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White Croats

White Croats were a group of Slavic tribes who lived among other West and East Slavic tribes in the area of Bohemia, Lesser Poland and modern-day Western Ukraine. They were documented by foreign medieval authors and managed to preserve their ethnic name until the early 20th century in Lesser Poland, it is considered that they were assimilated into Czech and Ukrainian ethnos, are one of the predecessors of the Rusyn people. In the 7th century, some White Croats migrated from their homeland White Croatia to the territory of modern-day Croatia, forming the ancestors of the South Slavic ethnic group of Croats, it is believed that the Croatian ethnonym - Hrvat/Horvat/Harvat - etymologically is not of Slavic origin, but a borrowing from Iranian languages. It is considered that the ethnonym Hrvat is first attested on the two Tanais Tablets, found in the Greek colony of Tanais in the late 2nd and early 3rd century AD, at the time when the colony was surrounded by Iranian-speaking Sarmatians; the first Iranian tribes who lived on the shores of the Sea of Azov were Scythians, who arrived there c. 7th century BCE.

Around the 6th century BCE the Sarmatians began their migration westwards subordinating the Scythians by the 2nd-century BCE. During this period there was substantial cultural and linguistic contact between the Early Slavs and Iranians, in this environment were formed the Antes. Antes were Slavic people who lived in that area and to the West between Dniester and Dnieper from the 4th until the 7th century, it is thought that White Croats were part of the Antes tribal polity who migrated to Galicia in the 3rd-4th century, under pressure by invading Huns and Goths. They lived there until the Antes were attacked by the Pannonian Avars in 560, the polity was destroyed in 602 by the same Avars; this resulted with breaking Croatian tribal unity into several groups, in Prykarpattia, in Silesia and the lower course of the Vistula river, Eastern Czech Republic. The early Croats' migration to Dalmatia can thus be seen as a continuation of the previous war between the Antes and Avars; the epithet "white" for the Croats and their homeland is related to the use of colors for cardinal directions among Eurasian people.

That is, it meant "Western Croats", in comparison to lands where they lived before. The epithet "great" signified an "old, ancient" or "former" homeland, for the Croats when they were new arrivals in the Roman province of Dalmatia. There is a dispute among Slavic scholars as to whether the White Croats were of Irano-Alanic, West Slavic, or East Slavic origin; some scholars linguistically and archaeologically draw parallels between White Croats and Slavs, the Carpi, who lived in the territory of Carpathian Mountains. Whether the early Croats were Slavs who had taken a name of Iranian origin, or whether they were ruled by a Sarmatian elite and/or were slavicized Sarmatians, cannot be resolved; the possibility of Irano-Sarmatian elements among, or influences upon, early Croatian ethnogenesis cannot be excluded. Any mention of the Croats before the 9th century is uncertain, there were several loose attempts at tracing; the Hros some relate to the ethnonym of the Rus' people. Nestor the Chronicler in his Primary Chronicle mentions the White Croats, calling them Horvate Belii or Hrovate Belii, the name depending upon which manuscript of his is referred to: "Over a long period the Slavs settled beside the Danube, where the Hungarian and Bulgarian lands now lie.

From among these Slavs, parties scattered throughout the country and were known by appropriate names, according to the places where they settled. Thus some came and settled by the river Morava, were named Moravians, while others were called Czechs. Among these same Slavs are included the White Croats, the Serbs, the Carinthians. For when the Vlakhs attacked the Danubian Slavs, settled among them, did them violence, the latter came and made their homes by the Vistula, were called Lyakhs. Of these same Lyakhs some were called Polyanians, some Lutichians, some Mazovians, still others Pomorians". Most what is known about the early history of White Croats comes from the work by the Byzantine emperor Constantine VII, De Administrando Imperio. In the 30th chapter, "The Story of the Province of Dalmatia" Constantine wrote: "The Croats at that time were dwelling beyond Bagibareia, where the Belocroats are now. From them split off a family, namely of five brothers and Lobelos and Kosentzis and Mouchlo and Chrobatos, two sisters and Bouga, who came with their folk to Dalmatia and found this land under the rule of the Avars.

After they had fought one another for some years, the Croats prevailed and killed some of the Avars and the remainder they compelled to be subject to them... The rest of the Croats stayed over near Francia, are now called the Belocroats, that is, the White Croats, have their own archon. From the Croats who came to Dalmatia, a part took rule of Illyricum and Pannonia, they too had an independent archon, who would

Masa's Wine Bar & Kitchen

Masa's Wine Bar & Kitchen was a new French restaurant located in San Francisco, California, in the United States. Masa's was opened in July 1983 by chef Masataka Kobayashi; the restaurant uses Masataka's nickname, for its title. Upon its opening, the restaurant had a six-month wait list, he was murdered in 1984 and sous chef Bill Galloway ran the kitchen until Julian Serrano became executive chef. He was chef for 14 years. Ron Siegel became executive chef, followed by Richard Reddington. In 2004, Gregory Short became executive chef. Alan Murray was master sommelier. Short left Masa's on February 16, 2013 and the restaurant closed, with intentions to re-open; the restaurant is maintained by Executive Hotel Vintage Court. Masa's original concept mixed French cuisine with nouvelle cuisine. Upon his death, sous chef Bill Galloway took over the kitchen temporarily; the food became less sauce focused and "lighter," as it was described in the San Francisco Chronicle in 1985. Galloway started working with different food distributors, improving the quality of the seafood and hired a larger dessert staff.

The restaurant had food focused theme dinners. In February 2013, the restaurant had a five course prix fixe citrus themed dinner, to celebrate the citrus harvest season, with wine pairings


TwiCon was an unofficial Twilight fan convention, held at the Sheraton Dallas Hotel from July 30 to August 2, 2009. TwiCon featured a movie screening, live Twilight-inspired band performances, a Volturi Masque Ball, opportunities to meet Twilight cast, breakout sessions, workshops, a vendor hall, an artist alley. Organizers and TwiCon Partners LLC co-owners included event planner Becky Scoggins and video blogger Bailey Gauthier. TwiCon's guests included Twilight actors Christian Serratos, Billy Burke, Peter Facinelli, Jackson Rathbone, Kellan Lutz, New Moon actor Alex Meraz. Sam Bradley, Marcus Foster, Bobby Long, who all wrote songs included on the Twilight soundtrack attended. Both MTV and ReelzChannel had contests to choose fans to act as correspondents at TwiCon. Fan reception to the convention was mixed, with many con participants saying that they were unhappy with the way things were run. Many con-goers reported sessions not lasting their full-time, as well as the con using volunteers for security.

The A. V. Club panned the convention overall, commenting that it was poorly thought out and that the merchandise area gave "the impression that Twicon exists to get impressionable fans to pay for crap". Many fans noted that the stars guesting at the convention appeared to be annoyed at the treatment given at the con, though TwiCon representative Becky Scoggins insisted on the TwiCon forums that none of the stars present voiced any complaint over their stay at the con. Citing both "competitive pressures" and "the persistent nature of the economic downturn", TwiCon Partners LLC announced that it would cease operations on March 13, 2010. Organizers said that "non-refundable deposits" and payments to "professional service providers" left them with insufficient funds to "cover the next round of deposits due to host the event"; this cancelled TwiCon events planned for Ottawa in June 2010 and Las Vegas in late July 2010. No official statements were released to the convention website as to the availability of refunds for ticketholders, although Scoggins claimed that her company had no control over the finances and that letters pertaining to the availability of refunds were forthcoming

The Raincloud Man

The Raincloud Man is a Big Finish Productions audio drama based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. The Doctor and Charley return to discover its complicated link to transient aliens; the Doctor — Colin Baker Charley PollardIndia Fisher D. I. Patricia Menzies – Anna Hope Brooks – Michael Fenton Stevens Lish – Aidan J David Carmen – Octavia Walters Kelsa – Simon Sherlock Tabbalac Leader – Jeremy James The Bouncers – Steven Hansell The Cyrox – Andrew Dickens Anna Hope appeared as Novice Hame in the television episodes "New Earth" and "Gridlock". Writer Douglas Adams has his most famous story The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy directly mentioned in this play; the phrase "interconnectedness of all things" spoken in this audio story is a quote used in Adams' Dirk Gently novels. The character of the Raincloud Man may have been inspired by the character of the Rain God from Adams' novel So Long and Thanks for All the Fish; the high-stakes gambling at the end of the adventure is the British card game Top Trumps.

D. I. Menzies appeared in The Condemned, she returns in The Crimes of Thomas Brewster, where she meets the Doctor at an earlier point in his life and must pretend to be a stranger to him. Mention is made of an etheric-beam locator. One was seen in Genesis of the Daleks; the Master was fitted with a pair by the Daleks in Doctor Who and the Curse of Fatal Death. The Raincloud Man

F-type main-sequence star

An F-type main-sequence star is a main-sequence, hydrogen-fusing compact star of spectral type F and luminosity class V. These stars have from 1.0 to 1.4 times the mass of the Sun and surface temperatures between 6,000 and 7,600 K. Tables VII and VIII; this temperature range gives the F-type stars a yellow-white hue. Because a main-sequence star is referred to as a dwarf star, this class of star may be termed a yellow-white dwarf. Famous examples include Procyon A, Gamma Virginis A and B, KIC 8462852; the revised Yerkes Atlas system listed a dense grid of F-type dwarf spectral standard stars. The anchor points of the MK spectral classification system among the F-type main-sequence dwarf stars, i.e. those standard stars that have remained unchanged over years and can be used to define the system, are considered to be 78 Ursae Majoris and pi3 Orionis. In addition to those two standards, Morgan & Keenan considered the following stars to be dagger standards: HR 1279, HD 27524, HD 27808, HD 27383, Beta Virginis.

Other primary MK standard stars include HD 23585, HD 26015, HD 27534. Note that two Hyades members with identical HD names are both considered strong F5 V standard stars, indeed they share nearly identical colors and magnitudes. Gray & Garrison provide a modern table of dwarf standards for the hotter F-type stars. F1 and F7 dwarf standards stars are listed, but have changed over the years among expert classifiers. Often-used standard stars include Iota Piscium. No F4 V standard stars have been published. F9 V defines the boundary between the hot stars classified by Morgan, the cooler stars classified by Keenan, there are discrepancies in the literature on which stars define the F/G dwarf boundary. Morgan & Keenan listed Beta Virginis and HD 27383 as F9 V standards, but Keenan & McNeil listed HD 10647 as their F9 V standard. Eta Cassiopeiae A should be avoided as a standard star because it was considered F9 V in Keenan's publications, but G0 V in Morgan's publications; some of the nearest F-type stars known to have planets include Upsilon Andromedae, Tau Boötis, HD 10647, HD 33564, HD 142, HD 60532, KOI-3010.

Some studies show that there is a possibility that life could develop on planets that orbit a F-type star. It is estimated that the habitable zone of a hot F0 star would extend from about 2.0 AU to 3.7 AU and between 1.1 and 2.2 AU for a cool F8 star. However, relative to a G-type star the main problems for a hypothetical lifeform in this particular scenario would be the more intense light and the shorter stellar lifespan of the home star. F-type stars are known to emit much higher energy forms of light, such as UV radiation, which in the long term can have a profoundly negative effect on DNA molecules. Studies have shown that, for a hypothetical planet positioned at an equivalent habitable distance from an F-type star as the Earth is from the Sun, with a similar atmosphere, life on its surface would receive about 2.5 to 7.1 times more damage from UV light compared to that on Earth. Thus, for its native lifeforms to survive, the hypothetical planet would need to have sufficient atmospheric shielding, such as an ozone layer in the upper atmosphere.

Without a robust ozone layer, life could theoretically develop on the planet's surface, but it would most be confined to underwater or underground regions


IXM S. A. is a Swiss base metal commodity trading company with headquarters in Switzerland. It is regarded as the third biggest metals trading company aside from Trafigura; the current company was rebranded from "LDC Metals" to "IXM" after the transaction from LDC Group to the Chinese fund NCCL Natural Resources Investment Fund was completed in May 2018. It is a global merchant in base and precious metals, is among the top copper and lead concentrates merchandizers, a leader in refined copper, zinc and nickel markets. IXM's business started in 2005 when Louis Dreyfus Company acquired Mitsui & Co.'s copper concentrates book. The business was expanded afterwards, when IXM broadened its reach to multiple raw and refined metal books. In 2012, IXM acquired 51% stake of GKE metal with $8m, as a step of its expansion into metals warehousing business; the GKE Metal's stake was sold to a sister company of LDC in Nov 2017, as per a company filing of Louis Dreyfus Company