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Whetstone, London

Whetstone is a place in the London Borough of Barnet, bearing the postcode N20. It is to the east of Totteridge, these areas are known together as Totteridge and Whetstone; this combined area was at the outset of the 21st century found to be the 63rd-richest of the more than 9,000 wards of the United Kingdom, an acclamation which can be credited to Totteridge Lane, a long rural road, home to many multi-millionaires. The High Road, the main road in the area, is the A1000 and part of the traditional Great North Road from London to Edinburgh; until the late 19th century its tiny developed area was one of two main settlements in the ancient parish of Friern Barnet, the other being Colney Hatch. In medieval times the Hospitallers had a settlement nearby in Friern Barnet where Friary Park is now and alongside the old road to London. In 1340 the Bishop of London opened a gate into his park which enabled a straight road across Finchley Common along the ridge there; the Hospitallers' settlement moved further west and became known as West Town known variously as "le Weston", "Wheston", "Whetstonestret".

Until the late 19th century its tiny developed area was one of two main settlements in the ancient parish of Friern Barnet, the other being Colney Hatch. Friern Barnet remained its ecclesiastical parish and its civil form was at that time giving way to urban and rural districts, in this case Friern Barnet Urban District. John Heathfield of the Friern Barnet & District Local History Society writes that according to the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, the stone outside The Griffin public house known as the Whetstone, is a mounting block, if so "it would have been connected to the toll gate erected by the Whetstone & Highgate Turnpike Trust about 1730." He states that the earliest evidence for the existence of the stone is a photograph taken in 1861 which shows it much closer to The Griffin than it is now. The stone was moved to its present location when the toll gate was removed in 1863; until the late 19th century this was the northern hamlet, centred on a crossroads, of the medieval parish of Friern Barnet which stretched 3 miles south-southeast and was half as wide as long.

The rural parish until had one other main population centre a hamlet, Colney Hatch. Starting in the late 1940s, Whetstone may have been the location of a Soviet spy base. Tass, the Soviet news agency, had a radio monitoring station at The Lodge, 13 Oakleigh Park North, the British security agencies became aware that it was being used to track its activities. According to local newspapers, the diplomatic immunity granted to the Russians was a worry for the British government since it granted a licence for Tass to publish libellous newsletters without the threat of prosecution. Despite this concern, the Soviets were subsequently granted permission to use specialist radio equipment, used to spy on the British; the matter was escalated to Prime Minister Clement Attlee and was discussed by senior members of the cabinet, the Russians were ordered to cease their radio monitoring operation. Stations in the area are: Totteridge and Whetstone Station Green Man, Whetstone Media related to Whetstone, London at Wikimedia Commons

2008 occupation of Iolani Palace

In 2008, two attempts were made by groups involved in the Hawaiian sovereignty movement to occupy Iolani Palace in downtown Honolulu in the U. S. state of Hawaii. On April 30, 2008, 35 unarmed members of the Hawaiian Kingdom Government blocked the five perimeter gates; the HDPS and The HPD arrived outside the palace walls. The activists allowed the 12 palace employees caught in the takeover to move and leave under the condition they could not take their vehicles, parked on the palace grounds. Taking prisoners was not the activists’ objective nor did they want to cause a hostage crisis. Police chief Boisse Correa met with activist leaders and officials let. On August 15, 2008, independence proponents occupied Iolani Palace for four hours; the trespassing incident happened on Hawaii Admission Day 2008. On August 15, 2008, 4:30 in the afternoon, 27 members of the so-called Kingdom of Hawaii Nation Ministry Trust, a national-independence fringe faction, entered the grounds of Iolani Palace; the group was led by Akahi Nui.

Fifteen to twenty members of the faction wore red shirts with “SECURITY” printed in yellow on the backs while other members wore black. The purported mission of the group was to establish the palace as a new seat of government, undermine the State government, declare the independence of Hawaii from the United States; the six to ten employees of the Friends of Iolanai Palance and its Director, Kippen de Alba Chu, locked down the buildings and locked themselves inside the administrative building. Facilities manager Noelani Ah Yuen attempted to stop the intruders from locking the east gate and was injured by the trespassers; the group entered Iolani Barracks and Palace. During the trespassing incident, a city police officer refused to stop the trespassers because the palace grounds are state property and hence under the jurisdiction of the state police, the HDPS. Police chief Boisse Correa rejected claims his men committed wrongdoing. Following the trespassing incident, plans have been made for improved security of the palace.

Two group members were charged with six with burglary. 1873 Barracks Revolt Wilcox Rebellion of 1889 Dominis Conspiracy Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii Occupation of Alcatraz Aboriginal land claim 1975 Land March Bastion Point protest Oka Crisis Ipperwash Crisis Burnt Church Crisis Gustafsen Lake Standoff

Spanish M1934

The M1934 helmet is a steel combat helmet used by various factions in the Spanish Civil War. Meant not for use by the Army, but instead by security forces such as police, the helmet was of similar shape to the Model 1926 helmet in use by the army; the helmet would see use by the Nationalists in the conflict. While being of similar shape to the M26 helmet, the M34 has many unique design features to distinguish itself; the shell is made of inferior material, only having 1 mm thick steel and being lighter in overall weight to the M26, giving it worse ballistic and crash characteristics to the M26. The shell being painted in a sand color or light brown, with surviving examples being refurbished in the 1943 order with green paint and a frontal bracket; the liner is quite different from its army cousin, instead of being attached by seven rivets around the sides of the shell, the liner is affixed using sheet metal wire from the circumference band holding the pads to the top of the shell by means of a single rivet.

The liner features four smaller leather pads as opposed to the three on the M26. Behind said pads are four paltry sized felt pads to give cushioning between the liner band; the chin strap is a simple buckle system for wear. Post-Civil War the helmet would be held in reserve along with previous models until the 1970s with their total replacement by the M42 helmet. Spain M34 at brendonshelmets.weebly.com

Barry Dickson

Barry J. Dickson is an Australian neurobiologist who studies the development of neuronal networks in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Dickson is a group leader at the Janelia Research Campus of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Loudoun County, Virginia and a former scientific director of the Research Institute of Molecular Pathology in Vienna, Austria. Barry Dickson was born in Melbourne, studied mathematics, computer science and genetics at the University of Melbourne, he received his first bachelor of science degree in 1984. Until 1986, Dickson worked as a research assistant at the epidemiology unit at the University of Melbourne and at the Menzies School of Health Research in Darwin, he received a second bachelor of science with honors in 1987 for his thesis about “Interactions between multiple operator sites controlling transcription of the aroFtyrA operon of Escherichia coli K-12”. Dickson gained further research experience working in the Laboratory of Joachim Spiess at the Salk Institute in San Diego between 1987 and 1989.

Following this, Dickson took up research for a PhD at the University of Zurich in Switzerland, where he worked in the lab of Ernst Hafen on the visual system development of Drosophila. He remained in the lab as postdoctoral researcher for two more years. In 1994, Dickson joined Corey Goodman for postdoctoral research at the University of California, Berkeley. There, he started working on the cellular mechanisms of axon pathfinding. Dickson continued this work while establishing his own research group at the University of Zurich. In 1998, Dickson moved to Vienna where he became group leader at the Research Institute of Molecular Pathology for five years, followed by a position as senior scientist at the newly founded Institute of Molecular Biotechnology. Around this time, his research focus shifted to a new topic, the genetic basis of complex innate behavior in Drosophila. In 2005, he published a key paper in which he described a master gene for sex specific behavior in fruit flies, which stimulated discussions beyond the scientific community.

Shortly after this discovery, Dickson received a Wittgenstein Award in recognition of his work. In 2006, Dickson succeeded Kim Nasmyth as scientific director of the IMP. Research in his lab now focused more on understanding the genetic and neural underpinnings of innate behaviors in Drosophila. In 2013, Dickson followed a call to the Janelia Farm Research Campus of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Dickson continued his studies of fruit fly mating behavior to help uncover how the brain processes information and makes decisions. Using thermogenetic screening and his research group identified neurons in the fruit fly’s brain that cause a change in locomotion. In a paper published in 2014, they describe four lines of flies that walked backward on heat activation; the scientists were able to track down these changes to specific nerve cells in the fly brain which they dubbed „moonwalker neurons“

Explorations (Bill Evans album)

Explorations is an album by jazz pianist Bill Evans, released on Riverside label in 1961. The album won the Billboard Jazz Critics Best Piano LP poll for 1961. Explorations was the second album Evans recorded with his trio of Scott LaFaro on bass and Paul Motian on drums. Evans considered it one of his favorites from this period. Producer Orrin Keepnews in the liner notes talks about the two extra pieces that were released on the CD, "Beautiful Love" and "The Boy Next Door". In fact, as Keepnews specifies, "it is not the usual case of a second attempt that followed the first. Early in this date, he played this number once. Much he decided to try a second'Beautiful Love', which he preferred." "The Boy Next Door," on the other hand, was set aside at the time of the LP, because of the limited space available on the album. The album was remastered and reissued by Original Jazz Classics in 2011 with two unissued alternate takes; the album won the Billboard Jazz Critics Best Piano LP poll for 1961. David Rickert of All About Jazz wrote: "...

Evans demands to be heard, seducing you with his indelibly emotional playing... The trio works magic here, breathing fresh air into standards such as'How Deep Is the Ocean?' and'Beautiful Love' and creating the illusion that these songs were written just so someone like Evans could play them. The highlight of the album is'Elsa,', one of the most beautiful piano ballads on record." Writing for Allmusic, critic Thom Jurek said of the album: "Evans, with Paul Motian and Scott LaFaro, was onto something as a trio, exploring the undersides of melodic and rhythmic constructions that had never been considered by most... Explorations is an extraordinary example of the reach and breadth of this trio at its peak." "Israel" – 6:12 "Haunted Heart" – 3:28 "Beautiful Love" – 5:07 "Beautiful Love" – 6:04 "Elsa" – 5:10 "Nardis" – 5:49 "How Deep Is the Ocean?" – 3:31 "I Wish I Knew" – 4:39 "Sweet and Lovely" – 5:52 "The Boy Next Door" – 5:06Tracks 4 and 10 are not part of original album. "Israel" "Haunted Heart" "Beautiful Love" "Elsa" "Nardis" "How Deep Is the Ocean?"

"I Wish I Knew" "Sweet and Lovely" "The Boy Next Door" "Beautiful Love" "How Deep Is the Ocean?" "I Wish I Knew" Bill Evans - piano Scott LaFaro - bass Paul Motian - drums Orrin Keepnews - producer Bill Stoddard - engineer Jack Matthews - mastering engineer Pettinger, Peter. Bill Evans: How My Heart Sings. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-07193-0. Jazz Discography entries for Bill Evans Bill Evans Memorial Library discography

1872 in France

Events from the year 1872 in France. President: Adolphe Thiers President of the Council of Ministers: Jules Armand Dufaure 27 November - Meteor shower display over France. Louis Ducos du Hauron creates an early color photograph. Chargeurs established as a shipping company. S. T. Dupont begins manufacture of luxury leather goods. 22 May - Georges Bizet's comic opera Djamileh is premièred at the Opéra-Comique in Paris. 13 November - Claude Monet begins painting Impression, Sunrise as viewed from his hotel room at Le Havre. 16 January - Henri Büsser and conductor 18 January - Emmanuel d'Orléans, noble from the House of Orléans 26 March - Émile Armand, individualist anarchist 7 June - Rodolphe d'Erlanger and musicologist 1 July - Louis Blériot, inventor and aviation pioneer 2 July - Gaëtan Gatian de Clérambault, psychiatrist 15 July - Jean Dargassies, racing cyclist 28 July - Albert Sarraut, twice Prime Minister of France 22 September - Octave Denis Victor Guillonnet, painter 30 November - Maurice de la Taille and writer 12 December - Daniel Halévy, historian Léon Bouly, inventor of the cinématographe François-Victor Équilbecq, author 6 February - Auguste Joseph Alphonse Gratry and theologian 31 March - Jules Guyot and agronomist 5 April - Paul Auguste Ernest Laugier, astronomer 28 April - Louis Désiré Blanquart-Evrard, photographer 20 June - Elie Frédéric Forey, Marshal of France 27 June - Michel Carré, librettist 5 July - Charles-Pierre Denonvilliers, surgeon 4 October - Jean-Jacques Bourassé, priest and historian 21 October - Jacques Babinet, physicist and astronomer 23 October - Théophile Gautier, novelist, journalist and literary critic 29 October - Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant, chess master 6 December - Félix Archimède Pouchet, naturalist 10 December - Étienne Arnal, actor December - Jean-Baptiste Honoré Raymond Capefigue and biographer Ximénès Doudan, journalist