Wilco is an American alternative rock band based in Chicago, Illinois. The band was formed in 1994 by the remaining members of alternative country group Uncle Tupelo following singer Jay Farrar's departure. Wilco's lineup changed during its first decade, with only singer Jeff Tweedy and bassist John Stirratt remaining from the original incarnation. Since early 2004, the lineup has been unchanged, consisting of Tweedy, guitarist Nels Cline, multi-instrumentalist Pat Sansone, keyboard player Mikael Jorgensen, drummer Glenn Kotche. Wilco has released eleven studio albums, a live double album, four collaborations: three with Billy Bragg and one with The Minus 5. Wilco's music has been inspired by a wide variety of artists and styles, including Bill Fay, The Beatles and Television, has in turn influenced music by a number of modern alternative rock acts; the band continued in the alternative country style of Uncle Tupelo on its debut album A. M. but has since introduced more experimental aspects to their music, including elements of alternative rock and classic pop.
Wilco's musical style has evolved from a 1990s country rock sound to a current "eclectic indie rock collective that touches on many eras and genres."Wilco garnered media attention for their fourth album, Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, the controversy surrounding it. After the recording sessions were complete, Reprise Records rejected the album and dismissed Wilco from the label; as part of a buy-out deal, Reprise gave Wilco the rights to the album for free. After streaming Foxtrot on its website, Wilco sold the album to Nonesuch Records in 2002. Both record labels are subsidiaries of Warner Music Group, leading one critic to say the album showed "how screwed up the music business is in the early twenty-first century." Yankee Hotel Foxtrot is Wilco's most successful release to date, selling over 670,000 copies. Wilco won two Grammy Awards for their fifth studio album, 2004's A Ghost Is Born, including Best Alternative Music Album. Wilco released their eleventh studio album, Ode to Joy, in October 2019.
Wilco was formed following the breakup of the influential alternative country music group Uncle Tupelo. Singer Jay Farrar quit the band in 1994 because of a soured relationship with co-singer Jeff Tweedy. Both Tweedy and Farrar sought to form bands after the breakup. Tweedy was able to keep the entire Uncle Tupelo lineup sans Farrar, including bassist John Stirratt, drummer Ken Coomer, multi-instrumentalist Max Johnston, he enlisted Uncle Tupelo guest guitarist Brian Henneman of the Bottle Rockets, who performed on many of the tracks for Wilco's debut album, A. M.. The band was tempted to keep the Uncle Tupelo name, but decided to rename the band; the group named itself "Wilco" after the military and commercial aviation radio voice abbreviation for "will comply", a choice which Tweedy has called "fairly ironic for a rock band to name themselves." After collaborating with Syd Straw on a cover version of the Ernest Tubb song "The T. B. is Whipping Me", Wilco began recording tracks for A. M. their first studio album, at Easley studio in June 1994.
A demo tape from these recordings was sent to executives at Reprise Records, a subsidiary of Warner Brothers, the label signed Tweedy to a contract. Although Tweedy stated that he wanted a more collaborative project than Uncle Tupelo, only his name appeared on the Reprise contract. Tweedy requested songwriting submissions from other members, but only one submission—John Stirratt's "It's Just That Simple"—appeared on A. M.. It was the last song Wilco released, lyrically written by a member besides Tweedy. Stylistically similar to Uncle Tupelo, the music on A. M. was considered to be straightforward alternative country rock in what Tweedy described as "trying to tread some water with a perceived audience." A. M. peaked at number twenty-seven on the Billboard Heatseekers chart lower than the debut album of Jay Farrar's new band, Son Volt. The album was met with modest reviews though it would rank thirty-fourth in the Village Voice's 1995 Pazz & Jop critics poll. Critically and commercially paling in comparison to the reception of Son Volt's album, the Wilco members perceived A.
M. to be a failure. Shortly after the release of the album, multi-instrumentalist Jay Bennett joined the band, providing the band with a keyboardist and another guitarist. Wilco made its live debut on November 17, 1994 to a capacity crowd at Cicero's Basement Bar in St. Louis, Missouri. During the two hundred-date tour supporting A. M. Tweedy began to write songs for a second album; the lyrical theme of the songs reflected a relationship between a listener. Ken Coomer elaborated: The whole No Depression thing was funny to us because people seemed to forget that Jeff was a bigger punk-rock fan than a country fan, it led to things like us all switching instruments on "Misunderstood,". A number of songs were recorded with this theme, including "Sunken Treasure" and "Hotel Arizona", Wilco recorded a number of songs in the style of A. M. Wilco named the album Being There after a Peter Sellers film of the same name; the band went through some personnel changes during the recording sessions. Max Johnston left the band because he felt that his role in the band had diminished in favor of Bennett.
Terry Pratchett: Choosing to Die is a 2011 one-off television documentary produced by KEO North for BBC Scotland on the subject of assisted death and produced by Charlie Russell. It is presented by Terry Pratchett and features Peter Smedley, a 71-year-old motor neurone disease sufferer, dying by assisted death at the Swiss assisted dying organisation, Dignitas; the film sparked strong controversy and was criticized by Christian and pro-life organisations as "biased". The film focuses on the story of Peter Smedley, an English millionaire hotelier, diagnosed with motor neurone disease in 2008. At the beginning of the film, Pratchett meets with the Smedleys to talk about dying. Pratchett talks to Mick Gordelier, a retired London taxi driver with motor neurone disease who has no desire to commit suicide, preferring to be cared for in a hospice. After that, the novelist visits a 42-year-old multiple sclerosis sufferer. Pratchett travels to Switzerland to accompany the Smedleys and meets with Ludwig Minelli, the founder of Dignitas.
The film was shot in several locations around the United Kingdom, including Terry Pratchett's manor house near Salisbury, Wiltshire. The interview with the Smedleys was filmed at their mansion in Saint Peter Port, Guernsey with the Swiss part being shot in Zurich; the executive producers of the film were Sam Anthony for the Craig Hunter for KEO North. A preview of the film was shown at the 2011 Sheffield Doc/Fest on 11 June, its première was screened as a part of Panorama documentary programme on BBC Two television channel on 13 June, attaining 1.6 million viewers. The film is believed to be the first on-screen death by assisted death aired on terrestrial television. An official North American première of the film was held during the North American Discworld Convention 2011 taking place from 8–11 July in Madison, Wisconsin; the film sparked strong controversy before its première, with the BBC receiving about 750 complaints before the broadcast on 13 June and several others after the airing. It has been criticised by Christian and pro-life organisations, including the Care Not Killing Alliance, whose spokeswoman, Alistair Thompson, described it as a "pro assisted-suicide propaganda loosely dressed up as a documentary".
Michael Nazir-Ali, a former bishop of the Church of England, added that it "glorified suicide and indeed assisted suicide". Four British peers: Baroness Campbell of Surbiton, Baroness Finlay of Llandaff, Lord Alton of Liverpool and Lord Carlile of Berriew issued a joint complaint to Director-General of the BBC Mark Thompson and BBC Trust chairman Lord Patten of Barnes, calling the film "repugnant" and "disgraceful". In July 2011, an Early Day Motion calling on the BBC to remain impartial on the subject of assisted dying was supported by 15 members of the House of Commons. Sarah Wootton, chief executive of Dignity in Dying defended the film saying it was "deeply moving and at times difficult to watch" and that it "did not seek to hide the realities of assisted dying". A spokeswoman of the BBC denied the accusations of bias saying that the film "is giving people the chance to make their own minds up on the issue". Craig Hunter, the film's executive producer for KEO North, called it a "valuable contribution to the urgent debate as to who determines when and how we die."Terry Pratchett, a presenter on the film, disclosed his reason for making it, stating that he was "appalled at the current situation" and that "he knows that assisted dying is practised in at least three places in Europe and in the United States."
He defended the right to decide on assisted death, saying that he believes "it should be possible for someone stricken with a serious and fatal illness to choose to die peacefully with medical help, rather than suffer."On 13 November 2011, 5 months after its première, the film received the 2011 BAFTA Scotland Single Documentary award for the best Scottish documentary film produced in 2011. On 21 March 2012, it received the 2011 Royal Television Society Programme Awards in a category for single documentaries, being described by the judges as "groundbreaking and profoundly moving." On 27 May 2012, the programme received the Single Document
The Christian Democratic Party is a Christian democratic party in El Salvador. After being disbanded by the Supreme Court in 2011, it continued to work under the name of Party of Hope, before re-taking its original name in 2012. In the legislative elections, held on 16 March 2003, the party won 7.3% of the popular vote and 5 out of 84 seats in the Legislative Assembly. In the presidential election of 21 March 2004, the PDC supported Héctor Silva Argüello of the United Democratic Centre, who won 3% of the vote. In the 12 March 2006 legislative election, the party won 6.8% of the popular vote and 6 out of 84 seats. The party had a similar level of support for the 2009 legislative elections, winning 6% of the vote and 5 seats; the Christian Democratic Party is the longest lasting of El Salvador's two leading parties. It was the left-of-center party. With the rise of more socialist and communist parties in El Salvador, it became more of a centrist party. During the civil war, many leaders of the PDC who were more left-leaning were killed or disappeared, the party moved to the right.
In 1989 Christian Democrat José Napoleón Duarte was the first Salvadoran president to democratically hand over power to a successor. The party's position has since shrunk with the rise of ARENA and FMLN. However, since no party held a majority in the legislature, it could be seen as holding the balance of power, it sided with ARENA and supported their effort to ratify the Central American Free Trade Agreement and pass a law aimed at fighting terrorism. They struggled to pick a presidential candidate for 2009; the vice presidential candidate lives in the United States and has campaigned promising to give Salvadorans abroad the opportunity to vote in future presidential elections. While the party was technically to be disbanded after the 2004 election, in which its candidate did not gather the necessary 3% of the vote, it was allowed to hold on to its registration by decree; the PDC was replaced by the Party of Hope, registered with the National Electoral Tribunal in October 2011. In September 2012 the Party of Hope asked for its name to be changed back to Christian Democratic Party, allowed by the Electoral Tribunal.
Website of the party