The wild turkey is an upland ground bird native to North America, one of two extant species of turkey, the heaviest member of the diverse Galliformes. It is the same species as the domestic turkey, derived from a southern Mexican subspecies of wild turkey. Although native to North America, the turkey got its name from the domesticated variety being imported to Britain in ships coming from the Levant via Spain; the British at the time therefore associated the wild turkey with the country Turkey and the name prevails. However, a second theory posits that another bird, a guinea fowl native to Madagascar introduced to England by Turkish merchants, was the original source; the term was transferred to the New World bird by English settlers with knowledge of the previous species. Adult wild turkeys have long reddish-yellow to grayish-green legs; the body feathers are blackish and dark, sometimes grey brown overall with a coppery sheen that becomes more complex in adult males. Adult males, called toms or gobblers, have a large, reddish head, red throat, red wattles on the throat and neck.
The head has fleshy growths called caruncles. Juvenile males are called jakes; the adult male's tail fan feathers will be all the same length. When males are excited, a fleshy flap on the bill expands, this, the wattles and the bare skin of the head and neck all become engorged with blood concealing the eyes and bill; the long fleshy object over a male's beak is called a snood. Each foot has three toes in front, with a shorter, rear-facing toe in back. Male turkeys have a long, fan-shaped tail and glossy bronze wings; as with many other species of the Galliformes, turkeys exhibit strong sexual dimorphism. The male is larger than the female, his feathers have areas of red, green, copper and gold iridescence; the preen gland is larger in male turkeys compared to female ones. In contrast to the majority of other birds, they are colonized by bacteria of unknown function. Females, called hens, have feathers that are duller overall, in shades of gray. Parasites can dull coloration of both sexes; the primary wing feathers have white bars.
Turkeys have 5000 to 6000 feathers. Tail feathers are of the same length in different lengths in juveniles. Males have a "beard", a tuft of coarse hair growing from the center of the breast. Beards average 230 mm in length. In some populations, 10 to 20% of females have a beard shorter and thinner than that of the male; the adult male weighs from 5 to 11 kg and measures 100–125 cm in length. The adult female is much smaller at 2.5–5.4 kg and is 76 to 95 cm long. Per two large studies, the average weight of adult males is 7.6 kg and the average weight of adult females is 4.26 kg. The wings are small, as is typical of the galliform order, the wingspan ranges from 1.25 to 1.44 m. The wing chord is only 20 to 21.4 cm. The bill is relatively small, as adults measure 2 to 3.2 cm in culmen length. The tarsus of the wild turkey sturdy, measuring from 9.7 to 19.1 cm. The tail is relatively long, ranging from 24.5 to 50.5 cm. The record-sized adult male wild turkey, according to the National Wild Turkey Federation, weighed 16.85 kg, with records of tom turkeys weighing over 13.8 kg uncommon but not rare.
While it is rather lighter than the waterfowl, after the trumpeter swan, the turkey has the second heaviest maximum weight of any North American bird. Going on average mass, several other birds on the continent, including the American white pelican, the tundra swan and the rare California condor and whooping crane surpass the mean weight of turkeys. On one hand, none of these other species are as sexually dimorphic in size as the wild turkey, but on the other, they are far less numerous and are not hunted unlike the turkey, thousands of which are weighed every year during hunting season. Wild turkeys prefer hardwood and mixed conifer-hardwood forests with scattered openings such as pastures, fields and seasonal marshes, they can adapt to any dense native plant community as long as coverage and openings are available. Open, mature forest with a variety of interspersion of tree species appear to be preferred. In the Northeast of North America, turkeys are most profuse in hardwood timber of oak-hickory and forests of red oak, beech and white ash.
Best ranges for turkeys in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont sections have an interspersion of clearings and plantations with preferred habitat along principal rivers and in cypress and tupelo swamps. In Appalachian and Cumberland plateaus, birds occupy mixed forest of oaks and pines on southern and western slopes hickory with diverse understories. Bald cypress and sweet gum swamps of s. Florida. Lykes Fisheating Creek area of s. Florida has
James C. Tunney was an Irish Fianna Fáil politician. Tunney was born in Dublin in 1923, was educated at St. Vincent's C. B. S. in Glasnevin. He was first elected to Dáil Éireann as a Fianna Fáil Teachta Dála for the Dublin North-West constituency at the 1969 general election, he served continuously in the Dáil until losing his seat at the 1992 general election, having been a TD for Dublin Finglas from 1977 to 1981 when Dublin constituencies were reconfigured as 3-seaters, before being returned for Dublin North-West in 1981. During that period he served as Parliamentary Minister of State in three governments, he served as Leas-Cheann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann. He was Chairman of Fianna Fáil for ten years and served as Lord Mayor of Dublin from 1984 to 1985, he played for the Dublin Senior football team. He was on the winning side for Dublin in the All-Ireland Junior Football Championship in 1948
Yemen's Ministry of Information influences the media through its control of printing presses, granting of newspaper subsidies, ownership of the country’s only television and radio stations. Yemen has nine government-controlled, 50 independent, 30 party-affiliated newspapers. There are 90 magazines, 50 percent of which are private, 30 percent government-controlled, 20 percent party-affiliated; the government controls the content of news broadcasts and edits coverage of televised parliamentary debates. Yemen's government monitors and blocks political and sexually explicit Web sites. By law and regulation and magazines must be government-licensed, their content is restricted. There have been reports of journalists being physically attacked, as well as detained; the government gives reasons that such detained journalists are "opposing the law and calling for destruction of infrastructure" and supports some examples as in Shia insurgency in Yemen and retaliations against unity. The official national news agency is the Saba News Agency.
Yemen started its ear with printing press in 1853 when the British occupation authorities entered the first printer in Aden to cover its needs of administration, it sent a number of prisoner to India to train of the manual characters alignment for operating the printing press, printed by Arabic and English. Printings press expanded in Aden. There are over 20 licensed newspapers and magazines in Yemen among them are in the following table. Note: the'*' indicates that this newspaper or its website has been blocked by the government due to recent unstable situations. Yemen has around 4 channels owned by the government; these channels are: Yemen TV channel: The 1st official channel started broadcasting in 1975 in North Yemen as local media, joined other Arab channels via INTELSAT-59 in 1995 and Nilesat. Yamania television channel: This channel was founded in 1980 in the South of Yemen as "Aden channel" and was renamed after the unity of Yemen. Al-Saeedah television channel: New television channel opened in 2007 and is broadcasting via Nilesat.
Suhail television channel: This channel started its broadcast in July 2009 and is operated by Al-Islah political party on Nilesat. Al-Iman television channel: Islamic dedicated channel opened in 2008 as a moderate channel against radicalism and terror. Aden Live: This channel is run by southern separatists via Nilesat. Sama Yemen TV: This channel runs via Nilesat. Belqees TV: New television channel began broadcast in October 2014 runs via Nilesat. Yemen Shabab TV: This channel targets the youth population and runs via Nilesat. Yosr TV: This channel runs via Nilesat. Maeen TV: This channel runs via Nilesat. Al Saahaat TV: This channel began broadcast on 15 June 2014 and runs via Nilesat. Sheba TV: This channel is run by the government via Nilesat. Azal TV: This channel broadcasts via Nilesat. Yemen Today: This channel broadcasts via Nilesat. Al Shareyyah: A new channel started broadcast on 10 April 2015. Al Masirah TV: This channel is run by the Houthi movement via Nilesat. In addition, there are more than 10 radio channels most of them broadcasting in the medium waves, except for San'a radio channel that broadcasts in the short waves, locally the FM.
Al Jazeera Economy of Yemen Education in Yemen Telecommunications in Yemen Media related to Media of Yemen at Wikimedia Commons Media and Telecommunications Lansdcape in Yemen, a infoasaid guide, February 2012, 118 pp. yemenonline.info "Media Landscapes: Yemen", Medialandscapes.org, Netherlands: European Journalism Centre