982, was replaced by Vanna White, who remained on the network show for the rest of its run; the syndicated version has been hosted continuously by White since its inception. Wheel of Fortune ranks as the longest-running syndicated game show in the United States, with 7,000 episodes taped and aired as of May 10, 2019. TV Guide named it the "top-rated syndicated series" in a 2008 article, in 2013, the magazine ranked it at No. 2 in its list of the 60 greatest game shows ever. The program has come to gain a worldwide following with sixty international adaptations; the syndicated series' 37th season premiered on September 9, 2019, Sajak became the longest-running host of any game show, surpassing Bob Barker, who hosted The Price Is Right from 1972 to 2007.

The core game is based on Hangman. Each round has a category and a blank word puzzle, with each blank representing a letter in the answer, punctuation revealed as needed. Most puzzles are straightforward figures of speech that fit within a static list of categories, this list has evolved over the course of the series. Crossword puzzles were added to the rotation in 2016. In such rounds, a clue bonding the words in the puzzle is given instead of a traditional category, contestants win by solving all the words in the crossword; the titular Wheel of Fortune is a roulette-style wheel mechanism with 24 spaces, most of which are labeled with dollar amounts ranging from $500 to $900, plus a top dollar value: $2,500 in round 1, $3,500 in rounds 2 and 3, $5,000 for round 4 and any subsequent rounds. The wheel features two Bankrupt wedges and one Lose a Turn, both of which forfeit the contestant's turn, with the former eliminating any cash or prizes the contestant has accumulated within the round; each game features three contestants, or three two-contestant teams positioned behind a single scoreboard with its own flipper.

The left scoreboard from the viewer's perspective is colored red, the center yellow, the right blue, with the contestants' positions determined by a random selection prior to taping. A contestant spins the wheel to guess a consonant. Calling a correct letter earns the value before the corresponding flipper, multiplied by the number of times that the letter appears in the puzzle, it allows the contestant to spin again, buy a vowel for a flat rate of $250, or attempt to solve the puzzle. Contestants may continue to buy vowels so long as they have enough money to keep doing so, until all of the vowels in the puzzle have been revealed. Control passes to the next contestant clockwise if the wheel lands on Lose a Turn or Bankrupt, if the contestant calls a letter, not in the puzzle, calls a letter, called in that round, fails to call a letter within five seconds of the wheel stopping, calls a vowel without buying it, or attempts unsuccessfully to solve the puzzle; the only exception is the Free Play wedge, on which the contestant may call a consonant for $500 per occurrence, call a free vowel, or attempt to solve the puzzle, with no penalty for a move that would result in a lost turn.

In the first three rounds, the wheel contains a Gift Tag. The Wild Card may be used to call an additional consonant after any turn or taken to the bonus round to call an extra consonant there; the Gift Tag offers either a $1,000 credit toward purchases from, or $1,000 in cash courtesy of the sponsoring company. A special wedge in the first two rounds awards a prize. All of the tags and the prize wedge are located over the $500 wedges, so calling a letter that appears in the puzzle when landed upon awards both the tag/wedge and $500 per every occurrence of that letter in the puzzle; the first three rounds contain a special wedge which, if won and taken to the bonus round, offers an opportunity to play that round for $1 million. A contestant must solve the puzzle in order to keep any cash, prizes, or extras accumulated during that round except for the Wild Card, kept until the contestant either loses it to Bankrupt or uses it. Bankrupt does not affect score from previous rounds, but it does take away the Wild Card and/or million dollar wedge if either was claimed in a previous round.

Contestants w

Jake Murphy

Jacob Thomas Murphy is a former American football tight end. He was signed by the Oakland Raiders as an undrafted free agent in 2014, he played college football at the University of Utah. Murphy decided to forego his senior year at the University of Utah to declare for the 2014 NFL Draft. After going unselected in the draft, he signed with the Oakland Raiders on May 10, 2014. On September 23, 2014, Murphy was signed to the Miami Dolphins' practice squad. Murphy was signed to the practice squad of the Cincinnati Bengals on November 3, 2014, he was waived on August 19, 2015. The Denver Broncos claimed Murphy off waivers on August 20, 2015. On August 31, 2015, he was released by the Broncos. Murphy is the son of a former Major League Baseball outfielder. NFL Combine Profile Oakland Raiders bio Utah Utes bio

Hygrophorus olivaceoalbus

Hygrophorus olivaceoalbus known as the olive wax cap, is a species of fungus in the genus Hygrophorus. The fruit bodies appear from midsummer to late autumn under conifers in North American and Eurasian mountain forests; the mushrooms have slimy caps with dark streaks and a dark umbo. Other characteristic features include a slimy stem up to 12 cm long, spotted with ragged scales up to a ring-like zone; as its name implies, the mushroom gills. It is native across the northern regions of Europe. According to a publication by the Council of Europe, the fungus is nearly extinct in France. Although Hygrophorus olivaceoalbus is edible, opinions are divided regarding its taste. Besides its usage as an edible mushroom, the fungus possesses antibiotic-like compounds; the species was first described as Agaricus olivaceoalbus by Elias Fries in 1815. It had earlier been published as Agaricus adustus by August Johann Georg Karl Batsch in 1783, but this was an illegitimate renaming of Agaricus brunneus published in 1774 by Jacob Christian Schäffer.

It received its current scientific name when Fries transferred it to the genus Hygrophorus in 1838. Paul Kummer moved the species to Limacium in 1871, but this genus has since been sunk into synonymy with Hygrophorus. Several varieties of H. olivaceoalbus have been proposed: Together with H. pustulatus, H. persoonii, H. mesotephrus and H. latitabundus, H. olivaceoalbus form the section Olivaceoumbrini within the genus Hygrophorus. The fungi of this section stems, their caps are darkish brown grey, olive or orange, their stems are nattered or somewhat distinctly ringed. Common names that have been used for the mushroom include the "slimy-sheathed waxy cap", the "olive hygrophorus", the "sheated waxgill" and the "olive wax cap"; the specific epithet olivaceoalbus is derived from the Latin words for white. The cap of H. olivaceoalbus is hemispherical in young fungi. Underneath the slimy grey to sooty-brown surface, the cap cuticle is streaked with fine, dark grey radially arranged fibers. Young fruit bodies are covered by two velum layers.

The fruit body has a long stem ranging from 3 to 12 cm, a diameter of 1–3 cm and a somewhat slimy surface in wet weather. It is wavy or bent; the base of the stem is sometimes slimmer than near its apex. Above the annular zone, the stem is whitish, it is covered by two layers of tissue: the exterior sticky layer, the comparatively thin interior layer that consists of flaky fibres, similar to those under the cap's slime layer, with which they are linked. As the stem grows and increases in length, the interior layer becomes ripped, breaks up into ragged dark concentric bands; the gills of H. olivaceoalbus are thick spaced and adnate to decurrent. The flesh of the mushroom is smooth and white; the taste and odor have no distinct smell. When treated with a dilute solution of sodium hydroxide or sulfuric acid, the flesh turns reddish; the spore print of H. olivaceoalbus is white. The spores are 9–12 × 5–6 µm, are not amyloid, they are yellow in Melzer's reagent. The basidia have dimension of 46–62 × 7–10 µm, are tetrasporic with short, stubby sterigmata.

They have neither cheilocystidia. The cap cuticle has a width of 250 to 450 µm and consists of loopshaped, dark hyphae with a width from 2 to 3 µm, which form an ixocutis and possess clamp connections; the gill trama consists of hyphae about 3 to 8 µm thick. The mycorrhiza, formed from H. olivaceoalbus as a fungal partner, such as the Piceirhiza gelatinosa, is white and has a smooth, waxy surface, with several layers of hyphae layered around the tree's roots. The hyphae are covered with a jellylike mass, secreted from the outer walls of the hyphae; the ectomycorrhizae can have few side branches. H. olivaceoalbus shows similarities between other related fungi of the genus Hygrophorus, some of which have only minor differences in physical features. Examples include H. inocybiformis, H. tephroleucus or H. morrisii. In the field, H. olivaceoalbus is distinguished by a combination of features including the double velum, the dark streaks on the slimy cap, the nattering of the stem, growth under pines, as well as by microscopic characteristics.

There is no risk of confusing it with toxic fungi. Hygrophorus persoonii and H. olivaceoalbus produce different mycosterine and their flesh react differently with the addition of NaOH. Furthermore, H. persoonii favours oaks as a mycorrhizal partner. The North American species H. inocybiformis produces a smaller fruit body with caps measuring 3–6 cm wide, dry stems that measure 3–6 cm long by 0.5–1.2 cm thick. Hygrophorus olivaceoalbus creates mycorrhizae with conifers. In the West Coast of the United States, associations are most common with Sitka spruces and giant r

Deglet Nour

Deglet Nour named Royal Dates,. Referred to as the "queen of all dates", the authentic Algerian Deglet Nour has a soft touch, a translucent light color and a soft honey-like taste, characteristics which distinguish it from other dates. Deglet Nours are popular in Algeria, Libya and the United States where it is grown in inland oases and is the chief export cultivar. Despite being grown in several Mediterranean countries, the Deglet Nour dates' origin is disputed between Algeria and Tunisia, with both countries claiming the right to the label "Deglet Nour". Tunisia and Algeria are the main suppliers to the European Union.. Deglet Nour is one of hundreds of cultivars of date palm but is, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the leading date in terms of export value. Several old books provide evidence. Among them are Le palmier-dattier by Pierre Munier, L'Algérie: un siècle de colonisation française by Félix Falck, Un voyage au pays des dattes by Jean-Henri Fabre as well as le Bulletin de la Société botanique de France.

Munier states that the fruit was introduced at the end of the 13th century and at the beginning of the 14th century in the areas of Biskra and Oued Righ in Algeria before being brought to Tunisia at the end of the 17th century by a grower from Tozeur named Sidi Touati. The Algerian Ministry of Agriculture has decided to act in order to reserve the Deglet Nour label to Algerian dates; this cultivar of date is grown in Algeria, in Tunisia, in the United States where this cultivar was brought at the beginning of the 20th century. Comparison chart of dates African Manager: Tunisie / Deglet Nour: un produit en quête d’un surcroît de lumière

Elias Arnér

Elias Arnér is a Swedish professor in biochemistry active in the fields of redox biology and cancer research. He studied medicine at Karolinska Institutet and became a medical doctor in 1997, he received his Ph. D. in 1993 from Karolinska Institutet on the subject of nucleoside analogues in relation to cancer and HIV treatment. He moved to Munich, Germany where he started focusing on selenoproteins, he returned to Karolinska Institutet where he became associate professor in 2000 and appointed professor in 2009. He is head of the biochemistry division in the department of medical biochemistry and biophysics at Karolinska Institutet. In 2017 he chairs the Se2017 – 200 Years of Selenium Research Conference; the research of Arnér focuses on redox control of cell function and mechanisms of selenoprotein dependent pathways, with a special interest in the mammalian thioredoxin system. Another focus of research is the development of production systems for selenoproteins and their potential use in diverse biotechnological applications.

Arnér is the son of Swedish writer Sivar Arnér and the Hungarian-born artist and author Lenke Rothman. He has created several installation and publications with the conceptual artist Per Hüttner: Begrepp - En samling and Visible Dialogues. Publication list in PubMed Profile in Google Scholar Arnér entry in ORCIDCollaborative works with Per Hüttner: Visible Dialogues, 2011, languages: English and Swedish, 240 pages, design by Åbäke. Published by Dent-de-Leone. ISBN 978-91-978934-3-5 and ISBN 978-0-9561885-5-7 Begrepp - En samling, 1992, ed. P. Huttner and E. Arnér with texts by Erna Möller, Rolf Luft, Lenke Rothman, Lennart Wetterberg and Lars Olson, Published by Royal Institute of Art in Stockholm. Elias Arnér profile page at Karolinska Institutet The Division of Biochemistry at Karolinska Institutet

Milo, Missouri

Milo is a village in Vernon County, United States. The population was 90 at the 2010 census. Milo was platted in 1881; the community has the name of an early settler. A post office has been in operation at Milo since 1883. Milo is located at 37°45′19″N 94°18′20″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.08 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 90 people, 32 households, 22 families living in the village; the population density was 1,125.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 36 housing units at an average density of 450.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 96.7% White and 3.3% Native American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population. There were 32 households of which 43.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 31.3% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.50. The median age in the village was 37 years. 28.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 54.4 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 84 people, 32 households, 23 families living in the village; the population density was 1,094.3 people per square mile. There were 35 housing units at an average density of 456.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 1.19 % Native American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.19% of the population. There were 32 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.1% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.09. In the village, the population was spread out with 33.3% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males. The median income for a household in the village was $23,125, the median income for a family was $28,333. Males had a median income of $20,750 versus $23,125 for females; the per capita income for the village was $11,887. There were 13.6% of families and 15.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 19.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64