William Erwin Eisner was an American cartoonist and entrepreneur. He was one of the earliest cartoonists to work in the American comic book industry, his series The Spirit was noted for its experiments in content and form. In 1978, he popularized the term "graphic novel" with the publication of his book A Contract with God, he was an early contributor to formal comics studies with Sequential Art. The Eisner Award was named in his honor, is given to recognize achievements each year in the comics medium. Eisner's father, Shmuel "Samuel" Eisner, was born March 6, 1886, in Kolomyia, Austria-Hungary, was one of eleven children, he aspired to be an artist, as a teenager painted murals for rich patrons and Catholic churches in Vienna. To avoid conscription in the army, he moved to New York before the outbreak of World War I. There he found getting work difficult, he made what living he could painting backdrops for the Jewish theater. Eisner's mother, Fannie Ingber, was born to Jewish parents from Romania April 25, 1891, on a ship bound for the US.
Her mother died on her tenth birthday and was followed by her father. An older stepsister thereafter raised her and kept her so busy with chores that she had little time for socializing or schooling. Family introduced Fannie, who were distant relatives, they had three children: son Will Erwin, born on his father's birthday in 1917. Eisner was born in New York City, he grew up poor, the family moved frequently. Young Eisner got into physical confrontations when subjected to antisemitism from his schoolmates, his family were not orthodox followers of Judaism. Young Eisner was tall and of sturdy lacked athletic skills, he was a voracious consumer of pulp magazines and film, including avant-garde films such as those by Man Ray. To his mother's disappointment, Eisner had his father's interest in art, his father encouraged him by buying him art supplies. Eisner's mother berated his father for not providing the family a better income, as he went from one job to another. Without success he tried his hand at such ventures as a furniture retailer and a coat factory.
The family situation was dire following the Wall Street Crash of 1929 that marked the beginning of the Great Depression. In 1930, the situation was so desperate that Eisner's mother demanded that he, at thirteen, find some way to contribute to the family's income, he entered working life selling newspapers on street corners, a competitive job where the toughest boys fought for the best locations. Eisner attended DeWitt Clinton High School. With influences that included the early 20th-century commercial artist J. C. Leyendecker, he drew for the school newspaper, the literary magazine and the yearbook, did stage design, leading him to consider doing that kind of work for theater. Upon graduation, he studied under Canadian artist George Brandt Bridgman for a year at the Art Students League of New York. Contacts made there led to a position as an advertising writer-cartoonist for the New York American newspaper. Eisner drew $10-a-page illustrations for pulp magazines, including Western Sheriffs and Outlaws.
In 1936, high-school friend and fellow cartoonist Bob Kane, of future Batman fame, suggested that the 19-year-old Eisner try selling cartoons to the new comic book Wow, What A Magazine! "Comic books" at the time were tabloid-sized collections of comic strip reprints in color. By 1935, they had begun to include occasional new comic strip-like material. Wow editor Jerry Iger bought an Eisner adventure strip called Captain Scott Dalton, an H. Rider Haggard-styled hero who traveled the world after rare artifacts. Eisner subsequently wrote and drew the pirate strip "The Flame" and the secret agent strip "Harry Karry" for Wow as well. Eisner said that on one occasion a man who Eisner described as "a Mob type straight out of Damon Runyon, complete with pinkie ring, broken nose, black shirt, white tie, who claimed to have "exclusive distribution rights for all Brooklyn" asked Eisner to draw Tijuana bibles for $3 a page. Eisner said. Wow lasted four issues. After it ended and Iger worked together producing and selling original comics material, anticipating that the well of available reprints would soon run dry, though their accounts of how their partnership was founded differ.
One of the first such comic-book "packagers", their partnership was an immediate success, the two soon had a stable of comics creators supplying work to Fox Comics, Fiction House, Quality Comics, others. Turning a profit of $1.50 a page, Eisner claimed that he "got rich before I was 22," detailing that in Depression-era 1939 alone, he and Iger "had split $25,000 between us", a considerable amount for the time. Among the studio's products was a self-syndicated Sunday comic strip, Hawks of the Sea, that reprinted Eisner's old strip Wow, What A Magazine! Feature "The Flame" and continued it with new material. Eisner's original work crossed the Atlantic, with Eisne
Benjamin R. Donolow was an American politician from Pennsylvania who served as a Democratic member of the Pennsylvania State Senate for the 2nd district from 1954 to 1972, he graduated from Temple School of Law in 1941. He helped supplement his tuition by working as a dance comic at banquets and bar mitzvahs, he served in the U. S. Army during World War II. After leaving the Army, he became a trial lawyer, he was first elected to the Pennsylvania Senate in 1954 and served until 1972. He served as Chairman of the Appropriations Vice Chairman of the Judicial Committee, he served as Senate minority leader from 1965 to 1970. He served as a delegate to the 1964 Democratic National Convention, he is interred at Har Zion Cemetery in Collingdale, Pennsylvania. Benjamin Donolow at The Political Graveyard
Ronaldo Candido de Oliveira, is a Brazilian professional mixed martial artist signed to Ultimate Fighting Championship under Flyweight division. A professional since 2013, he has 6-1-0 MMA record to date and was a contestant on The Ultimate Fighter: Tournament of Champions, he is a former South American Shooto Champion. Ronaldo Candido is a native of São José dos Campos, São Paulo, born on 24 April 1989, his nationality is Brazilian. Coming from an economically poor family, he didn't have money to attend college; when he was 13 years old, he worked as a car washer. He became a Brazilian Air Force Soldier for one year, at age 18, he made a big decision in his life when he quit his Air Force career to become a professional fighter in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. He left his hometown of São José dos Campos and moved to Rio Claro to join Atos BJJ with two GIS in his bag and no sponsorship to start his dream of becoming a World Champion, he became a Multiple time National Champion, Pan-Pacific Champion, 2x Pan-American Champion and 3x World champion in Brazilian jiu-jitsu.
He holds a black belt in BJJ from the world renowned Atos Brazilian jiu-jitsu team and is a former Mixed Martial Arts South American Shooto Champion. As a result of his accomplishments, he was selected for The Ultimate Fighter 24 Tournament of Champions. On March 9th 2013, Candido made his professional debut at NCF – Nitrix Champion Fight 14 against Diogo José Bento, he won his first match via rear-naked choke submission in the first round. Following his first professional victory, he went on to give a series of wins against Fernando Guerra, John Lineker Coutinho da Silva, Felipe Estevão, Julio Cesar Moraes and Bruno Suema at Shooto – Brazil, 45, 47, 52, 53 and 57 respectively. On July 18th 2016, Candido made his UFC debut at UFC – The Ultimate Fighter Season 24 Opening Round 3 against Jaime Alvarez, he was victorious in his debut fight via a rear-naked choke submission in round one after he took a knockdown which broke his nose. Next, he faced Eric Shelton at the UFC – The Ultimate Fighter Season 24 Quarterfinals, Day 2 on July 27th 2016, where he was defeated in round two by unanimous decision.
On August 1st 2017, Candido faced Carlos Candelario at Dana White's Tuesday Night Contender Series 4. He lost the fight by a controversial unanimous decision in the third round. Ronaldo Candido's parents got divorced when he was 11 years old because of his father's alcoholism and aggressive nature against his mother, they moved to another neighborhood, close to a BJJ Academy. He started training BJJ because of his brother Ricardo. In the beginning the ‘gentle art’ was used to protect himself against bullies, but aided him in the protection of his mother against his father. One day, his father came home drunk to fight his mother. With the practice of Jiu Jitsu, Ronaldo was able to fight off his father and protect his mother from harm. Ronaldo is married and lives in Michigan, USA, he owns a Brazilian jiu-jitsu school. Multiple time BJJ State Champion Multiple time BJJ National Champion Pan-Pacific BJJ Champion 2x Pan-American Champion 3x World Champion Former Undefeated Mixed Martial Arts South American Champion Brazilian jiu-jitsu Coach for Team Cláudia Gadelha in ‘The Ultimate Fighter Season 23’ for the UFC.
Contender of ‘The Ultimate Fighter Season 24 - Tournament of Champions’ Team Benavidez x Team Cejudo Brazilian jiu-jitsu Coach for the UFC Super Star and future UFC ‘Hall of Fame’ José Aldo Júnior Ronaldo Candido at UFC Professional MMA record for Ronaldo Candido from Sherdog