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White County, Tennessee

White County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,841, its county seat is Sparta. On September 11, 1806, an act of the Tennessee General Assembly created White County out of Smith and Jackson counties, responding to a petition signed by 155 residents of the area; the county's original geographic area included all of what are now White and Warren counties, as well as parts of modern Cannon, Coffee, DeKalb, Grundy and Van Buren counties. The origin of the county's name is disputed; the county is held to be named for John White, a Revolutionary War soldier and frontiersman, the first known white settler of the area. White had moved his family to the Cumberland Mountains from Virginia in 1789. However, some historians suggest the county was named for Revolutionary War soldier James White, the founder of Knoxville. A temporary county seat was established near Rock Island, now in Warren County. Three years a permanent county seat was established on the banks of the Calfkiller River and named Sparta.

In 1840, White County became a destination for people from all over the country when Christopher Haufmann erected a large hotel on Bon Air Mountain, part of the Cumberland Plateau. The hotel was near some mineral springs as well as being at a high altitude. White County was the site of a large saltpeter mining operation during the Civil War; the Cave Hill Saltpeter Pits, located on Cave Hill near the mouth of England Cove, were intensively mined. Relics remain from that operation. Saltpeter is the main ingredient of gunpowder and was obtained by leaching the earth from these caves; the Civil War affected White County, although no major battles were fought in the area. As it was on the border between the pro-Union East Tennessee and pro-Confederate Middle Tennessee, the county was the scene of bloodshed from partisans of both sides. One famous Confederate guerrilla operating in the area was Champ Ferguson, who caused much mayhem and destruction before he was arrested after the war on May 28, 1865.

Ferguson was tried by a military court and executed by hanging, one of only two Confederates executed for war crimes. He is buried in France Cemetery near Sparta. Over the subsequent decades, White County rebuilt from the ashes of war; the county was connected to the outside world by railroad because of the booming coal mining industries being started on Bon Air Mountain. The mountain was rich in bituminous coal, enterprising local businessmen were quick to realize the profit potential that represented. Several mining towns sprang up on the plateau part of the county, including Bon Air and Ravenscroft. In 1981, a dispute between a local mining company and residents escalated and became a Tennessee Supreme Court case known as Doochin v. Rackley; the disagreement began. The court ruled in favor of the defendants because the Broad Form Deed did not recognize strip mining as a legal form of mining. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 379 square miles, of which 377 square miles is land and 2.8 square miles is water.

The eastern part of the county lies atop the Cumberland Plateau, while the western portion is situated on the Highland Rim, at a lower elevation. The Plateau Escarpment is visible from much of the western part of the county; the Caney Fork, the county's primary drainage, flows across the southern portion of the county, forms part the county's border with Van Buren, Warren and DeKalb. The river descends from the Cumberland Plateau to the Highland Rim through Scott's Gulf, a dramatic gorge noted for scenic waterfalls, most notably the 110-foot Virgin Falls; the section of the Caney Fork in southern White County is part of Great Falls Lake, an artificial reservoir created by Great Falls Dam at Rock Island State Park. Downstream from this dam, the river enters Center Hill Lake; the Calfkiller River, a tributary of the Caney Fork, flows through the central part of White County, drains the county seat, Sparta. The Falling Water River a tributary of the Caney Fork, flows through the northwestern part of the county, forms part of the county's border with Putnam County.

The Falling Water River is noted for its 136-foot waterfall, Burgess Falls, which straddles the Putnam-White line. White County boasts over 1,200 documented caves, which makes White County one of the most cave-dense regions in the world. Putnam County Cumberland County Bledsoe County Van Buren County Warren County DeKalb County Blue Spring Cave, located five miles northeast of Sparta, is the longest mapped cave in Tennessee and the tenth longest cave in the United States, with 38 miles of passages; the footprints of extinct Pleistocene jaguars were discovered in the cave in 1990 by Bill Walter. Bledsoe State Forest Bridgestone/Firestone Centennial Wilderness Wildlife Management Area Burgess Falls State Park and Natural Area Rock Island State Park Sparta Rock House State Historic Site Virgin Falls State Natural Area As of the census of 2000, there were 23,102 people, 9,229 households, 6,774 families residing in the county; the population density was 61 people per square mile. There were 10,191 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the county was 96.63% White, 1.64% Black or African American, 0.20% Native

Nototriton brodiei

Nototriton brodiei is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to the Sierra del Merendón and known from its type locality, Sierra de Caral in Izabal Department, eastern Guatemala, from the Cusuco National Park in northwestern Honduras; the specific name brodiei honors Jr. an American herpetologist. Common name Cerro Pozo de Agua moss. Females in the type series measure 32–34.5 mm in snout–vent length. The tail length is about 1.4 times the body length, giving a maximum total length of 84 mm. The snout is broadly rounded and the eyes are protuberant; the head is just wider than the neck. The parotoid glands are weakly developed; the limbs are slender. Both the fingers and the toes have sub-digital pads; the dorsum bears dark brown chevrons. The underside has cream flecks; the tail irregular dark brown markings on the sides and ventrally. The iris is bronze. Nototriton brodiei occurs in subtropical old-growth wet forests at elevations of 760–1,590 m above sea level. Active individuals have been found on a rock bank near a waterfall.

During the daytime, a specimen was spotted under a pile of dead palm leaves. Nototriton brodiei is known from less than ten specimens and appears to be rare, although it might be difficult to detect, its habitat is threatened by agricultural encroachment. Illegal logging occurs in the Cusuco National Park. Use of agrochemicals is a threat

Prospect Hill (Arlington, Virginia)

Prospect Hill in Arlington County, Virginia is the former location of a Federal style mansion built in 1841 by successful contractor James Roach in Arlington County. The house was built on Arlington Ridge Road. In 1861, the land was seized and vandalized by Union soldiers during the construction of Fort Runyon and Fort Albany; the house was demolished in 1965. Roach had supplied most of the materials for the Alexandria Canal, the Aqueduct Bridge, the Alexandria and Hampshire Railroad. After the September 11 attacks, Prospect Hill became a popular spot for photographs to take photos of The Pentagon after it was crashed into by American Airlines Flight 77; the site is home to the 0.4 acre Prospect Hill Park. Suydam, Marty. Walks with Charley: Sniffing Arlington Ridge History & Mystery. AuthorHouse. ISBN 978-1546212706

Foire Brayonne

The Foire Brayonne is a music and cultural festival held each summer in Edmundston, New Brunswick since 1985. The Foire is sometimes considered the biggest French festival held in Canada outside the province of Quebec, it is held in August, at several locations in Edmundston. The first festival was held in 1979 and up to 1985 was a 10-day event. Today the festival is running strong with five days of activities for all ages, it is held the week before the New Brunswick Civic Holiday, the first Monday of August. The name "Foire Brayonne" stems from the word "foire", French for fair. "Brayonne" is the feminine form of the French word "Brayon", the name given to residents of Edmundston and the surrounding Madawaska County area. There have been many disputes as to; the word is defined as someone. However, some historians dispute the term, they refer to their ancestors' harvesting of reeds from the Saint John River valley. These were known as "braye"; therefore the term "brayon" means harvester of braye.

Some believe. Having left this region for Quebec, the descendants made their way over generations to the Saint John River valley; the name provides a link to their native homeland. Many local dishes are served during the festival such as the ploye, a pancake type mix of water and buckwheat flour. There is chicken stew, chicken mixed with dumplings and potatoes, they enjoy cretons: a pork-based pate. Although not a local dish, there's teriyaki on a stick where a thin piece of meat is dipped into a mix of teriyaki and barbecue sauce, grilled over an open fire, it has become a foire favorite. The foire relies on grants to offer a low entrance fee. A five-day pass to all shows was available for $35. Compared to similar festivals, the foire is arguably one of the best deals of its kind. People wishing to know more about the area's rich history can visit "La promenade de la Republique", an exposition on how life in the area was during the Victorian era. A large park for kids offers live shows, inflatable games, the opportunity to paint kid's faces and have their picture taken with Typique, a child-friendly porcupine which the region has a rich history of.

Other attractions include an outdoor mass celebrating the French culture's loyalty to the Catholic faith, a large parade, car shows, sporting competitions, an arts and crafts flea market. One of the foire's major attractions has been live concerts. Here is a partial list of artists who have appeared at the foire: René Simard and Nathalie Simard Véronique Béliveau The Box Too Many Cooks Glass Tiger Celine Dion Julie Masse Les BB Alannah Myles Roch Voisine France D'Amour Beau Dommage James Ledgerwood Kevin Parent Éric Lapointe Moist Great Big Sea Plume Latraverse Claude Dubois Natasha St-Pier Yelo Molo Les Classels Les Respectables Marie-Chantal Toupin Les Trois Accords Les Cowboys Fringants Hugo Lapointe Jonas Mentake Marie Mai Soldat Louis Martin Fontaine Mobile 1755 Michel Pagliaro Gildor Roy Guy A. Lepage Elizabeth Blouin-Braithwaite Tailor Made Fable George Belliveau Collective Soul Alchoolica Alter Ego Les Vickings Marc Dupré Jérôme Couture André-Philippe Gagnon One of the most interesting events at the Foire Brayonne is the Party du Parking.

The idea for this party was brought forward by committee member Jo-Anne Volpé, who in 1987, asked city officials about having a large party in the city's parking lot. Despite their reservations, city officials agreed. Today, more than 20 years the Party du Parking is one of the most enduring and successful events of the Foire Brayonne. Hundreds of people from all walks of life come to this event to experience it, as it has a large word-of-mouth and cult following; every year thousands of people gather on the Friday evening of the Foire in the parking lot in downtown Edmundston. Food and live entertainment is offered. Although sometimes imitated by other festivals in the United States and Canada, it is the largest one of its kind in New Brunswick, it has sometimes been compared to Mardi Gras due to its large party atmosphere. What makes the Party du Parking so special is that, despite having thousands of people gathered into one small spot, the party is in a controlled environment. Few, if any, arrests are made and everyone attending the Party du Parking are well behaved, despite the amount of alcohol people tend to consume on that night.

The Foire Bayonne is sometimes criticized by the Acadian people as not promoting the culture as a vital part of French New Brunswick, as most of them feel that the term Brayons is but a legend. Despite this the foire has always included Acadian encourages local Acadian talent. In 2008 the foire's closing festivities added an Acadian touch with Le Grand Dérangement. Fayo and George Belliveau are some of the Acadian acts; the Edmundston area, despite having a large population of Acadian ancestry, has always been a separate culture from the rest of French New Brunswick. It has become the second largest majority French speaking city outside of Quebec. Most of the francophones there are from Quebec ancestry, compared to the rest o

Sudhir Sawant

Sudhir Sawant is an Indian politician. He is Brigadier in Indian Army. Sudhir Sawant is the son of CS Sawant, a three term MLA in Maharashtra Legislative Assembly as a Member of Peasants and Workers Party, he rose to the position of a Brigadier. Former Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi brought Sawant into electoral politics and gave him Loksabha ticket for Indian National Congress from the Rajapur Loksabha Constituency from the Konkan region of Maharashtra for the 1991 election. In the election Sawant defeated the long serving incumbent and former Union Railway Minister, Madhu Dandavate. Indian National Congress President Sonia Gandhi appointed Sudhir Sawant as a national secretary of the party. Sawant joined Aam Aadmi Party Maharashtra unit on 12 January 2018 in presence of Arvind Kejriwal and on 6 June 2018 under presence of AAP National Secretary Pankaj Gupta he has been appointed as Aam Aadmi Party Maharashtra Unit Head Convenor He is chairman of Forum for Strategic Studies, New Delhi and Tourism Co-Operative..

He is the founder Of Sindhudurg sainik school Amboli located in Amboli,Sawantwadi of Sindhudurg district of maharashtra. This is the only one school in Maharashtra, run by Ex-servicemen, he is the president of sainik patpedhi. He established Agriculture college in Oros, Sindhudurg


KazTransOil JSC is the national oil transporter in Kazakhstan accounting to 53% of all oil transported in the country. The company operates 3,140 km of water pipelines. KazTransOil is a subsidiary of the national oil and gas company of Kazakhstan. In July 2012, Standard & Poor’s assessed KazTransOil’s SACP at “bb+”, on the basis of their opinion of its “satisfactory” business risk profile and “significant” financial risk profile. KazTransOil’s stand-alone credit quality is supported by long-term ship-or-pay contracts with oil producers, the company’s favourable debt structure and maturity profile, limited competition from alternative oil export pipelines, good prospects for oil production and export in Kazakhstan. KazTransOil benefits from low transportation costs and a strong market position in Kazakhstan because of its vast pipeline system. KazTransOil distributes more than 57% of Kazakhstan’s total oil exports; the rating is constrained by significant dependence on Russian pipeline operator OAO AK Transneft, construction risk related to pipeline capacity expansion projects, an opaque tariff regime and irregular tariff revisions, operational risk due to aging assets.

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