Where Have I Known You Before

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Where Have I Known You Before
WhereHaveIKnownYouBefore.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedSeptember 1974
RecordedJuly–August 1974
StudioRecord Plant Studios, New York City
GenreJazz fusion
Length41:27
LabelPolydor
ProducerChick Corea
Return to Forever chronology
Hymn of the Seventh Galaxy
(1973)
Where Have I Known You Before
(1974)
No Mystery
(1975)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4/5 stars[1]
Sputnikmusic4.5/5 stars[2]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide3/5 stars[3]

Where Have I Known You Before is the fourth album by the band Return to Forever and the second since leader Chick Corea changed the line-up and moved to electric instrumentation, playing jazz fusion influenced by progressive rock.[4]

Background, instrumentation, compositions[edit]

Although Return to Forever's style remained unchanged since its previous album, Hymn of the Seventh Galaxy (1973), important changes took place in the band's sound and line-up. Chick Corea started to use synthesizers, such as the Minimoog and ARP Odyssey. An equally important change was the replacement of guitarist Bill Connors with 20-year-old Al Di Meola.[5] Connors left the band before the recording of this album to concentrate on his acoustic solo career. Another reason for his departure was his reluctance to travel; he preferred to stay in the San Francisco area.

Between the album's longer tracks were three of Corea's short piano improvisations that all bore a title beginning with "Where Have I...".[6]

The first track was Stanley Clarke's "Vulcan Worlds" with melodic motifs that appeared on Clarke's second solo album Stanley Clarke during the same year 1974; the song showed Clarke was "one of the fastest and most facile electric bassists around".[6] Each player except for drummer Lenny White took long solos.

The next long track was Lenny White's composition "The Shadow of Lo", a piece with many changes in mood; the last track on Side A was Corea's "Beyond the Seventh Galaxy", a sequel to his "Hymn of the Seventh Galaxy", the title track from the group's previous album. Side B began with the collective jam "Earth Juice". Most of Side B was taken up by Corea's 14-minute epic "Song to the Pharaoh Kings", a song notable for its use of the harmonic minor scale;[7] the track has a long keyboard introduction, after which Chick Corea was joined by the full band, and an "Eastern" theme appeared. Each member of the band played a long solo.

Track listing[edit]

All tracks written by Chick Corea except where noted.

Side one
No.TitleLength
1."Vulcan Worlds" (Stanley Clarke)7:51
2."Where Have I Loved You Before"1:02
3."The Shadow of Lo" (Lenny White)7:32
4."Where Have I Danced with You Before"1:14
5."Beyond the Seventh Galaxy"3:13
Side two
No.TitleLength
6."Earth Juice" (Corea, Clarke, White, Al Di Meola)3:46
7."Where Have I Known You Before"2:20
8."Song to the Pharaoh Kings"14:21
Total length:41:27

Personnel[edit]

Musicians
Technical personnel
  • Shelly Yakus – engineer
  • Tom Rabstenek – mastering
  • Herb Dreiwitz – front cover photography

Chart performance[edit]

Year Chart Position
1974 Billboard 200 32[8]
1975 Billboard Jazz Albums 5[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yanow, Scott. "Return to Forever - Where Have I Known You Before (1974) album review | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
  2. ^ Campbell, Hernan M. (1 November 2012). "Return to Forever - Where Have I Known You Before (1974) album review | Sputnikmusic". sputnikmusic.com. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
  3. ^ Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. US: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 50. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
  4. ^ Hegarty, Paul; Halliwell, Martin (2011). Beyond and Before: Progressive Rock Since the 1960s. Continuum. p. 134. ISBN 9780826444837. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  5. ^ Cooke, Mervyn; Horn, David (2002). The Cambridge Companion to Jazz. Cambridge Companions to Music. Cambridge UP. p. 228. ISBN 9780521663885. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  6. ^ a b Martin, Henry; Waters, Keith (2010). Jazz: The First 100 Years, 3rd ed: The First 100 Years. Cengage. p. 335. ISBN 9781439083338. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  7. ^ Bufe, Charles (1994). An Understandable Guide to Music Theory: The Most Useful Aspects of Theory for Rock, Jazz & Blues Musicians. See Sharp. p. 6. ISBN 9781884365003.
  8. ^ a b "Return to Forever - Where Have I Known You Before (1974) album review | Awards | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 27 October 2013.

External links[edit]