For the Department of Energy facility, see Savannah River Site The Savannah River is a major river in the southeastern United States, forming most of the border between the states of South Carolina and Georgia. Two tributaries of the Savannah, the Tugaloo River and the Chattooga River, form the northernmost part of the border; the Savannah River drainage basin extends into the southeastern side of the Appalachian Mountains just inside North Carolina, bounded by the Eastern Continental Divide. The river is around 301 miles long, it is formed by the confluence of the Seneca River. Today this confluence is submerged beneath Lake Hartwell; the Tallulah Gorge is located on the Tallulah River, a tributary of the Tugaloo River that forms the northwest branch of the Savannah River. Two major cities are located along the Savannah River: Savannah, Augusta, Georgia, they were nuclei of early English settlements during the Colonial period of American history. The Savannah River is tidal at Savannah proper.
Downstream from there, the river broadens into an estuary before flowing into the Atlantic Ocean. The area where the river's estuary meets the ocean is known as "Tybee Roads"; the Intracoastal Waterway flows through a section of the Savannah River near the city of Savannah. The name "Savannah" comes from a group of Shawnee, they destroyed the Westo and occupied established Westo lands at the Savannah River's head of navigation on the Fall Line, near present-day Augusta. These Shawnee were called by several variant names that all derive from their native name, Ša·wano·ki; the local variants included Shawano, Savano and Savannah. Another theory is that the name was derived from the English term "savanna", a kind of tropical grassland, borrowed by the English from Spanish sabana and used in the colonial southeast; the Spanish word was borrowed from the Taino word zabana. Other theories interpret the name Savannah to come from Atlantic coastal tribes, who spoke Algonquian languages, as there are similar terms meaning not only "southerner" but "salt".
Historical and variant names of the Savannah River, as listed by the U. S. Geological Survey, include May River, Westobou River, Kosalu River, Isundiga River and Girande River, among others; the Westobou River was the former name of the Savannah River, derived from the Westo Native American Indians. The Westo were thought to have come from the northeast, pushed out by the more powerful tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy, who had acquired firearms through trade; this migration beginning in the late 16th century resulted in the Westo Indians reaching the present area of Augusta, Georgia, in what was to be the 1660s. The Westo used the river for fishing and water supplies, for transportation, for trade, they were strong enough to hold off the Spanish colonists making incursions from Florida. The Carolina Colony needed the Westo alliance during its early years; when Carolinians desired to expand its trade to Charleston, they viewed the Westo tribe as an obstacle. In order to remove the tribe, they sent a group called the Goose Creek Men to arm the Savanna Indians, a Shawnee tribe, who defeated the Westo in the Westo War of 1680.
Following this, the English colonists renamed the river as the Savannah. They founded two major cities on the river during the colonial era: Savannah was established in 1733 as a seaport on the Atlantic Ocean, Augusta is located where the river crosses the Fall Line of the Piedmont; the two large cities on the Savannah served as Georgia's first two state capitals. In the nineteenth century, the sandy river channel changed causing numerous steamboat accidents. During the American Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a blockade around the Confederate states, forcing merchantmen to use specific ports along the coast best suited for this purpose; the harbor at Savannah became one of the busiest ports for blockade runners bringing in supplies for the Confederacy. The Savannah River was significant during the 1950s when construction started on the U. S. government's Savannah River Plant for making tritium for nuclear weapons. In 1956 Clyde L. Cowan and Frederick Reines detected neutrinos with an experiment carried out at the Savannah River Nuclear Plant, after a preliminary experiment at the Hanford Site.
They placed a 10-ton tank of water next to a powerful nuclear reactor engaged in making plutonium for use in nuclear weapons. After shielding the neutrino trap underground and running it for about 100 days over the course of a year, they detected a few synchronized flashes of gamma radiation that signaled the interaction of a few neutrinos with the protons in the water; the neutrinos were not themselves observed, they never have been. Their presence is inferred by an exceedingly rare interaction. One out of every billion billion neutrinos that pass through the water tank hits a proton, producing the telltale burst of radiation. In 1995 Reines was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for this accomplishment, but Cowen did not live long enough to share it. Between 1946 and 1985, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers built three major dams on the Savannah for hydroelectricity, flood control, navigation; the J. Strom Thurmond Dam, the Hartwell Dam, the Richard B. Russell Dam and their reservoirs combine in order to form over 120 miles of lakes.
Donnie Thompson named a small subdivision "Westobou Crossing", located in North Augusta, South Carolina. The area of the subdivision is located marks the first natural ford that crosses the Savannah River, thus promoting trade and allowing travel. Many native a
Madison County, Georgia
Madison County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,120; the county seat is Danielsville. The county was created on December 5, 1811; the county's largest city is Comer with a population of 1,200. Madison County was included in the Athens-Clarke County, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area. Named for James Madison, fourth president of United States, from 1809 to 1817, Madison County, was organized under act of General Assembly of Georgia, December 11, 1811, it was the 38th county formed in Georgia and began to operate as a county in 1812. Madison County formed from Oglethorpe, Jackson and Elbert counties. Early agriculture in Madison County was devoted to food crops and livestock, sufficient to feed the population. Just after the Civil War ended, the demand for a cash crop led to a major reliance on cotton; the soils of Madison County were damaged by this cotton monoculture.
From the 1930s on, agriculture became more diverse. Today, agribusiness dominates the local economy, with poultry production important. Madison and Oglethorpe counties share Watson Mill Bridge State Park, the site of the longest covered bridge in Georgia; the bridge, over 100 years old, spans 229 feet of the South Fork of the Broad River. There are facilities for camping, hiking trails and fishing in the park; the Madison County Courthouse, one of the most ornate in Georgia, was built in 1901 for the sum of $18,314. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. New Hope Presbyterian Church, established in 1788, is the third oldest church in Georgia. Lt. Col. Lemuel Penn, a decorated veteran of World War II and a United States Army Reserve officer, was murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan on July 11, 1964, nine days after passage of the Civil Rights Act, on a Broad River bridge on the Georgia State Route 172 in Madison County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 286 square miles, of which 282 square miles is land and 3.3 square miles is water.
The vast majority of Madison County is located in the Broad River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, with just a small portion of the county's western edge located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. Franklin County, Georgia - north Hart County, Georgia - northeast Elbert County, Georgia - east Oglethorpe County, Georgia - south Clarke County, Georgia - southwest Jackson County, Georgia - west Banks County, Georgia - northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 25,730 people, 9,800 households, 7,330 families residing in the county; the population density was 91 people per square mile. There were 10,520 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.01% White, 8.46% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, 0.99% from two or more races. 1.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 9,800 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.20% were non-families.
21.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,347, the median income for a family was $42,189. Males had a median income of $31,324 versus $22,426 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,998. About 9.20% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 16.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 28,120 people, 10,508 households, 7,804 families residing in the county.
The population density was 99.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 11,784 housing units at an average density of 41.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 87.6% white, 8.4% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.9% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 20.7% were American, 9.1% were Irish, 9.1% were English, 7.2% were German. Of the 10,508 households, 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.7% were non-families, 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 39.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $41,343 and the median income for a family was $49,713. Males had a median income of $37,963 versus $28,732 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $18,975. About 14.7% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 18.4% of those age 65 or over. The citizens of Madison County are represented by an elected six member board of commissioners; each commissioner represents one of five districts plus a chairman of the board elected at
Atlantic Seaboard fall line
The Atlantic Seaboard Fall Line, or Fall Zone, is a 900-mile escarpment where the Piedmont and Atlantic coastal plain meet in the eastern United States. Much of the Atlantic Seaboard fall line passes through areas where no evidence of faulting is present; the fall line marks the geologic boundary of hard metamorphosed terrain—the product of the Taconic orogeny—and the sandy flat outwash plain of the upper continental shelf, formed of unconsolidated Cretaceous and Cenozoic sediments. Examples of Fall Zone features include the Potomac River's Little Falls and the rapids in Richmond, where the James River falls across a series of rapids down to its own tidal estuary. Before navigation improvements such as locks, the fall line was the head of navigation on rivers due to their rapids or waterfalls, the necessary portage around them. Numerous cities formed along the fall line because of the availability of water power to operate mills which concentrated mercantile traffic and labor. U. S. Route 1 and I-95 link many of the fall line cities.
In 1808, Treasury Secretary Albert Gallatin noted the significance of the fall line as an obstacle to improved national communication and commerce between the Atlantic seaboard and the western river systems: The most prominent, though not the most insuperable obstacle in the navigation of the Atlantic rivers, consists in their lower falls, which are ascribed to a presumed continuous granite ridge, rising about one hundred and thirty feet above tide water. That ridge from New York to James River inclusively arrests the ascent of the tide. Other falls of less magnitude are found at the gaps of the Blue Ridge, through which the rivers have forced their passage... Some cities that lie along the Piedmont–Coastal Plain fall line include the following: Trenton, New Jersey, on the Delaware River. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the Schuylkill River. Wilmington, Delaware, on the Brandywine River Perryville and Havre de Grace, Maryland, on the Susquehanna River/head of Chesapeake Bay. Baltimore, Maryland, on Herring Run, Jones Falls, Gwynns Falls.
Elkridge, Maryland, on the Patapsco River. Laurel, Maryland, on the Patuxent River. Washington, D. C. on the Potomac River. Occoquan, Virginia, on the Occoquan River. Fredericksburg, Virginia on the Rappahannock River. Richmond, Virginia, on the James River. Petersburg, Virginia, on the Appomattox River. Weldon, North Carolina, Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina, on the Roanoke River Greenville, North Carolina, on the Tar River. Raleigh, North Carolina, on the Neuse River. Fayetteville, North Carolina, on the Cape Fear River. Lumberton, North Carolina, on the Lumber River. Cheraw, South Carolina, on the Pee Dee River. Camden, South Carolina, on the Wateree River. Columbia, South Carolina, on the Congaree River. Augusta, Georgia, on the Savannah River. Milledgeville, Georgia, on the Oconee River. Macon, Georgia, on the Ocmulgee River. Columbus, Georgia, on the Chattahoochee River. Tallassee, Alabama, on the Tallapoosa River Wetumpka, Alabama, on the Coosa River Tuscaloosa, Alabama, on the Black Warrior River
Washington is the county seat of Wilkes County, United States. Under its original name Heard's Fort, it was the state capital, is noted as the place where the Confederacy voted to dissolve itself ending the American Civil War; the population was 4,295 at the 2000 census. The city is referred to as Washington-Wilkes, to distinguish it from other places named Washington. Heard's Fort was established in 1774 by Stephen Heard; the settlement served as the temporary capital of Georgia from February 3, 1780, until early 1781. The Battle of Kettle Creek, one of the most important battles of the American Revolutionary War to be fought in Georgia, was fought on February 14, 1779, in Wilkes County, about eight miles from present day Washington; the battle resulted in a victory for the American Patriots who took 75 prisoners, killed 70 Loyalists, while losing 32 men. As a child, Confederate Vice-President Alexander H. Stephens studied at the school in Washington presided over by Presbyterian minister Alexander Hamilton Webster.
Although no major battles of the Civil War were fought in or near Washington, the city has the distinction of being the location where Jefferson Davis held the last meeting with the Confederate cabinet. On April 3, 1865, with Union troops under Ulysses S. Grant poised to capture Richmond, Jefferson Davis escaped for Danville, together with the Confederate cabinet. After leaving Danville, continuing south, Davis met with his Confederate Cabinet for the last time on May 5, 1865 in Washington, along with a hand-picked escort led by Given Campbell, including his personal Body Guard Sgt. Joseph A Higgenbotham, Jr. of Amherst/Nelson County, Virginia. The meeting took place with fourteen officials present. Several historic sites in Washington are on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Wilkes County Courthouse, the Robert Toombs House State Historic Site, the Washington-Wilkes Historical Museum, the Mary Willis Public Library, the restored historic Fitzpatrick Hotel, built in 1898.
The city of Washington claims to be first in many historical events: First Catholic parish in Georgia 1790 First city in the nation to be established in the name of George Washington, 1780 First Baptist church in upper Georgia at Fishing Creek, 1783 First Methodist church in Georgia was organized at Grant's Meeting House in Wilkes County, 1787 First Presbyterian minister ordained in Georgia was John Springer in Wilkes County, 1790 First Episcopal conference not under the Church of England, 1788 First successful cotton gin perfected and set up by Eli Whitney in Wilkes county, 1795. First woman newspaper editor in U. S. was Sarah Porter Hillhouse who became the editor of the Monitor in 1804. First cotton mill in Georgia erected on Upton Creek in Wilkes County, 1811 First stamp mill for gold in the world was invented and put into use near Washington by Jeremiah Griffin, 1831–32. One of the first plastic garments cut in the world was in Wilkes County by Margo and Alfred Moses in February 1946.
First seat of government of the State of Georgia, 1780. In 1777, Wilkes County became the first county in Georgia. Washington is the county seat of Wilkes County. First Revolutionary War battle won by the patriots in Georgia: the Battle of Kettle Creek, Feb. 14, 1779. Washington is located at 33°44′7″N 82°44′29″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.9 square miles, of which 7.8 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,134 people residing in the city; the racial makeup of the city was 60.4% Black, 35.3% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% from some other race and 1.7% from two or more races. 1.5 % were Latino of any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,295 people, 1,778 households, 1,162 families residing in the city; the population density was 547.5 people per square mile. There were 1,974 housing units at an average density of 251.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 38.04% White, 60.75% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.05% from other races, 0.79% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.47% of the population. There were 1,778 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.2% were married couples living together, 24.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.6% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,667, the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $27,281 versus $21,230 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,659. About 17.6% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.7% of those under age 18 and 23.2% of those age 65 or over.
The Wilkes County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, consists of one primary school, one elementary school, a middle school, a high school. The district has 116 full-time teachers and over 1,858 students. Washington-Wilkes Elementary School Washington-Wilkes Primary School Washington-Wilkes Mi
Wilkes County Courthouse (Georgia)
The Wilkes County Courthouse is a historic government building and clock tower located in the city of Washington, the seat of Wilkes County. The latest in a series of courthouses in the county's history, the current building was completed in 1904 and since that date has been the official home of Wilkes County's Superior Court, the base of the county's government. On September 18, 1980, the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Wilkes County, Georgia is one of the eight original counties created by Georgia's first state constitution on February 5, 1777, the only county not colonized or settled. A wilderness frontier with a handful of newcomers, Wilkes County was devoid of infrastructure; when the pioneers of Wilkes convened their first court on August 25, 1779, it was held in a private residence, the first of many transient venues during the county's infancy. In 1780, the Georgia Legislature called for the establishment of the town of Washington. With the town to serve as a seat of government, court proceedings could be given a dedicated, regular venue.
Wilkes County Court found its first permanent venue in a room at the local tavern, which served as official courtroom until 1785. The tavern occupied part of the same lot where stands today's courthouse. By 1785, a new, independent building constructed of logs became Wilkes County's first genuine courthouse. According to a plaque on the present courthouse lawn, the log courthouse was replaced after only a year by a clapboard-style courthouse, which served the county from 1786-1804. Both the log and clapboard courthouses stood in; the next building had two stories and was the residence of Italian immigrant and U. S. patriot, Major Ferdinand Phinizy, who sold the house to Wilkes County Commissioners. Courthouse number three served the county between 1804-1817. A Federal-style, brick structure in 1817 became Wilkes county's next courthouse and the first in Georgia to feature a clock tower; this most recent among Wilkes' former courthouses stood in the center of Washington's public square and served the county until 1904, when it was replaced by the current courthouse demolished.
Washington in the 1890s was rife with rumors regarding railroad development and potential prosperity for Wilkes County. This fueled a push for civic projects and improvements by which the community hoped to more lure railroad investment; the replacement of the 1817 courthouse soon became one such project, before the century was out, County Commissioners had purchased the lot across from their existing courthouse, where in a few years they would build its replacement. Standing on said lot was a three-story 1824 structure known as the Heard House or the old Georgia State Bank building; as the American Civil War was nearing its end, this building was the place where the President of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis, convened the final session of the Confederate Cabinet. At this May 4, 1865 meeting the government of the Confederate States of America was dissolved. Despite this unique distinction in Southern and U. S. history, the building was razed to make way for the new courthouse. The events of 1865 are commemorated today with a plaque and a granite monument in front of the County Courthouse, as well as a Georgia Historical Society Marker about Jefferson Davis.
The Wilkes County, Georgia Courthouse and clock tower were designed by architect Frank Pierce Milburn, influenced by the Richardsonian Romanesque and Romanesque Revival styles of architecture. It was constructed between 1903 - 1904 using sand-colored brick accented by red brick and natural stone; the total cost of the original construction was $40,000. The courthouse's original design and construction included extensive detail work around the base of the roof and elaborate ornamentation across the roof as a whole, plus a Gothic accented clock tower which nearly doubled the building's total height; these aspects of the original 1904 construction were destroyed in 1958, as a fire ravaged the courthouse's top half. As a result of the fire, the building was tower-less and capped by a flat roof for more than three decades until a restoration effort took place in 1989. A partial restoration, the project restored a roof which approximates the original design, a clock tower, albeit much shorter than the original.
The ornamental detailing evident in the 1904 roof and Gothic embellished clock tower were omitted from the 1989 restoration due to limited project budget. Prominent African American contractor Monroe Morton of Athens, Georgia was involved in the construction of the courthouse. Wilkes County Courthouse was nominated for the U. S. National Register of Historic Places as part of a Multiple property submission; the Georgia County Courthouses MPS included a select group of fifty-two of the state's former and current County Courthouses which were chosen based on their historical significance in the areas of architecture, economics and politics/government. All the properties in the Georgia County Courthouses MPS were accepted to the NRHP on September 18, 1980. A new jail wing was added in 1911 onto the rear of the courthouse. A plaque mounted on the jail's exterior commemorates the first hanging to occur there; the December 5, 1911 execution from the third floor gallows happened before the jail's official dedication in January 1912.
A substantial addition was built upon the rear of the courthouse in 1989. Today's Wilkes County Courthouse continues to operate in its traditional capacity, it remains the location of The Superior Court of Wilkes County, a branch of the Toombs Judicial Circuit of the Tenth Judicial A
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
Oglethorpe County, Georgia
Oglethorpe County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,899; the county seat is Lexington. Oglethorpe County is included in the Athens-Clarke County, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area, it is the largest county in Northeast Georgia. Oglethorpe County was part of a large tract of land surrendered by Creek and Cherokee Native Americans to the Colony of Georgia in the treaty of 1773; the county itself was founded on December 19, 1793, is named for Georgia's founder, General James Oglethorpe. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 442 square miles, of which 439 square miles is land and 3.0 square miles is water. The majority of Oglethorpe County is located in the Broad River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. A narrow western portion of the county, in a line from just north of Woodville, through Crawford, to just south of Winterville, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin.
A small part of the southern portion of the county, from Maxeys east, is located in the Little River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. Broad River Elbert Wilkes Taliaferro Greene Oconee Clarke Madison Oconee National Forest Watson Mill Bridge State Park U. S. Route 78 State Route 10 State Route 22 State Route 77 The county has limited walkability options available; as of the census of 2000, there were 12,635 people, 4,849 households, 3,539 families residing in the county. The population density was 11/km². There were 5,368 housing units at an average density of 5/km²; the racial makeup of the county was 78.29% White, 19.75% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, 0.85% from two or more races. 1.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,849 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.00% were non-families.
23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.05. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,578, the median income for a family was $41,443. Males had a median income of $30,733 versus $22,289 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,089. About 10.00% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,899 people, 5,647 households, 4,070 families residing in the county.
The population density was 33.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,484 housing units at an average density of 14.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 78.3% white, 17.2% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.9% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.5% were American, 12.3% were Irish, 9.9% were German, 8.2% were English. Of the 5,647 households, 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.9% were non-families, 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 40.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $39,319 and the median income for a family was $52,955. Males had a median income of $35,966 versus $27,474 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $17,572. About 11.6% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over. White Water Rafting on the Broad and South Fork Broad Rivers ATV and Motor Bike Park Sportsman Hunting: Seasonal Whitetail Deer and RabbitHistoric Districts and Heritage Research, Antique Stores in Historic Lexington and Agritourism as well as Oglethorpe Fresh Produce In 2016, the Oglethorpe County Recreation Department was named both the District 7 and State Agency of the Year for populations under 20,000 through the Georgia Recreation and Park Association. Arnoldsville Crawford Lexington Maxeys Palmetto Stephens Vesta Wolfskin Bowling Green Nathan Crawford Barnett, member of the Georgia House of Representatives and Georgia Secretary of State for more than 30 years. Raised in Lexington, educated at the Lexington Academy William H. Crawford - U. S. Minister to France, U. S. Secretary of War, U.
S. Secretary of the Treasury George R. Gilmer - Twice Governor Meriwether Lewis - leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition Wilson Lumpkin - Governor Joseph H. Lumpkin First Chief Justice of the Georgia Supreme Court and co-founder of the Lumpkin Law School George Mathews - Revolutionary hero and twice Governor Kenny Rogers - Country music performer National Register of Historic Places listings in Oglethorpe County, Georgia Oglethorpe County o