UEFA Champions League
The UEFA Champions League is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations and contested by top-division European clubs. It is one of the most prestigious tournaments in the world, the UEFA Champions League final is the most watched annual sporting event worldwide. The final of the 2012–13 tournament had the highest TV ratings to date, the pre-1992 competition was initially a straight knockout tournament open only to the champion club of each country. During the 1990s, the format was expanded, incorporating a round-robin group stage to include clubs that finished runner-up of some nations top-level league. Clubs that finish next-in-line in each top level league, having not qualified for the UEFA Champions League competition. In its present format, the UEFA Champions League begins in mid-July with three qualifying rounds and a play-off round. The 10 surviving teams enter the stage, joining 22 other teams qualified in advance. The 32 teams are drawn into eight groups of four teams, the eight group winners and eight runners-up proceed to the knockout phase that culminates with the final match in May.
The winner of the UEFA Champions League qualifies for the UEFA Super Cup, Real Madrid is the most successful club in the competitions history, having won the tournament 11 times, including its first five seasons. Spanish clubs have accumulated the highest number of victories, followed by England, the competition has been won by 22 different clubs,12 of which have won it more than once. Since the tournament changed name and structure in 1992, no club has managed consecutive wins, Milan were the last holders to defend their title. The reigning champions are Real Madrid, who secured their title in the competition after defeating Atlético Madrid on penalties following a 1–1 draw in the 2016 final. The first pan-European tournament was the Challenge Cup, a competition between clubs in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Mitropa Cup, a competition modelled after the Challenge Cup, was created in 1927, an idea of Austrian Hugo Meisl, and played between Central European clubs. In 1930, the Coupe des Nations, the first attempt to create a cup for national clubs of Europe, was played and organised by Swiss club Servette.
Held in Geneva, it brought together ten champions from across the continent, the tournament was won by Újpest of Hungary. Latin European nations came together to form the Latin Cup in 1949 and it was conceived in Paris in 1955 as the European Champion Clubs Cup. The first edition of the European Cup took place during the 1955–56 season, the first European Cup match took place on 4 September 1955, and ended in a 3–3 draw between Sporting CP and Partizan. The first goal in European Cup history was scored by João Baptista Martins of Sporting CP, the inaugural final took place at the Parc des Princes between Stade de Reims and Real Madrid
Stadion Miejski is a football stadium in Łódź, Poland. It is the stadium of Widzew Łódź. The stadium has a capacity of about 18,000. The previous stadium has a capacity of 10,500 seats and it was demolished in early 2015 to make way for the new stadium. After many proposals over the years and speculation about a replacement for Widzew Stadium, until the stadium is complete Widzew will play their home games at Piotrków Trybunalski. In October 2014 plans for a new 18,018 seater stadium were announced and it is intended the stadium will be completed by November 2016. The main contractor will be Lodz Mosty, Lodz Mosty had until 24 January 2015 to present a finalised stadium design. Unlike previous proposals all seats will be covered, the exterior will be clad in red-brick and transparent back-lit panels. The West Grandstand will continue to be the main stand and it will contain the changing rooms, gym,24 corporate boxes,8 commentary boxes,2 TV studios etc. The other 3 stands will have facilities, and include space for 900-1200 visiting supporters.
The pitch will be moves 20m to the east to accommodate the larger West Stand, encroaching on the current training pitch. With Widzew facing a relegation in 2 years at the end of the 2014 season. Local roads and tram-lines will be upgraded, the tram upgrade is already well underway in 2014. The stadium will be designed to accommodate Rugby, including local club Budowlani S. A. the North stand will be designed to incorporate a stage. Stadion Widzewa Łódź Lodzpost. com, Home is where the heart is - last game at the old stadium Ekstraklasa venues
The Ekstraklasa is the top Polish professional league for mens association football clubs. Contested by 16 clubs, operating a system of promotion and relegation with the I liga, seasons starts in July, and ends in May or June the following year. Teams play a total of 37 games each, totalling 296 matches in the season, games are played on Fridays, Saturdays and Mondays. The winner of the Ekstraklasa qualifies for the Polish SuperCup, the Ekstraklasa is now operated by the Ekstraklasa SA. The first games of the freshly created league took place on 3 April 1927, a total of 80 clubs have played in the top division of Polish football since the founding of the league, of which 16 clubs have won the title. The current champions are Legia Warsaw, who won their eleventh title in 2015–16, 4-5 December 1926 in Warsaw, representatives from several Polish clubs met each other. The purpose of meeting was to discuss about possibility of creating a league. It is unknown who came up with the idea of a league, a country wide league was thought to be a much more practical solution than hitherto practiced two-stage system of regional games, followed by a national game.
To dismay of clubs officials, PZPN did not like the idea of a league, however, it turned out that virtually all but one of the Polish clubs supported the idea. The decision to create it was regardless of what PZPNs representatives thought of it. The creation of the League was announced on 1 March 1927, the only opponent of the Leagues formation was Cracovia – a very influential and strong organization in Polish football of the 1920s. Cracovias boycott was because its chairman, Dr. Edward Cetnarowski, Cetnarowski was a personality known not only in Poland, but in other countries. It was due to his efforts that in September 1923 his club, the Kraków sides results were a 1–1 tie with FC Barcelona and a 0–1 loss to Real Madrid. In October, thanks to Cetnarowski, FC Sevilla came to Kraków, games of the first Championships started on 3 April 1927. All major teams took part in it and this is the list of the teams, In this first season of the League, fight for Championship was decided between two powerful teams – Wisła Kraków and 1.
FC Katowice. This rivalry was treated seriously, not only by the two sides involved, but by the whole nation. 1. FC was regarded as the supported by German minority, while Wisła, at the end of this historic season. Some time in the fall of 1927 in Katowice, a game between 1. FC and Wisła took place
The Netherlands, informally known as Holland is the main constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is a densely populated country located in Western Europe with three territories in the Caribbean. The European part of the Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing borders with Belgium, the United Kingdom. The three largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam and The Hague, Amsterdam is the countrys capital, while The Hague holds the Dutch seat of parliament and government. The port of Rotterdam is the worlds largest port outside East-Asia, the name Holland is used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands. Netherlands literally means lower countries, influenced by its low land and flat geography, most of the areas below sea level are artificial. Since the late 16th century, large areas have been reclaimed from the sea and lakes, with a population density of 412 people per km2 –507 if water is excluded – the Netherlands is classified as a very densely populated country.
Only Bangladesh, South Korea, and Taiwan have both a population and higher population density. Nevertheless, the Netherlands is the worlds second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products and this is partly due to the fertility of the soil and the mild climate. In 2001, it became the worlds first country to legalise same-sex marriage, the Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G-10, NATO, OECD and WTO, as well as being a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union. The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EUs criminal intelligence agency Europol and this has led to the city being dubbed the worlds legal capital. The country ranks second highest in the worlds 2016 Press Freedom Index, the Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 17th of 177 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom. It had the thirteenth-highest per capita income in the world in 2013 according to the International Monetary Fund, in 2013, the United Nations World Happiness Report ranked the Netherlands as the seventh-happiest country in the world, reflecting its high quality of life.
The Netherlands ranks joint second highest in the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, the region called Low Countries and the country of the Netherlands have the same toponymy. Place names with Neder, Nieder and Nedre and Bas or Inferior are in use in all over Europe. They are sometimes used in a relation to a higher ground that consecutively is indicated as Upper, Oben. In the case of the Low Countries / the Netherlands the geographical location of the region has been more or less downstream. The geographical location of the region, changed over time tremendously
Due to mass participation of teams, the tournament is often called The Cup of the Thousand Teams. Participation is open to any club registered with the Polish FA, reserve and oldboys teams are eligible, with reserve teams particularly reaching the final on two occasions. The Cup is popular among lower level teams, as it gives them a chance to better known sides. In some cases, the underdogs even reached the final, with the most famous example being Czarni Żagań, lower league clubs have to enter regional qualification rounds and the winners of these join the teams from the first and second division in the competition proper. The regional qualifications are played in the season, so that one edition of Polish Cup for lower ranked clubs can last two seasons. Each tie is decided by a game which is held at the lower league sides stadium. The final used to be a match, but 2002–2006 it was contested over two legs, Italian style. Since 2007, the Cup has returned to the single-game final, first edition of the Polish Cup took place in 1926, but it was quickly abandoned.
In the late 1930s, the President of Polands Football Cup was organized, previous cup winners are, Football in Poland Polish Championship in Football Polish SuperCup Official website Cup at UEFA
Ultras are a type of football fan renowned for ultra-fanatical support, occasionally to the point of violence and hateful chants and slogans. They are predominantly followers of association football teams, the use of elaborate displays in stadiums often is common, as well. In some instances, this goes to the point where the passionate, in recent decades, the culture has become a focal point for the movement against the commercialisation of sports and football in particular. In 2013, the Associated Press stated that the Egyptian Ultras network was one of the most organized movements in Egypt after the Muslim Brotherhood. The origin of the movement is disputed, with many supporters groups from various countries making claims solely on the basis of their dates of foundation. The level of dispute and confusion is aided by a tendency to categorize all groups of overtly fanatical supporters as ultras. Supporters groups of a nature comparable to the ultras have been present in Brazil since 1939, inspired by the torcidas and the colourful scenes of the 1950 World Cup, supporters of Hajduk Split formed Torcida Split on 28 October 1950.
The group is cited as the oldest torcida style group in Europe. One country closely associated with the movement is Italy. The first Italian ultras groups were formed in 1951, including the Fedelissimi Granata of Torino, the term Ultras was used as a name for the first time in 1969 when supporters of Sampdoria formed the Ultras Tito Cucchiaroni and fans of Torino formed the Ultras Granata. The decade saw the violence and unrest of Italian society at the overlap with the ultras movement. The ultras movement spread across Europe during the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s, germany and the Netherlands, three countries whose footballing cultures were more influenced by British football in the past, experienced significant change. The clubs in Egypt became a political force during the uprising against Mubarak in 2011. Ultras in Turkey have played a role in the 2013 protests in Turkey, with fans of arch-rivals Galatasaray, Fenerbahçe and Besiktas shielding protesters, police responded with raids in the Besiktas neighbourhood, the main breeding ground of ultras of the Beşiktaş club, the Carsi Group.
Ultras groups are usually centred on a group of founders or leaders, with smaller subgroups organized by location. Ultras tend to use various styles and sizes of banners and flags bearing the name, some ultras groups sell their own merchandise to raise funds for performing displays. An ultras group can number from a handful of fans to hundreds or thousands, Ultras groups often have a representative who liaises with the club owners on a regular basis, mostly regarding tickets, seat allocations and storage facilities. Some clubs provide groups with cheaper tickets, storage rooms for flags and banners and these types of favoured relationships are often criticized when ultras groups abuse their power
Alternate jerseys are a means for professional sports organizations to generate revenue, by sales to fans. Of North American sports leagues, the NFL generates $1.2 billion annually in jersey sales, another use of the alternate uniform is for identifying with causes, like the Central Coast Mariners wear an alternate pink kit on pink ribbon day. Extra alternate uniforms or fourth/fifth kits are not commonly used, but are required when teams other uniforms cause color clashes. In cases where teams have more than three kits in the same season, the extra kits were usually recycled from previous seasons. Third-choice jerseys or uniforms are used in all four North American major professional sports leagues, Third kits are commonplace in professional European association football and in some professional European rugby union clubs. Alternate guernseys or jerseys are common in Australias two biggest domestic leagues, the Australian Football League and National Rugby League, for home and away jerseys in North America, historical convention has often dictated the colors used by teams in a given league.
Teams generally have one jersey which is primarily in a team color, white at home is the convention in baseball, minor league professional hockey, and college hockey. White while away is the convention in football, major professional hockey. Association football does not have a white at home or a white while away convention, the NBA and NHL both enforce the color/white rule strictly, any NHL team seeking to wear white at home must get express permission from the league office to do so. In American sports, throwback jerseys are generally used for special team games. In American football a third jersey may be a uniform based on designs the team used in the past. In association football, meanwhile, it is commonly a radically different design. Initially, the NFL rule stated that a team may wear their third only once a year. There are currently no rules on wearing alternate pants, teams are permitted to wear alternate jerseys as often as desired in playoff games, the only team to do so was the 2008 San Diego Chargers.
Some teams will use one of their third jersey allotments against a particular division opponent each year. The New York Giants were known to wear their red jerseys at home against the Dallas Cowboys until the red jerseys were retired in 2009. The Washington Redskins wear their uniform on home games to commemorate their annual homecoming game once a year since 2012. When wearing their jerseys, especially if the team is wearing a throwback uniform
The Polish SuperCup in football is an annually held match between the champion of the Ekstraklasa and the Polish Cup winner. To this date the Polish SuperCup has been played out 24 times with the Polish Cup winner taking the trophy 14 times, the most successful club is Lech Poznań who won the Cup a record 5 times. 2 Lech Poznań won the Double,3 Not disputed since the Polish Federation could not decide the 1992–93 Ekstraklasa Champion. 4 Legia Warsaw won the Double, played against Polish Cup Finalist,5 It was not disputed by financial problems. 6 Wisła Kraków won the Double,7 The Polish Cup Winner, Dyskobolia Grodzisk Wielkopolski resigned. The 2nd placed team in the 2006–07 Ekstraklasa, GKS Bełchatów,8 Legia Warsaw won the Double. Football in Poland Polish national football team List of Polish football champions Polish Cup Poland - List of Super Cup Finals, RSSSF. com
Manchester United F.C.
Manchester United Football Club is a professional football club based in Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football. Nicknamed the Red Devils, the club was founded as Newton Heath LYR Football Club in 1878, changed its name to Manchester United in 1902 and moved to its current stadium, Old Trafford, in 1910. Manchester United have won a record 20 League Titles, a joint-record 12 FA Cups,5 League Cups, the club has won three European Cups, one UEFA Cup Winners Cup, one UEFA Super Cup, one Intercontinental Cup and one FIFA Club World Cup. In 1998–99, the became the first in the history of English football to achieve the treble of the Premier League, the FA Cup. The 1958 Munich air disaster claimed the lives of eight players, in 1968, under the management of Matt Busby, Manchester United became the first English football club to win the European Cup. Alex Ferguson won 38 trophies, including 13 Premier League titles,5 FA Cups and 2 UEFA Champions Leagues, José Mourinho is the clubs current manager, having been appointed on 27 May 2016.
As of June 2015, it is the worlds most valuable football brand and it is one of the most widely supported football teams in the world. In August 2012, Manchester United made a public offering on the New York Stock Exchange. The club holds several rivalries, most notably with Liverpool, Manchester City and Leeds United, Manchester United was formed in 1878 as Newton Heath LYR Football Club by the Carriage and Wagon department of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway depot at Newton Heath. By 1888, the club had become a member of The Combination. Following the leagues dissolution after only one season, Newton Heath joined the newly formed Football Alliance and this resulted in the club starting the 1892–93 season in the First Division, by which time it had become independent of the railway company and dropped the LYR from its name. After two seasons, the club was relegated to the Second Division, in January 1902, with debts of £2,670 – equivalent to £260,000 in 2017 – the club was served with a winding-up order.
The following season began with victory in the first ever Charity Shield, Manchester United won the First Division for the second time in 1911, but at the end of the following season, Mangnall left the club to join Manchester City. In 1922, three years after the resumption of football following the First World War, the club was relegated to the Second Division, relegated again in 1931, Manchester United became a yo-yo club, achieving its all-time lowest position of 20th place in the Second Division in 1934. Gibson, who, in December 1931, invested £2,000, in the 1938–39 season, the last year of football before the Second World War, the club finished 14th in the First Division. Busby led the team to second-place league finishes in 1947,1948 and 1949, in 1952, the club won the First Division, its first league title for 41 years. With an average age of 22, the title winning side of 1956 were labelled the Busby Babes by the media. In 1957, Manchester United became the first English team to compete in the European Cup, despite objections from The Football League, who had denied Chelsea the same opportunity the previous season