George Hosato Takei is an American actor, director and activist. He is best known for his role as Hikaru Sulu, helmsman of the USS Enterprise in the television series Star Trek, he portrayed the character in six Star Trek feature films and one episode of Star Trek: Voyager. As of April 2018, his Facebook page has over 10 million followers since he joined in 2011, the account shares photos with original humorous commentary. Takei is active in state and local politics, he has won several awards and accolades in his work on human rights and Japan–United States relations, including his work with the Japanese American National Museum. Takei's work on the Broadway show Allegiance, as well as his own internment in a US-run internment camp during World War II, has given him a platform to speak out against government rhetoric about immigrants and immigration policies. George Hosato Takei was born Hosato Takei on April 20, 1937 in Los Angeles, California, to Japanese-American parents Fumiko Emily and Takekuma Norman Takei, who worked in real estate.
His father named him George after King George VI of the United Kingdom, whose coronation took place in 1937, shortly after Takei's birth. In 1942, the Takei family was forced to live in the converted horse stables of Santa Anita Park before being sent to the Rohwer War Relocation Center for internment in Rohwer, Arkansas; the family was transferred to the Tule Lake War Relocation Center in California. Takei had several relatives living in Japan during World War II. Among them, he had an aunt and infant cousin who lived in Hiroshima and who were both killed during the atomic bombing that destroyed the city. In Takei's own words, "My aunt and baby cousin found burnt in a ditch in Hiroshima." At the end of World War II, Takei and his family returned to Los Angeles. He attended Mount Vernon Junior High School and served as Boys Division President at Los Angeles High School, he was a member of Boy Scout Troop 379 of the Koyasan Buddhist Temple. Upon graduation from high school, Takei enrolled in the University of California, where he studied architecture.
He transferred to the University of California, Los Angeles, where he received a Bachelor of Arts in theater in 1960 and a Master of Arts in theater in 1964. He attended the Shakespeare Institute at Stratford-upon-Avon in England, Sophia University in Tokyo. In Hollywood, he studied acting at the Desilu Workshop. Takei began his career in Hollywood in the late 1950s, providing voiceover for characters in the English dub of the Japanese monster films Rodan and Godzilla Raids Again a.k.a. Gigantis the Fire Monster, for which he recalled, "here was one word that we had tremendous difficulty getting the meaning of and finding an English word that fit the lip movement; the Japanese word was'bakayaro', which means'stupid fool'". The director, Takei said, had him use the phrase "banana oil." He went on to appear in the anthology television series Playhouse 90 and the Perry Mason episode "The Case of the Blushing Pearls". He guest starred in the third season fifth episode of Hawaiian Eye as Thomas Jefferson Chu.
He originated the role of George in the musical Fly Blackbird!, but when the show traveled from Los Angeles to Broadway the west coast actors were forced to audition and the role went to William Sugihara instead. Sugihara had to give up the role and Takei closed out the show's final months. Takei subsequently appeared alongside such actors as Frank Sinatra in Never So Few, Richard Burton in Ice Palace, Jeffrey Hunter in Hell to Eternity, Alec Guinness in A Majority of One, James Caan in Red Line 7000 and Cary Grant in Walk, Don't Run, he featured in a lead role in "The Encounter", a 1964 episode of The Twilight Zone in which he played the guilt-ridden son of a traitor who signaled Japanese pilots during the bombing of Pearl Harbor. He guest-starred in an episode of Mission: Impossible during that show's first season in 1966, he appeared in two Jerry Lewis comedies, The Big Mouth and Which Way to the Front? In 1969 Takei narrated the documentary The Japanese Sword as the Soul of the Samurai. In 1965, producer Gene Roddenberry cast Takei as astrosciences physicist Sulu in the second pilot for the original Star Trek television series.
When the series was accepted by NBC, Takei continued in the role of Sulu, now the ship's helmsman. It was intended that Sulu's role be expanded in the second season, but Takei's role in The Green Berets as Captain Nim, a South Vietnamese Army officer alongside John Wayne's character, took him away from Star Trek filming and he only appeared in half the episodes of that season. Walter Koenig as Pavel Chekov substituted for him in the other episodes; when Takei returned, the two men had to share a single episode script. Takei admitted in an interview that he felt threatened by Koenig's presence, but grew to be friends with him as the image of the officers sharing the ship's helm panel side-by-side became iconic. Takei has since appeared in numerous TV and film productions, reprising his role as Sulu in Star Trek: The Animated Series from 1973 to 1974, in the first six Star Trek films. Today, he is a regular on the science fiction convention circuit throughout the world, he has acted and provided voice acting for several science fiction computer games, including Freelancer and numerous Star Trek games.
In 1996, in honor of the 30th anniversary of Star Trek, he reprised his role as Captain Hikaru Sulu on an episode of Star Trek: Voyager, appearing as a memory of Lt. Tuvok, who served on the USS Excelsior under Sulu, during the events of Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. Takei is
A flight recorder is an electronic recording device placed in an aircraft for the purpose of facilitating the investigation of aviation accidents and incidents. Flight recorders are known by the misnomer black box—they are in fact bright orange to aid in their recovery after accidents. There are two different flight recorder devices: the flight data recorder preserves the recent history of the flight through the recording of dozens of parameters collected several times per second; the two devices may be combined in a single unit. Together, the FDR and CVR give an accurate testimony, narrating the aircraft's flight history, to assist in any investigation; the two flight recorders are required by international regulation, overseen by the International Civil Aviation Organization, to be capable of surviving the conditions to be encountered in a severe aircraft accident. For this reason, they are specified to withstand an impact of 3400 g and temperatures of over 1,000 °C, as required by EUROCAE ED-112.
They have been a mandatory requirement in commercial aircraft in the United States since 1967. After the unexplained disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 in 2014, commentators have called for live streaming of data to the ground, as well as extending the battery life of the underwater locator beacons. One of the earliest and proven attempts was made by François Hussenot and Paul Beaudouin in 1939 at the Marignane flight test center, with their "type HB" flight recorder; the latent image was made by a thin ray of light deviated by a mirror tilted according to the magnitude of the data to record. A pre-production run of 25 "HB" recorders was ordered in 1941 and HB recorders remained in use in French flight test centers well into the 1970s. In 1947, Hussenot founded the Société Française des Instruments de Mesure with Beaudouin and another associate, so as to market his invention, known as the "hussenograph"; this company went on to become a major supplier of data recorders, used not only aboard aircraft but trains and other vehicles.
SFIM is still present on the flight recorder market. The advantage of the film technology was that it could be developed afterwards and provides a durable, visual feedback of the flight parameters without needing any playback device. On the other hand, unlike magnetic tapes or flash memory-based technology, a photographic film cannot be erased and recycled, so it must be changed periodically; as such, this technology was reserved for one-shot uses during planned test flights. The cockpit conversation was not recorded. Another form of flight data recorder was developed in the UK during World War II. Len Harrison and Vic Husband developed a unit that could withstand a crash and fire to keep the flight data intact; this unit used copper foil as the recording medium with various styli indicating various instruments / aircraft controls which indented the copper foil. The copper foil was periodically advanced at set periods of time therefore giving a history of the instruments / control settings of the aircraft.
This unit was developed at Farnborough for the Ministry of Aircraft Production. At the war's end the Ministry got Harrison and Husband to sign over their invention to it and the Ministry patented it under British patent 19330/45; this unit was the forerunner of today's recorders being able to withstand conditions that aircrew could not. The first modern flight data recorder, called "Mata Hari", was created in 1942 by Finnish aviation engineer Veijo Hietala; this black high-tech mechanical box was able to record all important details during test flights of fighter aircraft that the Finnish army repaired or built in its main aviation factory in Tampere, Finland. During World War II both British and American air forces experimented with aircraft voice recorders. In August 1943 the USAAF conducted an experiment with a magnetic wire recorder to capture the inter-phone conversations of a B-17 bomber flight crew on a combat mission over Nazi-occupied France; the recording was broadcast back to the United States by radio two days afterwards.
In 1953, while working at the Aeronautical Research Laboratories of the Defence Science and Technology Organisation, in Melbourne, Australian research scientist David Warren conceived a device that would record not only the instrument readings, but the voices in the cockpit. In 1954 he published a report entitled "A Device for Assisting Investigation into Aircraft Accidents". Warren built a prototype FDR called "The ARL Flight Memory Unit" in 1956, in 1958 he built the first combined FDR/CVR prototype, designed with civilian aircraft in mind, for explicit post-crash examination purposes. Aviation authorities from around the world were uninterested at first, but this changed in 1958 when Sir Robert Hardingham, the Secretary of the British Air Registration Board, visited the ARL and was introduced to David Warren. Hardingham realised the significance of the invention and arranged for Warren to demonstrate the prototype in the UK; the ARL assigned an engineering team to help Warren develop the prototype to airborne stage.
The team, consisting of electronics engineers Lane Sear, Wally Boswell and Ken Fraser, developed a working design that incorporated a fire-resistant and shockproof case, a reliable system for encoding and recording aircr
Peter Paul Fix was an American film and television character actor, best known for his work in Westerns. Fix appeared in more than a hundred movies and dozens of television shows over a 56-year career between 1925 and 1981. Fix was best known for portraying Marshal Micah Torrance, opposite Chuck Connors's character in The Rifleman from 1958–1963. Fix appeared with Chuck Connors in the 1966 western film Ride Beyond Vengeance. Paul Fix was born in Dobbs Ferry, New York, to Wilhelm Fix, a brewmaster, the former Louise C. Walz, though some sources say he was born Paul Fix Morrison His mother and father were German immigrants who had left their Black Forest home and arrived in New York City in the 1870s. Around 1917, Fix enlisted in the National Guard, served at Peekskill, New York. After three months, he enlisted in the Army. After serving at Fort Slocum for three months, he again went AWOL and enlisted in the Navy and was sent to Providence, Rhode Island. While serving in the Navy he was recruited to perform in a Navy Relief Organization production of H.
M. S. Pinafore, he went on to serve. He was discharged on September 5, 1919. Following World War I, Fix became a busy character actor who obtained his start in local productions in New York. By the 1920s, he had moved to Hollywood, performed in the first of 350 movie and television appearances. In the 1930s, he became friends with John Wayne, he was Wayne's acting coach and appeared as a featured player in about 27 of Wayne's films. Fix worked in early films such as Lucky Star and Ladies Love Brutes, became a regular performer for the film's director, Frank Borzage, on a further eight occasions. Fix appeared as Richard Bravo in the 1950s cult classic, The Bad Seed, The Sea Chase playing Heinz the cook, in George Stevens' Giant, playing Elizabeth Taylor's father. Though Fix is best-remembered for his recurring role as Marshal Micah Torrance on ABC's The Rifleman, he worked in many other series in guest-starring roles. On February 28, 1958, he appeared with Edd Byrnes as Frank Wilson, Sr. and Frank, Jr. in the episode "The Golden Gun" on the ABC/Warner Brothers, western series, Colt.45, starring Wayde Preston.
Ron Hayes, Charles Fredericks, Stuart Randall appeared in this episode. Seven months Byrnes was cast in the new 77 Sunset Strip ABC/WB production. On Christmas Day, 1958, Fix appeared in the episode "Medal for Valor" on CBS's Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theater. Fix plays Rufus Stewart, a businessman who hires David Manning, played by Richard Basehart, a man with an ill wife, in need of medical treatment, to substitute in the American Civil War for Stewart's son, Adam', portrayed by Richard Anderson. Manning, who won a Medal of Honor, returns from three years in the United States Army with an affidavit certifying that he was a military substitute so that he can claim western land. Rufus Stewart reneges on the promise because the son, the local sheriff, is running for the United States House of Representatives. Oddly, Rufus ends up being shot to death in a confrontation that he caused, Adam agrees to provide the affidavit to Manning; the episode does not reveal if the sheriff was elected to Congress but considers the political liability of one having hired a substitute in the war.
Fix guest-starred on the short-lived detective series, Meet McGraw and on the western series of Rory Calhoun and John Payne, The Texan and The Restless Gun, which aired in the same time slot on Mondays on CBS and NBC. Fix played the historical role of U. S. President Zachary Taylor in the 1960 episode "That Taylor Affair" of the NBC western series, with Darren McGavin. Arlene Dahl was cast in this episode as Lucy Belle. In 1961, Fix appeared as Ramsey Collins in the series finale, "Around the Dark Corner", of the NBC crime drama Dante; that same year he played Dr. Abel in the episode "The Haven" on The DuPont Show with June Allyson. Other television credits included Adventures of Superman and the adventure series, Northwest Passage. Fix played Dr. Mark Piper, Leonard McCoy's predecessor in the second pilot episode of Star Trek, "Where No Man Has Gone Before"; when NBC picked up Star Trek as a series in 1966, Fix was replaced as the Enterprise medical officer by DeForest Kelley in the role of Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy.
Fix appeared as the presiding judge in To Kill a Mockingbird. He played the sheriff in The Sons of Katie Elder. In 1966, he appeared in the film El Dorado. In 1972 he appeared in the film Night of the Lepus. In 1979, he appeared in Wanda Nevada. Fix co-wrote the screenplay for the John Wayne film Tall in the Saddle. Fix made five appearances as District Attorney Hale on Perry Mason, showing great skill as an examiner who did not ask objectionable questions unlike Hamilton Burger, who experienced a judge's ire for asking leading questions, he guest-starred on such television series as Wagon Train, The Twilight Zone, The F. B. I. Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, The Time Tunnel, The Wild Wild West, Daniel Boone, Owen Marshall: Counselor at Law, The Rockford Files episode "The House on Willis Avenue", two episodes of The Streets of San Francisco, one in 1973 and again in 1975, each a different character/storyline, he appeared on the NBC series Kentucky Jones as Judge Perkins in the episode "Spare the Rod".
He played an aging suicidal novelist named Maxwell Hart on the Emergency! Fourth season episode "Kidding", where Paramedic John Gage, played by Randolph Mantooth, was in charge of a small group of intellectua
James T. Kirk
James Tiberius "Jim" Kirk is a fictional character in the Star Trek franchise. Kirk first appears in Star Trek: The Original Series and has been portrayed in numerous films, comics and video games; as the captain of the starship USS Enterprise, Kirk leads his crew as they explore new worlds, new civilizations, "boldly go where no man has gone before". The characters of Spock and Leonard McCoy act as his logical and emotional sounding boards, respectively. Kirk, played by William Shatner, first appears in Star Trek's first episode, "The Man Trap", broadcast on September 8, 1966. Shatner continued in the role for the show's three seasons, provided the voice of the animated version of Kirk in Star Trek: The Animated Series. Shatner returned in six subsequent films. Chris Pine portrays an alternative young version of the character in the 2009 Star Trek film. Pine reprised his role in Star Trek Beyond. Other actors have played the character in fan-created media, the character has been the subject of multiple spoofs and satires.
Kirk has been criticized for his relationships with women. James Tiberius Kirk was born in Riverside, Iowa, in the year 2228, where he was raised by his parents and Winona Kirk. Although born on Earth, Kirk lived for a time on Tarsus IV, where he was one of nine surviving witnesses to the massacre of 4,000 colonists by Kodos the Executioner. James Kirk's brother, George Samuel Kirk, is first mentioned in "What Are Little Girls Made Of?" and introduced and killed in "Operation: Annihilate!", leaving behind three children. Kirk became the first and only student at Starfleet Academy to defeat the Kobayashi Maru test, garnering a commendation for original thinking for reprogramming the computer to make the "no-win scenario" winnable. Kirk was granted a field commission as an ensign and posted to advanced training aboard the USS Republic, he was promoted to lieutenant junior grade and returned to Starfleet Academy as a student instructor. Students could either "think or sink" in his class, Kirk himself was "a stack of books with legs".
Upon graduating in the top five percent, Kirk was promoted to lieutenant and served aboard the USS Farragut. While assigned to the Farragut, Kirk commanded his first planetary survey and survived a deadly attack that killed a large portion of the Farragut's crew, including his commanding officer, Captain Garrovick, he received his first command, a spaceship equivalent to a destroyer, while still quite young. Kirk became Starfleet's youngest starship captain after receiving command of the USS Enterprise for a five-year mission, three years of which are depicted in the original Star Trek series. Kirk's most significant relationships in the television series are with first officer Spock and chief medical officer Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy. McCoy is someone to whom Kirk is a foil to Spock. Robert Jewett and John Shelton Lawrence's The Myth of the American Superhero describes Kirk as "a hard-driving leader who pushes himself and his crew beyond human limits". Terry J. Erdman and Paula M. Block, in their Star Trek 101 primer, note that while "cunning and confident", Kirk has a "tendency to ignore Starfleet regulations when he feels the end justifies the means".
Although Kirk throughout the series becomes romantically involved with various women, when confronted with a choice between a woman and the Enterprise, "his ship always won". Roddenberry wrote in a production memo that Kirk is not afraid of being fallible, but rather is afraid of the consequences to his ship and crew should he make an error in judgment. Roddenberry wrote: has any normal man's insecurities and doubts, but he knows he cannot show them—except in private with ship's surgeon McCoy or in subsequent moments with Mr. Spock whose opinions Kirk has learned to value so highly. In Star Trek: The Motion Picture, Admiral Kirk is Chief of Starfleet Operations, he takes command of the Enterprise from Captain Willard Decker. Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry's novelization of The Motion Picture depicts Kirk married to a Starfleet officer killed during a transporter accident. At the beginning of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, Kirk takes command of the Enterprise from Captain Spock to pursue his enemy from "Space Seed", Khan Noonien Singh.
The movie introduces David Marcus. Spock, who notes that "commanding a starship is first, best destiny", dies at the end of Star Trek II. In Star Trek III: The Search for Spock, Admiral Kirk leads his surviving officers in a successful mission to rescue Spock from a planet on which he is reborn. Although Kirk is demoted to Captain in Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home for disobeying Starfleet orders, he receives command of a new Enterprise, the USS Enterprise-A; the ship is ordered decommissioned at the end of Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. In Star Trek Generations, Captain Jean-Luc Picard finds Kirk living in the timeless Nexus, despite the fact that history recorded his death during the Enterprise-B's maiden voyage, Kirk having fallen into the Nexus in the incident that caused his "death". Picard convinces Kirk to return to Picard's present to help stop the villain Soran from destroying Veridian III's sun. Although Kirk refuses the offer, he agrees after realizing the Nexus cannot give him the one thing he has always sought: the ability to make a difference.
The two stop Soran. However, Kirk is mortally wounded. Picard buries Kirk on the planet; this Star Tr
A screenplay, or script, is a written work by screenwriters for a film, television program or video game. These screenplays can be original adaptations from existing pieces of writing. In them, the movement, actions and dialogues of the characters are narrated. A screenplay written for television is known as a teleplay; the format is structured so that one page equates to one minute of screen time, though this is only used as a ballpark estimate and bears little resemblance to the running time of the final movie. The standard font is 10 pitch Courier Typeface; the major components are dialogue. The action is written in the present tense and is limited to what can be heard or seen by the audience, for example descriptions of settings, character movements, or sound effects; the dialogue is the words the characters speak, is written in a center column. Unique to the screenplay is the use of slug lines. A slug line called a master scene heading, occurs at the start of every scene and contains three pieces of information: whether the scene is set inside or outside, the specific location, the time of day.
Each slug line begins a new scene. In a "shooting script" the slug lines are numbered consecutively for ease of reference. American screenplays are printed single-sided on three-hole-punched paper using the standard American letter size, they are held together with two brass brads in the top and bottom hole. The middle hole is left empty as it would otherwise make it harder to read the script. In the United Kingdom, double-hole-punched A4 paper is used, taller and narrower than US letter size; some UK writers format the scripts for use in the US letter size when their scripts are to be read by American producers, since the pages would otherwise be cropped when printed on US paper. Because each country's standard paper size is difficult to obtain in the other country, British writers send an electronic copy to American producers, or crop the A4 size to US letter. A British script may be bound by a single brad at the top left hand side of the page, making flicking through the paper easier during script meetings.
Screenplays are bound with a light card stock cover and back page showing the logo of the production company or agency submitting the script, covers are there to protect the script during handling which can reduce the strength of the paper. This is important if the script is to pass through the hands of several people or through the post. Reading copies of screenplays are distributed printed on both sides of the paper to reduce paper waste, they are reduced to half-size to make a small book, convenient to read or put in a pocket. Although most writing contracts continue to stipulate physical delivery of three or more copies of a finished script, it is common for scripts to be delivered electronically via email. Screenplays and teleplays use a set of standardizations, beginning with proper formatting; these rules are in part to serve the practical purpose of making scripts uniformly readable "blueprints" of movies, to serve as a way of distinguishing a professional from an amateur. Motion picture screenplays intended for submission to mainstream studios, whether in the US or elsewhere in the world, are expected to conform to a standard typographical style known as the studio format which stipulates how elements of the screenplay such as scene headings, transitions, character names and parenthetical matter should be presented on the page, as well as font size and line spacing.
One reason for this is that, when rendered in studio format, most screenplays will transfer onto the screen at the rate of one page per minute. This rule of thumb is contested — a page of dialogue occupies less screen time than a page of action, for example, it depends enormously on the literary style of the writer — and yet it continues to hold sway in modern Hollywood. There is no single standard for studio format; some studios have definitions of the required format written into the rubric of their writer's contract. The Nicholl Fellowship, a screenwriting competition run under the auspices of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, has a guide to screenplay format. A more detailed reference is The Complete Guide to Standard Script Formats. A "spec script" or speculative screenplay is a script written to be sold on the open market with no upfront payment, or promise of payment; the content is invented by the screenwriter, though spec screenplays can be based on established works, or real people and events.
For American TV shows, the format rules for hour-long dramas and single-camera sitcoms are the same as for motion pictures. The main difference is. Multi-camera sitcoms use a specialized format that derives from stage plays and radio. In this format, dialogue is double-spaced, action lines are capitalized, scene headings, character entrances and exits, sound effects are capitalized and underlined. Drama series and sitcoms are no longer the only formats. With reality-based programming crossing genres to create various hybrid programs, many of the so-called "reality" programs are in a large part scripted in format; that is, the overall skeleton of the show and its episodes are written to di
Lloyd Vernet Bridges Jr. was an American film and television actor who starred in a number of television series and appeared in more than 150 feature films. He was the father of actors Beau Bridges and Jeff Bridges, he started his career as a contract performer for Columbia Pictures, appearing in films such as A Walk In The Sun, High Noon, Little Big Horn, Sahara. On television, he is best remembered for starring in Sea Hunt from 1958 to 1961. By the end of his career, he re-invented himself and demonstrated a comedic talent in such parody films as Airplane!, Hot Shots!, Jane Austen's Mafia! Among other honors, Bridges was a two-time Emmy Award nominee, he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on February 1, 1994. Bridges was born in San Leandro, California, to Lloyd Vernet Bridges Sr., involved in the California hotel business and once owned a movie theater, his wife Harriet Evelyn Bridges. His parents were both natives of Kansas, of English ancestry. Bridges graduated from Petaluma High School in 1930.
He studied political science at UCLA, where he was a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. Bridges had small uncredited roles in Dancing Feet. Bridges made his Broadway debut in 1937 in a short-lived production of Shakespeare's Othello, starring Walter Huston and Brian Aherne, he appeared on stage in Suzanna and the Elders. In Hollywood he had an uncredited role in Northwest Passage. In 1940, Bridges joined the stock company at Columbia Pictures at $75 a week, where he played small roles in features and short subjects, he could be seen in The Lone Wolf Takes a Chance, They Dare Not Love, Doctor's Alibi, Blue Clay, Our Wife, I Was a Prisoner on Devil's Island. In Here Comes Mr. Jordan Bridges is the pilot of the plane in the "heaven" scene. Bridges reflected, I didn't have enough maturity for a leading man. I looked too broad in the shoulders... too much like a kid. I never could get into Harry Cohn's office. All the best roles went to William Holden, they just put me like Two Latins from Manhattan.
I did a Three Stooges short. Sometimes I'd be in three movies a week, it was tough sledding. He left Columbia Pictures during World War II to enlist in the United States Coast Guard. Following his discharge, he returned to acting. In years he was a member of the U. S. Coast Guard Auxiliary, 11th District and did several public service announcements for the Coast Guard. Bridge's Sea Hunt character Mike Nelson was portrayed as a member of the Coast Guard Auxiliary and sometimes appeared in uniform; because of his support, he was made an honorary commodore in the Auxiliary. Bridges' sons, actors Beau and Jeff served in the Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve. Bridges' first lead role was in the serial Secret Agent X-9 made for Universal; that studio kept him on for an Inner Sanctum mystery. Bridges had some support roles in independent films, A Walk in the Sun, Abilene Town, he was in Paramount's Walter Wanger's Canyon Passage. In 1947 he appeared in a small role in Cecil b Demille's film Unconqured, he returned to lead roles with Secret Service Investigator at Republic Pictures, 16 Fathoms Deep for Monogram Pictures.
Bridges had a support role in Moonrise was the lead in Hideout for Republic. Bridges was in a Western at Universal directed by George Sherman, Red Canyon, a short at MGM, Mr. Whitney Had a Notion, he had a good role in Home of the Brave. At Universal he was Howard Duff's friend in Sam Bass, again for Sherman. Bridges had the star role in Trapped directed by Richard Fleischer for Eagle Lion and Rocketship X-M for Lippert Pictures, he had supporting roles in Colt.45, The White Tower, The Sound of Fury. Bridges was blacklisted in the 1950s after he admitted to the House Un-American Activities Committee that he had once been a member of the Actors' Laboratory Theatre, a group found to have had links to the Communist party, he returned to acting after recanting his membership and serving as a cooperative witness, achieving his greatest success in television. Bridges made his TV debut in 1951 with "Man's First Debt" in The Bigelow Theatre, he had starring roles in the films The Fighting Seventh, Three Steps North, Richer Than the Earth.
On TV he did "Rise Up and Walk" for Robert Montgomery Presents and "International Incident" for Studio One in Hollywood. Bridges had a supporting role in High Noon. Bridges guest starred on Suspense and Schlitz Playhouse, had support roles in Plymouth Adventure and The Sabre and the Arrow. Bridges returned to leads in The Tall Texan for Lippert Pictures. Bridges was in "The Long Way Home" for Goodyear Playhouse, did The Kid from Left Field and City of Bad Men for Fox, he travelled to the UK to star in The Limping Man for Cy Endfield. Bridges returned to Broadway in Dead Pigeon, he had the lead in a horse movie, Prince of the Blue Grass and returned to England to make Third Party Risk for Hammer Films. In Hollywood Bridges supported Joel McCrea in Wichita and had the lead in Roger Corman's low budget Apache Woman. On TV Bridges performed in "Broadway Trust" for Crossroads, "The Dark Fleece" and
James Montgomery Doohan, LVO was a Canadian actor and voice actor best known for his role as Montgomery "Scotty" Scott in the television and film series Star Trek. Doohan's characterization of the Scottish Chief Engineer of the Starship Enterprise was one of the most recognizable elements in the Star Trek franchise, inspired many fans to pursue careers in engineering and other technical fields, he made contributions behind the scenes, such as the initial development of the Klingon and Vulcan languages. Prior to Star Trek, Doohan served in the Canadian military with the 14th Field Artillery Regiment of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, he served as a pilot. He saw combat in Europe during World War II, including the D-Day invasion of Normandy, in which he was wounded by friendly fire. After the war, he had extensive experience performing in radio and television, which led to his role as Scotty. Following the cancellation of the original Star Trek series, Doohan had limited success in finding other roles.
Doohan was born in Vancouver, British Columbia, the youngest of four children of Sarah Frances and William Patrick Doohan, who both emigrated from Bangor, County Down, Northern Ireland. His mother was a homemaker, his father, born in Belfast, was a pharmacist and dentist, a member of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland. William Doohan owned a chemist shop beside Trinity Presbyterian Church. Doohan's father invented an early form of high-octane gasoline in 1923. Doohan's 1996 autobiography recounted his father's serious alcoholism. Doohan's paternal grandfather, Thomas Doohan, was Head Constable in the Royal Irish Constabulary; the family moved from Vancouver to Ontario. Doohan attended high school at Sarnia Collegiate Institute and Technical School, where he excelled in mathematics and science, he enrolled in the 102nd Royal Canadian Army Cadet Corps in 1938. At the beginning of the Second World War, Doohan joined the Royal Canadian Artillery and was a member of the 14th Field Battery, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division.
He was commissioned a lieutenant in the 14th Field Artillery Regiment of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division. He was sent to England in 1940 for training, he first saw combat landing at Juno Beach on D-Day. Shooting two snipers, Doohan led his men to higher ground through a field of anti-tank mines, where they took defensive positions for the night. Crossing between command posts at 11:30 that night, Doohan was hit by six rounds fired from a Bren Gun by a nervous Canadian sentry: four in his leg, one in the chest, one through his right middle finger; the bullet to his chest was stopped by a silver cigarette case given to him by his brother. His right middle finger had to be amputated, something he would conceal on-screen during most of his career as an actor. Doohan graduated from Air Observation Pilot Course 40 with eleven other Canadian artillery officers and flew Taylorcraft Auster Mark V aircraft for 666 Squadron, RCAF as a Royal Canadian Artillery officer in support of 1st Army Group Royal Artillery.
All three Canadian RCAF squadrons were manned by artillery officer-pilots and accompanied by non-commissioned RCA and RCAF personnel serving as observers. Although he was never a member of the Royal Canadian Air Force, Doohan was once labelled the "craziest pilot in the Canadian Air Force". In the late spring of 1945, on Salisbury Plain north of RAF Andover, he slalomed a plane between telegraph poles "to prove it could be done"—earning himself a serious reprimand. After the war, Doohan moved to Ontario for further technical education. After hearing a radio drama that he knew he could do better, he recorded his voice at the local radio station, learned about a drama school in Toronto. There he won a two-year scholarship to the Neighborhood Playhouse in New York City, where his classmates included Leslie Nielsen, Tony Randall and Richard Boone. In 1946, he had several roles for CBC radio, starting January 12. For several years, he shuttled between New York as work demanded, he estimated he performed in over 4,000 radio programs and 450 television programs during this period, earned a reputation for versatility.
In the mid-1950s, he appeared as forest ranger Timber Tom in the Canadian version of Howdy Doody. Coincidentally, fellow Star Trek cast member William Shatner appeared as Ranger Bill in the American version. Doohan and Shatner both appeared on the 1950s Canadian science fiction series Space Command. Doohan appeared in several episodes of Hawkeye and the Last of the Mohicans in 1957-58. For GM Presents, he played the lead role in the CBC TV drama Flight into Danger in The Night they Killed Joe Howe. Doohan's credits included The Twilight Zone, Season 4, Episode 3 "Valley of the Shadow", GE True, The Outer Limits, The Fugitive, Fantasy Island, Magnum, P. I; the Man from U. N. C. L. E. and Bonanza. In the Bonanza episode "Gift of Water", he co-starred with actress Majel Barrett who would play Star Trek's Nurse Christine Chapel, he played an assistant to the United States president in two episodes of Voyage to the Bottom of the S