A current meter is oceanographic device for flow measurement by mechanical, acoustical or electrical means. In physics, one distinguishes different reference frames depending on where the observer is located, this is the basics for the Lagrangian and Eulerian specification of the flow field in fluid dynamics: The observer can be either in the Moving frame or in a resting frame. Lagrangian current meters measure the displacement of an oceanographic drifter, an unmoored buoy or a non-anchored ship's actual position to the position predicted by dead reckoning. Eulerian current meters measure current passing a resting current meter. Mechanical current meters are based on counting the rotations of a propeller and are thus rotor current meters. A mid-20th-century realization is the Ekman current meter which drops balls into a container to count the number of rotations; the Roberts radio current meter is a device mounted on a moored buoy and transmits its findings via radio to a servicing vessel. Savonius current meters rotate around a vertical axis in order to minimize error introduced by vertical motion.
There are two basic types of acoustic current meters: Travel Time. Both methods use a ceramic transducer to emit a sound into the water. Doppler instruments are more common. An instrument of this type is the Acoustic Doppler current profiler, which measures the water current velocities over a depth range using the Doppler effect of sound waves scattered back from particles within the water column; the ADCPs use the traveling time of the sound to determine the position of the moving particles. Single-point devices use again the Doppler shift; such a single-point Doppler Current Sensor has a typical velocity range of 0 to 300 cm/s. The devices are equipped with additional optional sensors. Travel time instruments determine water velocity by at least two acoustic signals, one up stream and one down stream. By measuring the time to travel from the emitter to the receiver, in both directions, the average water speed can be determined between the two points. By using multiple paths, the water velocity can be determined in three dimensions.
Travel time meters are more accurate than Doppler meters, but only record the velocity between the transducers. Doppler meters have the advantage that they can determine the water velocity at a considerable range, in the case of an ADCP, at multiple ranges; this novel approach is for instance employed in the Florida Strait where electromagnetic induction in submerged telephone cable is used to estimate the through-flow through the gateway and the complete setup can be seen as one huge current meter. The physics behind: Charged particles are moving with the ocean currents in the magnetic field of the Earth, perpendicular to the movement. Using Faraday's law of induction, it is possible to evaluate the variability of the averaged horizontal flow by measuring the induced electric currents; the method has a minor vertical weighting effect due to small conductivity changes at different depths. Tilt current meters operate under the drag-tilt principle and are designed to either float or sink depending on the type.
A floating tilt current meter consists of a sub-surface buoyant housing, anchored to the sea floor with a flexible line or tether. A sinking tilt current is similar, but the housing is designed such that the meter hangs from the attachment point. In either case, the housing tilts as a function of its shape and the water velocity. Once the characteristics of a housing is known, the velocity can be determined by measuring the angle of the housing and direction of tilt; the housing contains a data logger. Floating tilt current meters are deployed on the bottom with a lead or concrete anchor but may be deployed on lobster traps or other convenient anchors of opportunity. Sinking tilt current meters may be attached to floating dock or fish pen. Tilt current meters have the advantage over other methods of measuring current in that they are relatively low-cost instruments and the design and operation is simple; the low-cost of the instrument may allow researchers to use the meters in greater numbers and/or in locations where there is a risk of instrument loss.
Current meters are deployed within an oceanographic mooring consisting of an anchor weight on the ground, a mooring line with the instrument connected to it and a floating device to keep the mooring line more or less vertical. Like a kite in the wind, the actual shape of the mooring line will not be straight, but following a so-called catenary. Under the influence of water currents the shape of the mooring line can be determined and by this the actual depth of the instruments. If the currents are strong and the mooring lines are long, the instrument position may vary up to 50 m. Stream gauge
Iconika, the artist formally known as Phlo Finister is an American R&B singer-songwriter. Born in Oakland, Iconika, is the daughter of a half-Portuguese, half-black mother and was raised in her hometown of Oakland up until the age of 5, when she moved to Los Angeles with her mother; as a child, Iconika's upbringing was reserved and traditional, she attended a small private Christian school where her grandfather was pastor and her grandmother a local English teacher, as well as attending ballet classes at Hawthorn Dance Academy until a late age. Growing up, Iconika was banned from listening to music and discovered her early tastes and passion for music through classical music and gospel music, as well as developing her distinctive vocal style at a young age from her time spent as a singer for the choir at her grandfather's church; this exposure to these styles helped Iconika develop her taste in music, with some of her earliest influences being Jerry Bock and Billie Holiday She attended Downtown Magnets High School in Fashion for a single year until her mother relocated to South Central, Los Angeles and she was enrolled in Crenshaw High School.
Speaking of her time at Crenshaw, Finister described it as "very aggressive... Not mixed or diverse cultures like. I got bullied in a rougher part of the streets, it made me a person with a backbone." After getting kicked out for fighting, Finister transferred to Hamilton High School. Whilst developing her own sense of self, Finister found herself working with Def Jam Records in the styling of some of their female proteges in her late teens. Finister met a series of industry professionals and producers who would exert influence on her own musical path over the next few years. However, her time working as a stylist for Def Jam was short lived as she believed lacked the "desperation" necessary to be successful in the profession. In an interview Finister elaborated, "I wasn't gonna ruin my self-esteem to make it happen. Struggling with weight loss, eating disorders.'Cause you wanna be the best at that stuff. You're willing to do whatever to get that point". Finister began her infamous mixtape series, worked with producers such as Benny Cassette, Andrew Dawson, Travis Scott, Brodinski, 4AD's SpaceGhostPurrp, Club Cheval and The weeknd collaborator illangelo.
Moving behind the scenes as a stylist it was here Finister first discovered her fascination with the youthquake movement. Coined by Diana Vreeland in the sixties to define the explosion of teenage influence in music and fashion. The'youthquake' influence is evident in Finister's unique style and particular fascination with Andy Warhol’s muse Edie Sedgwick. Youthquaker is a collaborative project between Phlo Finister and Grammy award winning producer Illangelo aiming to recapture the ‘Youthquake’ movement of social disruption in the 1960s, described as a combination of Illangelo's cinematic and textured mix of 90’s Trip hop and progressive electronic sounds paired with Finister’s provocative lyrics and dreamy melodies, they released their first single ‘Clockwork’ on French label Bromance Records in May 2014, followed by releasing the first half of their EP ‘’Projections I’’ on BitTorrent as a bundle, including the first 3 tracks from the EP, video clips from a live performance for Red Bull / Vivienne Westwood and a selection of ‘behind the scenes’ polaroid photos of the band.
Iconika was close friends with the late Peaches Geldof, whom she had lived with in London. After her best friend's death, she went on a hiatus and deactivated all her social media accounts which led to a long time of going unnoticed she is now making music under a different name, Iconika, her debut mixtape, Indecent Exposure, was released May 29, 2017, under XXX Records, a music label she started at the beginning of the year. She stated that Indecent Exposure is the first of her three-part trilogy, "XXX Trifecta"; the second mixtape of the trilogy, X-Rated, is set to be released In 2019. Crown Gold EP Poster Girl EP Indecent Exposure X RATED XXX Projections
James Michael Sheehan was an Australian politician. Born in Castlemaine, Victoria, he received a primary education before becoming a railway worker, he was an organiser with the Australian Workers' Union and President of the Victorian Trades Hall Council, as well as being an active member of the Victorian Labor Party. On 12 July 1938, he was appointed to the Australian Senate for Victoria to fill a casual vacancy caused by the death of Labor Senator John Barnes. Defeated in an attempt to be elected in his own right in 1940, he was successful in 1943, taking his place in 1944, he remained in the Senate until his retirement in 1961, taking effect in 1962. Sheehan died in 1967
Ragnar Kjartansson is a contemporary Icelandic artist who engages multiple artistic mediums throughout his performative practice. His video installations, performances and paintings incorporate the history of film, visual culture, literature, his works are connected through their pathos and humor, with each influenced by the comedy and tragedy of classical theater. Kjartansson's use of durational, repetitive performance to harness collective emotion is a hallmark of his practice and recurs throughout his work. Kjartansson has had solo exhibitions at the Reykjavík Art Museum, the Barbican Centre, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D. C. the Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, the Palais de Tokyo, the New Museum, New York, the Migros Museum of Contemporary Art, the Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, the Frankfurter Kunstverein, the BAWAG Contemporary, Vienna. Kjartansson participated in The Encyclopedic Palace at the Venice Biennale in 2013, Manifesta 10 in St. Petersburg, Russia in 2014, he represented Iceland at the 2009 Venice Biennale.
He is the recipient of the 2015 Artes Mundi's Derek Williams Trust Purchase Award, Performa's 2011 Malcolm McLaren Award. Kjartansson was born in Iceland to Kjartan Ragnarsson and Guðrún Ásmundsdóttir, his mother is a well-known actress in Iceland and his father is a director and playwright. “e grew up in the theatre—the Reykjavík City Theatre, where his father directed and his mother starred in a wide repertoire of classical and modern plays. He spent much of his childhood backstage, watching actors rehearse scenes or parts of scenes again and again, he likes to tell people that he was conceived on stage, or almost—his mother told him that it happened a few hours after she and his father acted out a steamy sex scene for a film they were making; this was in 1975.”He was in and out of bands growing up, most notably as a member of the Icelandic band Trabant. Trabant is an electronic-pop/rock band from Reykjavík, known for its raw but powerful music and flamboyant live performances. Trabant's style of music is a blend of electronic punk, R&B and pop.
Kjartansson graduated from the Iceland Academy of the Arts in 2001 and studying at the Royal Academy in Stockholm in 2000. Kjartansson draws on the entire arc of art in his performative practice; the history of film, theatre, visual culture and literature finds its way into his video installations, durational performances and painting. Pretending and staging become key tools in the artist's attempts to convey sincere emotion and offering a genuine experience to the audience. Kjartansson's playful work is full of unique moments where a conflict of the dramatic and the banal culminates in a memorable way. “Me and My Mother” began in 2000 while Kjartansson was still a student, it is based upon a simple premise—every five years, Kjartansson invites his mother, the well-known Icelandic actress Guðrún Ásmundsdóttir, to spit on him. Mother and son stand side-by-side in her living room facing a fixed-point camera. Periodically and Kjartansson's mother turns and spits into his face with dramatic gusto.
MoMA PS1 presented the durational performance,'A Lot of Sorrow', by Kjartansson on 5 May 2013. "For the original work Kjartansson sought out US rock band, The National, to perform their song, Sorrow in a six-hour live loop. By stretching a single pop song into a day-long tour de force the artist continues his explorations into the potential of repetitive performance to produce sculptural presence within sound."Sorrow found me when I was young,Sorrow waited, sorrow won..."commences the song by The National, whose music and lyrics conjure notions of romantic suffering and contemporary Weltschmerz—themes Kjartansson uses in his own work employing references as wide-ranging as Ingmar Bergman, the German Romantics, Elvis Presley. As in all of Kjartansson’s performances, the idea behind A Lot of Sorrow is devoid of irony, yet full of humor and emotion, it is another quest to find the comic in vice" versa. The Visitors is a 2012 installation and video art piece created by Kjartansson. Kjartansson named the piece for The Visitors, the final album by the Swedish pop band ABBA.
The piece was commissioned by the Migros Museum in Zurich, was one of the museum's inaugural exhibits. The premiere of the piece marked Kjartansson's first solo show in Switzerland; the Visitors constitutes the performance of a song written by Ásdís Sif Gunnarsdóttir, Kjartansson's ex-wife. The piece is displayed across nine different screens, each featuring musicians or artists either by themselves or in groups in different rooms of a house, or outside, performing but separately. One screen features Kjartansson by himself. Others featured in the piece include friends of Kjartansson, both from the artist's native Reykjavík and elsewhere, as well as residents of Rokeby Farm, where the piece was filmed; the piece was shown at the Migros Museum in Switzerland, premiered in the United States in early 2013 at the Luhring Augustine Gallery. The piece has since been displayed in several museums around the world, including The Broad in Los Angeles, The Guggenheim in New York City, the Institute of Contemporary Art in Boston, the Turner House Gallery in Penarth, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.
C. the Frist Center for the Visual Arts in Nashville and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. The piece returned to the Institute of Contemporary Art in February 2019; the piece came to the Dallas Museum of Art in September 2019. The piece was filmed at Rokeby Farm, located in upstate New York, nea
Wyoming County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,276, its county seat is Tunkhannock. It was created in 1842 from part of Luzerne County. Wyoming County is included in the PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 405 square miles, of which 397 square miles is land and 7.7 square miles is water. The county is intersected by the North Branch of the Susquehanna River, drained by Tunkhannock and other large creeks; the land surface is hilly or mountainous, Tunkhannock and Bowman's mountains occupying a portion. The soil is fertile. Timber and iron are abundant; the county has a humid continental climate, warm-summer except along the river starting below Falls where it is hot-summer. Average monthly temperatures in Tunkhannock range from 25.2° F in January to 70.9° F in July. Susquehanna County Lackawanna County Luzerne County Sullivan County Bradford County US 6 US 11 PA 29 PA 87 PA 92 PA 107 PA 187 PA 267 PA 292 PA 307 PA 309 PA 367 As of the census of 2000, there were 28,080 people, 10,762 households, 7,705 families residing in the county.
The population density was 71 people per square mile. There were 12,713 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.28% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.27% Asian, 0.17% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, 0.59% from two or more races. 0.67 % of the population were Latino of any race. 20.3% were of German, 12.9% Irish, 11.9% English, 11.6% Polish, 9.6% American and 8.1% Italian ancestry. There were 10,762 households out of which 33.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.40% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males. As of February 2015, there were 15,228 registered voters in Wyoming County. Democratic: 5,145 Republican: 8,367 Other Parties: 1,716 Tom Henry, Republican Judy Mead, Vice-chair, Republican Michael Stabinsky, Democrat Auditors: Laura Dickson, Democrat Ashley Ritz Darby, Republican Judy Shupp, Republican District Attorney, Jeff Mitchell, Democrat Prothonotary, Karen Bishop, Republican Register of Wills & Recorder of Deeds, Dennis Montross, Republican Sheriff, Edward Sherman, Republican Treasurer, Patricia Mead, Republican Karen Boback, Republican, 117th district Lisa Baker, Republican, 20th district Tom Marino, Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district Robert Casey Jr. Democrat Pat Toomey, Republican Elk Lake School District Lackawanna Trail School District Lake-Lehman School District Tunkhannock Area School District Wyalusing Area School District Wyoming Area School District Keystone College Skyhaven Airport is a public use airport located in Wyoming County, one nautical mile south of the central business district of Tunkhannock.
With the town sited on the lower end of the upper third of the Susquehanna, busily wending its way south to the Chesapeake Bay, the river banks to either side the whole length of the Susquehanna were used as a rail transport corridor with competing railroads making their way on either side on the important NYC and Philadelphia to Buffalo, New York routes connecting the eastern seaboard to cities such as Chicago on the Great Lakes. Today, except for select parts, the river bank rail transport infrastructures remaining are left bank located assets of a single railroad's operations department shared roads these days use the single corridor along the east/left river bank connecting the large Sayre Yard on the stateline in Sayre, Pennsylvania further upriver to the transitional Duryea yard. After the collapse of Conrail, trackage on the Northern Susquehanna is operated by Norfolk Southern, with some areas sublet to other road companies; the trackage running through Tunkhannock Pennsylvania Route 29 connects to the New York state line providing north-south road connections by secondary highway, whilst PA-92, U.
S. Route 6 provide major east-west secondary highway access to the region. Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns; the following boroughs and townships are located in Wyoming County: Factoryville Laceyville Meshoppen Nicholson Tunkhannock Lake Winola Noxen West Falls Bellasylva Forkston Kasson Brook Ricketts The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Wyoming County.† county seat National Register of Histo