Yarraville is an inner-western suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 6 km from Melbourne's Central Business District. It is in the local government area of the City of Maribyrnong. At the 2016 census, Yarraville had a population of 14,965, it has had a large Greek population. A working-class suburb, in recent years Yarraville has experienced rapid gentrification due to its close proximity to the Melbourne CBD; the suburb lies north of the West Gate Bridge, west of its namesake, the Yarra River. Features of Yarraville include C. J. Cruickshank Park, Yarraville Oval, Beaton Reserve, Yarraville Gardens, Stony Creek and the Yarraville Village Shopping Strip. Yarraville Post Office opened on 1 September 1872. Located near Yarraville railway station on Anderson and Ballarat Streets, this area of the suburb is renowned in Melbourne for its unique character and quality of village life. Anderson and Ballarat Streets, in the heart of the Yarraville Village, are lined with refurbished 19th century buildings and dotted with neighbourhood cafés, restaurants and boutique shops.
This village atmosphere is anchored by the restored Sun Theatre and the adjacent Sun Bookshop, a prominent landmark in the Yarraville community with its unique art deco architecture and its 6 cinemas. Notable examples of Edwardian and Victorian architecture can be found in Yarraville; the Yarraville Village is home to many award winning cafes. A reflection of Melbourne's multicultural nature, Yarraville offers an array of world cuisine styles including Greek, Modern Asian, Cambodian, Thai and Modern Australian. Retail shops in the village provide an eclectic shopping experience, from books to the work of a local artist, to quality clothes, gifts, jewellery and gourmet foods. Yarraville railway station is a suburban train station located in the centre of the village area, 20 minutes from the Melbourne CBD; the station is serviced by all trains on the Williamstown line, but skipped by express services on the Werribee line. The station is located near Anderson Street in Yarraville Village, access via Birmingham Street to the North, Woods Street on the South.
Yarraville station is within the Zone 1 region of Melbourne's public transport ticketing system. Several bus routes service the suburb: 223 Yarraville – Highpoint SC via Seddon, Footscray RS. Operated by Transdev Melbourne. 409 Highpoint SC – Yarraville via Victoria University Footscray, Footscray RS. Operated by CDC Melbourne. 411 Footscray – Laverton via Geelong Road, Altona Gate SC, Altona Meadows. Operated by CDC Melbourne. 412 Footscray – Laverton via Geelong Road, Altona Gate SC, Altona Meadows. Operated by CDC Melbourne. 414 Footscray – Aircraft via Geelong Road, Laverton North. Operated by CDC Melbourne. 432 Yarraville – Newport via Altona Gate SC. Operated by Sita Bus Lines. 431 Yarraville – Kingsville. Operated by Sita Bus Lines. 472 Moonee Ponds – Williamstown via Ascot Vale, Flemington Racecourse, North Williamstown RS. Operated by Sita Bus Lines. 944 City – Werribee via Spotswood, Hoppers Crossing. NightRider service, operated by Dyson's Bus Services. Residents of Yarraville have concern about the negative effects of the growing number of trucks using the residential streets.
In 2005 the Maribyrnong Truck Action Group was set up by the local community to protest the rising number of trucks. Residents believe they cause excessive noise pollution and air pollution, threatening the health and safety of all in Yarraville. On 5 April 2006, a large protest organised by residents and MTAG was held in a busy Yarraville intersection, calling for restrictions towards trucks; the large turnout of the protest gained press attention including all major newspapers and network television. This still continues to be a major issue in the Yarraville district. There are many religious organisations and places of worship in Yarraville, including Baptist, Catholic, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Uniting Church. Yarraville houses the Victorian International Buddhist College and Greek Orthodox Language school; the area possesses a few musical collectives including the Footscray – Yarraville City Band and the Yarraville Mouth Organ Band. The main film society in the area is the Sun Theatre, located in Yarraville Village.
There is the Yarraville Community Centre which provides a range of resources, classes and services for all ages and abilities. Yarraville Markets is held on the first Sunday of each month; the market is held in the Masonic Hall from 10 am till 3pm. Everything sold at the market is handmade and/or Australian Made; the 38th annual Yarraville Festival will be held on Sunday, February 18th 2018 in the Yarraville Village and continues to be a major cultural event in the community. The festival caters for more than 25,000 people and is professionally operated by a team of dedicated volunteers that reside in Yarraville. Street performers, carnival amusements, art exhibitions, teddy bear picnics, fashion parades, poetry readings, market stalls and performances across many stages, provide an array of entertainment for all. Since 2016 the annual Albanian Australian Community Festival has been held at Yarraville Gardens after relocating from Footscray park in 2015. Swimming facilities for Yarraville residents are at the Yarraville Swim Centre, 3 Roberts Street West Footscray and at the Maribyrnong Aquatic Centre, located next to Highpoint Shopping Centre.
The aquatic centre
Victorian Football League
The Victorian Football League is the major state-level Australian rules football league in Victoria. The league evolved from the former Victorian Football Association, has been known by its current name since 1996. For historical purposes, the present VFL is sometimes referred to as the VFA/VFL, to distinguish it from the present day Australian Football League, known until 1990 as the Victorian Football League and is sometimes referred to as the VFL/AFL; the VFA was formed in 1877 and is the second-oldest Australian rules football league, replacing the loose affiliation of clubs, the hallmark of the early years of the game. Serving a administrative function, the VFA premiership served as the top level of club competition in Victoria until 1896; the VFA became the secondary level of club competition from 1897 after its eight strongest clubs seceded to form the VFL. From 1897 until 1995, the VFA remained independent from the VFL as Victoria's secondary senior club competition. Although always much less popular than the VFL/AFL, the VFA enjoyed peaks of popularity in the 1940s with a faster-paced rival code of rules, in the 1970s bolstered by playing on Sundays at a time when the VFL was played on Saturdays.
Since 1995, the league has been administered by AFL Victoria, serves as one of the second-tier regional Australian semi-professional competitions which sits underneath the professional Australian Football League. From the 2018 season it will comprise 15 teams from throughout Victoria, nine of which have a continuous VFA heritage. Since 2000, the VFL has served as a reserves competition for the AFL, with some Victorian-based clubs fielding their reserves teams in the VFL and others affiliated such that their reserves player can play in VFL teams. AFL Victoria operates a women's football competition under the Victorian Football League brand, known as the VFL Women's, established in 2016; the Victorian Football Association was founded on 17 May 1877 at the meeting of club secretaries preceding the 1877 season. It was formed out of a desire to provide a formal administrative structure to the governance of the sport, it had the power to impose binding decisions on its members on matters including the Laws of the Game, player eligibility and other disputes, as well as to facilitate intercolonial football.
Decisions were made based on a vote of the Board of Management, composed of two delegates from each senior club, a structure, retained until the late 1980s. It replaced a system under which the secretaries of the senior clubs met at the beginning of each year to decide on matters of mutual interest, but the system was informal and disputes went unresolved; the five foundation senior clubs in the Melbourne metropolitan area were Albert-park, Hotham, Melbourne and St Kilda. Provincial clubs were eligible for senior representation on the Association though most played matches against the metropolitan teams. There was no formal system of promotion and relegation between the senior and junior levels, with it at a club's discretion whether or not it joined the Association as a paying senior member; the affiliation fee for senior clubs was set at one guinea. Through the first decade of the VFA's existence, the structure of the football season did not change from the informal system which had evolved over previous years.
Setting of fixtures was the responsibility of club secretaries rather than the Association itself, in a typical season, a club could play against other VFA teams, non-VFA clubs, at odds against junior teams, in some seasons against intercolonial teams. Prior to the 1888 season, there was no formally endorsed system for awarding a VFA premiership: as had been the case since the early 1870s, the premier club was determined by public and press consensus, which by the mid-1880s was conventionally but informally understood to be the senior club which suffered the fewest losses during the season. Premierships won under this then-informal method are now considered official, consensus was uncontroversial. In 1888, the VFA first took responsibility for the onfield competition, introduced its first formal premiership system by adopting a system of premiership points; the Association's influence over the on-field competition grew, from 1894, the Association assumed responsibility for centrally setting the fixtures and standardising the number of games played by each team.
After the formal introduction of the premiership, the often-changeable collection of senior clubs in the VFA soon became settled at twelve premiership-eligible clubs: Carlton, Fitzroy, Geelong, North Melbourne, Port Melbourne, Richmond, St Kilda, South Melbourne and Williamstown. Three Ballarat-based clubs – Ballarat, Ballarat Imperial and South Ballarat – were voting members of the VFA through this time, but were not involved in the onfield premiership. During the 1890s, there was an off-field power struggle within the VFA between the stronger and weaker clubs, as the stronger clubs sought greater administrative control commensurate with their relative financial contribution to the game; this came to a hea
City of Maribyrnong
The City of Maribyrnong is a local government area within the metropolitan area of Melbourne, Australia. It comprises 10 kilometres from the Melbourne city centre, it was formed in 1994 from the merger of parts of the City of Sunshine. At the 2016 Census, Maribyrnong had a population of 82,288. According to Local Government Victoria, Maribyrnong has the second most ethnically diverse population in Victoria, with 40% of residents born outside Australia; the City of Maribyrnong is a place of diversity and challenges. The level and type of development occurring over the past ten years, to continue for the next ten to twenty years, is unique to inner Melbourne. Many of the City's former industrial sites have been replaced by residential developments and for the first time in ten years the City have witnessed population increases; this trend will continue and in the next twenty years Maribyrnong is expected to welcome an additional 16,000 residents. The social character of the community is changing.
New residents are more educated and classified as higher income earners. The City continues to attract new cultural groups. People are attracted by the close proximity to Melbourne CBD, period homes, public transport hubs, cultural diversity, the natural environment of the Maribyrnong River. Braybrook Footscray Kingsville Maidstone Maribyrnong Seddon Tottenham West Footscray Yarraville Figures below are drawn from the 2011 Census unless otherwise stated. For detailed demographics visit the City of Maribyrnong Community Profile. Population and Cultural Diversity The Estimated Residential Population at 30 June 2012 was 76,703 There were 323 people who identified as being Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander 40% of our population were born overseas and 43% speak a language other than English Largest language groups include Vietnamese, Mandarin, Greek and Spanish 9.9% of the population do not speak English well or at allSocial and Economic Disadvantage Braybrook and the City of Maribyrnong are the 4th most disadvantaged suburb and municipality in the metropolitan area on the SEIFA index of disadvantage The unemployment rate is high.
As of the September 2012 quarter, the unemployment rate was 7.9% for the City compared to the Melbourne average of 5.5%, the national average of 5.2%. Unemployment is highest in Braybrook which has an unemployment rate of 15%Households and Housing Average household size is 2.4 people Average weekly household income is $1,258 25% of households are couples with children 26% of households are couples without children 25% of households are lone person 70.6% of households have an internet connection 35.5% of all households are renting Median weekly rent was $280 compared to $300 for Greater Melbourne The median monthly housing loan repayment was $2,167 compared to $1,810 for Greater MelbourneHealth and Wellbeing Top three chronic preventable lifestyle diseases for females are heart disease, type 2 diabetes and depression For males, the top three diseases are heart disease, lung cancer and stroke Females experience the poorest health in the Western Region sub-region Males have the lowest life expectancy in Victoria Approximately 1 in 5 people have a disability 7.1% of persons have experienced food insecurity Between 2003 and 2008, the city received a total of 4,769 new arrivals.
The majority arrived as skilled migrants, followed by family migration, humanitarian entrants. Key statistics: A large proportion of arrivals under humanitarian migration arrived with low to poor English language skills; the majority of new arrivals were in the 20–29 year age bracket, with the majority male. A large percentage of new arrivals are from India, China and Pakistan and are settling through the skilled migration stream. Over 90% of new arrivals from Burma and Sudan arrived in the City as humanitarian migrants. Family migration is significant from Vietnam and the United Kingdom, with persons settling in communities; the City of Maribyrnong is a dynamic economic entity. There are 5,392 businesses employing in excess of 35,000 people, yet the resident workforce is only around 28,246. Manufacturing was the largest employer of Maribyrnong residents with 3,451 employees, followed by retail with 2,668, health care 2,576. Maribyrnong's key employers include Victoria University, Western Health, Lonely Planet, Highpoint Shopping Centre, Western Bulldogs, Mobil Australia and Sugar Australia.
On average, 34% of the labour force has university qualifications, in some parts of the municipality the proportion is as high as 53%. The highest concentration of university qualified residents is in the Footscray, Yarraville corridor. Victoria University has two principal campuses located in Footscray with a student population of around 15,000 and staff of 1,200; this represents the largest concentration of tertiary activity in Melbourne's West. Victoria University is Maribyrnong City Council's largest employer, second only to Western Health. Maribyrnong's five secondary schools employ 530 staff and cater for over 4000 students; these figures are set to increase as Maribyrnong Secondary College completes its transformation into Victoria's first public elite sports school. The library service run by the Council has five branches: Footscray, Maribyrnong at Highpoint Shopping Centre, West Footscray and Braybrook. Reflecting the multiculturalism of the community, the li
Geelong Football Club
The Geelong Football Club, nicknamed the Cats, are a professional Australian rules football club based in the city of Geelong, Australia. The club competes in the Australian Football League, the highest level of Australian rules football in Australia; the Cats have been the VFL/AFL premiers nine times, with three in the AFL era. The Cats have won nine McClelland Trophies, a record shared with Essendon; the club was formed in 1859, making it the second oldest club in the AFL after Melbourne and one of the oldest football clubs in the world. Geelong participated in the first football competition in Australia and was a foundation club of both the Victorian Football Association in 1877 and the Victorian Football League in 1897; the club first established itself in the VFA by winning seven premierships, making it the most successful VFA club leading up to the formation of the VFL in 1897. The club won a further six premierships by 1963, before enduring a 44-year waiting period until it won its next premiership—an AFL-record 119-point victory in the 2007 AFL Grand Final.
Geelong have since won a further two premierships in 2009 and 2011. The Cats play their home games at Kardinia Park, while sporadically playing home games at the Melbourne Cricket Ground and Docklands Stadium. Geelong's traditional guernsey colours are navy white hoops; the club's nickname, "The Cats", was first used in 1923 after a run of losses prompted a local cartoonist to suggest that the club needed a black cat to bring it good luck. The club's official team song and anthem is "We Are Geelong". Geelong's traditional navy blue and white hooped guernsey has been worn since the club's inception in the mid-1800s; the design is said to represent the white seagulls and blue water of Corio Bay. The team have worn various away guernseys since 1998, all featuring the club's logo and traditional colours. "We Are Geelong" is the song sung after a game won by the Geelong Football Club. It is sung to the tune of "Toreador" from Carmen; the lyrics were written by former premiership player John Watts. Only the first verse is used by the team after a victory.
The song used by the club was recorded by the Fable Singers in April 1972. We are the greatest team of all We are Geelong. Stand up and fight, remember our tradition Stand up and fight, it's always our ambition Throughout the game to fight with all our might Because we’re the mighty blue and white And when the ball is bounced, to the final bell Stand up and fight like hell Geelong's administrative headquarters is its home stadium, Kardinia Park; the club trains here during the season, however it trains at its alternate training venue, Deakin University's Elite Sport Precinct. The latter features an MCG-sized oval and is used by the club in the pre-season, when Kardinia Park is being used for other events; the rivalry between Hawthorn and Geelong is defined by two Grand Finals: those of 1989 and 2008. In the 1989 Grand Final, Geelong played the man, resulting in major injuries for several Hawks players, Mark Yeates knocking out Dermott Brereton at the opening bounce. In 2008 Grand Final, Geelong was the backed favourite and had lost only one match for the season, but Hawthorn upset Geelong by 26 points.
It was revealed that after the 2008 grand final, Paul Chapman initiated a pact between other Geelong players to never lose to Hawthorn again. The curse was broken in a preliminary final in 2013, after Paul Chapman played his final match for Geelong the previous week. Hawthorn went on to win the next three premierships. In 2016 Geelong again defeated Hawthorn in the qualifying final. In 20 matches between the two sides between 2008 and 2017, 12 were decided by less than 10 points, with Geelong victorious in 11 of those 12 close games. In 1925, Geelong won their first flag over Collingwood. In 1930, Collingwood defeated Geelong in the grand final making it four flags in-a-row for the Pies. Geelong would deny Collingwood three successive premierships in 1937, winning a famous grand final by 32 points; the two sides played against each other in 6 finals between 1951 and 1955, including the 1952 Grand Final when Geelong beat Collingwood by 46 points. In 1953, Collingwood ended Geelong's record 23-game winning streak in the home and away season, defeated them by 12 points in the grand final, denying the Cats a third successive premiership.
Since 2007, the clubs have again both been at the top of the ladder and have met in finals. Geelong won a memorable preliminary final by five points on their way to their first flag in 44 years. In 2008, Collingwood inflicted Geelong's only home-and-away loss, by a massive 86 points, but the teams did not meet in the finals, they would meet in preliminary finals in 2010, each winning one en route to a premiership. They met in a Grand Final in 2011, which Geelong won by 38 points. President: Colin Carter Vice President: Bob Gartland Chief Executive Officer: Brian Cook General Manager – Football: Steven Hocking PremiershipsVFL/AFL: 9 Victorian Football
The Western Bulldogs is a professional Australian rules football club that competes in the Australian Football League, the sport's premier competition. Founded in 1877 in Footscray, an inner-western suburb of Melbourne, the club won nine premierships in the Victorian Football Association before gaining entry to the Victorian Football League in 1925; the club has won two VFL/AFL premierships, in 1954 and 2016, was runner up in 1961. The Western Bulldogs' home guernsey features two thick horizontal hoops—one red and one white—on a royal blue background; the club's headquarters and training facilities are located in Footscray at Whitten Oval, nicknamed "The Kennel", its original home ground. The club draws much of its supporter base from Melbourne's traditionally working class western region, plays its home matches at Docklands Stadium in the Docklands area in the city's inner-west. In 1996, the club changed its name from the "Footscray Football Club" to its nickname, the "Western Bulldogs". Newspapers record Australian rules football being played in the Melbourne suburb of Footscray in the mid-1870s, during which time a local junior football club was formed.
In 1880, the club changed its name to the Prince Imperials in honour of Napoléon, Prince Imperial, the heir to French throne, who had died in battle. The club reverted to Footscray a few years later. In 1886, Footscray gained admission to the Victorian Football Association after amalgamating with the Footscray Cricket Club to form a senior football club; the club tended occupying the lower rungs of the VFA ladder. The club began to improve after the VFL breakaway of 1896, finishing on top of the VFA ladder in 1898, 1899 and 1900; as no finals were played, Footscray were declared premiers. The club played in and won its first finals match in 1903, against Richmond, the minor premiers, but lost the follow-up finals match to North Melbourne. After losing to West Melbourne in the 1906 VFA Grand Final, the club won its first premiership by defeating Brunswick in 1908. Another premiership followed in 1913; the club entered two years of recess during World War I and returned in 1918. Still rebuilding, the club won the wooden spoon.
From bottom to top in one year, 1919 saw the club win the premiership, again in 1920. The club went back-to-back in 1923 and 1924; the 1924 premiership would be Footscray's last in the VFA. After the 1924 season, the club challenged the premiers of the VFL, Essendon, to a charity match, otherwise known as the Championship of Victoria, for the benefit of opera singer Dame Nellie Melba's Limbless Soldiers' Appeal. Footscray recorded an upset victory; the win was a significant factor in Footscray gaining admission to the VFL. In 1919, there were nine clubs competing in the VFL, due to the return of all the foundation teams plus Richmond after World War I, as well as University Football Club deciding not to rejoin the VFL; this caused one team to be idle every Saturday and the VFL was keen to do away with this bye each week. On the night of 9 January 1925, a committee meeting of the VFL, chaired by Reg Hunt of Carlton, decided to expand the league from nine clubs to twelve, it was decided in the meeting to admit Footscray, along with two other VFA clubs and North Melbourne.
Footscray played their first VFL match against Fitzroy on Saturday 2 May at the Brunswick Street Oval in front of 28,000 spectators. Former Richmond star George Bayliss had the honour of kicking Footscray's first VFL goal, although they ended up losing by nine points against an experienced league side, they earned great respect. Future Brownlow medallist Allan Hopkins was regarded as Footscray's best player that day; the following week, playing their first VFL home game at the Western Oval against a strong South Melbourne team, the Tricolours recorded their first VFL victory by 10 points in front of 25,000 spectators with a strong team effort. Footscray adapted quickly to the standard of VFL football despite losing some of their VFA stars, by 1928 were a contender for the finals, missing only on percentage in 1931. Though they slipped to eleventh place in 1930, 1935 and 1937, in 1938 they became the first of the new clubs to reach the finals, they fell back drastically in 1939, but played better during the war-torn 1940s, winning their first nine games in 1946.
Between 1938 and 1951, Footscray failed to win any finals matches, losing all six of its semi-final appearances. In 1953, the club set a record by conceding only 959 points in the home-and-away season due to a powerful defence featuring Whitten, Dave Bryden, Wally Donald, Herb Henderson and Jim Gallagher. Footscray won its first semi-final, against Essendon, but lost the preliminary final to Geelong, a key factor being the absence of star full-forward Jack Collins, suspended for four matches at the end of the home-and-away season; the Bulldogs went into the 1954 VFL season as premiership contenders. However, the season did not start well with losses St Kilda and Richmond, both of which finished in the bottom four the previous season. In the following two matches, against South Melbourne and Carlton, the club returned to form with Jack Collins booting eight and nine goals to help propel the Bulldogs to victory. In Round 7 against Hawthorn at Glenferrie Oval, led by Don Ross after Whitten injured his shoulder, came from 23 points down at the last break to kick seven goals and win by nine points.
With Richmond upsetting Collingwood at Victoria Park that same day, the Bulldogs went to the top of the ladder, where they would stay until Round 11, when they lost to Collingwood by ten points in a top-of-the-ladder c
Recreational Football is a non-contact version of the Australian rules football game sanctioned by the Australian Football League. It is a more accessible version of Australian rules football that people can pick up and play with some degree of skill and ability and it is directly aligned to the traditional game of Australian rules football, it is a mixed competition, accessible to players of both sexes, all shapes and sizes and requires minimal equipment to play. Rec Footy teams are much smaller than Australian Rules Football, with two teams of 8. Unlike Australian Rules Football, unlimited number of interchange players are allowed; the field is much smaller than an Australian Rules Football oval, consisting of a rectangular surface with a maximum length of 100 metres by 50 metres wide. Games do not consist of quarters, with only two 20 minute halves; the game encourages female participation, with a minimum of 3 female players per mixed side. In addition, teams are encouraged to play females in the forward line, with a goal kicked by a female worth 3 more points than a goal kicked by a male player.
The game is played with a modified Australian rules ball, the same size but prevents it from being kicked long distances to reduce the kicking advantage of males over females. Unlike Australian rules football, there is no contesting for possession with the exception of removing a player's tag, which substitutes for a tackle and gives the player 3 seconds prior opportunity to dispose of the ball before the Holding the ball rule is applied. All one percenters, such as sheparding, spoiling or smothering are penalised with a free kick. Marking contests are enforced to avoid contact via a drop-zone rule; when any contact is made by an opposition player, a free kick is awarded to the opposition player, infringed. For deliberate contact, an immediate send-off rule applies and red and yellow cards are shown as in soccer. There is no minimum kick distance for a mark to be paid, although kicking off the ground is banned. A 15-metre penalty substitutes for a 50-metre penalty. If the ball it disposed of by a player and hits the ground, it is a free kick to the nearest opposition player.
Although there is no offside rule in Australian Football, Rec Footy restricts player movement to zones to netball, players wear netball like bibs to identify their position on the ground. In order to score from a rebound, the ball must be possessed by a player from each of the three zones, otherwise a free kick is paid to the nearest defender when it reachers the forward line; the Carter Report titled “Investing in the Future of Australian Football ”, identified segment gaps in Aussie Rules and its demographic reach. The research found that unlike codes such as rugby league with the successful touch football, Aussie Rules did not have a recreational version of the game to cater for the growing recreational participation market. In the past, the nearest recreational form of the game was the casual pastime of kick-to-kick, rather than an organised team sport. AFL Recreational Football was developed by the Australian Football League to provide maximum involvement at all levels with a variation of the game that anyone can play.
It is referred to as Auskick for adults and aims to increase participation in women. The game was trialled in Western Australia by the WAFL in 2003. By 2004, the game has grown to 592 players. In 2005, the game grew especially in Queensland. In 2006 several new teams began; the sport is now played with a heavy involvement at universities. A small number of Women's Footy teams in the United States began playing informal games of Recreational Football. Future representative games are planned. Competitions are held in the early summer months so as not to clash with the main football season. Competitions are held in various regions of every state in Australia. Video introduction to Recreational Football Australian rules football Kick-to-kick
Fitzroy Football Club
The Fitzroy Football Club, nicknamed the Lions or the Roys, is an Australian rules football club formed in 1883 to represent the inner-Melbourne suburb of Fitzroy and was a foundation member club of the Victorian Football League on its inception in 1897. The club experienced some early success in the league and was the first club to win a VFL Grand Final, it achieved a total of eight VFL premierships between 1898 and 1944, more three VAFA promotions in 2009, 2012 and 2018. The club ran into financial difficulties in the 1980s after decades of poor on-field performance and was forced to merge its AFL playing operations with the Brisbane Bears at the end of the 1996 season to form the Brisbane Lions. Despite this, the club survived in its own right and the Fitzroy Football Club Ltd came out of administration in late 1998. For a brief time it experimented in partnerships with other semi professional and amateur clubs before incorporating the Fitzroy Reds to play in the Victorian Amateur Football Association.
Fitzroy resumed its original VFL-AFL identity through its continued use of their 1975–1996 VFL-AFL jumper, their theme song and their 1884–1966 home ground at the Brunswick Street Oval. Fitzroy began in the D1 section of the VAFA in 2009, since the club has achieved multiple promotions and the 2018 premiership to be playing in the Premier B division as of the 2019 season, it is notable for being one of only three clubs to have played in the VFA, VFL/AFL and VAFA competitions of Australian rules football. In 2015 Fitzroy fielded its first women's team under the name of Fitzroy-ACU in partnership with the Australian Catholic University. In 2016, Fitzroy-ACU fielded two women's teams in the Victorian Women's Football League VWFL. From 2017, all Fitzroy teams play in the VAFA with the women playing in the VAFA's inaugural women's competition; the Fitzroy Football Club was formed at a meeting at the Brunswick Hotel on 26 September 1883, at a time when Melbourne's population was increasing. The Victorian Football Association made changes to their rules, allowing Fitzroy to join as the seventh club in 1884, playing in the maroon and blue colours of the local Normanby Junior Football Club.
They became one of the most successful clubs, drawing large crowds to their home at the Brunswick Street Oval in Edinburgh Gardens, in the top four and winning the VFA premiership in 1895. Fitzroy's season-by-season records throughout its thirteen seasons at VFA level are given below.. In 1897, Fitzroy were one of the eight clubs who broke away from the VFA to form the Victorian Football League. Despite winning only four games and finishing sixth in the first season, the Maroons, as they were known, won the premiership the following year, winning the VFL's first "Grand Final" against Essendon. Fitzroy was the most successful club in the first 10 years of the VFL, winning four premierships and finishing runners-up on three occasions. Despite internal problems after the 1906 season which led to the players and set the club back for several seasons, the 1913 team won the flag after winning 16 of 18 matches in the home and away season, earning the nickname "Unbeatables". In contrast, the 1916 Fitzroy team only won 2 home and away matches and finished last in a competition reduced by the effects of World War I to four teams.
All four teams qualified for the finals, Fitzroy won their next three games to win one of the strangest VFL premierships. The Maroons won their seventh premiership in 1922, a year season which included four rough games against eventual runners-up Collingwood. However, after this their fortunes waned, they did not make the finals at all from 1925 to 1942. During this time, highlights for the club were individual achievements of their players Haydn Bunton, Sr. A source of controversy, lured to Fitzroy with an illegal £222 payment, subsequently not allowed to play in the 1930 season, Bunton became one of the game's greatest players, winning three Brownlow Medals while at Fitzroy. Brownlow Medals were won by Wilfred Smallhorn and Dinny Ryan, while Jack Moriarty set many goalkicking records, it was during this time. Football was less affected by World War II than it had been in 1916, by 1944 was starting to return to its normal level, it was in this year, under captain-coach Fred Hughson, that the Gorillas won their eighth VFL flag against Richmond in front of a capacity crowd at Junction Oval.
However, it was to be their last senior premiership, as the club, which became known as the Lions in 1957, entered one of the least successful periods any VFL/AFL club has had. The club finished in the bottom three 11 times in the 1960s and 1970s, including three wooden spoons in four years and going winless in 1964, but still continued to produce great individual players, including Brownlow Medallists Allan Ruthven and Kevin Murray. By the mid 1960s, Fitzroy's traditional home ground, the Brunswick Street Oval was in a state of disrepair. However, the ground managers were the Fitzroy Cricket Club; the Football Club had to pay the Cricket Club to use the ground. Despite pressure from the Lions and other VFL clubs, the Cricket Club refused to make the needed upgrades; the Fitzroy City Council, despite repeated requests from the Football Club refused to help rejecting the idea of a $400,000 loan to Fitzroy Football Club, a 40-year lease of the ground so they could make some repairs. The football club put forward various ideas to try and change the situation, i