Abilene is a city in and the county seat of Dickinson County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 6,844; the Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum is located in Abilene. For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U. S. state. In 1857, Dickinson County was founded. Abilene began as a stage coach stop in the same year, established by Timothy Hersey and named Mud Creek, it wasn't until 1860 that it was named Abilene, from a passage in the Bible, meaning "city of the plains". In 1867, the Kansas Pacific Railway pushed westward through Abilene. In the same year, Joseph G. McCoy purchased 250 acres of land north and east of Abilene, on which he built a hotel, the Drover’s Cottage, stockyards equipped for 2,000 heads of cattle, a stable for their horses; the Kansas Pacific put in a spur line at Abilene that enabled the cattle cars to be loaded and sent on to their destinations.
The first twenty carloads left September 5, 1867, en route to Chicago, where McCoy was familiar with the market. The town grew and became the first "cow town" of the west. McCoy encouraged Texas cattlemen to drive their herds to his stockyards. From 1867 to 1871, the Chisholm Trail ended in Abilene, bringing in many travelers and making Abilene one of the wildest towns in the west; the stockyards shipped 35,000 head in 1867 and became the largest stockyards west of Kansas City, Kansas. In 1871, more than 5,000 cowboys herded from 600,000 to 700,000 cows to Abilene and other Kansas railheads. Another source reports 440,200 head of cattle were shipped out of Abilene from 1867 to 1871; as railroads were built further south, the end of the Chisholm Trail was moved south towards Caldwell, while as Kansas homesteaders moved the trail west towards and past Ellsworth. Town marshal Tom "Bear River" Smith was successful policing Abilene using only his bare hands, he survived two assassination attempts during his tenure.
However, he was murdered and decapitated on November 2, 1870. Smith wounded one of his two attackers during the shootout preceding his death, both suspects received life in prison for the offense, he was replaced by Wild Bill Hickok in April 1871. Hickok's time in the job was short. While the marshal was standing off a crowd during a street brawl, gambler Phil Coe took two shots at Hickok, who returned fire, killing Coe, but Hickok accidentally shot his friend and deputy, Mike Williams, coming to his aid. Hickok lost his job two months in December. In 1880 Conrad Lebold built the Lebold Mansion. Lebold was one of the early town developers and bankers from 1869 through 1889; the Hersey dugout can still be seen in the cellar. The house is now a private residence. A marker outside credits the name of the town being given by opening a Bible and using the first place name pointed to. In 1887, Atchison and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva through Abilene to Superior, Nebraska. In 1996, the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and renamed to the current BNSF Railway.
Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe". In 1890, Dr. A. B. Seelye founded the A. B. Seelye Medical Company. Seelye developed over 100 products for the company including "Wasa-Tusa", an Indian name meaning to heal. Abilene became home to Dwight D. Eisenhower when his family moved to Abilene from Denison, Texas in 1892. Eisenhower attended elementary school through high school in Abilene, graduating in 1909; the Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum is the burial site of President Eisenhower, his wife and their first-born son Doud Dwight. Abilene is located at 38°55′11″N 97°13′2″W at an elevation of 1,155 feet; the city lies on the north side of the Smoky Hill River in the Flint Hills region of the Great Plains. Mud Creek, a tributary of the Smoky Hill, flows south through the city. Located in north-central Kansas at the intersection of Interstate 70 and K-15, Abilene is 27 mi east of Salina, Kansas, 94 mi north of Wichita, 139 mi west of Kansas City. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.68 square miles, all of it land.
Lying in the transition zone between North America's humid subtropical climate and humid continental climate zones, Abilene experiences hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. In the spring, severe thunderstorms bring the threat of tornadoes and hail. Over the course of a year, temperatures range from an average low below 20 °F in January to an average high of nearly 95 °F in July; the maximum temperature reaches 90 °F an average of 66 days per year and reaches 100 °F an average of 14 days per year. The minimum temperature falls to or below the freezing point an average of 116 days per year; the first fall freeze occurs between the last week of September and the first week of November, the last spring freeze occurs during April or the first week of May. The area receives nearly 33 inches of precipitation during an average year with the largest share being received in May and June—which when combined average 19 days of measurable precipitation. There are on average 79 days of measurable precipitation per year.
Winter snowfall averages about 14 inches. Measurable snowfall occurs an average of 7 days per year with at least an inch of snow being received on five of those days
ExpressJet Airlines, Inc. is an American airline based in College Park, Georgia. It was a wholly owned subsidiary of SkyWest, Inc. parent company of the air carrier SkyWest Airlines until December 18, 2018, when it was sold to ManaAir, LLC for $70 million and the assumption of all debts. Before the acquisition by SkyWest it was an independent airline, a subsidiary of Continental Airlines. ExpressJet Airlines, Inc. Continental Express, Inc. was a Delaware corporation. Although an autonomous business entity since its divestiture from Continental Airlines, Inc. in 2002, it continued to operate as Continental Express for Continental Airlines from hubs at George Bush Intercontinental Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport, New Jersey, Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Ohio. Its training center is on the grounds of George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston. In August 2010, SkyWest Inc. agreed to merge with ExpressJet Holdings, whereby SkyWest Inc.'s wholly owned subsidiary, Atlantic Southeast Airlines, would purchase ExpressJet for $6.75 per share.
Atlantic Southeast Airlines and ExpressJet became the world's largest regional airline on November 12, 2010, once the purchase was final. On November 22, 2011, both ExpressJet and Atlantic Southeast Airlines achieved a single operating certificate that allowed them to operate as one carrier, using Atlantic Southeast's former call sign "Acey". Effective December 31, 2011, all flights began operating under the name ExpressJet. ExpressJet operates as United Express; the airline was established in 1986 and started operations in 1987. Its origins were in a group of small commuter airlines acquired by Texas Air Corporation / Continental Airlines; these included Bar Harbor Airlines in Maine, Provincetown-Boston Airlines in New England, Rocky Mountain Airways in Denver and Britt Airways in Terre Haute, Indiana. ExpressJet operates under the original Federal Aviation Administration Part 121 certificate issued to Britt, which began operations as Continental Express in April 1987 and was acquired by Continental Airlines.
ExpressJet Airlines, Inc. incorporated in 1996. ExpressJet was spun off from Continental in 2002. Afterwards the company began plans to move into a corporate headquarters location. ExpressJet has over 8,000 employees. ExpressJet Holdings owns American Composites LLC, Saltillo Jet Center, InTech Aerospace Services. Together with other facilities throughout the U. S. they make up ExpressJet Services which provides third-party maintenance and overhaul services for a variety of aircraft types. ExpressJet Holdings has non-controlling interests in Wings Holdings LLC 49% and Flight Services and Systems Inc 44%. Before ExpressJet became independent, it was headquartered in Continental Center I in Downtown Houston. Following a December 2005 decision by Continental to reduce ExpressJet's Continental Express flying by 69 aircraft, the airline elected to operate the aircraft independently. On December 31, 2006, the airline began its charter operation, it operates 6 aircraft for charter services under the Corporate Aviation Division.
On February 5, 2007, the airline announced service to 24 cities in the west coast and midwest regions of the United States beginning in April 2007. On April 2, 2007, the airline began point-to-point services under its own name from locations throughout the U. S; the airline had a total of 42 aircraft in their branded operation. According to ExpressJet CEO James Ream, LA/Ontario International Airport in Ontario, California would become the airline's "biggest center of operation". In March 2007, ExpressJet operated four of its Embraer 145 jets on JetBlue routes while JetBlue's Embraer 190 jets were being serviced. In June 2007, the airline began service at Los Angeles International Airport to western ski markets and Mexico on behalf of Delta Air Lines under the Delta Connection banner using 10 EMB 145XR aircraft. In July 2007, the agreement was increased to 18 aircraft. In July 2008, the agreement was terminated and ExpressJet ended all Delta Connection flying by September 1. A few days after announcing the end of its agreement with Delta, ExpressJet announced on July 8, 2008, that it would end its independent ExpressJet-branded flying on September 2 due to the oil price increases since 2003.
This resulted in the furlough of 347 pilots. In September 2007, the airline agreed to provide feeder service for Frontier Airlines from Denver International Airport while federal certification for Frontier's Lynx Aviation turboprop subsidiary was underway. ExpressJet flew to 5 cities from Frontier's Denver hub using 50-seat ERJ 145 regional jets until Frontier's subsidiary, Lynx Aviation, received DOT approval in December 2007; as of December 7, ExpressJet discontinued providing feeder service for Frontier Airlines. On August 21, 2009, an incident occurred where passengers were forced to stay on a parked plane at Rochester, Minnesota for six hours with no food and overflowing toilets; the airline crew tried over thirty times to call the contract carrier, Delta Connection, to let the passengers off. The agents for the regional Mesaba Airlines refused; the Department of Transportation cited the main cause of the incident as the Mesaba Airlines station's refusal to park the aircraft. However, Continental Airlines and ExpressJet were fined for the part they played in the incident.
ExpressJet began a temporary contract with United Airlines to fly as a United Express carrier beginning in June 2009. The contract was for 10 aircraft that operated out of United's O'Hare and Washington hub; the aircraft were flown in ExpressJet livery. The contract ended on Septembe
America West Airlines
America West Airlines was a U. S. regional airline headquartered in Arizona. Their main hub was at Sky Harbor Airport in Phoenix, with a secondary hub at Las Vegas McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, Nevada; the airline acquired U. S. Airways in 2005 but took on the name of U. S. Airways. America West served 100 destinations in the US, Mexico. Service to Europe was provided through codeshare partners. In March 2005, the airline operated a fleet of 132 aircraft, with a single maintenance base at Sky Harbor Airport in Phoenix. Regional jet and/or turboprop feeder flights were operated on a code sharing basis by Mesa Airlines and Chautauqua Airlines as America West Express. Beginning in January 2006, all America West flights were branded as US Airways, along with most signage at airports and other printed material, though many flights were described as "operated by America West." Apart from two heritage aircraft, the only remaining America West branding on aircraft can be found on some seat covers and bulkheads.
The merged airline used America West's "CACTUS" callsign and ICAO code "AWE", but retained the US Airways name. As part of a merger between American Airlines and US Airways in February 2013, which led to American becoming the world's largest airline, the call sign and ICAO code name was retired on April 8, 2015 when the FAA granted a single operating certificate for both US Airways and American Airlines; the US Airways brand continued until October 2015, when American Airlines retired the name. The airline was established in February 1981 and began operations August 1, 1983, using three leased Boeing 737 aircraft flying out of their base in Phoenix, with Ed Beauvais, a well-known airline industry consultant, as their CEO. In the early years, passengers could purchase their tickets on board the aircraft; the airline expanded, with 11 737s operating flights to 13 cities, by late 1986 they developed a secondary hub in Las Vegas, Nevada. In 1984, America West's fleet grew to 21 aircraft operating flights to 23 cities.
A potential sign of the carrier's optimistic vision and confidence in its future expansion, the dominant carrier at Phoenix Sky Harbor exerted its influence over the development of Terminal 4. America West requested that the construction include an auxiliary power facility and an underground cavity to accommodate a future rail station which the airport agreed to. America West was one of the first airlines to use extensive "cross-utilization", in which employees were trained in a variety of airline jobs, such as pilots being trained in dispatch, both baggage handlers and flight attendants being trained as gate agents. America West started as a "full-service" airline, in contrast with Southwest Airlines, the discount air carrier competing in many of the same markets. America West used an aggressive employee stock ownership program, in which new employees were required to invest 20% of their salary in company stock, providing a steady flow of cash as the company grew. America West pilots and other employees were paid wages far below those of their competitors By 1985 America West had outgrown their gate space at Sky Harbor International Airport, during the construction of Terminal 4, approved in 1986, a temporary concourse was added to the southwest corner of Terminal 3 to give them six more gates.
The airline's rapid growth continued in 1986, the airline expanded their fleet with Boeing 757-200s purchased from Northwest Airlines as well as a number of de Havilland Canada DHC-8 Dash 8 turboprop aircraft for local service from Phoenix and Las Vegas including flights to Grand Canyon National Park Airport. The airline started operating red-eye flights from Las Vegas in order to increase aircraft utilization. America West's rapid growth resulted in large operating losses, by 1986 the company was on the verge of bankruptcy. Slated to occupy the vast majority of the gates in Terminal 4, the airline had to reduce their commitment to the city of Phoenix to just 28 gates, with the growing Southwest Airlines agreeing to lease the remainder of Terminal 4. In August 1987, a unit of Ansett Transport Industries, an Australian airline company and at the time 50% owned by News Corporation, purchased a 21.6 percent stake in America West. In 1988, Patrick Thurston, Vice-President of Operations, Bob Russell, Chief of Pilots, Carl Wobser, a captain, all pleaded guilty to multiple counts of narcotics trafficking.
In 1989, Ansett used its influence and investment money in America West Airlines to have them fly three aircraft in charter service after the Australian pilots resigned their jobs due to a dispute with the Australian government, which regulated the airline industry in that country.. The following article is from a pilot involved:: The Down UnderWare Chronicles America West Pilot article; as they explored destinations beyond the United States, America West filed with U. S. Department of Transportation for a Phoenix-to-Sydney route in order to provide connections with now-defunct Ansett Airlines in Australia; the proposal was rejected and the Reagan Administration awarded the route to another airline. America West leased four Boeing 747-200 aircraft and began operating nonstop wide body 747 service between Phoenix and Honolulu and nonstop between Honolulu and Nagoya, Japan; the 747 was the only wide body aircraft operated by America West. The airline expanded narrow body jet service
Bombardier Aerospace is a division of Bombardier Inc. It is headquartered in Dorval, Canada. After acquiring Canadair in 1986 and restoring it to profitability, in 1989 Bombardier acquired the near-bankrupt Short Brothers aircraft manufacturing company in Belfast, Northern Ireland; this was followed in 1990 by the acquisition of the bankrupt American company Learjet, a manufacturer of business jets headquartered in Wichita, Kansas. The aerospace company now accounts for over half of Bombardier Inc.'s revenue. In 2015 and 2016, the most popular aircraft included its Dash 8 Series 400, CRJ100/200/440, CRJ700/900/1000 lines of regional airliners although the company was devoting most of its Research and Development budget to the newer CSeries, it manufactured the Bombardier 415 amphibious water-bomber, the Global Express and the Challenger lines of business jets. The CSeries, which Bombardier offers in several size versions, is competing with the Airbus A318 and Airbus A319. Bombardier claims the CSeries would burn 20% less fuel per trip than these competitors, which would make it still about 8% more fuel efficient than the Boeing 737 Max, introduced in 2017.
The launch customer for the CSeries, signed a letter of intent for up to 60 aircraft and 30 options in 2008. The manufacturing complex in Montreal was redeveloped by Ghafari Associates to incorporate lean manufacturing of its CSeries aircraft. In January 2012, the company began manufacturing simple structures such as flight controls for the CRJ series from a transitional facility near Casablanca, its first facility in Africa. On 30 September 2013 it broke ground on its permanent facility, due to open late 2014. In October, a joint development deal between Bombardier Aerospace and a government-led South Korean consortium was revealed, to develop a 90-seater turboprop regional airliner, targeting a 2019 launch date; the consortium would include Korean Air Lines. In November 2012, the company signed the largest deal in its history, with Swiss business jet operator VistaJet, to deliver 56 Global series jets for a total value of $3.1 billion. The deal included an option for Bombardier to manufacture and sell an additional 86 Global jets, which would value the entire transaction at $7.3 billion.
In April 2013, Canada's Porter Airlines placed a conditional order for 12 CSeries aircraft, with options for another 18. However, this was conditional on the Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport allowing jets to use the facilities and on a 550-metre extension of a runway. Studies underway included an environmental assessment, master planning exercise and preliminary runway design. In 2015, the Government of Canada announced that it would not approve a change to allow jets at the airport and the proposal was shelved. In January 2014, Bombardier Inc. cut 1,700 employees from Bombardier Aerospace to save costs due to a 19 percent drop in orders in 2013. In July the same year, Bombardier reorganized its corporate structure in response to its underperformance. President Guy Hachey retired and Bombardier Aerospace was split into three divisions: business aircraft; as part of the corporate overhaul, 1,800 jobs were cut. In its 2014-year end statement, Bombardier Aerospace reported that it had reduced the number of employees by 3,700 over the year.
On 29 October 2015 Bombardier announced a US$4.9-billion third-quarter loss and took a $3.2 billion writedown on the CS series in the third quarter. Bombardier said it would cancel its Learjet 85 program, taking another US$1.2-billion writedown and cancelling the 64 outstanding orders. Because of the CSeries, the company's debt had reached $9 Billion. Bombardier shares fell 17.4 per cent on that day because the CSeries had not recorded a single firm order since September 2014. As of 21 December 2015, the company had only 243 firm orders for the CSeries, but a US$2.5 billion cash infusion – $1 billion from the provincial government plus a $1.5 billion investment from the Caisse de dépôts et placements du Québec – was keeping the parent company adequately funded and optimistic. At that time, the federal government had not yet made a decision as to whether a grant would be provided but Prime Minister Justin Trudeau told the media on 11 December that he was well aware of the importance of the aerospace sector to the country's economy.
On 17 February 2016, Bombardier announced its 2015 profits were $138 million before taking a $5.4 billion write-down. That same week, the company announced it would cut 7,000 jobs. After a long and expensive development process, costing US$5.4 billion to date, including a US$3.2 billion writeoff, the small CS100 version of the CSeries received initial type certification from Transport Canada on 18 December 2015. At the time, the company had only 243 firm orders and letters of intent and commitment for another 360, with the most recent in September 2014. Most of these were for the CS300 model; the first CS100 was expected to be flying by mid-2016 in Lufthansa colours. "Certification is a great thing, but 2016 is going to be critical for orders," analyst Chris Murray, a Managing Director with Alta Corp, told Bloomberg Business. Fred Cromer, president of Bombardier's commercial aircraft unit hinted during a press conference on 21 December 2015 that price cuts – or other incentives – may be offered
Phoenix–Mesa Gateway Airport
Phoenix–Mesa Gateway Airport Williams Gateway Airport and Williams Air Force Base, is an international airport in the southeastern area of Mesa, 20 miles southeast of Phoenix, in Maricopa County, Arizona. The airport is owned and operated by the Phoenix–Mesa Gateway Airport Authority, is a reliever airport for Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, it is a base for Allegiant Air. The airport authority is governed by a six-member board: the mayors of the towns of Gilbert and Queen Creek, the mayors of the cities of Mesa and Apache Junction, the tribal governor of the Gila River Indian Community; the FAA's National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2007–2011 called Phoenix–Mesa Gateway a reliever airport, a general aviation airport used to relieve congestion at a large airline airport. Allegiant Air began scheduled service from Mesa in October 2007. Phoenix Mesa Gateway Airport records say the airport had 1,338,216 passenger boardings in calendar year 2017. Most U. S. airports use the same three-letter location identifier for the FAA and IATA, but Phoenix–Mesa Gateway Airport has different codes for each.
The aviation community uses the FAA code of IWA, while commercial passenger flight organizations use the IATA code of AZA. The airport was built in 1941 as Higley Field. In 1948 the field was acquired by the United States military and renamed as Williams Air Base in January 1948, it was a flight training field during World War II. In 1948 Williams became the first jet training base, in 1966 it was the first site of the Undergraduate Pilot Training program; the 1991 Base Realignment and Closure Commission recommended closing the base as its operating costs were too high. As the base was being shut down, it was decided that, with the growing traffic at Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix, an alternative airport would be needed; the runway was expanded to accommodate airliners and the facility opened in 1994 as Williams Gateway Airport. Bids began for some airlines to begin flights immediately. In 2004 charter airline Ryan International Airlines began MD-82 flights to Bullhead City International Airport in Bullhead City, next to Laughlin and many resorts.
In recent years, the airport has again become a center of flight training. Several large flight schools now take advantage of the flying weather in the Phoenix valley. On July 31, 2007 the low-cost Las Vegas-based carrier Allegiant Air announced plans to open a focus city at Phoenix–Mesa Gateway Airport, connecting the Phoenix area to 13 cities. Service commenced on October 25, 2007, with cities being added until November 21, 2007. In a press release on September 17, 2007, the Williams Gateway Airport Authority governing board approved a name change for Williams Gateway Airport effective October 15, 2007 to Phoenix–Mesa Gateway Airport. On June 16, 2015, after Elite Airways announced non-stop flights from San Diego and Salt Lake City to Phoenix–Mesa, Allegiant threatened to leave the airport; this is due to the incentives the airport is offering to Elite. If Allegiant were to leave, it would consider relocating to the nearby Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport. On January 21, 2017, Phoenix-Mesa welcomed its first international flight and first two international destinations, as Westjet inaugurated its seasonal service to Calgary and Edmonton, Alberta.
Westjet has seen success at Phoenix Sky Harbor for years, with Calgary and Edmonton being the 1st and 6th most popular international destinations at Sky Harbor, respectively. In 1994, the Willams Gateway Airport Authority was established with a three-member board with representation from the three cities adjacent to Williams Field; the original governing board consisted of the mayors of the towns of Gilbert and Queen Creek and the city of Mesa, who continue as members today. In years, the Gila River Indian Community and the city of Phoenix joined the Williams Gateway Airport Authority board. Gila River Indian Community joined in 1995 and the City of Phoenix joined in 2006; the city of Apache Junction joined in 2013. Now that the change of the Williams Gateway Airport name to Phoenix–Mesa Gateway Airport has occurred, the board approved resolution and ordinance does not change, give away, nor reduce any of the board of directors and their respective city, town, or tribal government member voting authority and respective ownership.
Phoenix–Mesa Gateway Airport continues to be owned and operated by the Phoenix Mesa Gateway Airport Authority. A six-member airport Board of Directors is composed of elected officials from neighboring cities and a tribal government. Authority communities are: Apache Junction Gilbert Gila River Indian Community Mesa Phoenix Queen Creek The airport covers 3,020 acres and has three paved runways: Runway 12C/30C: 10,201 ft × 150 ft Asphalt/Concrete Runway 12L/30R: 9,300 ft × 150 ft Concrete Runway 12R/30L: 10,401 ft × 150 ft ConcreteIn the year ending December 31, 2017 the airport had 290,452 aircraft operations, an average of 796 per day: 80% general aviation, 13% air taxi, 4% airline and 3% military. In 2017, there were 138 aircraft based at this airport: 88 single-engine, 21 multi-engine and 29 jet. Air Evac Fighter Combat International Advanced Training Sy
HNTB Corporation is an American architecture, civil engineering consulting and construction management firm, founded in 1914. The firm has numerous offices across the United States, has designed many roadways, bridges, sports stadiums, rail and transit systems across the United States and around the world. In 1941, it changed its name to Howard, Tammen & Bergendoff when Enoch Needles, Henry Tammen & Ruben Bergendoff joined as partners. In 1975, it merged with Myers to form a sports architecture practice. In 1982, it acquired the rail firm of Thomas K. Dyer adding track, signal and traction power to its portfolio, thus positioning the firm to serve the rail industry. In 1993, it formally changed its name to HNTB Corporation. In 2000 the firm became employee-owned; the firm provides infrastructure services in the following areas. Laddie Irion is HNTB's national aviation market sector leader. In 2014, Airport Business Magazine recognized two of the company's aviation experts, James Long PE and Jennie Santoro, with a "Top 40 Under 40" award.
In 2015, HNTB's Clint Laaser, RA, LEED AP, received the same recognition. The annual award by the magazine recognizes 40 aviation industry professionals under the age of 40 for their academic and community achievements. HNTB's aviation projects have earned several awards; the firm created the conceptual design for the 221-foot-tall air traffic control tower at San Francisco International Airport. In 2016, the facility earned a Grand Conceptor Award from the American Council of Engineering Companies. HNTB was lead architect and performed initial planning and engineering services on the San Diego International Terminal 2 expansion project. In 2014, the project earned a Best of the Best Projects award from Engineering News-Record in the Airport/Transit category. HNTB is the architect of record on Orlando International Airport's new south terminal project; the project won a 2017 American Architecture Award. The firm supports mentoring programs for young professionals in the aviation market. Chris Price, PE, is HNTB's bridge practice leader.
Ted Zoli is the national bridge chief engineer at HNTB. In 2016, the National Steel Bridge Alliance gave HNTB awards for several bridge projects; these included the South Park Bascule Bridge in Seattle. HNTB serves as owner's engineer for the New York State Thruway Authority on the New NY Bridge project, which replaces the Tappan Zee Bridge over the Hudson River in New York; the new bridge is called the Gov. Mario M. Cuomo Bridge. HNTB was project oversight representative for the Florida Department of Transportation on the Sisters Creek Bridge replacement in Jacksonville, Florida. In 2017, the project earned a National Awards of Merit in the Transportation category from the Design-Build Institute of America. HNTB led the final design for the Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Memorial Bridge in Boston; the company won an award for the repair of the John E. Mathews Bridge after it was damaged by a ship impact in September 2013. HNTB serves, has served, on a variety of projects for state departments of transportation across the U.
S. The firm's DOT work has included construction engineering and inspection services on the I-595 Express Corridor Improvements Project for the Florida Department of Transportation, the Johnson County Gateway Interchange for the Kansas Department of Transportation, program management consultant services on the U. S. 290 Corridor rebuild for the Texas Department of Transportation. Additionally, the firm has served on the I-94 reconstruction for the Michigan Department of Transportation, the Milwaukee Zoo Interchange for the Wisconsin Department of Transportation, the Poplar Street Bridge project for the Missouri Department of Transportation. Jim Barbaresso is Intelligent transportation systems practice leader at HNTB. In 2015, he gave a presentation at TEDxJacksonville about driverless cars. HNTB's intelligent transportation systems projects have included system design and maintenance and operations services for a smart truck parking system in Michigan and the Tampa Bay SunGuide Center. HNTB supports the Tampa Hillsborough Expressway Authority on Tampa Connected Vehicle Pilot and a Truck Parking Availability System for the Florida Department of Transportation.
Kevin Hoeflich, PE, is toll services chairman at HNTB and Matt Click is national director, priced managed lanes. In 2017, HNTB conducted a survey, known as an America THINKS survey, that polled Americans about their views of where funds for transportation infrastructure should come from and what entities are responsible for constructing and sustaining the country's transportation system; the survey found 70 percent of Americans would be willing to support increases in tolls and taxes to fund infrastructure. Results were generated from a sample of 1,027 Americans, all over the age of 18, from July 14–16, 2017. HNTB supported the Florida Department of Transportation to complete I-595 Corridor Roadway Improvements in Broward County, which reached substantial completion in 2014. Kimberly Slaughter is HNTB's transit/rail market sector leader. HNTB works on many types of transit projects, including transit stations, commuter rail, Bus Rapid Transit, Positive Train Control and others; the company is a supporter of high-speed rail projects.
HNTB provided several services on the Chicago Transit Authority Red Line Wilson Station Reconstruction Project in Chicago, including train control, mechanical, environmental mitigation support and structural. The project was completed in 2017. HNTB was
A business jet, private jet, or bizjet is a jet aircraft designed for transporting small groups of people. Business jets may be adapted for other roles, such as the evacuation of casualties or express parcel deliveries, some are used by public bodies, government officials or the armed forces; the Lockheed JetStar, seating ten passengers and two crew, first flew on 4 September 1957. A total of 204 aircraft were produced from 1957 to 1978 powered by several different engines; the smaller, 17,760 pounds MTOW North American Sabreliner first flew on 16 September 1958. Powered by two Pratt & Whitney JT12 turbojet engines Garrett TFE731s, more than 800 were produced from 1959 to 1982; the 25,000 pounds MTOW British Aerospace 125 first flew on 13 August 1962 as the de Havilland DH.125, powered by two 3,000 pounds-force Armstrong Siddeley Viper turbojets. Its engines were replaced by Garrett TFE731s Pratt & Whitney Canada PW300 turbofans. 1,700 aircraft of all variants, including the Hawker 800, were produced between 1962 and 2013.
The Aero Commander 1121 Jet Commander, which became the IAI Westwind, first flew on 27 January 1963, powered by two General Electric CJ610 turbojets Garrett TFE731s. Production of Jet Commanders and Westwinds from 1965 to 1987 came to 442 aircraft; the 29,000 pounds MOTW Dassault Falcon 20 first flew on 4 May 1963, powered by two General Electric CF700s Garrett ATF3 turbofans and Garrett TFE731s. A total of 508 were built from 1963 to 1988, it is the basis of the Dassault Falcon family; the first light jet first flew on 7 October 1963: the Learjet 23. Powered by two 2,850 pounds-force General Electric CJ610s, its 12,500 pounds MTOW complies with FAR Part 23 regulations; the first member of the Learjet family, 104 were built between 1962 and 1966. The forward wing sweep, 20,280 pounds MOTW Hamburger Flugzeugbau HFB 320 Hansa Jet first flew on 21 April 1964, powered by two General Electric CJ610s; the joint Piaggo-Douglas, 18,000 pounds MOTW Piaggio PD.808 first flew on 29 August 1964, powered by two Armstrong Siddeley Vipers, 24 were built for the Italian Air Force.
On 2 October 1966 the first large business jet first flew, the 65,500 pounds MTOW Grumman Gulfstream II, powered by two 11,400 pounds-force Rolls-Royce Spey turbofans. From 1967 to the late 70s, 258 were built and it led to the ongoing Gulfstream Aerospace long range family; the 11,850 pounds MTOW Cessna Citation I first flew on 15 September 1969, powered by two 2,200 pounds-force Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D turbofans. Produced between 1969 and 1985 for a total of 689 examples, it is the first of the Cessna Citation family; the trijet Dassault Falcon 50 made its first flight on 7 November 1976. The 40,000 pounds MTOW airplane is powered by three 3,700 pounds-force TFE731 engines. With the cross-section of the Falcon 20, it is the basis of the larger Falcon 900. On 8 November 1978, the prototype Canadair Challenger took off; the 43,000–48,000 pounds MTOW craft powered by two 9,200 pounds-force General Electric CF34s, formed the basis of the long range Bombardier Global Express family and of the Bombardier CRJ regional airliners.
The 1000th Challenger entered service in 2015. On 30 May 1979 the clean-sheet 22,000 pounds MTOW Cessna Citation III took off for the first time, powered by two 3,650 pounds-force TFE731s; the Mitsubishi MU-300 Diamond made its first flight on 29 August 1978. The 16,100 pounds MTOW jet was powered by two 2,900 pounds-force JT15D; the design was sold and was renamed Beechjet 400 Hawker 400, with a total of 950 produced of all variants. The 1980s only saw the introduction of no major new designs. There was an advent of fractional ownership in the late 1980s for business jets; the first flight of the clean-sheet Learjet 45 was on 7 October 1995. All of the 642 aircraft built since have been powered by two 3,500 pounds-force TFE731 engines. Powered by two 2,300 pounds-force Williams FJ44s, the 12,500 pounds Beechcraft Premier I light jet made its first flight on 22 December 1998. Nearly 300 had been made before production stopped in 2013. In the opposite way compared to Bombardier, which developed airliners from a business jet, Embraer derived the Legacy 600 from the Embraer ERJ family of regional jet airliners.
Powered by two 8,800 pounds-force Rolls-Royce AE 3007s, the first flight of the 50,000 pounds aircraft was on 31 March 2001. On 14 August 2001, the Bombardier Challenger 300 made its first flight; the 38,850 pounds aircraft is powered by two 6,825 pounds-force HTF7000s. The 500th example was delivered in 2015; the first light jet, the 5,950 pounds MTOW Eclipse 500, took off for the first time on 26 August 2002, powered by two 900 pounds-force Pratt & Whitney Canada PW600s. Between and the end of production in 2008, 260 were produced, it was followed by the 8,645 pounds MTOW Cessna Citation Mustang on 23 April 2005, powered by two 1,460 pounds-force Pratt & Whitney Canada PW600s and with more than 450 produced. The Embraer Phenom 100 made its maiden flight on 26 July 2007; the 10,500 pounds MTOW airplane is powered by two 1,600 pounds-force Whitney Canada PW600s. With its Phenom 300 development, nearly 600 have been built; the first flight of the midsize, fly-by-wire, 7,000 lbf Honeywell HTF700