William Fortescue, 1st Earl of Clermont

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William Henry Fortescue, 1st Earl of Clermont (1722–1806), mezzotint engraving of portrait by Thomas Hudson (1701–1779)[1]
William Fortescue, 1st Earl of Clermont, 1802 caricature
Arms of Fortescue: Azure, a bend engrailed argent, plain cotised or
44 Berkeley Square, London townhouse of Lord Clermont. In the 1960s it became the first home of the Clermont Club, an exclusive gambling club. Today the basement is the location of the exclusive nightclub Annabel's, operated originally as part of the Clermont Club
Clermont Hall in the parish of Little Cressingham, Norfolk, originally built as a shooting lodge by the 1st Earl of Clermont and extended by his nephew Viscount Clermont

William Henry Fortescue, 1st Earl of Clermont KP (5 August 1722 – 30 September 1806) was an Irish peer and politician.

Origins[edit]

He was the eldest son of Thomas Fortescue (1683–1769), a Member of Parliament for Dundalk. His younger brother was James Fortescue, MP and Privy Counsellor.

Career[edit]

He served as High Sheriff of Louth in 1746. He represented Louth in the Irish House of Commons from 1745 to 1760 and subsequently Monaghan Borough from 1761 to 1770. In 1768 he sat briefly as Member of Parliament for Dundalk before opting to sit for Monaghan Borough, for which he had also been elected. He was appointed Governor and Custos Rotulorum of County Monaghan for life in 1775, standing down just before his death in 1806. He was created Earl of Clermont in 1777 and a Knight Founder of the Order of St Patrick on 30 March 1795.[2] He was a francophile and it is believed on that account he selected Clermont as the name of his earldom.[3]

He had horseracing interests and his racing silks were all crimson.[4] He was known in racing circles as the Father of the Turf and won the Derby with his horse Aimwell.[5]

He had a country estate in Norfolk and his London townhouse was 44 Berkeley Square in Mayfair, which he purchased after the death of its builder, Lady Isabella Finch (1700-1771), the 7th daughter of Daniel Finch, 7th Earl of Winchilsea, 2nd Earl of Nottingham. In the early 1960s it became the home of the Clermont Club, an exclusive gambling club, and its basement and garden is still occupied today by the exclusive nightclub Annabel's.[6]

Marriage & progeny[edit]

He married Frances Cairnes Murray, a daughter and co-heiress of Colonel John Murray, MP for County Monaghan, by whom he had an only daughter:

  • Louisa Fortescue.

Death, burial & succession[edit]

He died aged 85 at Brighton[7] on 29 September 1806, without male progeny, and was buried at Little Cressingham Church in Norfolk, in which parish was situated Clermont Lodge (now Clermont Hall), his shooting lodge. A brass tablet survives inscribed as follows:[8]

Near this place lyeth the body of William Henry Fortescue Viscount Clermont, and Earl of Clermont in Ireland, who departed this life on the 29th day of September, 1806, in the 85th year of his age. This monument is erected in obedience to his will by his executor William Charles Fortescue, now Viscount Clermont, who was in Ireland at the time of his decease.

As he died without male progeny his Earldom of Clermont and 1770 Barony of Clermont became extinct whilst his Viscountcy and 1776 Barony of Clermont were inherited by his nephew William Charles Fortescue, who had been MP for Louth (Parliament of Ireland constituency) and then Louth (UK Parliament constituency) since 1796.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Original painting owned in 1864 by Thomas Fortescue, 1st Baron Clermont (1815–1887) (Clermont, Lord (Thomas Fortescue), History of the Family of Fortescue in all its Branches, (first published 1869) 2nd edition London, 1880[1], image opposite p.211[2])
  2. ^ Rayment, Leigh. "Knights of the Order of St Patrick". Retrieved 2008-12-13. 
  3. ^ 44 Berkeley Square, A Commentary by Lord Kinross Illustrated by Adrian Daintrey, London, 1962[3]
  4. ^ Weatherby, Edward and James (1801). "COLOURS WORN BY THE RIDERS OF THE FOLLOWING NOBLEMEN, GENTLEMEN, &c". Racing Calendar. 28: 52. 
  5. ^ Kinross, Lord
  6. ^ 44 Berkeley Square, A Commentary by Lord Kinross Illustrated by Adrian Daintrey, London, 1962[4]
  7. ^ Clermont, Lord (Thomas Fortescue), History of the Family of Fortescue in all its Branches, (first published 1869) 2nd edition London, 1880, p.213[5]
  8. ^ Lord Clermont, 1880, p.214
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Henry Bellingham
Member of Parliament for Louth
1745–1760
With: Henry Bellingham 1745–1755
Thomas Tipping 1755–1761
Succeeded by
Anthony Foster
James Fortescue
Preceded by
William Blair
Oliver Anketell
Member of Parliament for Monaghan Borough
1761–1770
With: Richard Dawson 1761–1767
Richard Power 1767–1768
Robert Cuninghame 1768–1771
Succeeded by
Henry Westenra
Robert Cuninghame
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Earl of Clermont
1777–1806
Extinct
Viscount Clermont
1776–1806
Succeeded by
William Fortescue