William Caslon I known as William Caslon the Elder, was an English typefounder. The distinction and legibility of his type secured him the patronage of the leading printers of the day in England and on the continent, his typefaces transformed English type design and first established an English national typographic style. Caslon was born in Cradley, Worcestershire in 1692 or 1693 and trained as an engraver in nearby Birmingham. In 1716, he started business in London as an engraver of gun locks and barrels and as a bookbinder's tool cutter. Having contact with printers, he was induced to fit up a type foundry through the encouragement of William Bowyer, he died on 23 January 1766, was buried in the churchyard of St Luke Old Street, where the family tomb is preserved. Though his name would come to be identified with an enduring style of Latin alphabet, Caslon's first typefaces were what contemporary typefounders called "exotics." His first design was an Arabic made at the English size, commissioned by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge before 1725, followed by a Hebrew created for William Bowyer in 1726, a Coptic for Wilkins first used in 1731.
His first Latin typefaces were a roman and italic cut in the pica size, of a style, realized by the publication of his foundry's specimen sheet in 1734. Caslon's typefaces were inspired by the Dutch Baroque types, the most used types in England before Caslon's faces. Caslon typefaces were popular and used for many important printed works, including the first printed version of the United States Declaration of Independence. Caslon's types became so popular that the expression about typeface choice, "when in doubt, use Caslon," came about; the Caslon types were revived in the 1840s. Several revivals of the Caslon types are used today. William Caslon I founded the Caslon Foundry in 1739, based on what had been Godfrey Head's; the other half of that business was purchased by son of Thomas James. John James in the period 1716–1764 built up by purchase what became the leading English type foundry of the 18th and early 19th centuries, he acquired moiety of half of Robert Mitchell and Jacob Ilive in 1740.
A and important purchase was the foundry of Thomas Grover in 1758. James combined under his own direction nine old English Foundries. John James, William Caslon I and Baskerville were left by consolidation as the only three representatives of the trade in the country. Caslon had two apprentices in Thomas Cottrell and Joseph Jackson, they started a foundry of their own in direct competition to their employer in 1757. In 1759 Jackson entered the Navy leaving Cottrell to carry on alone. Jackson left the navy in 1763 and continued to be employed in Thomas Cottrell, Neveil's court 1759–1785 Foundry for a short time, he commenced business in a separate Foundry with two fellow workman who helped to find the capital 1764 – 1792. When Jackson died in 1792 it was William Caslon I's grandson, William Caslon III who purchased the foundry in Salisbury Square. Following the death of William Caslon I in 1766, his son William Caslon II took over the Caslon Foundry, running it with the assistance of his wife, Elizabeth née Cartlich, until his own death in 1778.
Elizabeth continued to manage it jointly with her two sons, William Caslon III and Henry Caslon. Henry died in 1788, in 1792 William III sold his share of the business to his mother and his sister-in-law, Elizabeth née Rowe, Henry's widow: the two Elizabeth Caslons continued to run it until the elder Elizabeth's death in 1795; as a result of a legal dispute over the terms of her will, the Foundry was thrown into Chancery and put up for auction in 1799. It was bought by the younger Elizabeth Caslon, who took into partnership a distant relative, Nathaniel Catherwood. Both partners died in 1809; the subsequent proprietors were: Henry Caslon II and F. F. Catherwood, 1809–1821. 1850–1873. H. W. Caslon died in 1873, when the Foundry was acquired by partners. However, the Company name remained H. W. Caslon and Co. Ltd. and continued running until 1937, when it was acquired by Stephenson Blake. Meanwhile, following his sale of his share in the original foundry in 1792, William Caslon III had purchased the Salisbury Square foundry from the estate of the deceased Joseph Jackson, renamed it W. Caslon & Son.
In 1807, W. Caslon & Son was passed to William Caslon IV. In 1819, William IV sold the business to the new Sheffield foundry of Garnett & Co.. In 1837, the Salisbury Square Caslon Foundry became the property of Blake & Co.. In 1998, Justin Howes reestablished the Caslon foundry, under the name H. W. Caslon & Company Limited, with an expanded version of ITC Founder's Caslon as the company's initial product. However, following the death of Justin Howes in 2005, the revived H. W. Caslon & Company was no longer in business, the expanded Founders Caslon is no longer offered in the retail market, his typeface, Caslon This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Caslon". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Ball, Johnson. William Caslon, 1693–1766: the ancestry and connections of England's foremost letter-engraver and type-founder. Kineton: Roundwood Press. ISBN 0900093137. Blackmore, H. L.. "William Caslon, gun engraver". Journal of the Arms and Armour Society.
10: 103–7. Howes, J. (2000
Zeppet Store is a Japanese alternative rock band, formed in 1989. They became known after hide signed them to his record label LEMONed in 1996; the band disbanded in 2005, before reuniting in 2011. Zeppet Store formed in 1989 as a three piece by vocalist and rhythm guitarist Seizi Kimura, lead guitarist Makoto Gomi and bassist Yuichi Nakamura, although drummer Eiki Yanagita joined soon after. In 1996, the band signed to the label LEMONed owned by X Japan guitarist hide and released 716; the album received an American release and the group went on the USA Tour'96. Gomi left in 1997. Guitarist Kenji Akabane did not join until 1998. Zeppet Store disbanded on August 14, 2005. On June 2, 2007, the band sans Akabane reunited with Gomi for a one-night only performance at the 15th anniversary event of the Under Flower Record label. In 2011, Zeppet Store restarted activities, with both Akabane and Gomi, to record a new single with the proceeds going to aid the victims of the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.
The song, called "Smile", was completed on July 16 and released on iTunes on August 13. While a physical CD single of the song, coupled with the B-side "If You Want Me", was given a limited release on September 3; the quintet performed at hide Film Alive ~hide Memorial Day 2012~ on May 2, 2012. They released their tenth studio album Shape 5 on December 13, hide's birthday, went on the Zeppet Store Tour "Come and Go" in January 2013. Zeppet Store contributed a cover of hide's song "Good Bye" to December 2013's Tribute VII -Rock Spirits-; the band began a live tour in March. In 2019, Zeppet Store is celebrating their 30th anniversary in several ways. Two albums containing new recordings of old songs will be released on July 16, 2019; the songs on Transformed were recorded in different music genres, while those on Removed feature acoustic arrangements. Their nationwide 30th anniversary tour titled Transmoved will take place from September 21 to November 1, with some of the dates being acoustic. Seizi Kimura – lead vocals, guitar Yuichi Nakamura – bass Eiki "Yana" Yanagita – drums Kenji Akabane – guitar Makoto Gomi – guitar Swing, Sandpit 716 Cue, Oricon Albums Chart Peak Position: No. 67 Bridge No. 16 Clutch No. 8 Gooseflesh No. 22 Dino No. 70 Slick No. 85 Black Berry Bed No. 219 Shape 5 No. 151 Spice No. 181 Reverb Singles and Rare 1994-2001 4 Come and Go -Live 2013- 716 -Special Edition- No. 241 Open the Secret Box Transformed Removed "Koe", Oricon Singles Chart Peak Position: No. 86 "To Be Free" "Superstition" "Don't Ask Me Why" "Loop" No. 46 "Rose" No. 32 "Motto Motto" No. 30 "Toku Made" No. 32 "Emotion" No. 28 "Distance" No. 35 "Presence" No. 48 "Tightrope" No. 60 "Seek Out" No. 92 "Smile" "Spy" "Angel Will Come" hide presents MIX LEMONed JELLY Zeppet Store performs "Flake", Kimura performs "Angel Will Come" with D.
I. E. from hide with Spread Beaver, recorded on August 26, 1997) Slice -Official Bootleg- 4 Come and Go -Live 2013- LEMONed Tribute Spirits Cafe Le PSYENCE -hide LEMONed Compilation- Tribute VII -Rock Spirits- Official website Seizi Kimura Official site Yuichi Nakamura blog Eika Yanagita Official site Kenji Akabane Official site Makoto Gomi Official site
The Capernwray Missionary Fellowship of Torchbearers, is an evangelical Christian educational organisation based at Capernwray Hall in north Lancashire, England. In 1998 the organisation was incorporated as a UK charitable company. CMFOT was founded by Major W. Ian Thomas in 1947. Other centres have since been established around the world and together form a worldwide fellowship known as Torchbearers International, with headquarters at Ravencrest Chalet, Estes Park, Colorado, USA. Torchbearers International's goal is to provide practical Christian education to develop personal spiritual growth, prepare people for an effective Church life, teach a working knowledge of the Bible; the organization works by providing a number of Bible schools and Christian conference centres on the world. CMFOT's founder, Major W. Ian Thomas, was an evangelical teacher and has been identified with the Keswick Convention ministry; the main thrust of his theology is that of the exchanged life or'Christ in You'. Major Thomas' sons have continued from their father in the wider organisation.
Mark Thomas was the managing director at Capernwray Hall, Chris Thomas was the International Director and Director at Ravencrest, United States and Peter Thomas is director at Capernwray New Zealand and Moss Vale, Australia. Capernwray was first used as a Bible School in Autumn 1947, to meet a demand for Bible teaching from the many new converts from holiday conferences held at the Hall; the school has matured and grown over the years and now has intakes each Winter and Spring, to a capacity of around 190 students, from sometimes as many as 30 different nations. During the Summer and Christmas breaks the facilities are used for Christian conferences and holidays. Capernwray started off as a Christian holiday centre and this activity continues to be a vital part of the ministry today; the holidays on offer cater for a mixed age range of young people, families and a cross-section of adults. Guests come from around the United Kingdom and from overseas, including many from Germany, still maintaining a link that goes back more than 60 years.
The history of Torchbearers can be traced back to brokenness when Major W. Ian Thomas came to the end of himself in his own effort to please God, it was right at that point where Christ began to produce what has become a fellowship of like-minded people who have discovered that the only One, able to produce true godliness is God Himself. The Torchbearers centres, which are now scattered around the world, are a testimony to the risen Christ bringing into being that which otherwise could not have been, they are international and interdenominational by nature, appreciate the freedom to keep the person of Christ at the centre of their teaching and fellowship, instead of the things which too divide. Charity Commission. Capernwray Missionary Fellowship of Torchbearers, registered charity no. 1073139