The White Rose was a non-violent, intellectual resistance group in the Third Reich led by a group of students including Hans and Sophie Scholl. They attended the University of Munich; the group conducted an anonymous leaflet and graffiti campaign that called for active opposition to the Nazi regime. Their activities started in Munich on 27 June 1942, ended with the arrest of the core group by the Gestapo on 18 February 1943. They, as well as other members and supporters of the group who carried on distributing the pamphlets, faced show trials by the Nazi People's Court, many of them were sentenced to death or imprisonment. Hans and Sophie Scholl and Christoph Probst were executed by guillotine four days after their arrest, on February 22nd, 1943. During the trial, Sophie interrupted the judge multiple times. No defendants were given any opportunity to speak; the group wrote and distributed their pamphlets in the greater Munich region. On, secret carriers brought copies to other cities in the southern parts of Germany.
In total, the White Rose authored six leaflets, which were multiplied and spread, in a total of about 15,000 copies. They denounced the Nazi regime's crimes and oppression, called for resistance. In their second leaflet, they denounced the persecution and mass murder of the Jews. By the time of their arrest, the members of the White Rose were just about to establish contacts with other German resistance groups like the Kreisau Circle or the Schulze-Boysen/Harnack group of the Red Orchestra. Today, the White Rose is well known both within worldwide. Students from the University of Munich comprised the core of the White Rose: the siblings Hans Scholl and Sophie Scholl, Alexander Schmorell, Willi Graf, Christoph Probst, Kurt Huber, a professor of philosophy and musicology, they were supported by other people, including: Traute Lafrenz, Katharina Schüddekopf, Lieselotte "Lilo" Ramdohr, Jürgen Wittenstein, Marie-Luise Jahn, Falk Harnack, Hubert Furtwängler, Wilhelm Geyer, Manfred Eickemeyer, Josef Söhngen, Heinrich Guter, Heinrich Bollinger, Helmut Bauer, Harald Dohrn, Hans Conrad Leipelt, Gisela Schertling, Rudi Alt and Wolfgang Jaeger.
Most were in their early twenties. Wilhelm Geyer taught Alexander Schmorell how to make the tin templates used in the graffiti campaign. Eugen Grimminger of Stuttgart funded their operations. Grimminger was arrested on 2 March 1943, sentenced to ten years in a penal institution for high treason by the "People's Court" on 19 April 1943, imprisoned in Ludwigsburg penal institution until April 1945, his wife Jenny was murdered in the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp on 2 December 1943. Grimminger's secretary Tilly Hahn contributed her own funds to the cause, acted as go-between for Grimminger and the group in Munich, she carried supplies such as envelopes, an additional duplicating machine from Stuttgart to Munich. In addition, a group of students in the city of Ulm distributed a number of the group's leaflets and were arrested and tried. Among this group were Sophie Scholl's childhood friend Susanne Hirzel and her teenage brother Hans Hirzel and Franz Josef Müller. White Rose survivor Jürgen Wittenstein described what it was like for ordinary Germans to live in Nazi Germany: The government—or rather, the party—controlled everything: the news media, police, the armed forces, the judiciary system, travel, all levels of education from kindergarten to universities, all cultural and religious institutions.
Political indoctrination started at a early age, continued by means of the Hitler Youth with the ultimate goal of complete mind control. Children were exhorted in school to denounce their own parents for derogatory remarks about Hitler or Nazi ideology; the activities of the White Rose started in the autumn of 1942. This was a time, critical for the Nazi regime. In Summer 1942, the German Wehrmacht was preparing a new military campaign in the southern part of the East front to regain the initiative after their earlier defeat close to Moscow; this German offensive was very successful, but came to a standstill in the autumn of 1942. In February 1943, the German army had faced a major defeat in the Battle of Stalingrad. During this time, the authors of the pamphlets could neither be discovered, nor could the campaign be stopped by the Nazi authorities; when Hans and Sophie Scholl were discovered and arrested whilst distributing leaflets at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, the regime reacted brutally.
As the "Volksgerichtshof" was not bound to the law, but led by Nazi ideology, its actions were declared unlawful in post-war Germany. Thus, the execution of the White Rose group members, among many others, is considered as judicial murder; the members of the core group all shared an academic background as students at Munich University. The Scholl siblings, Christoph Probst, Willi Graf and Alexander Schmorell were all raised by liberal, independently thinking and wealthy parents. Alexander Schmorell was born in Russia, his first language was Russian. After he and Hans Scholl had become friends at the university, Alexander invited Hans to his parents' home, where Hans met Christoph Probst at the beginning of 1941. Alexander Schmorell and Christoph Probst had been friends since their school days; as Christoph's father had been divorced and had married again to a Jewish wife, the effects of the Nazi Nuremberg Laws, Nazi racial ideology had impacts on both Christoph's and Alexander's lives from early on.
The ideas and thoughts of the German Youth Movement, founded in 1896, had a major impact
Clement Bernard Campbell OAM is a former Australian state politician and was a member of the Parliament of Queensland from 1983 to 1998. Campbell obtained a Bachelor of Agricultural degree and worked as a Research and Regional Economist with the Queensland Department of Primary Industries, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Queensland for Bundaberg at the 1983 election, representing the Labor Party, held the seat until the 1998 election. He served as a member of various Parliamentary Committees during the term of the Wayne Goss Labor government. After Campbell's retirement from Parliament he joined the staff of Griffith University in Brisbane; as of 2008, Campbell is the founding chairman of Green Cross Australia and current chair of Earth Charter Australia. He is a director with Football Queensland. In 2013, Clem Campbell became the United Nations Association of Australia Queensland President. In 2014, Mr Campbell was awarded the Order of Australia Medal for his contribution to the community as an outstanding advocate for peace and environmental education and leadership in promoting ethics in public life
Fox Sports is a Dutch group of pay television sports channels, owned by Eredivisie Media & Marketing CV in which Fox Networks Group Benelux has 51% ownership. Fox Sports launched on 1 August 2013, buying out the Eredivisie Live service from the Dutch Football League. Fox Sports offers 6 channels, Video-on-demand services and Fox Sports GO, its main competitor is the Dutch premium television service Ziggo Sport Totaal. Fox Sports Eredivisie Fox Sports 1 Fox Sports 2 Fox Sports 3Fox Sports International Fox Sports 4 Fox Sports 5 Fox Sports 6Online only Fox Sports 7 Fox Sports 8 Fox Sports 9 Fox Sports 10 Fox Sports 11 Fox Sports 12 Fox Sports 13 Fox Sports 14 Fox Sports 15 Fox Sports
For the Canadian urban manager, see David Cadman. David Cadman is a British writer and real estate economist. Cadman was raised in England, near Colchester, during World War II as a birthright Quaker, his parents were Quaker pacifists. He attended the University of Cambridge, he became a successful commercial property developer and part-time academic, in 1981 he established a small consultancy firm in Covent Garden, Property Market Analysis, with the economist Dr. Richard Barras, he has held a number of visiting positions at universities, including: Harmony Professor of Practice, University of Wales Trinity Saint David, 2016-current Visiting Professor, Bartlett School, University College London Fellow, Wolfson College, with teaching in the Department of Land Economy Visiting Professor, University of Reading Visiting Professor, University of Maryland He is widowed with children and grandchildren, lives in Aldeburgh in Suffolk, London. Cadman coauthored a successful textbook on property development in the 1970s, several other key texts on risk and management of commercial real estate projects while working part-time at the University of Reading and University of Cambridge.
His textbook is still in print in the late 2010s under different authorship. Property Market Analysis was established to advise commercial investors on property markets. PMA clients included investment banks, pension funds, commercial developers and it became a successful international operation, it still conducts bespoke studies to assess commercial prospects for retail and industrial investments. Cadman and Barras set up a PMA subscription service, PROMIS, that still provides updated information on most UK and some global urban markets on 300 towns and cities. Cadman stepped away in the 2000s to other consultancy work and to writing and reflection on questions of spirituality and sustainability. Cadman became more interested in sustainable urban development and the "place of love" from which Quaker testimonies spring, how to enact these in everyday life, he has edited several volumes on this theme since retiring from the property sector. He has worked with the Temenos Academy, an educational charity offering education in philosophy and the arts spanning the sacred traditions of East and West.
Temenos was accommodated in London by Charles, Prince of Wales and Cadman has edited volumes of the Prince's speeches and had work published by the Prince's Trust. He was chairman of what is now known as The Prince’s Foundation for Building Community and was a Trustee of The Prince’s School of Traditional Arts. Among several board positions on sustainability and harmony, Cadman was involved in establishing the inter-faith Spirit of Humanity Forum in 2010, which held its first meeting in Rekyavik in 2012 and now meets every two years, its goals are to "bring together leaders and practitioners who hold the view that the positive energy of love is the deepest, most enduring and most valuable characteristic of human nature. The aim of the Forum is to identify and share ways of improving access to this inner strength of being, it showcases practical examples of how love, compassion and a care for others can transform and re-humanise an organisation."A 2017 novel written under a pseudonym, The House by the Marsh, mirrors some aspects of his own life, addressing ageing and loss.
David Cadman and Leslie Austin-Crowe. 1978. Property development. London: Spon. David Cadman and Alejandrina Catalano. 1983. Property development in the UK: evolution and change. Reading: College of Estate Management, University of Reading. Peter Byrne and David Cadman. 1984. Risk and decision making in property development. London: Spon. ISBN 0419119507 David Cadman and Geoffrey Payne. 1990. The living city: towards a sustainable future. London: Routledge. ISBN 0415012503 David Cadman & John Carey. 2002. A sacred trust: ecology and spiritual vision. London: Temenos Academy & The Prince's Foundation. ISBN 0954031113 David Cadman and John Carey. 2006. Sanctuary. London: Temenos Academy. ISBN 0954031172 David Cadman. 2008. Roots of Sustainability; the Princes Foundation. David Cadman. 2009. Holiness in the everyday. London: Quaker Books. ISBN 9781907123047 David Cadman and Suheil Bushrui. 2014. Speeches and Articles of His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales 1968-2012. Cardiff: The University of Wales Press. David Cadman. 2014.
Love matters. London: Zig Publishing. ISBN 0956690033 David Cadman. 2015. Finding Elsewhere. London: Zig Publishing. ISBN 0956690041 Scherto R. Gill, David Cadman. 2016. Why love matters: values in governance. New York: Peter Lang. ISBN 9781433129292 David Cadman and Scherto Gill. 2017. Peacefulness: Being Peace and Making Peace. Spirit of Humanity Press. ISBN 9789935936301. 2017. The House by the Marsh. Write Factor. ISBN 0993385982 David Cadman and??. 2019. Speeches and Articles of His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales 2013-2017. Cardiff: The University of Wales Press
Brookford is a town in Catawba County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 382 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Hickory–Lenoir–Morganton Metropolitan Statistical Area. Brookford is located in western Catawba County at 35°42′13″N 81°20′48″W, it is bordered to the north by the City of Hickory and to the southwest by the unincorporated community of Mountain View. The town is located just to the southeast of the junction of Interstate 40 with U. S. Route 321 south of Hickory; as both of those highways are limited-access, the closest direct access to Brookford is from Exit 42 on US 321, southwest of the town. The exit connects to North Carolina Highway 127, known as Brookford Boulevard, which runs through the center of the town. Brookford is located on hills on the north side of the Henry Fork River, a tributary of the South Fork Catawba River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.62 square miles, of which 0.019 square miles, or 3.09%, is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 383 people, 200 households, 129 families residing in the town. The population density was 273.6 people per square mile. There were 212 housing units at an average density of 385.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 89.40% White, 1.84% African American, 5.76% Asian, 2.07% from other races, 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.76% of the population. There were 200 households out of which 20.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.5% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.73. In the town, the population was spread out with 19.1% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $27,375, the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $28,036 versus $19,659 for females; the per capita income for the town was $13,634. About 6.0% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.8% of those under age 18 and 17.2% of those age 65 or over
Eric Turner is an American singer and songwriter who resides in Sweden. He is best known for being on the song "Written in the Stars" with Tinie Tempah, he has had standout success as a songwriter, with three separate #1s and a number #1 on beatport. He has collaborated with artists including Avicii, Lupe Fiasco, John De Sohn, Inna, Kardinall Offishal, Tinie Tempah, Professor Green, Tinchy Stryder, Sebjak, he has one song on Avicii's album Stories. He is the lead singer in the band Street Fighting Man. Songs he has written have reached a wide audience and together have an estimated 3-400 million views on YouTube. Turner was born in Boston, attended Boston College High School, he was a math teacher at the International English School Stockholm, Järfälla in Sweden. He attended McGill University in Canada. Turner is an accomplished visual artist. Turner has two brothers and Robert, a sister, Destinee Turner, who live in Boston, his mother teaches fashion design at Quincy High School. Turner's performance with his band Street Fighting Man at an event in Stockholm caught the attention of a local sound engineer, who told his friend, Swedish producer Eshraque "iSHi" Mughal, about the singer: "This guy is freakin amazing! you have to hear this guy."
ISHi met him and decided straight away that he had the "X-factor", signing Turner to his music publishing company 2Stripes a few weeks later. As a talented songwriter as well as singer, Turner began writing pop songs for other artists. "Written in the Stars" was one of the first pop songs he wrote, became a song for Tinie Tempah with Turner singing the big chorus. The song was released in September 2010 and peaked at number 1 in both Ireland and the United Kingdom; the song peaked at number 12 on the Billboard Hot 100. Turner appeared on Lupe Fiasco's album Break the Chain. Turner made appearances on the songs "Stereo Sun" and "My Last Try" from Tinchy Stryder's third studio album, Third Strike; the album's lead single, "Angels & Stars", features Lupe Fiasco and Tinie Tempah. It was leaked on January 18, 2012, was released to pop & rhythm radio station on January 31, 2012; the album's second single, "Stylechanger", was released via download on February 24, 2012. "Written in the Stars 2.0", a track, suspected to appear on the album, was leaked online in January 2012.
In early 2013, Turner released. It included the songs "Written in the Stars 2.0", "StyleChanger", "Stereo Sun Part 2", "Pretenders", "Old Soul", "Dream On" and "Waves of You". All were written by Turner. Turner has since collaborated with Avicii on the song "Dancing in My Head", co-wrote Tinie Tempah's song, "Someday". Turner has written songs for big artists, he wrote two songs for the band Lawson, "Learn to Love Again" and "Juliet". He has one song on Avicii's new album Stories, "Broken Arrows". Turner wrote and featured in Inna's song "Bop Bop", he wrote and featured on Sebjak's single "Fire Higher". Eric Turner's Twitter Eric Turner Facebook