William Hogarth was an English painter, pictorial satirist, social critic, editorial cartoonist. His work ranges from realistic portraiture to comic strip-like series of pictures called "modern moral subjects", He is best known for his series A Harlot's Progress, A Rake's Progress and Marriage A-la-Mode. Knowledge of his work is so pervasive that satirical political illustrations in this style are referred to as "Hogarthian". Hogarth was born in London to a lower-middle-class family. In his youth he did not complete the apprenticeship, his father underwent periods of mixed fortune, was at one time imprisoned in lieu of outstanding debts, an event, thought to have informed William's paintings and prints with a hard edge. Influenced by French and Italian painting and engraving, Hogarth's works are satirical caricatures, sometimes bawdily sexual of the first rank of realistic portraiture, they became popular and mass-produced via prints in his lifetime, he was by far the most significant English artist of his generation.
Charles Lamb deemed Hogarth's images to be books, filled with "the teeming, suggestive meaning of words. Other pictures we look at. William Hogarth was born at Bartholomew Close in London to Richard Hogarth, a poor Latin school teacher and textbook writer, Anne Gibbons. In his youth he was apprenticed to the engraver Ellis Gamble in Leicester Fields, where he learned to engrave trade cards and similar products. Young Hogarth took a lively interest in the street life of the metropolis and the London fairs, amused himself by sketching the characters he saw. Around the same time, his father, who had opened an unsuccessful Latin-speaking coffee house at St John's Gate, was imprisoned for debt in the Fleet Prison for five years. Hogarth never spoke of his father's imprisonment. Hogarth became a member of the Rose and Crown Club, with Peter Tillemans, George Vertue, Michael Dahl, other artists and connoisseurs. By April 1720, Hogarth was an engraver in his own right, at first engraving coats of arms, shop bills, designing plates for booksellers.
In 1727 he was hired by Joshua Morris, a tapestry worker, to prepare a design for the Element of Earth. Morris heard that he was "an engraver, no painter", declined the work when completed. Hogarth accordingly sued him for the money in the Westminster Court, where the case was decided in his favour on 28 May 1728. In 1757 he was appointed Serjeant Painter to the King. Early satirical works included an Emblematical Print on the South Sea Scheme, about the disastrous stock market crash of 1720 known as the South Sea Bubble, in which many English people lost a great deal of money. In the bottom left corner, he shows Protestant and Jewish figures gambling, while in the middle there is a huge machine, like a merry-go-round, which people are boarding. At the top is a goat, written below, "Who'l Ride"; the people are scattered around the picture with a sense of disorder, while the progress of the well dressed people towards the ride in the middle shows the foolishness of the crowd in buying stock in the South Sea Company, which spent more time issuing stock than anything else.
Other early works include The Lottery. The latter is a satire on contemporary follies, such as the masquerades of the Swiss impresario John James Heidegger, the popular Italian opera singers, John Rich's pantomimes at Lincoln's Inn Fields, the exaggerated popularity of Lord Burlington's protégé, the architect and painter William Kent, he continued that theme with the Large Masquerade Ticket. In 1726 Hogarth prepared twelve large engravings illustrating Samuel Butler's Hudibras; these he himself valued and they are among his best book illustrations. In the following years he turned his attention to the production of small "conversation pieces". Among his efforts in oil between 1728 and 1732 were The Fountaine Family, The Assembly at Wanstead House, The House of Commons examining Bambridge, several pictures of the chief actors in John Gay's popular The Beggar's Opera. One of his real-life subjects was Sarah Malcolm. One of Hogarth's masterpieces of this period is the depiction of an amateur performance by children of John Dryden's The Indian Emperor, or The Conquest of Mexico at the home of John Conduitt, master of the mint, in St George's Street, Hanover Square.
Hogarth's other works in the 1730s include A Midnight Modern Conversation, Southwark Fair, The Sleeping Congregation and After, Scholars at a Lecture, The Company of Undertakers, The Distrest Poet, The Four Times of the Day, Strolling Actresses Dressing in a Barn. He might have printed Burlington Gate, evoked by Alexander Pope's Epistle to Lord Burlington, defending Lord Chandos, therein satirized; this print gave great offence, was suppressed. However, modern authorities such as Ronald Paulson no longer attribute it to Hogarth. In 1731 Hogarth completed the earliest of his series of moral works, a body of work that led to significant recognition; the collection of six scenes was entitled A Harlot's Progress and appeared first as paintings before being published as engravings. A Harlot's Progress depicts the fate of a country girl who begins prosti
Lieutenant General Withers Alexander Burress was United States Army officer, a graduate and commandant of the Virginia Military Institute as well as a career U. S. Army officer and combat commander in World War I and World War II. Born in Richmond, Virginia in 1894, Burress attended and graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1914. On November 30, 1916, he was commissioned a second lieutenant into the Infantry Branch of the United States Army; the American entry into World War I on April 6, 1917 saw him posted to the 23rd Infantry Regiment, which became part of the newly created 2nd Infantry Division. He saw combat on the Western Front with the regiment as a regimental operations officer, serving in nearly all of the division's major engagements. On November 2, 1919, a year after the war ended on November 11, 1918, he returned to the United States with the permanent rank of captain, he attended the U. S. Army Infantry School at Fort Benning, the U. S. Army Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth and the U.
S. Army War College at Washington Barracks in Washington, D. C. From 1935 to 1940, Burress was a professor of military science and served as commandant of the Virginia Military Institute. In 1940, he was assigned to the War Department General Staff in Washington, D. C. In 1941, with the outbreak of World War II, Burress had returned to Fort Benning as Assistant Commandant of the U. S. Army Infantry School. In early 1942, he assigned to the Puerto Rican Department, he was given command of the 100th Infantry Division upon its mobilization at Fort Jackson, South Carolina in November 1942. Burress continued in his command, taking the division to France in October 1944; as part of the Seventh Army's VI Corps, the division went into combat in the Vosges Mountains of northeastern France through the Rhineland and Central European campaigns until November, 1945, making Burress one of eleven generals to command one of the U. S. Army's 90 divisions from mobilization to the end of the war. On September 22, 1945, he was promoted to command of the VI Corps served as Inspector General for European Command.
In May 1947, he was one of three commanders of the United States Constabulary, the post-war occupation police force in West Germany. In 1949, he returned to EURCOM as its intelligence director later took command of VII Corps, he was the Commandant of the U. S. Army Infantry School. In 1952, his final posting was as commander of the First Army at Fort Jay at Governors Island in New York City, New York. In November 1954, he retired from the U. S. Army after 38 years of active duty; that same month, on November 19, 1954, he received a ticker-tape parade down the Canyon of Heroes on Broadway in Manhattan, New York. He died in an Arlington, Virginia nursing home on June 13, 1977, aged 82, is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Hofmann, George F. "Cold War Mounted Warriors: U. S. Constabulary in Occupied Germany", Armor: Professional Journal of Mounted Warfare "Maj. Gen. W. A. Burress to Succeed Crittenberger as First Army Chief", New York Times, New York, p. 1, 1952, retrieved 2008-02-24 "Gen. Withers A. Burress, Head Of First Army During 1950s", The Washington Post, Washington, D.
C. pp. C6, 1977 Story of the Century The 100th Division Coldwar.org U. S. Constabulary, 1946–1952 Downtown Alliance Commemorates 204 Canyon of Heroes Parades
The second season of the television series Dallas aired on CBS during the 1978–79 TV season. In alphabetical order: Barbara Bel Geddes as Miss Ellie Ewing Jim Davis as Jock Ewing Patrick Duffy as Bobby Ewing Linda Gray as Sue Ellen Ewing Larry Hagman as J. R. Ewing Steve Kanaly as Ray Krebbs Victoria Principal as Pamela Barnes Ewing Charlene Tilton as Lucy Ewing Ken Kercheval as Cliff Barnes Tina Louise as Julie Tina Louise as Julie first credited as Guest Star after the opening credits, the following episode with Also Starring status David Wayne as Willard "Digger" Barnes John McIntire as Sam Culver Several long running Dallas cast members debut during the second season. Most notably Susan Howard, who became a series regular in Season 5, made her first appearance as Donna Culver. Additionally, Don Starr, Fern Fitzgerald, Paul Sorensen, Robert Ackerman, Sherril Lynn Rettino, Barbara Babcock, James Brown, Karlene Crockett, John Zaremba, Meg Gallagher all appeared for the first time. After being played by Donna Bullock in Season 1, by Ann Ford and Nancy Bleier in Season 2, Jeanna Michaels joined the cast as Connie Brasher, Bobby's secretary, during Season 2, thus becoming the final and longest lasting actress in the role, playing her until Season 4.
David Ackroyd and Joan Van Ark appeared as Lucy's parents Valene Ewing. In 1979, both characters returned in their own series, Dallas spinoff Knots Landing, with Ted Shackelford replacing Ackroyd, continued to appear in Dallas until the mid 1980s. Both characters returned for the series finale "Conundrum" in 1991. Colleen Camp appeared as Kristin Shepard, a character recast by Mary Crosby the following year, receiving an "also starring" billing. Morgan Fairchild appeared as the first of three actresses to play Jenna Wade, with Jenna portrayed by Francine Tacker in Season 3, by series regular Priscilla Presley from Seasons 7–11. Laurie Lynn Myers appeared as Jenna's daughter Charlie portrayed by Shalane McCall from Seasons 7–11. Martha Scott appeared in one episode as Patricia Shepard, but returned for recurring episodes during seasons 3 and 9. Series creator David Jacobs writes the first two episodes of the season, introducing the characters of Gary and Valene, continues as creative consultant until halfway through the season, when he left Dallas to create Knots Landing.
Producer Leonard Katzman writes and direct his first episodes, replaces Jacobs as showrunner, remaining on the show until its closure in 1991. Additional writers include the returning Camille Marchetta and Arthur Bernard Lewis, as well as newcomers Darlene Craviotto, Jim Inman, Worley Thorne, Rena Down, D. C. Fontana and Richard Fontana. Lee Rich and Philip Capice continue to serve as executive producers. Katzman serves as producer, Cliff Fenneman as associate producer. Arthur Bernard Lewis was promoted executive story editor, with Camille Marchetta serving as story editor; the second season was released, alongside season one, by Warner Home Video on a Region 1 DVD box set on August 24, 2004. The box includes five double-sided DVDs, alongside the two seasons' 29 episodes, it include a SOAPnet’s Soap Talk Dallas reunion featurette, three commentary tracks, by actors Larry Hagman and Charlene Tilton, series creator David Jacobs. 1) "Reunion" September 23, 1978 – #56 2) "Reunion" September 30, 1978 – #59 3) "Old Acquaintances" October 7, 1978 – #58 4) "Bypass" October 14, 1978 – #52 5) "Black Market Baby" October 15, 1978 – #42 6) "Double Wedding" October 21, 1978 – #48 7) "Runaway" October 28, 1978 – #35 8) "Election" November 5, 1978 – #48 9) "Survival" November 12, 1978 – #18 10) "Act of Love" November 19, 1978 – #41 11) "Triangle" November 26, 1978 – #39 12) "Fallen Idol" December 3, 1978 – #23 13) "Kidnapped" December 17, 1978 – #18 14) "Home Again" January 7, 1979 – #11 15) "For Love or Money" January 14, 1979 – #33 16) "Julie's Return" January 26, 1979 – #32 17) "The Red File" February 2, 1979 – #30 18) "The Red File" February 9, 1979 – #18 19) "Sue Ellen's Sister" February 16, 1979 – #23 20) "Call Girl" February 23, 1979 – #37 21) "Royal Marriage" March 9, 1979 – #20 22) "The Outsiders" March 16, 1979 – #28 23) "John Ewing, III" March 23, 1979 – #14 24) "John Ewing, III" March 30, 1979 – #11 Template:Episode list/ List of Dallas season 2 episodes at the Internet Movie Database