click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Wilhelm Eduard Weber

Wilhelm Eduard Weber was a German physicist and, together with Carl Friedrich Gauss, inventor of the first electromagnetic telegraph. Weber was born in Schlossstrasse in Wittenberg, where his father, Michael Weber, was professor of theology; the building had been the home of Abraham Vater. Wilhelm was the second of three brothers. After the dissolution of the University of Wittenberg his father was transferred to Halle in 1815. Wilhelm had received his first lessons from his father, but was now sent to the Orphan Asylum and Grammar School at Halle. After that he entered the University, devoted himself to natural philosophy, he distinguished himself so much in his classes, by original work, that after taking his degree of Doctor and becoming a Privatdozent he was appointed Professor Extraordinary of natural philosophy at Halle. In 1831, on the recommendation of Carl Friedrich Gauss, he was hired by the University of Göttingen as professor of physics, at the age of twenty-seven, his lectures were interesting and suggestive.

Weber thought that, in order to understand physics and apply it to daily life, mere lectures, though illustrated by experiments, were insufficient, he encouraged his students to experiment themselves, free of charge, in the college laboratory. As a student of twenty years he, with his brother, Ernst Heinrich Weber, Professor of Anatomy at Leipzig, had written a book on the Wave Theory and Fluidity, which brought its authors a considerable reputation. Acoustics was a favourite science of his, he published numerous papers upon it in Poggendorffs Annalen, Schweigger's Jahrbücher für Chemie und Physik, the musical journal Carcilia. The'mechanism of walking in mankind' was another study, undertaken in conjunction with his younger brother, Eduard Weber; these important investigations were published between the years 1825 and 1838. Gauss and Weber constructed the first electromagnetic telegraph in 1833, which connected the observatory with the institute for physics in Göttingen. In December 1837, the Hannovarian government dismissed Weber, one of the Göttingen Seven, from his post at the university for political reasons.

Weber travelled for a time, visiting England, among other countries, became professor of physics in Leipzig from 1843 to 1849, when he was reinstated at Göttingen. One of his most important works, co-authored with Carl Friedrich Gauss and Carl Wolfgang Benjamin Goldschmidt, was Atlas des Erdmagnetismus: nach den Elementen der Theorie entworfen, a series of magnetic maps, it was chiefly through his efforts that magnetic observatories were instituted, he studied magnetism with Gauss, during 1864 published his Electrodynamic Proportional Measures containing a system of absolute measurements for electric currents, which forms the basis of those in use. Weber died in Göttingen, where he is buried in the same cemetery as Max Born, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1855. In 1856 with Rudolf Kohlrausch he demonstrated that the ratio of electrostatic to electromagnetic units produced a number that matched the value of the known speed of light; this finding led to Maxwell's conjecture.

This led to Weber's development of his theory of electrodynamics. The first usage of the letter "c" to denote the speed of light was in an 1856 paper by Kohlrausch and Weber; the SI unit of magnetic flux, the weber is named after him. German inventors and discoverers Gauss, Carl Friedrich. "Atlas Des Erdmagnetismus: Nach Den Elementen Der Theorie Entworfen". Leipzig: Weidmann'sche Buchhandlung. Wilhelm weber. G. C. F.. "Wilhelm Eduard Weber". Nature. Macmillan Journals ltd. 44: 229–230. Bibcode:1891Natur..44..229G. Doi:10.1038/044229b0. Retrieved 2007-11-16. – obituary Urbanitsky, Alfred. "Electricity in the Service of Man". London: Cassell and Company: 756–758. Wilhelm weber physics. – Telegraph of Weber and Gauss "Weber, Wilhelm Eduard". Virtual Laboratory. Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin. Retrieved 2007-09-05. Jackson, Myles W.. Harmonious Triads: Physicists and Instrument Makers in Nineteenth-Century Germany. MIT Press. ISBN 0262276151. Media related to Wilhelm Eduard Weber at Wikimedia Commons Texts on Wikisource: "Weber, Wilhelm".

New International Encyclopedia. 1905. "Weber, Wilhelm Eduard". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1911. "Weber, Wilhelm Eduard". The New Student's Reference Work. 1914. Biography and bibliography in the Virtual Laboratory of the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science Wilhelm Weber's Works Translated into English A bibliography compiled by A. K. T. Assis in 21st Century Science and Technology 2009-2010 Wilhelm Eduard Weber at the Mathematics Genealogy Project O'Connor, John J..

Siege of Charleston Harbor Union order of battle

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Siege of Charleston Harbor of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately; the following lists contain the commanders and units involved in the operations against Charleston Harbor from July to September 1863 which included the major engagements of First Fort Wagner, Grimball's Landing, Second Fort Wagner and the Siege of Charleston Harbor. MG = Major general BG = Brigadier general Col = Colonel Ltc = Lieutenant colonel Maj = Major Cpt = Captain Lt = 1st lieutenant w = wounded mw = mortally wounded k = killed BG Quincy A. Gillmore BG Quincy A. Gillmore Chief of Staff and Artillery: Col John Wesley Turner Engineers: Col Edward W. Serrell Medical Director: Ltc Augustus C. Hamlin MG Quincy A. Gillmore Chief of Staff and Artillery: Col John Wesley Turner Engineers: Col Edward W. Serrell Medical Director: Ltc Augustus C. Hamlin Rear Admiral John A. Dahlgren South Carolina in the American Civil War United States Colored Troops U.

S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, U. S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901. Eicher, John H. & Eicher, David J. Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. Wise, Stephen R. Gate of Hell: Campaign for Charleston Harbor, 1863, University of South Carolina Press, 1994

Harem Suare

Harem Suare is a 1999 Turkish drama film directed by Ferzan Özpetek. It was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival; the old Safiye is telling a young woman the life. The beautiful young Safiye is the favorite of the sultan, a man tormented by the crisis of the monarchy and the displacement of the Ottoman Empire in Turkey. Safiye is the most beautiful girl in the Sultan's harem, but she is in love with the young Nadir, a eunuch of the personal guard of the sultan; the two young lovers together plan a future, but the war breaks out, the girl is forced to escape from her country. After arriving in Italy, Safiye is forced to trade on her beauty. Marie Gillain as Safiye Alex Descas as Nadir Lucia Bosé as Old Safiye Valeria Golino as Anita Malick Bowens as Midhat Christophe Aquillon as Sumbul Serra Yılmaz as Gulfidan Haluk Bilginer as Abdulhamit Pelin Batu as Cerkez Cariye Nilufer Acikalin as Selma Ayla Algan as Valide Meriç Benlioğlu Cansel Elcin as Journaliste Başak Köklükaya as Gulbahar Gaia Narcisi as Aliye Selda Özer as Guya Harem Suare on IMDb

Sven Clement

Sven Clement is a Luxembourgish politician. He is the co-founder and president of the Pirate Party of Luxembourg, founded on 4 October 2009, he studied business informatics at the Saarland University. He lives in Beggen and operates a digital communications consultancy together with a fellow member of the Pirate Party, Jerry Weyer. In 2010 Sven Clement was elected, with three other candidates from the Pirate Party, in the student parliament of the Saarland University; the Pirate Party is a part of the coalition, which elected the AStA of the university, so Clement is now responsible for transportation and University of the greater Region. In the 2013 elections in Luxembourg, Sven Clement was the head of the centre list of the Pirate Party, he collected 4,789 votes. In the 2014 European Elections he collected 14,184 votes. On 8 October 2017, at the communal elections in Luxembourg City, he won 1,995 votes. On 10 December 2017, during the party's congress, he was confirmed as president, he was nominated as head candidate of the centre circumscription for the 2018 national elections

Tourism Australia

Tourism Australia is the Australian Government agency responsible for promoting Australia to the world as a destination for business and leisure travel. Tourism Australia's purpose is to increase the economic benefits to Australia of tourism, supporting the industry's Tourism 2020 strategy, which aims to grow the overnight annual expenditure generated by tourism to as much as A$140 billion by 2020; the organisation is active in around 15 key markets, including Australia, where it aims to grow demand for the destination’s tourism experiences by promoting the unique attributes which will entice people to visit. Tourism Australia's activities include advertising, public relations and media programs, trade shows and programs for the tourism industry, consumer promotions, online communications and consumer research. Tourism Australia was created in 2004 by the Tourism Australia Act as a merger of three existing government agencies – the Australian Tourist Commission, the Bureau of Tourism Research, the Tourism Forecasting Council – as well as See Australia Limited, a private company.

Tourism Australia considers itself as the successor of the ATC and celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2017. In February 2019, Tourism Australia colloborated with Australian Traveller to launch a magazine in the United States, Australia. Jane Whitehead, regional general manager Americas, Tourism Australia, said "In collaborating with Australian Traveller, we set out to tell quintessentially Aussie travel stories, while highlighting some of the finest hospitality product, in a way that compels travellers to book memorable vacations." The organisation caused controversy in 2006 when its advertising campaign "So where the bloody hell are you?" gained media attention following a ban in the United Kingdom. In January 2010 Tourism Australia displayed a caged kangaroo on a street in Hollywood; the kangaroo was filmed by a concerned member of the public, reported as saying, "The kangaroo was there in a pen, like a 10 by 12 pen, straight on the concrete and it was really disturbing. It was just disturbing.

There were kids who were upset because this kangaroo was just rocking back and forth and back and forth and back and forth." Australian macropod expert Tim Faulkner, after viewing the video of the kangaroo, said that it was clear the animal was not acting "The animal is distressed, there is no question about it. The sort of stress I see here suggests that it has endured long-term problems."In 2010, Tourism Australia launched its There's nothing like Australia campaign, sourcing its stories and photographs from the Australian public through a competition with strict licensing conditions. The terms and conditions of the competition required the authors to assign all rights, including moral rights, to Tourism Australia and indemnify Tourism Australia against any legal action as a result of its re-using the works, which the Australian Copyright Council stated were extreme conditions and "particularly disturbing given that Tourism Australia is a government body". A 2019 advertising campaign, entitled Matesong, that featured Kylie Minogue, Ashleigh Barty, Adam Hills, Shane Warne, Ian Thorpe, with a song written by Eddie Perfect, was aired on televisions in the United Kingdom before the Queen's message on Christmas Day.

However the advertisement was withdrawn several days in light of the impact of the 2019–20 Australian bushfires. Scott Morrison served as Managing Director of Tourism Australia from 2004 until 2006, until his three-year contract was prematurely terminated. Morrison was subsequently elected as the Member for Cook in the Australian House of Representatives and served as Treasurer of Australia until his appointment as Prime Minister of Australia in August 2018. In January 2014, Tourism Australia announced it had appointed Fox Sports chief operating officer John O'Sullivan as its managing director. In September 2019 Phillipa Harrison was appointed as O'Sullivan's successor, having acted in the role of Managing Director since his departure in April 2019. Australia Week Shrimp on the barbie Tourism in Australia Tourism Western Australia

1920 Auckland Rugby League season

The Auckland Rugby League was in its 12th season. On 25 March, North Shore Albions held a meeting to discuss whether they should amalgamate with Sunnyside League Football Club, who were based in Devonport. At a meeting between members of the two clubs the following week they agreed that they would indeed merge. After some debate they decided that the club name would be'Devonport United' and they would wear green and white broad bands. In addition Grafton and Richmond Rovers amalgamated, while new clubs were formed in Kingsland, at Point Chevalier. First grade games continued to draw large crowds matches involving the likes of Maritime, City Rovers, Ponsonby United; the round 6 match between Maritime and Ponsonby drew what was thought to be a record crowd for a club Rugby League match in Auckland of 9,000. Maritime would go on to win the first grade title for the first time after a strong season where they won nine games and were only defeated twice, they were awarded the Monteith Shield at the 1921 annual general meeting while Newton Rangers won the Roope Rooster for the second year in a row by defeating Maritime in the final.

The highlight of the year would have been the match between Auckland and the touring England team on 24 July. A crowd of 30,000 packed into the Auckland Domain to witness an Auckland win by 24 points to 16. At the end of the season an inspection was made of the site, it was decided that the ground would be named ‘Carlaw Athletic Park’. The land had been purchased years earlier, it was noted that the site was “excellently situated for the purpose for which it is intended, provides sufficient space for two playing grounds. Natural slopes on two sides will give room for a large number of spectators…”. Maritime won the first grade title with City Rovers finishing in second position. Three grounds were used for the competition, Victoria Park, the Auckland Domain, the Devonport Domain. Thirty eight matches were played, the most in the competitions history to this point. Unlike in previous seasons all clubs were able to survive until the end of the season and fulfill the majority, or all, of their fixture obligations