Whitechapel is a district in East London and the future administrative centre of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is a part of the East End of London, 3.4 miles east of Charing Cross. It was part of the ancient parish of Middlesex, it was split off as a separate parish in the 14th century. It became part of the County of London in 1889 and Greater London in 1965; because the area is close to the London Docklands and east of the City of London, it has been a popular place for immigrants and the working class. The area was the centre of the London Jewish community in the 19th and early 20th century, the location of the infamous 11 Whitechapel murders, some of which were attributed to the mysterious serial killer known as Jack the Ripper. In the latter half of the 20th century, Whitechapel became a significant settlement for the British Bangladeshi community, has the Royal London Hospital and East London Mosque. Whitechapel's heart is Whitechapel High Street, extending further east as Whitechapel Road, named after a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.
The church's earliest known rector was Hugh de Fulbourne in 1329. Around 1338, it became the parish church of Whitechapel, for unknown reasons, St Mary Matfelon; the church was damaged during the Blitz and demolished in 1952, its location and graveyard is now a public garden on the south side of the road. Whitechapel High Street and Whitechapel Road are now part of the A11 road, anciently the initial part of the Roman road between the City of London and Colchester, exiting the city at Aldgate. In times, travellers to and from London on this route were accommodated at the many coaching inns which lined Whitechapel High Street. By the late 16th century, the suburb of Whitechapel and the surrounding area had started becoming'the other half' of London. Located east of Aldgate, outside the City Walls and beyond official controls, it attracted the less fragrant activities of the city tanneries, breweries and slaughterhouses. In 1680, the Rector of Whitechapel, Ralph Davenant, of the parish of St Mary Matfelon, bequeathed a legacy for the education of forty boys and thirty girls of the parish.
Population shifts from rural areas to London from the 17th century to the mid-19th century resulted in great numbers of more or less destitute people taking up residence amidst the industries and mercantile interests that had attracted them. In 1797, the body of the sailor Richard Parker, hanged for his leading role in the Nore mutiny, was given a Christian burial at Whitechapel after his wife exhumed it from the unconsecrated burial ground to which it was consigned. Crowds gathered to see the body. By the 1840s, along with the enclaves of Wapping, Bethnal Green, Mile End, Bow, Bromley-by-Bow, Poplar and Stepney, had evolved into classic "Dickensian" London, with problems of poverty and overcrowding. Whitechapel Road itself was not squalid through most of this period. William Booth began his Christian Revival Society, preaching the gospel in a tent, erected in the Friends Burial Ground, Thomas Street, Whitechapel, in 1865. Others joined his Christian Mission, on 7 August 1878 the Salvation Army was formed at a meeting held at 272 Whitechapel Road.
A statue commemorates both his work in helping the poor. In the Victorian era the basal population of poor English country stock was swelled by immigrants from all over Irish and Jewish. Writing of the period 1883–1884, Yiddish theatre actor Jacob Adler wrote, "The further we penetrated into this Whitechapel, the more our hearts sank. Was this London? Never in Russia, never in the worst slums of New York, were we to see such poverty as in the London of the 1880s."This endemic poverty drove many women to prostitution. In October 1888 the Metropolitan Police estimated that there were 1,200 prostitutes "of low class" resident in Whitechapel and about 62 brothels. Reference is made to them in Charles Booth's Life and Labour of the People in London, specially to dwellings called Blackwall Buildings belonging to Blackwall Railway; such prostitutes were numbered amongst the 11 Whitechapel murders, some of which were committed by the legendary serial killer known as'Jack the Ripper'. These attacks caused widespread terror in the district and throughout the country and drew the attention of social reformers to the squalor and vice of the area though these crimes remain unsolved today.
The "Elephant Man" Joseph Merrick became well known in Whitechapel — he was exhibited in a shop on the Whitechapel Road before being helped by Frederick Treves at the Royal London Hospital, opposite the actual shop. There is a museum in the hospital about his life. In 1902, American author Jack London, looking to write a counterpart to Jacob Riis's seminal book How the Other Half Lives, donned ragged clothes and boarded in Whitechapel, detailing his experiences in The People of the Abyss. Riis had documented the astoundingly bad conditions in large swaths of the leading city of the United States; the Siege of Sidney Street in January 1911 was a gunfight between police and military forces
Pennsylvania Route 894 was a Pennsylvania state route. It was established in 1928, deleted in 1946 after being extended from its original terminus outside of Linglestown through Piketown in the mid-1930s; the route description is based on. PA 894 started at US 22 in Paxtonia, heading north towards Blue Mountain and the square of Linglestown. PA 894 went right into the center of Linglestown, turned to the east, onto Pennsylvania Route 39; the route exited out of Linglestown, where it ended, before being extended to Pennsylvania Route 443. The PA 39/PA 894 concurrency ran from Linglestown to Piketown Road, about two miles outside of Linglestown. PA 894 turned north, going up Blue Mountain, through Piketown, ending at PA 443, at the northern foot of the mountain. At the time PA 894 was established, US 22 was PA 43. From 1928 to 1936, PA 894 ran from its southern terminus at PA 43 north and east to the eastern end of Linglestown. In the mid-1930s, PA 39 was established, creating the concurrency between PA 39 and PA 894.
When that happened, PA 894 was extended, from its original northern terminus to PA 443. In 1946, PA 894 was deleted; the section of PA 894 from US 22 to PA 39 was given a legislative route number, in 1987, a quadrant route. That section of road is known today as Mountain Road; the Piketown Road section was given a separate county quadrant route number. This table is based on the route as it existed before deletion in 1946; the entire route was in Dauphin County. U. S. Roads portal Pennsylvania portal
Richard D. Beckman is a British media and entertainment executive. Richard D. Beckman was born in London and received a bachelor′s degree from The University of Manchester, England, in 1981, he has served on Comedy Hall of Fame. He has been involved in fundraising for City of Hope, March of Dimes, Keep a Child Alive and the American Cancer Society. Beckman was an Account Executive at the International Thomson Organization in the United Kingdom in 1981 to 1982, he became Sales Development Executive at Thames Television, a British ITV television network serving London and the surrounding area. He moved to New York, where Beckman was Field Sales Executive for Reuben H. Donnelly, a provider of Yellow Pages in United States. From 1986 to 2010, Beckman served in various executive positions at Condé Nast over a 24-year career including chief executive officer of Fairchild Fashion Media, President of the Condé Nast Media Group and the chief marketing officer of Condé Nast, he was the Publisher of Condé Nast Traveler, Gentleman's Quarterly and Vogue.
He created GQ's Men of The Year, The Vogue/VH1 Fashion Awards and the Movies Rock, broadcast on NBC, VH1, CBS respectively. From 1986 to 1992, Beckman was advertising manager at the New Yorker. In 1992, Beckman became publisher, where he was launched the Hot List, the Environmental Awards and expanded The Reader's Choice Awards. Condé Nast Traveler was named to Adweek's "Hot List" in 1996. In 1996, he manage Beckman created and produced GQ's Men of the Year. Beckman became president of Vogue Magazine in 1998. There he launched Teen Vogue and Men's Vogue and co-produced the Vogue/VH1 Fashion Awards in 2000–2001. In 2001, Beckman along with Rod Stewart won the City of Hope award. From 2002 to 2009, Beckman oversaw Condé Nast Media Group, he developed network television shows including Fashion Rocks on CBS and Movies Rock on CBS. He was CEO of the Fairchild Fashion Group, made up of several assets acquired from Capital Cities/Disney for $630mm and included: WWD, Footwear News, W Magazine, Beauty Biz, Fairchild Trade Shows and Fairchild Books.
In 2010, Beckman was the founding chief executive officer of Prometheus Global Media. There he changed The Hollywood Reporter from a daily print publication be platform agnostic, covering the entertainment industry, re-positioned Billboard, executive produced The Billboard Music Awards in May 2011/2012, after a 5 years hiatus. At Prometheus Global Media, he led the consolidation of Adweek and Brandweek and expanded the Clio awards by bringing the show back to network television. Beckman was chief executive officer and founder of Three Lions Entertainment, launched by Richard Beckman, Joel Katz, Chairman of Entertainment for Greenberg Traurig, Ron Burkle in 2013, he engineered the return of aa special on CBS, with corporate partnerships. The show was hosted by Ryan Seacrest and featured performances from artists including Usher, Jennifer Lopez, Nicki Minaj, Luke Bryan, Miranda Lambert, Duran Duran, KISS and Enrique Inglesias, it was broadcast live 9 September from the Barclay Center, Brooklyn airing in over 100 countries globally.
Beckman created the revival of the television specials Movies Rock and Sports Rock. At Vice Media, Beckman served as Chief Revenue Officer where he oversaw all advertising and brand relationships across all VICE channels, including the launch of VICELAND TV Channel in February 2016, his tenure was less than 1 year