William Cuthbert Faulkner was an American writer and Nobel Prize laureate from Oxford, Mississippi. Faulkner wrote novels, short stories, poetry, a play, he is known for his novels and short stories set in the fictional Yoknapatawpha County, based on Lafayette County, where he spent most of his life. Faulkner is one of the most celebrated writers in American literature and Southern literature specifically. Though his work was published as early as 1919 and during the 1920s and 1930s, Faulkner's renown reached its peak upon the publication of Malcolm Cowley's The Portable Faulkner and his 1949 Nobel Prize in Literature, making him the only Mississippi-born Nobel winner. Two of his works, A Fable and his last novel The Reivers, each won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. In 1998, the Modern Library ranked his 1929 novel The Sound and the Fury sixth on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century. Absalom, Absalom! Appears on similar lists. Born William Cuthbert Falkner in New Albany, William Faulkner was the first of four sons of Murry Cuthbert Falkner and Maud Butler.
He had three younger brothers: Murry Charles "Jack" Falkner, author John Faulkner, Dean Swift Falkner. Soon after his first birthday, his family moved to Ripley, where his father Murry worked as the treasurer for the family-owned Gulf & Chicago Railroad Company. Murry hoped to inherit the railroad from his father, John Wesley Thompson Falkner, but John had little confidence in Murry's ability to run a business and sold it for $75,000. Following the sale of the railroad business, Murry proposed a plan to get a new start for his family by moving to Texas and becoming a rancher. Maud disagreed with this proposition and they moved instead to Oxford, where Murry's father owned several businesses, making it easy for Murry to find work. Thus, four days prior to William's fifth birthday, the Falkner family settled in Oxford, where he lived on and off for the rest of his life, his family his mother Maud, his maternal grandmother Lelia Butler, Caroline "Callie" Barr crucially influenced the development of Faulkner's artistic imagination.
Both his mother and grandmother were avid readers as well as painters and photographers, educating him in visual language. While Murry enjoyed the outdoors and encouraged his sons to hunt and fish, Maud valued education and took pleasure in reading and going to church, she taught her sons to read before sending them to public school and exposed them to classics such as Charles Dickens and Grimms' Fairy Tales. Faulkner's lifelong education by Callie Barr is central to his novels' preoccupations with the politics of sexuality and race; as a schoolchild, Faulkner had success early on. He excelled in the first grade, skipped the second, did well through the third and fourth grades. However, beginning somewhere in the fourth and fifth grades of his schooling, Faulkner became a much quieter and more withdrawn child, he began to play hooky and became somewhat indifferent to his schoolwork, instead taking interest in studying the history of Mississippi on his own time beginning in the seventh grade. The decline of his performance in school continued, Faulkner wound up repeating the eleventh and twelfth grade, never graduating from high school.
Faulkner spent his boyhood listening to stories told to him by his elders including those of the Civil War, the Ku Klux Klan, the Falkner family. Faulkner's grandfather would tell him of the exploits of William's great-grandfather and namesake, William Clark Falkner, a successful businessman and Civil War hero. Telling stories about "Old Colonel", as his family called him, had become something of a family pastime when Faulkner was a boy. According to one of Faulkner's biographers, by the time William was born, his great-grandfather had "been enshrined long since as a household deity."When he was 17, Faulkner met Phil Stone, who became an important early influence on his writing. Stone came from one of Oxford's older families. Faulkner attended the latter, joined the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, pursued his dream to become a writer. Stone read and was impressed by some of Faulkner's early poetry, becoming one of the first to recognize and encourage Faulkner's talent. Stone mentored the young Faulkner, introducing him to the works of writers such as James Joyce, who influenced Faulkner's own writing.
In his early 20s, Faulkner gave poems and short stories he had written to Stone in hopes of their being published. Stone would in turn send these to publishers; the younger Faulkner was influenced by the history of his family and the region in which he lived. Mississippi marked his sense of humor, his sense of the tragic position of "black and white" Americans, his characterization of Southern characters, his timeless themes, including fiercely intelligent people dwelling behind the façades of good ol' boys and simpletons. Unable to join the United States Army due to his height, Faulkner enlisted in a reservist unit of the British Army in Toronto. Despite his claims, records indicate that Faulkner was never a member of the British Royal Flying Corps and ne
Ela Orleans is a Polish composer, multi-instrumentalist and singer. Orleans uses acoustic instruments to create a diverse and layered music, she performs as both a musician and DJ. Her work as a songwriter in many instances uses 1950s and 1960s pop as its basis, by way of everything from electronica to Éthiopiques, from Polish folk to Bernard Herrmann's film scores for Alfred Hitchcock. Orleans is based after years in New York and Warsaw. Various independent labels around the world since 2008 have released her solo studio albums, as well as compilations and collaborations with artists such as Dirty Beaches, U. S. Girls and The Pastels. Orleans has scored music for TV, opera, she has made festival appearances across the UK, Europe and North America. She had her work presented internationally in galleries such as Tate Britain. Orleans describes her music as "movies for ears", she receives international acclaim from the fringe and mainstream worlds. Q magazine acknowledges Ela Orleans' "prolific track record on the fringes of experimental music, both as a sound collagist and film composer".
Uncut magazine has lauded Ela Orleans for her "beautifully confusing solo albums". The Wire magazine asserted that Orleans' "spectral pop enchants and disturbs, revealing new secrets with each listen". Thurston Moore in the Mojo magazine review of 2014 remarked on Ela Orleans' "astounding soundscapes, though it's her beautiful voice that galvanises the music. … The best thing I've heard all year." Other noted supporters of Orleans' music include DJ Andrew Weatherall, singer-songwriter Tim Burgess, director David Lynch, author Ian Rankin and indie group The Pastels. Ela Orleans graduated from the National College of Fine Arts in Bielsko-Biala, Poland, in 1991, she completed her master's degree at the Aleksander Zelwerowicz National Academy of Dramatic Art in Warsaw, in 1997. That same year, Orleans moved to Glasgow and, under the name Lizzy Swimmers, joined collage-pop group Hassle Hound. Ela Orleans returned to Warsaw in 2000, she continued to work with Hassle Hound, collaborated with German composer Marcus Schmickler and began to create solo material.
The UK indie Pickled Egg Records released Scaring the Grass in the Garden, the debut album from Hassle Hound, in 2002. The next year, experimental French label Textile Records released a split EP with Hassle Hound and the Australian duo Sun, comprising multi-instrumentalist Oren Ambarchi and composer Chris Townsend. Orleans moved to New York in 2004, where she played with experimental group Jackie-O Motherfucker, jazz drummer Kevin Shea, collaborated with various noise artists. Twisted Nerve, the label founded by indie singer-songwriter Badly Drawn Boy and musician-DJ Andy Votel, that year issued "Appalachian Listening Post", a Hassle Hound single, in 2006 the electronic music label Staubgold put out their second album, Limelight Cordial. Hassle Hound split up in 2008, Orleans began to release her solo work. Italian indie Setola Di Maiale issued the debut Ela Orleans album, Low Sun, High Moon, in 2009 France's La Station Radar put out the vinyl release Lost; this year saw Ela Orleans win two mentorships.
Orleans worked under the aegis of composer David Shire, known for soundtracks including The Taking of Pelham One Two Three, Francis Ford Coppola's The Conversation, All the President's Men, after Broadcast Music, Inc. the United States performing rights organisation, chose her for its film scoring mentorship program. The New York Foundation for the Arts in addition paired Orleans with Viennese composer Lukas Ligeti after it selected her for its Immigrant Artist Mentoring Program. Ela Orleans began an ongoing collaboration in 2010 as composer for TVP1 and TVP Kultura the prime and arts channels of Poland's largest television network. A further Hassle Hound album, Born in a Night appeared this year. Double Feature, a split album with electro-rockabilly artist Dirty Beaches, came out in 2011, as did the third full Ela Orleans album, Mars Is Heaven, NEO PI-R, a compilation of four-track recordings on Clan Destine Records; the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art included the Ela Orleans piece "Amsler Grid" in its exhibition An Exchange with Sol LeWitt, a celebration of the conceptual artist LeWitt's creative relationships.
This year saw Orleans move back to Glasgow, the next saw the release of Statement, a split album with Dirty Beaches, art-rock performer Slim Twig and the indie-electronica group based around Meghan Remy, U. S. Girls. Orleans in addition released 80 Minutes of Funk in a split cassette with Curt Crackrach. Orleans collaborated on several occasions with Skitter on drone soundscapes, which culminated in 2013's De fléchettes; the song "Light in Extension", released under the name Tract, an experimental acid-techno alter ego of Ela Orleans, appeared on the Clan Destine compilation Dark Acid III. Ela Orleans' double album Tumult in Clouds meanwhile beat nominees including Hookworms, Broadcast and My Bloody Valentine to win the Mercury Prize alternative, the inaugural Dead Albatross Music Prize. Orleans remixed "Kali
G. Marthandan is an Indian film director who works in Malayalam cinema. G. Marthandan was born to M. S. Gopalan Nair and P. Kamalamma at Changanassery in Kottayam district of Kerala, he did his schooling at NSS Boys School Changanassery and completed his bachelor's degree in Economics at NSS Hindu College, Changanassery. After completing his bachelor's degree, Marthandan entered films as an associate director with the unreleased film Swarnachamaram directed by Rajeevnath in 1995, his next work was British Market, directed by Nissar in 1998. He worked as an associate director for 18 years, he made his directional debut with Daivathinte Swantham Cleetus in 2013, starring Mammooty in the lead role. His next movie was in 2015, Acha Dhin, with Mammooty and Mansi Sharma in the lead roles. Daivathinte Swantham Cleetus and Paavada were box office successes. Ramu Kariat Film Award - Paavada JCI Foundation Award - Daivathinte Swantham Cleetus G. Marthandan on Facebook G. Marthandan on IMDb