William Foxwell Albright was an American archaeologist, biblical scholar and expert on ceramics. Albright was born in Coquimbo, the eldest of six children of American evangelical Methodist missionaries Wilbur Finley Albright and Cornish American Zephine Viola Foxwell. Albright was an alumnus of Upper Iowa University, he had four sons. He received his Ph. D. from Johns Hopkins University, Maryland, in 1916 and took a professorship there in 1927, remaining as W. W. Spence Professor of Semitic Languages from 1930 to his retirement in 1958, he was the Director of the American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem, 1922–1929, 1933–1936, did important archaeological work at sites in Israel such as Gibeah and Tell Beit Mirsim. Albright became known to the public for his role in the authentication of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1948, but made his scholarly reputation as the leading theorist and practitioner of biblical archaeology, "that branch of archaeology that sheds light upon "the social and political structure, the religious concepts and practices and other human activities and relationships that are found in the Bible or pertain to peoples mentioned in the Bible."
Albright was not, however, a biblical literalist. Although a biblical archaeologist, Albright was a polymath who made contributions in every field of Near Eastern studies: an example of his range is a BASOR 130 paper titled "New Light from Egypt on the Chronology and History of Israel and Judah," in which he established that Shoshenq I—the Biblical Shishaq—came to power somewhere between 945 and 940 BC. A prolific author, his major works include Yahweh and the Gods of Canaan, The Archaeology of Palestine: From the Stone Age to Christianity, The Biblical Period from Abraham to Ezra, he edited the Anchor Bible volumes on Jeremiah and Revelation. Throughout his life Albright was honored with numerous awards, honorary doctorates, medals, was given the title "Yakir Yerushalayim" —the first time the award had been given to a non-Jew, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1956. After his death, his legacy continued as a large number of scholars, inspired by his work, became specialists in the areas Albright had pioneered.
The American School of Oriental Research, Jerusalem, is now known as the Albright Institute of Archaeological Research, in honor of Albright's exceptional contributions to the field. From the early twentieth century until his death, he was the dean of biblical archaeologists and the acknowledged founder of the Biblical archaeology movement. Most notably, coming from his own background in radical German historical criticism of the historicity of the Biblical accounts, through his seminal work in archaeology arrived at the conclusion that the biblical accounts of Israelite history were, contrary to the dominant German literary criticism of the day accurate; this area is still contested among scholars. His student George Ernest Wright followed in his footsteps as the leader of the biblical archaeology movement, contributing definitive work at Shechem and Gezer. Albright inspired and worked with the first generation of world-class Israeli archaeologists, who have carried on his work, maintained his perspective.
Other students, notably Joseph Fitzmyer, S. J. Frank Moore Cross, Raymond E. Brown, David Noel Freedman, became international leaders in the study of the Bible and the ancient Near East, including Northwest Semitic epigraphy and paleography. John Bright, Cyrus H. McCormick Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament Interpretation at Union Seminary in Richmond, went on to become "the first distinguished American historian of the Old Testament" and "arguably the most influential scholar of the Albright school", owing to his "distinctly American commonsense flavor, similar to that of W James", thus Albright and his students achieved a wide reach and were influential in American higher education from the 1940s through the 1970s, after which revisionist scholars of merit such as T. L. Thompson, John Van Seters, Niels Peter Lemche, Philip R. Davies developed and advanced their own minimalist critique of Albright's view that archaeology supports the broad outlines of the history of Israel as presented in the Bible.
Like other academic polymaths, W. F. Albright created and soundly established the new discipline of Biblical Archaeology, taught now at major and elite universities on a worldwide basis and has exponents across national and religious lines. Albright's publication in the Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research, 1932, of his excavations of Tell Beit Mirsim, further descriptions of the Bronze Age and Iron Age layers of the site in 1938 and 1943, marked a major contribution to the professional dating of sites based on ceramic typologies, one, still in use today with only minor changes. "With this work, Albright made Israeli archaeology into a science, instead of what it had been: a digging in which the details are more or less well-described in an indifferent chronologica
The 11205 / 06 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Karimnagar Express is an Express train belonging to Indian Railways - Central Railway zone that runs between Lokmanya Tilak Terminus & Karimnagar in India. It operates as train number 11205 from Lokmanya Tilak Terminus to Karimnagar and as train number 11206 in the reverse direction serving the states of Maharashtra & Telangana, it was Started as Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Nizamabad Express on 27 October 2013, after 5 years on 26 December 2018 it was extended to Karimnagar and now runs as Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Karimnagar Express. The 11205 / 06 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Karimnagar Express has 1 AC 2 tier, 2 AC 3 tier, 6 Sleeper Class, 11 General Unreserved & 2 SLR coaches, it does not carry a Pantry car coach. As is customary with most train services in India, Coach Composition may be amended at the discretion of Indian Railways depending on demand; the 11205 / 06 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Karimnagar Express has a rake sharing arrangement with 11202 / 01 Ajni Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Express Express as follows: 11205 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Karimnagar Express leaves Lokmanya Tilak Terminus on Saturday reaching Karimnagar on Sunday.
11206 Karimnagar Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Express leaves Karimnagar on Sunday arriving at Lokmanya Tilak Terminus on Monday. 11205 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Karimnagar Express covers the distance of 705 kilometres in 16 hours 35 mins & in 14 hours 40 mins as 11206 Karimnagar Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Express. As the average speed of the train is below 55 km/h, as per Indian Railway rules, its fare does not include a Superfast surcharge; the 11205 / 06 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Karimnagar Express runs from Lokmanya Tilak Terminus via Kalyan Junction, Manmad Junction, Jalna, Parbhani Junction, Nizamabad to Karimnagar. Despite electrification of 35% of the route, a Kalyan-based WDM 3D locomotive powers the train for its entire journey. "Welcome to Indian Railway Passenger reservation Enquiry". Indianrail.gov.in. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014. "IRCTC Online Passenger Reservation System". Irctc.co.in. Retrieved 5 April 2014. " Welcome to IRFCA.org, the home of IRFCA on the internet".
Irfca.org. Retrieved 5 April 2014
Word Alive is an annual evangelical Christian conference originated by a partnership of the UK Christian organisations UCCF and Keswick Ministries. The conference is focussed on Bible teaching, corporate worship, family time; the conference is a continuation of the former Word Alive event. As well as attracting around 4000 guests, the conference has included the largest evangelical student conference in Europe. Word Alive is billed as "a Bible holiday week inspiring and refreshing the whole body". There is a full adult programme throughout the day along with activities focussed for children and youth. There is a specially tailored'Student Track' conference, one of the largest Christian student conferences in Europe; the Student Track joins the main programme for the morning Bible Readings, the centrepiece of Word Alive, during which the main speaker for the week gives an in-depth bible study. There are a variety of sessions available throughout the day – Bible studies, activity groups and worship meetings – all designed to equip children, young people and adults to serve their church and reach the world with the good news of Jesus Christ.
In the evening there is an'After Hours' programme featuring contemporary worship, film nights, live interviews, comedy nights, gigs, as well as the anticipated Cèilidh. The majority of guests stay in the on-site accommodation provided at the holiday centre, with options for either self-catering or dinner and breakfast. There are Day Visitor and Events Passes available for those wishing to stay off site in nearby hotels, B&B establishments or cottages. From 2008 to 2011 Word Alive was held at the Haven Holiday Park, Hafan y Mor, near Pwllheli in North Wales. From 2012 the conference moved to Prestatyn Sands, North Wales. "Situated between the rolling hills of North Wales and miles of award winning beaches, there is plenty to do in the local area: visit the majestic Conwy Castle, enjoy the fun of the Rhyl Water Park, or plan a climb up Snowdon! Prestatyn Holiday Park itself has plenty to offer for the children; as well as Captain Crocs Driving School and skate park, we provide a Clownfish activity area and 5-a-side football and volleyball competitions every year."
The first Word Alive event took place as part of Spring Harvest in 1993 and was a partnership between UCCF, Keswick Ministries, Spring Harvest and the Proclamation Trust. In 2007, it was announced that Word Alive would no longer be a part of Spring Harvest, from 2008 would run independently in Pwllheli, rather than Skegness. Press releases explaining the split were released by UCCF, Keswick Ministries and Bishop Pete Broadbent of the Spring Harvest leadership team; the statements emphasise different factors leading up to the decision to cease working together. Following a subsequent statement by Pete Broadbent all sides accept that disagreements over Spring Harvest leadership team member Steve Chalke's view of the atonement played at least some part in the split. From 2008 until 2015 the conference has been run over two separate weeks, with different speakers on each. From 2016 onwards Word Alive was run for a single week only. Word Alive UCCF page on Word Alive Christian Today article on separation from Spring Harvest Article and statements on the reasons for the separation between Word Alive and Spring Harvest