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Willem Barentsz

Willem Barentsz, anglicized as William Barents or Barentz, was a Dutch navigator and Arctic explorer. Barentsz went on three expeditions to the far north in search for a Northeast passage, he reached as far as Novaya Zemlya and the Kara Sea in his first two voyages, but was turned back on both occasions by ice. During a third expedition, the crew discovered Spitsbergen and Bear Island, but subsequently became stranded on Novaya Zemlya for a year. Barentsz died on the return voyage in 1597; the Barents Sea was named in his honour. Willem Barentsz was born around 1550 on the island Terschelling in the Seventeen Provinces, present-day Netherlands. Barentsz was not his surname but rather his patronymic name, short for Barentszoon "Barent's son". A cartographer by trade, Barentsz sailed to Spain and the Mediterranean to complete an atlas of the Mediterranean region, which he co-published with Petrus Plancius, his career as an explorer was spent searching for the Northeast passage, which he reasoned must exist as clear, open water north of Siberia since the sun shone 24 hours a day, which he believed would have melted any potential ice.

On 5 June 1594, Barentsz left the island of Texel aboard the small ship Mercury, as part of a group of three ships sent out in separate directions to try to enter the Kara Sea, with the hopes of finding the Northeast passage above Siberia. Between 23 and 29 June, Barentsz stayed at Kildin Island. On 9 July, the crew encountered a polar bear for the first time. After shooting it with a musket when it tried to climb aboard the ship, the seamen decided to capture it with the hope of bringing it back to Holland. Once leashed and brought aboard the ship however, the bear had to be killed; this occurred in Williams Island. Upon discovering the Orange Islands, the crew came across a herd of 200 walruses and tried to kill them with hatchets and pikes. Finding the task more difficult than they imagined, they left with only a few ivory tusks. Barentsz reached the west coast of Novaya Zemlya, followed it northward before being forced to turn back in the face of large icebergs. Although they did not reach their ultimate goal, the trip was considered a success.

The following year, Prince Maurice of Orange was filled with "the most exaggerated hopes" on hearing of Barentsz' previous voyage, named him chief pilot and conductor of a new expedition, accompanied by six ships loaded with merchant wares that the Dutch hoped to trade with China. Setting out on 2 June 1595, the voyage went between Vaygach Island. On 30 August, the party came across 20 Samoyed "wild men" with whom they were able to speak, due to a crewmember speaking their language. 4 September saw a small crew sent to States Island to search for a type of crystal, noticed earlier. The party was attacked by a polar bear, two sailors were killed; the expedition turned back upon discovering that unexpected weather had left the Kara Sea frozen. This expedition was considered to be a failure. In 1596, disappointed by the failure of previous expeditions, the States-General announced they would no longer subsidize similar voyages – but instead offered a high reward for anybody who navigated the Northeast Passage.

The Town Council of Amsterdam purchased and outfitted two small ships, captained by Jan Rijp and Jacob van Heemskerk, to search for the elusive channel under the command of Barentsz. They set off on 10 May or 15 May, on 9 June discovered Bear Island, they discovered Spitsbergen on 17 June. On 20 June they saw the entrance of a large bay called Raudfjorden. On 21 June they anchored between Cloven Cliff and Vogelsang, where they "set up a post with the arms of the Dutch upon it." On 25 June they entered Magdalenefjorden, which they named Tusk Bay, in light of the walrus tusks they found there. The following day, 26 June, they sailed into the northern entrance of Forlandsundet, but were forced to turn back because of a shoal, which led them to call the fjord Keerwyck. On 28 June they rounded the northern point of Prins Karls Forland, which they named Vogelhoek, on account of the large number of birds they saw there, they sailed south, passing Isfjorden and Bellsund, which were labelled on Barentsz's chart as Grooten Inwyck and Inwyck.

The ships once again found themselves at Bear Island on 1 July, which led to a disagreement between Barentsz and Van Heemskerk on one side and Rijp on the other. They agreed with Barentsz continuing northeast, while Rijp headed due north. Barentsz reached Novaya Zemlya on 17 July. Anxious to avoid becoming entrapped in the surrounding ice, he intended to head for the Vaigatch Strait, but became stuck within the many icebergs and floes. Stranded, the 16-man crew was forced to spend the winter on the ice, along with their young cabin boy. After a failed attempt to melt the permafrost, the crew used lumber from their ship to build a 7.8×5.5 metre lodge they called Het Behouden Huys. Dealing with extreme cold, the crew realised that their socks would burn before their feet could feel the warmth of a fire – and took to sleeping with warmed stones and cannonballs. In addition, they used the merchant fabrics aboard the ship to make additional blankets and clothing; the ship bore salted beef, cheese, barley, beans, flour, vinegar, salt, wine, hardtack, smoked bacon and fish.

Much of the beer froze. By 8 November Gerrit de Veer, the ships carpenter who kept a diary, reported a shortage of beer and bread, with wine being rationed four days later. In January 1597, De Veer became t

Cry of the Banshee

Cry of the Banshee is a 1970 British horror film directed by Gordon Hessler and starring Vincent Price as an evil witchhunter. The film was released by American International Pictures; the film costars Elizabeth Bergner, Hilary Dwyer, Hugh Griffith. The title credit sequence was animated by Terry Gilliam; the film is set in Elizabethan England and revolves around a wicked magistrate who tries to kill all the members of a coven of witches. It opens, like many Vincent Price movies, with a quote from Edgar Allan Poe—in this case, "The Bells". Lord Edward Whitman, as magistrate presides over the trial of a young woman. Ruling that she is a witch, he has her branded, whipped through the streets placed in the village stocks; that night, Lord Edward hosts a feast as his henchmen search the countryside for the killers of a sheep. Two poor and ragged-looking teenagers are pulled into the hall. A burst of wolf-like howling from outside the walls warns that they may be "devil-marked" and, in conflict, both teens are killed.

His wife calls Whitman a murderer for this. As his eldest son Sean rapes his father's wife, Lord Whitman begins mumbling he wants to "clean up" the witches in the area. Assisted by his two older sons, Whitman goes hunting in the hills for witches, his armed posse breaks up what is meant to be a witches' Black Sabbath. He tells the rest to scatter to the hills and never return; this angers the leader of Oona. To get revenge on the Whitman clan, Oona calls up a magical servant, a "sidhe", to destroy the lord's family; the demonic beast takes possession of the friendly, decent young servant, that free-spirited Maureen Whitman has been in love with for years. The servant turned. Harry, Whitman's son from Cambridge, Father Tom find Oona and her coven conjuring the death of Maureen and kill Oona. At that moment, attacking Maureen, breaks off and leaves her, he soon attacks Lord Edward. During this attack, Maureen shoots the demon in the head with a blunderbuss killing him. Exhilarated that the curse is over, Whitman plans to leave the house with his two remaining children by coach.

On the way, he stops at the cemetery. To his horror, he finds the coffin empty, hurries back to the coach. Once inside, he finds both Maureen dead, it is revealed that Bully Boy, the coach's driver, was murdered by Roderick, now driving the coach. The film ends with Whitman screeching his driver's name in terror as the coach heads for parts unknown. Vincent Price as Lord Edward Whitman Essy Persson as Lady Patricia Whitman Elizabeth Bergner as Oona Hugh Griffith as Mickey Patrick Mower as Roderick Hilary Dwyer as Maureen Whitman Sally Geeson as Sarah Stephan Chase as Sean Whitman Carl Rigg as Harry Whitman Marshall Jones as Father Tom Andrew McCulloch as Bully Boy Michael Elphick as Burke Robert Hutton as Party Guest Peter Benson as uncredited The titular "cry of the banshee" is a signal that someone will die; this is a Celtic legend about a type of ghost and has nothing to do with Satanism - no banshee appears in the film. The film was played at the first Quentin Tarantino Film Festival in 1997 at the Dobie residence hall near the University of Texas.

It is mentioned from his 1998 album Hellbilly Deluxe. The opening credits were created by Terry Gilliam; the film was promoted with a poem, spuriously attributed to Edgar Allan Poe:Who spurs the beast the corpse will ride? Who cries the cry that kills? When Satan questioned, who replied? Whence blows this wind that chills? Who walks amongst these empty graves And seeks a place to lie?'Tis something God ne'er had planned, A thing that ne'er had learned to die. The title of the film inspired the name of The Banshees. Gordon Hessler hired Chris Wicking to rewrite it. Hessler says he would have got Wicking to change it further and improving the witch characters - but AIP would not let him. Hessler said "The film was sold and we had to have it finished by a certain time." He and Wicking went to Scotland to make a different picture about witches. They researched their history and made the witches more sympathetic. Hessler says "the whole of AIP got so alarmed, they said that we could alter it 10 percent, but no more than that.

So all of our work went down the drain on Cry of the Banshee Out of all the films I did for AIP, I think it's the least interesting."Wicking says he saw the film as a Jacobean revenge tragedy "but I didn't want to tell anybody that because they'd hate that." Elisabeth Berger made her first appearance in an English film in 30 years. Hessler says AIP's head of British production "Deke" Hayward "would try to find some well known actor to dress up the picture--who at least Americans would be familiar with--which was a good idea." For this film Hayward suggested. "She was marvelous, out of her depths and aged at the time, playing a strange part. But she gave it her everything." Price says Berger told him she took the part "because she wanted to be seen". Hessler thought Hilary Dwyer was under contract to AIP. "I don't know what the situation was, but they liked her and they kept pushing you to use certain actors. I guess the management must have thought she was star material or something like that."

Filming started November 1969. It took place at the former home of W. S. Gilbert

Wanted (2013 TV program)

Wanted is an Australian crime television program. Its first episode went on air on Network Ten on 8 July 2013 at 8:30PM. Wanted was produced from the Network Ten's Sydney studios in Pyrmont; the show was telecast nationally. Because of Australia's multiple time zones, Wanted was aired live on the East Coast. In South Australia, the Northern Territory and Western Australia, the show aired on a time delay of 30 minutes and 2 hours respectively. Wanted is a criminal investigation show which helps federal and state police directly to solve cold cases, homicides and petty theft cases such as burglaries and vandalism. Wanted is a interactive show which employs a broad range of social media to encourage the public to help solve crimes, with viewers being encouraged to provide immediate information anonymously that could prove an arrest or a lead to close the case. Wanted is presented by news presenters Sandra Sully and Matt Doran, by a team of crime specialists including: Dr Xanthe Mallett Neil Mercer Terry Dalton Forensic anthropologist and criminologist Xanthé Mallett investigates cold cases and finds new evidence to the cases.

In 2010, Mallett made a series in the UK called History Cold Case for BBC2/National Geographic, with a team from the Centre for Anatomy & Human Identification at the University of Dundee. History Cold Case saw skeletons of everyday people from across the ages analysed in staggering detail, opening new windows on the history of our forebears. A second series was broadcast in June 2011. Mallett presented a piece about Jack the Ripper called National Treasures for the BBC in 2011; the live magazine-style format show put science at the heart of programming for the BBC's main entertainment channel. Investigative crime reporter Neil Mercer goes into the field and interviews the victims' families for the main feature story; when he isn't available, Doran or Sully presents the story. Mercer has been a journalist for more than 40 years, he has covered crime since 1981 when he reported on the shooting of criminal Warren Lanfranchi by NSW Detective Sergeant Roger Rogerson. Former Detective Superintendent Terry Dalton brings an experience from over 30 years in the field with NSW Police.

Dalton presents the Petty Theft cases and brings with it a slight comedic twist to the show. Dalton once said in a case of a string of burglaries on a Sydney University that "these crooks are studying how to become a criminal... And they're failing at it". Dalton is 1st Clasp to the medal, he is the recipient of the NSW Police Medal and 3rd Clasp to that medal. He was awarded the Centenary Medal in 2001 for service to policing in the community. Dalton was awarded the Australian Police Medal for distinguished service in the 2010 Queen's Birthday Honours List, he is a Major in the Royal Australian Corps of Military Police attached to ADFIS. He has received the Reserve Forces Medal, Defence Medal and National Service Medal for military service, he has served in the Army Reserve since 1978 and was in the Citizens Military Forces. Only a few reporters have appeared on Wanted, such as Nick Way who covers the stories in Western Australia, appearing on more than half of the ten episodes. Series 1 was aired at 8:30PM on 8 July 2013.

Wanted had a specially designed set in the Ten News studios in Sydney. Series 1 has so far aided State and Federal police in the arrests of 16 fugitives, some of whom were on the Australia's Most Wanted List of the Australian Federal Police. On the final episode of Series 1 on 26 September 2013, it was announced by Doran and Sully that the program would return in 2014. @WantedTVHQ on Twitter

Johann Fischbach

Johann Fischbach was an Austrian painter. He was the son of one of Count Breunerschen's stewards, his art studies began at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, where he studied under Joseph Mössmer and won the Grand Prize for landscape painting in 1821. He moved to set up a studio there, he was instrumental in creating the Salzburg Art Society and a small Academy that numbered Josef Mayburger and Hans Makart's father among its students. In 1851, he built his own villa in Aigen, it is still known as the Fischbachvilla. After the early death of his son August, who had shown great promise, he became depressed and spent the last decade of his life in Munich, away from anything that might be a sad reminder of happier days. Together with Moritz von Schwind and Ludwig Richter, he is considered one of the most important representatives of the Austrian Biedermeier style. Landscapes were his speciality, but he produced genre art, portraits and still lifes; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Michael.

"Fischbach, Johann". In Graves, Robert Edmund. Bryan's Dictionary of Engravers. I. London: George Bell & Sons. Friedrich Pecht, "Fischbach, Johann", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 7, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 47– "Fischbach Johann". In: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950. Vol. 1, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1957, p. 319. Fischbach, Johann, in Constant von Wurzbach, Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, Vol.4, Vienna 1858. ArtNet: Four pages of paintings by Fischbach Niederösterreich Personen Lexikon: Brief biography of Fischbach Literature by and about Johann Fischbach in the German National Library catalogue

Perceptions of religious imagery in natural phenomena

Perceptions of religious imagery in natural phenomena, sometimes called simulacra, are sightings of images with spiritual or religious themes or import to the perceiver. The images perceived, whether iconic or aniconic, may be the faces of religious notables or the manifestation of spiritual symbols in the natural, organic media or phenomena of the natural world; the occurrence or event of perception may be transient or fleeting or may be more enduring and monumental. The phenomenon appears to approach a cultural universal and may accompany nature worship and fetishism, along with more formal or organized belief systems. Within Christian traditions, many instances reported involve images of Jesus or other Christian figures seen in food. Many religious believers view them as real manifestations of miraculous origin; the original phenomena of this type were acheropites: images of major Christian icons such as Jesus and the Virgin Mary which were believed to have been created by supernatural means.

The word acheropite comes from the Greek ἀχειροποίητος, meaning "not created by human hands", the term was first applied to the Turin Shroud and the Veil of Veronica. The term came to apply more to simulacra of a religious or spiritual nature occurring in natural phenomena those seen by believers as being of miraculous origin. Scientifically, such imagery is characterized as a form of pareidolia; this is a false perception of imagery due to what is theorized as the human mind's over-sensitivity to perceiving patterns the pattern of a human face, in otherwise random phenomena. It is suggested that a tendency of religious imagery in Islam to be perceived as Arabic words is made more by the general simplicity of letter forms in the Arabic alphabet; these factors make the word easy to read into many structures with parallel lines or lobes on a common base. The author C. S. Lewis wrote about the implications of perception of religious imagery in questionable circumstances on issues of religious belief and faith.

He argued that people's ready ability to perceive human-like forms around them reflects a religious reality that human existence is immersed in a world containing such beings. The principal reason he believed in religion was because he believed himself to be wired to believe it, just as he believed human beings are wired to perceive inference and other mental logical phenomena as representing truths about the external world that can be learned from, rather than representing purely internal phenomena to be characterized as error, he chose to believe in his wiring for religious perception in the same way and for the same reasons that he chose to believe in his wiring for logic, choosing to use and rely on both as guides to learning about the world rather than regarding them as purely random in origin and discarding them. People continue to have faith in the phenomenon of logic, despite the fact that they sometimes make demonstrably mistaken inferences. From an etic perspective, perception of an image, icon, or sign of religious or spiritual import to the perceiver is indelibly mediated or filtered through culture and worldview.

As Gregory Price Grieve states: What you see is not always what you get. Instead, what we see depends on mediation; that is, because our descriptions of religious images are culturally located, our “naïve” descriptions are neither innocent nor objective. Rather, all social objects are mediated by intervening grounded, culturally generated, particular mechanisms. Moreover, these intervening mechanisms are not only by necessity material, but are marbled through and through with power relations. Psychology of the sacred, taking stock of the human condition, conveys that people construct meaning from that, without meaning. Therefore, both meaning and absence of meaning may be perceived as being co-existents. Cultural context as constructed meaning and memetic transmission engenders social and spiritual comfort in a tenuous and arbitrary lived experience and millieu: perception as a participatory event parsing experience into meaningful units; the crossroads or intersections of evolutionary psychology of religion, pattern recognition and symbolic communication lend to the construction of meanings as group cohesion and bond-forming in human society.

The Virgin Mary accounts for a substantial number of sightings of this type. A typical example is the "Clearwater Virgin", where an image of Mary was reported to have appeared in the glass façade of a finance building in Clearwater and attracted widespread media attention; the building drew an estimated one million visitors over the next several years and was purchased by an Ohio Catholic revivalism group. A local chemist examined the windows and suggested the stain was produced by water deposits combined with weathering, yielding a chemical reaction like that seen on old bottles due to the action of the water sprinkler. On March 1, 2004, the three uppermost panes of the window were broken by a vandal. Other examples of Marian apparitions of this type that have received substantial press coverage include a fence in Coogee, Australia in 2003. Images of the Virgin have been reported

Irina Risenzon

Irina "Ira" Risenzon is a retired Israeli rhythmic gymnast. She is the 2008 Grand Prix Final all-around bronze medalist. Risenzon is Jewish, her family immigrated to Israel. She married Dave Nahmany on 18 July 2011 and they have a daughter. Risenzon is coached by Ira Vigdorchik of Maccabi Holon. Risenzon had her highest placement at the 2009 World Championships held in Mie, Japan finishing 6th in All-around and at the 2008 European Championships in Torino, Italy finishing 8th in All-around, she competed on behalf of Israel at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, placing 9th in the individual all-around competition. She won the All-around bronze medal at the 2008 Grand Prix Final in Slovakia. In 2009, Risenzon won silver medals in the individual hoop event at the Summer Universiade, she has won a pair of bronze medals at the individual apparatus events in ribbon, ball and clubs at the FIG World Cup and Grand Prix Series. Risenzon ended her career in 2010. First Israeli to advance to the Olympics Final finishing 9th in All-around first Israeli to medal at the Grand Prix Final Irina Risezon at the International Gymnastics Federation