Widescreen images are images that are displayed within a set of aspect ratios used in film and computer screens. In film, a widescreen film is any film image with a width-to-height aspect ratio greater than the standard 1.37:1 Academy aspect ratio provided by 35 mm film. For television, the original screen ratio for broadcasts was in fullscreen 4:3. Between the 1990s and early 2000s, at varying paces in different nations, 16:9 widescreen TV displays came into common use, they are used in conjunction with high-definition television receivers, or Standard-Definition DVD players and other digital television sources. With computer displays, aspect ratios wider than 4:3 are referred to as widescreen. Widescreen computer displays were of 16:10 aspect ratio, but now are 16:9. Widescreen was first used for The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight; this was not only the longest film, released to date at 100 minutes, but the first widescreen film being shot on 63 mm Eastman stock with five perforations per frame. Widescreen was first used in the late 1920s in some short films and newsreels, feature films, notably Abel Gance's film Napoleon with a final widescreen sequence in what Gance called Polyvision.
Claude Autant-Lara released a film Pour construire un feu in the early Henri Chretien widescreen process adapted by Twentieth Century-Fox for CinemaScope in 1952. The experimental Natural Vision widescreen process developed by George K. Spoor and P. John Berggren used 63.5 mm film and had a 2:1 aspect ratio. In 1926, a Natural Vision film of Niagara Falls was released. In 1927, the Natural Vision process was used in the production of The American a.k.a. The Flag Maker, it was directed by J. Stuart Blackton and starred Bessie Love and Charles Ray, but was never released theatrically. On May 26, 1929, Fox Film Corporation released Fox Grandeur News and Fox Movietone Follies of 1929 in New York City in the Fox Grandeur process. Other films shot in widescreen were the musical Happy Days which premiered at the Roxy Theater, New York City, on February 13, 1930, starring Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell and a 12-year-old Betty Grable as a chorus girl. RKO Radio Pictures released Danger Lights with Jean Arthur, Louis Wolheim, Robert Armstrong on August 21, 1930 in a 65 mm widescreen process known as NaturalVision, invented by film pioneer George K. Spoor.
On November 13, 1930, United Artists released The Bat Whispers directed by Roland West in a 70 mm widescreen process known as Magnafilm. Warner Brothers released Song of the Flame and Kismet in a widescreen process they called Vitascope. In 1930, after experimenting with the system called Fanthom Screen for The Trail of'98, MGM came out with a system called Realife. MGM filmed The Great Meadow in Realife. However, it is unclear whether it was released in that widescreen process due to declining interest of the movie-going public. By 1932, the Great Depression had forced studios to cut back on needless expense and it was not until 1953 that wider aspect ratios were again used in an attempt to stop the fall in attendance due to the emergence of television in the U. S. However, a few producers and directors, among them Alfred Hitchcock, have been reluctant to use the anamorphic widescreen size featured in such formats as Cinemascope. Hitchcock alternatively used VistaVision, a non-anamorphic widescreen process developed by Paramount Pictures and Technicolor which could be adjusted to present various flat aspect ratios.
Masked widescreen was introduced in April 1953. The negative is shot exposing the Academy ratio using spherical lenses, but the top and bottom of the picture are hidden or masked off by a metal aperture plate, cut to specifications of the theater's screen, in the projector. Alternatively, a hard matte in the printing or shooting stages may be used to mask off those areas while filming for composition purposes, but an aperture plate is still used to block off the appropriate areas in the theater. A detriment is that the film grain size is thus increased because only part of the image is being expanded to full height. Films are designed to be shown in cinemas in masked widescreen format but the full unmasked frame is sometimes used for television. In such an instance, a photographer will compose for widescreen, but "protect" the full image from things such as microphones and other filming equipment. Standardized "flat wide screen" ratios are 1.66:1, 1.75:1, 1.85:1, 2:1. 1.85:1 has become the predominant aspect ratio for the format.
35 mm anamorphic – This type of widescreen is used for CinemaScope and several other equivalent processes. The film is shot "squeezed", so that the actors appear vertically elongated on the actual film. A special lens inside the projector unsqueezes the image. Films shot in CinemaScope or Panavision are projected at a 2.39:1 aspect ratio, though the historical aspect ratio can be 2.55:1 or 2.35:1. The negative is 2.66:1 or, in rare cases, 2.55
Spencer Township is one of the twelve townships of Allen County, United States. The 2010 census found 3,067 people in the township, 844 of whom lived in the unincorporated portions of the township. Located in the southwestern corner of the county, it borders the following townships: Marion Township - northeast Amanda Township - east Logan Township, Auglaize County - southeast Salem Township, Auglaize County - southwest Jennings Township, Van Wert County - westThe village of Spencerville is located in southern Spencer Township. Statewide, other Spencer Townships are located in Guernsey and Medina counties; the township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, held in November of the year before the presidential election.
Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees. Allen County website
Alistair Beaton is a Scottish left-wing political satirist, radio presenter and television writer. At one point in his career he was a speechwriter for Gordon Brown. Born in Glasgow, Beaton was educated at the universities of Edinburgh and Bochum and graduated from the University of Edinburgh with First-Class Honours in Russian and German, he lives in London. The Little Book of Complete Bollocks The Little Book of New Labour Bollocks The Little Book of Management Bollocks Don Juan on the Rocks Drop the Dead Donkey 2000 A Planet for the President The Ratepayer's Iolanthe The Metropolitan Mikado Feelgood Follow My Leader King of Hearts Caledonia Fracked: Or Please Don't Use The F Word Nikolai Gogol's The Government Inspector produced at the Chichester Festival Theatre, directed by Martin Duncan and starring Alistair McGowan Gogol's The Nose La Vie parisienne Die Fledermaus The Arsonists Not The Nine O'Clock News It'll All Be Over in Half an Hour Spitting Image Incident on the Line and The Way, the Truth, the Video Downwardly Mobile Mit fünfzig küssen Männer anders A Very Social Secretary The Trial of Tony Blair Fourth Column, a BBC Radio 4 show for writers and journalists Electric Ink, BBC Radio 4 The Beaton Generation Additional lyrics for the song "Small Titles And Orders" in the Chichester Festival Theatre's production of The Gondoliers in the summer of 2003.
Alistair Beaton's Official Website Alistair Beaton: "Nanny Doesn't Know Best" "Lunatics in the White House? Not?"