Cumberland County, Virginia
Cumberland County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,052, its county seat is Cumberland. Cumberland County was established in 1749 from Goochland County; the county is named for William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, second son of King George II of Great Britain. Cumberland County was home to the Fleming family, which included Judge John Fleming and his son Judge William Fleming. From 1749 until the eastern portion was detached to form Powhatan County in 1777, Mosby Tavern served as the county courthouse; the tavern subsequently became known as "Old Cumberland Courthouse." In 1778 the narrow triangular area bordering the southern bank of the James River was annexed from Buckingham County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 300 square miles, of which 297 sq mi is land and 2.3 sq mi is water. Goochland County – northeast Powhatan County – east Amelia County – southeast Prince Edward County – south Buckingham County – west Fluvanna County – northwest US 60 SR 13 SR 45 This rural county suffered a long decline in population from 1880 to 1970, as the number of workers needed for agriculture was reduced through mechanization.
Since its population has grown, reaching a peak in 2010 nearly equal to its 19th-century high. As of the census of 2000, there were 9,017 people, 3,528 households, 2,487 families residing in the county; the population density was 30 people per square mile. There were 4,085 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 60.37% White, 37.44% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.59% from other races, 1.06% from two or more races. 1.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,528 households out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 14.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.50% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,816, the median income for a family was $37,965. Males had a median income of $28,846 versus $22,521 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,103. 15.10% of the population and 11.90% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 19.60% are under the age of 18 and 16.10% are 65 or older. District 1: William F. Osl, Jr. District 2: Lloyd Banks, Jr. Chairman District 3: Kevin Ingle District 4: David Meinhard District 5: Parker Wheeler Clerk of the Circuit Court: Sarah A. "Kate" Spry Commissioner of the Revenue: Julie A. Phillips Commonwealth's Attorney: Patricia Scales Sheriff: Darrell Hodges Treasurer: L. O. Pfeiffer, Jr. Cumberland County is represented by Republican Mark Peake in the Virginia Senate, Republican Thomas C. Wright, Jr. in the Virginia House of Delegates, Republican Tom A. Garrett, Jr. in the U.
S. House of Representatives. Farmville Cartersville Cumberland Tamworth Bear Creek Lake State Park is located 4.5 miles northwest of the town of Cumberland. Bear Creek Lake features overnight cabins, a lodge, permanent camp sites, picnic shelters. Swimming and boating are allowed at the lake, boat rentals are available; the park has trails for hiking and running. The 16,233-acre Cumberland State Forest is north of U. S. Route 60, west of State Route 45 and bordered on the west by the Willis River; the Forest has multiple purposes, including watershed protection, timber production, hunting and applied forest research. There are two self-guided trails at Cumberland State Forest that are open for walking, hiking and mountain bikes; these are the Willis River Hiking Trail. White-tailed deer, wild turkey, bobcats are common residents of this natural area; the State forest features five lakes which may be fished from with a Virginia State fishing license, including: Oak Hill Lake, Bear Creek Lake, Winston Lake, Arrowhead Lake, Bonbrook Lake.
Justice Paul Carrington, second member appointed of the Virginia Supreme Court. Born at "Boston Hill". National Register of Historic Places listings in Cumberland County, Virginia Cumberland County's Official Website http://www.cucps.k12.va.us/ http://www.cumberlandva.com/
John Page (Virginia politician)
John Page was a figure in early United States history. He served in the U. S. Congress and as the 13th Governor of Virginia. Page was lived at Rosewell Plantation in Gloucester County, he was the son of Mann Page. His great-great-grandfather was Colonel John Page, an English merchant from Middlesex who emigrated to Virginia with his wife Alice Lucken Page and settled in Middle Plantation, he was the brother of Mann Page III. John Page graduated from the College of William and Mary in 1763, where he was a friend and closest college classmate of Thomas Jefferson, having exchanged a great deal of correspondence, he served under George Washington in an expedition during the French and Indian War. He was a delegate to the state constitutional convention in 1776, he served during the American Revolutionary War as an officer in the Virginia state militia, raising a regiment from Gloucester County and supplementing it with personal funds. During that war, he attained the rank of colonel. Page was involved in politics.
He became the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia and served 1776–1779. He was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates 1781–1783 and 1785 – 1788. Page was elected to the First United States Congress and reelected to the Second and Third, to the Fourth as a Republican. Overall, he was Congressman from March 4, 1789 to March 3, 1797. After his terms in Congress, he was again a member of the Virginia House of Delegates in 1797, 1798, 1800, 1801, he became the Governor of Virginia in 1802 and served to 1805. After being governor, he was appointed United States commissioner of loans for Virginia and held office until his death in Richmond, Virginia on October 11, 1808, he was interred in St. John's Churchyard in Richmond. John Page was married in 1765 to Frances Burwell daughter of Col Robert "Robin" Burwell, together they had 12 children though only 7 lived to adulthood. Of the seven adult children five married children of Gov. Thomas Nelson thereby forging a major alliance between the Page and Nelson families, there was Burwell blood on both sides, the Burwell's by these marriages became close relatives of the Page & Nelson families for at least three generations.
John Page was instrumental in getting Frances' brother Nathaniel appointed to the Governor's council and together Page and Burwell opposed Lord Dunmore's proclamation against Patrick Henry. Page and Burwell building the council that read like a list of Patriots, there stand against Britain shaping the American Revolution. John Page was married to the early American poet, Margaret Lowther Page, host to a vibrant literary salon at the Rosewell Plantation. John Page himself was a poet who wrote several poems about national political issues, including Shay's rebellion and the Virginia Religious Disestablishment Act. Page's niece by marriage, Judith Lomax, was a poet. Governor Page was quoted by George W. Bush in his inaugural address in 2001. Writing to his friend Jefferson shortly after the Declaration of Independence was published, Page said of the Declaration and the Revolution: "We know the race is not to the swift nor the battle to the strong. Do you not think an angel rides in the whirlwind and directs this storm".
The Page family was one of the First Families of Virginia. Governor John Page, his brother Mann Page, U. S. Ambassador to Italy Thomas Nelson Page, Virginian Railway builder William Nelson Page. Page County, located in the Shenandoah Valley, was formed in 1831 and named for Governor John Page. Bearing his name is a residence hall at the College of William and Mary. 1789. S. House of Representatives defeating Spencer Roane and Meriwether Smith 1790. John Page Mann Page, Rosewell This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov. A Guide to the Governor John Page Executive Papers, 1802–1805 at The Library of VirginiaUnited States Congress. "John Page". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
John Smith (explorer)
John Smith was an English soldier, colonial governor, Admiral of New England, author. He played an important role in the establishment of the Jamestown colony, the first permanent English settlement in North America, in the early 17th century. Smith was a leader of the Virginia Colony based at Jamestown between September 1608 and August 1609, led an exploration along the rivers of Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay, during which he became the first English explorer to map the Chesapeake Bay area, he explored and mapped the coast of New England. He was knighted for his services to Sigismund Báthory, Prince of Transylvania, his friend Mózes Székely; when Jamestown was established in 1607, Smith trained the first settlers to farm and work, thus saving the colony from early devastation. He publicly stated "He that will not work, shall not eat", equivalent to the 2nd Thessalonians 3:10 in the Bible. Harsh weather, lack of food and water, the surrounding swampy wilderness, attacks from local Indians destroyed the colony.
With Smith's leadership, Jamestown survived and flourished. Smith was forced to return to England after being injured by an accidental explosion of gunpowder in a canoe. Smith's books and maps were important in encouraging and supporting English colonization of the New World, he gave the name New England to the region, now the Northeastern United States and noted: "Here every man may be master and owner of his owne labour and land... If he have nothing but his hands, he may... by industries grow rich." Smith died in London in 1631. The exact birth date of John Smith is unclear, he was baptized on 6 January 1580 at Willoughby, near Alford, where his parents rented a farm from Lord Willoughby. He claimed descent from the ancient Smith family of Cuerdley and was educated at King Edward VI Grammar School, Louth from 1592 to 1595. After his father died, Smith set off to sea, he served as a mercenary in the army of Henry IV of France against the Spaniards, fighting for Dutch independence from King Philip II of Spain.
He set off for the Mediterranean. There he engaged in both trade and piracy, fought against the Ottoman Turks in the Long Turkish War. Smith was promoted to a cavalry captain while fighting for the Austrian Habsburgs in Hungary in the campaign of Michael the Brave in 1600 and 1601. After the death of Michael the Brave, he fought for Radu Șerban in Wallachia against Ottoman vassal Ieremia Movilă. Smith is reputed to have killed and beheaded three Ottoman challengers in single-combat duels, for which he was knighted by the Prince of Transylvania and given a horse and a coat of arms showing three Turks' heads. However, in 1602, he was wounded in a skirmish with the Crimean Tatars and sold as a slave; as Smith describes it: "we all sold for slaves, like beasts in a market". Smith claimed that his master, a Turkish nobleman, sent him as a gift to his Greek mistress in Constantinople, who fell in love with Smith, he was taken to the Crimea, where he escaped from Ottoman lands into Muscovy on to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth before traveling through Europe and North Africa, returning to England in 1604.
In 1606, Smith became involved with the Virginia Company of London's plan to colonize Virginia for profit. The expedition set sail in three small ships, the Discovery, the Susan Constant, the Godspeed, on 20 December 1606, his page was a 12-year-old boy named Samuel Collier. During the voyage, Smith was charged with mutiny, Captain Christopher Newport had planned to execute him; these events happened when the expedition stopped in the Canary Islands for resupply of water and provisions. Smith was under arrest for most of the trip. However, upon first landing at what is now Cape Henry on 26 April 1607, unsealed orders from the Virginia Company designated Smith as one of the leaders of the new colony, thus sparing Smith from the gallows. By the summer of 1607, the English colonists were still living in temporary housing; the search for a suitable site ended on 14 May 1607 when Captain Edward Maria Wingfield, president of the council, chose the Jamestown site as the location for the colony. After the four-month ocean trip, their food stores were sufficient only for each to have a cup or two of grain-meal per day.
Due to swampy conditions and widespread disease, someone died every day. By September, more than 60 of the 104 brought by Newport were dead; the men may well have died from poor nutrition. In early January 1608, nearly 100 new settlers arrived with Captain Newport on the First Supply, through carelessness the village was set on fire; that winter the James River froze over, the settlers were forced to live in the burnt ruins. During this time, they wasted much of the three months that Newport and his crew were in port loading their ships with iron pyrite. Food supplies ran low, although the Native Americans brought some food, Smith wrote that "more than half of us died". In 1608, Smith spent that summer exploring Chesapeake Bay waterways and produced a map, of great value to Virginia explorers for more than a century. In October 1608, Newport brought a second shipment of supplies along with 70 new settlers, including the first women; some German and Slovak craftsmen arrived, but they brought no food supplies.
Newport brought with him a list of counterfeit Virginia Company orders which angered John Smith greatly. He wrote an angry letter in response. One of the orders was to crown the Native American leader Powhatan emperor and give him a fancy bedstead. The
Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. At the 2010 census, the population was 242,803. Norfolk is located at the core of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area, named for the large natural harbor of the same name located at the mouth of Chesapeake Bay, it is one of nine cities and seven counties that constitute the Hampton Roads metro area known as the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MSA. The city is bordered to the north by the Chesapeake Bay, it shares land borders with the independent cities of Chesapeake to its south and Virginia Beach to its east. Norfolk is one of the oldest cities in Hampton Roads, is considered to be the historic, urban and cultural center of the region; the city has a long history as a strategic transportation point. The largest Navy base in the world, Naval Station Norfolk, is located in Norfolk along with one of NATO's two Strategic Command headquarters; the city has the corporate headquarters of Norfolk Southern Railway, one of North America's principal Class I railroads, Maersk Line, which manages the world's largest fleet of US-flag vessels.
As the city is bordered by multiple bodies of water, Norfolk has many miles of riverfront and bayfront property, including beaches on the Chesapeake Bay. It is linked to its neighbors by an extensive network of interstate highways, bridges and three bridge-tunnel complexes, which are the only bridge-tunnels in the United States. In 1619 the Governor of the Virginia Colony, Sir George Yeardley, incorporated four jurisdictions, termed citties, for the developed portion of the colony; these formed the basis for colonial representative government in the newly minted House of Burgesses. What would become Norfolk was put under the Elizabeth Cittie incorporation. In 1634 King Charles I reorganized the colony into a system of shires; the former Elizabeth Cittie became Elizabeth City Shire. After persuading 105 people to settle in the colony, Adam Thoroughgood was granted a large land holding, through the head rights system, along the Lynnhaven River in 1636; when the South Hampton Roads portion of the shire was separated, Thoroughgood suggested the name of his birthplace for the newly formed New Norfolk County.
One year it was divided into two counties, Upper Norfolk and Lower Norfolk, chiefly on Thoroughgood's recommendation. This area of Virginia became known as the place of entrepreneurs, including men of the Virginia Company of London. Norfolk developed in the late-seventeenth century as a "Half Moone" fort was constructed and 50 acres were acquired from local natives of the Powhatan Confederacy in exchange for 10,000 pounds of tobacco; the House of Burgesses established the "Towne of Lower Norfolk County" in 1680. In 1691, a final county subdivision took place when Lower Norfolk County split to form Norfolk County and Princess Anne County. Norfolk was incorporated in 1705. In 1730, a tobacco inspection site was located here. According to the Tobacco Inspection Act, the inspection was "At Norfolk Town, upon the fort land, in the County of Norfolk. In 1736 George II granted it a royal charter as a borough. By 1775, Norfolk developed into what contemporary observers argued was the most prosperous city in Virginia.
It was an important port for exporting goods beyond. In part because of its merchants' numerous trading ties with other parts of the British Empire, Norfolk served as a strong base of Loyalist support during the early part of the American Revolution. After fleeing the colonial capital of Williamsburg, the Royal Governor of Virginia, John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, tried to reestablish control of the colony from Norfolk. Dunmore secured small victories at Norfolk but was soon driven into exile by the Virginia militia, commanded by Colonel Woodford, his departure brought an end to more than 168 years of British colonial rule in Virginia. On New Year's Day, 1776, Lord Dunmore's fleet of three ships shelled the city of Norfolk for more than eight hours; the gunfire, combined with fires started by the British and spread by the Patriots, destroyed more than 800 buildings, constituting nearly two-thirds of the city. The Patriot forces destroyed the remaining buildings for strategic reasons the following month.
Only the walls of Saint Paul's Episcopal Church survived subsequent fires. A cannonball from the bombardment remains within the wall of Saint Paul's. Following recovery from the Revolutionary War's burning and her citizens struggled to rebuild. In 1804, another serious fire along the city's waterfront destroyed some 300 buildings and the city suffered a serious economic setback. During the 1820s, agrarian communities across the American South suffered a prolonged recession, which caused many families to migrate to other areas. Many moved further into Kentucky and Tennessee; such migration followed the exhaustion of soil due to tobacco cultivation in the Tidewater, where it had been the primary commodity crop for generations. Virginia made some attempts to phase out slavery and manumissions increased in the two decades following the war. Thomas Jefferson Randolph gained passage of an 1832 resolution for gradual abolition in the state. However, by that time the increased demand fr
Alma mater is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university, school, or college that one attended. In US usage it can mean the school from which one graduated; the phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Fine arts will depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its current usage, alma mater was an honorific title for various Latin mother goddesses Ceres or Cybele, in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary, it entered academic usage when the University of Bologna adopted the motto Alma Mater Studiorum, which describes its heritage as the oldest operating university in the Western world. It is related to alumnus, a term used for a university graduate that means a "nursling" or "one, nourished". Although alma was a common epithet for Ceres, Cybele and other mother goddesses, it was not used in conjunction with mater in classical Latin. In the Oxford Latin Dictionary, the phrase is attributed to Lucretius' De rerum natura, where it is used as an epithet to describe an earth goddess: After the fall of Rome, the term came into Christian liturgical usage in association with the Virgin Mary.
"Alma Redemptoris Mater" is a well-known 11th century antiphon devoted to Mary. The earliest documented use of the term to refer to a university in an English-speaking country is in 1600, when the University of Cambridge printer, John Legate, began using an emblem for the university's press; the device's first-known appearance is on the title-page of William Perkins' A Golden Chain, where the Latin phrase Alma Mater Cantabrigia is inscribed on a pedestal bearing a nude, lactating woman wearing a mural crown. In English etymological reference works, the first university-related usage is cited in 1710, when an academic mother figure is mentioned in a remembrance of Henry More by Richard Ward. Many historic European universities have adopted Alma Mater as part of the Latin translation of their official name; the University of Bologna Latin name, Alma Mater Studiorum, refers to its status as the oldest continuously operating university in the world. Other European universities, such as the Alma Mater Lipsiensis in Leipzig, Germany, or Alma Mater Jagiellonica, have used the expression in conjunction with geographical or foundational characteristics.
At least one, the Alma Mater Europaea in Salzburg, Austria, an international university founded by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2010, uses the term as its official name. In the United States, the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, has been called the "Alma Mater of the Nation" because of its ties to the country's founding. At Queen's University in Kingston and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, the main student government is known as the Alma Mater Society; the ancient Roman world had many statues of the Alma Mater, some still extant. Modern sculptures are found in prominent locations on several American university campuses. For example, in the United States: there is a well-known bronze statue of Alma Mater by Daniel Chester French situated on the steps of Columbia University's Low Library. An altarpiece mural in Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library, painted in 1932 by Eugene Savage, depicts the Alma Mater as a bearer of light and truth, standing in the midst of the personified arts and sciences.
Outside the United States, there is an Alma Mater sculpture on the steps of the monumental entrance to the Universidad de La Habana, in Havana, Cuba. The statue was cast in 1919 by Mario Korbel, with Feliciana Villalón Wilson as the inspiration for Alma Mater, it was installed in its current location in 1927, at the direction of architect Raul Otero. Media related to Alma mater at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of alma mater at Wiktionary Alma Mater Europaea website
Cabell County, West Virginia
Cabell County is a county in the U. S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 96,319, making it West Virginia's fourth-most populous county, its county seat is Huntington. The county was organized in 1809 and named for William H. Cabell, the Governor of Virginia from 1805 to 1808. Cabell County is part of the WV-KY-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 288 square miles, of which 281 square miles is land and 7.0 square miles is water. Interstate 64 U. S. Route 52 U. S. Route 60 West Virginia Route 2 West Virginia Route 10 West Virginia Route 152 West Virginia Route 527 West Virginia Route 19 Gallia County, Ohio Mason County Putnam County Lincoln County Wayne County Lawrence County, Ohio As of the census of 2000, there were 96,784 people, 41,180 households, 25,490 families residing in the county; the population density was 344 people per square mile. There were 45,615 housing units at an average density of 162 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 93.37% White, 4.29% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, 1.14% from two or more races. 0.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 41,180 households out of which 25.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.10% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.10% were non-families. 31.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.85. In the county, the population was spread out with 20.00% under the age of 18, 13.50% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,479, the median income for a family was $37,691.
Males had a median income of $31,780 versus $22,243 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,638. About 13.70% of families and 19.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.60% of those under age 18 and 10.80% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 96,319 people, 41,223 households, 24,308 families residing in the county; the population density was 342.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 46,169 housing units at an average density of 164.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 91.6% white, 5.0% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.2% were Irish, 16.5% were English, 15.9% were German, 10.7% were American. Of the 41,223 households, 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.0% were non-families, 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 38.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $34,492 and the median income for a family was $48,323. Males had a median income of $39,523 versus $28,952 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,907. About 15.3% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over. For most of its history, Cabell County was a swing county, voting for the national winner in every presidential election from 1912 to 2004 aside from 1924 & 1960. However, similar to the rest of West Virginia, it has become a Republican stronghold, with Donald Trump winning the county by a margin of 25 percent over Hillary Clinton. Huntington Milton Barboursville Culloden Lesage Pea Ridge Salt Rock James F. Adams, Union Army soldier in the American Civil War, recipient of the Medal of Honor. Albert G. Jenkins, lawyer and Confederate general Alberta Gallatin Jenkins and screen actress, daughter of Albert G. Jenkins.
Evan Jenkins: State Senator and US Congressman of West Virginia Eli C. D. Shortridge, third Governor of North Dakota from 1893 to 1895. Thomas Hannan, revolutionary war soldier, settler of Cabell County. Lelia Ariana Mather, 1844-1936, mother of Henry Mather Greene and Charles Sumner Greene, architects working as "Greene & Greene." Designed numerous homes in Pasadena, CA in the early 1900's, including the famous "Gamble House." <milliongraves> Beech Fork State Park Green Bottom Wildlife Management Area National Register of Historic Places listings in Cabell County, West Virginia County website Cabell-Huntington Convention and Visitors Bureau Cabell County Assessor Cabell County Schools Cabell County Public Library
The Honorable George Percy was an English explorer and early Colonial Governor of Virginia. George Percy was born in England, the youngest son of Henry Percy, 8th Earl of Northumberland and Lady Catherine Neville, he was sickly for much of his life suffering from epilepsy or severe asthma. He graduated from Oxford University in 1597. While at university, he gained admission to the Middle Temple. Percy's vocation was the military, his first service came in the Dutch struggle for independence from Spain in the early 1600s. He served in Ireland. Percy was part of the first group of 105 English colonists to settle the Jamestown Colony, he kept a journal of his voyage. He arrived in Virginia in April 1607 and recorded the struggles of the colonists to cope with the American environment and the Powhatan Native Americans. "Thus we lived for the space of five months in this miserable distress," he wrote in his journal, "not having five able men to man our bulwarks upon any occasion."Although Percy had a higher social rank than all of the other first colonists, he was denied a seat on the Virginia Council.
He took the lead in the early life of the colony, taking part in the expedition to the James River falls in May and June 1607. In autumn 1607, he sided with the President of the colony, Edward Maria Wingfield, subsequently deposed by John Ratcliffe, Gabriel Archer, John Smith. From late 1607 until autumn 1609, Percy had little power in Jamestown but served as Smith's subordinate; when Smith left the colony in September 1609, Percy assumed the presidency of the colony. However, his persistent illness kept him from executing his office, leaving the duties of the presidency to Ratcliffe and John Martin, it was during Percy's tenure that the colony suffered through the "Starving Time" in the winter of 1609-10. "Now all of us at James Town beginning to feel that sharp prick of hunger, which no man describe but he which hath tasted the bitterness thereof," he recounted later. Percy accomplished little while President, other than to order to construction of Fort Algernon at Old Point Comfort; when Sir Thomas Gates arrived in May 1610, Percy surrendered control of the colony to him.
In June 1610, Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr arrived in Jamestown and with a commission to serve as the colony's governor. De la Warr named him captain of the Jamestown fort. In August 1610, De la Warre sent Percy and seventy men to attack the Paspahegh and Chickahominy Indians; the force ravaged the Indians' settlements, burning their buildings, decimating their crops, indiscriminately killing men and children. Percy led the successful defence of the Jamestown fort against an Indian attack and earned the praise of De La Warr; when the Governor returned to England in March 1611, he appointed Percy to lead the colony in his absence. "But the winds not favoring them, they were enforced to shape their course directly for England--my lord having left and appointed me deputy governor in his absence, to execute martial law or any other power and authority as absolute as himself." Percy's term as Governor lasted until April 1612, when he departed for England. After his service as Virginia colony governor, Percy returned to England but remained interested in colonization schemes.
In 1615, he found no supporters. In 1620, he returned to military service. Percy returned to the Netherlands in 1621, he was the commander of a company in the Low Countries in 1627. George Percy married Anne Floyd; the couple had Anne Percy, who married Governor John West. Jeffrey D. Groves, "George Percy," in American National Biography, ed. John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes, 17:318-19. John W. Shirley, "George Percy at Jamestown, 1607-1612," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 57: 227-43. Philip L. Barbour, "The Honorable George Percy, Premier Chronicler of the First Virginia Voyage," Early American Literature 6: 7-17. Brenan, Gerald. A History of the House of Percy, from the Earliest Times Down to the Present. London: Freemantle. Pp. 208–9