click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

William Saroyan

William Saroyan was an Armenian-American novelist and short story writer. He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1940, in 1943 won the Academy Award for Best Story for the film adaptation of his novel The Human Comedy. Saroyan wrote extensively about the Armenian immigrant life in California. Many of his stories and plays are set in his native Fresno; some of his best-known works are The Time of Your Life, My Name Is Aram and My Heart's in the Highlands. He has been described in a Dickinson College news release as "one of the most prominent literary figures of the mid-20th century" and by Stephen Fry as "one of the most underrated writers of the century." Fry suggests that "he takes his place alongside Hemingway and Faulkner." William Saroyan was born on August 31, 1908, in Fresno, California, to Armenak and Takuhi Saroyan, Armenian immigrants from Bitlis, Ottoman Empire. His father started preaching in Armenian Apostolic churches. At the age of three, after his father's death, along with his brother and sister, was placed in an orphanage in Oakland, California.

He went on to describe his experience in the orphanage in his writings. Five years the family reunited in Fresno, where his mother, had secured work at a cannery, he continued his education on his own, supporting himself with jobs, such as working as an office manager for the San Francisco Telegraph Company. Saroyan decided to become a writer. A few of his early short articles were published in Overland Monthly, his first stories appeared in the 1930s. Among these was "The Broken Wheel", written under the name Sirak Goryan and published in the Armenian journal Hairenik in 1933. Many of Saroyan's stories were based on his childhood experiences among the Armenian-American fruit growers of the San Joaquin Valley or dealt with the rootlessness of the immigrant; the short story collection My Name is Aram, an international bestseller, was about a young boy and the colorful characters of his immigrant family. It has been translated into many languages; as a writer, Saroyan made his breakthrough in Story magazine with "The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze", the title taken from the nineteenth-century song of the same title.

The protagonist — a young, starving writer who tries to survive in a Depression-ridden society — resembles the penniless writer in Knut Hamsun's 1890 novel Hunger, but lacks the anger and nihilism of Hamsun's narrator. Through the air on the flying trapeze, his mind hummed. Amusing it was, astoundingly funny. A trapeze to God, or to nothing, a flying trapeze to some sort of eternity; the story was republished in a collection whose royalties enabled Saroyan to travel to Europe and Armenia, where he learned to love the taste of Russian cigarettes, once observing, "You may tend to get cancer from the thing that makes you want to smoke so much, not from the smoking itself". His advice to a young writer was: "Try to learn to breathe deeply. Try as much as possible to be wholly alive with all your might, when you laugh, laugh like hell." Saroyan endeavored to create a prose style full of zest for life and impressionistic, that came to be called "Saroyanesque". Saroyan's stories celebrated optimism in the midst of the tribulations of the Depression.

He worked hardly editing his text, drinking and gambling away much of his earnings. I am an estranged man, said the liar: estranged from myself, from my family, my fellow man, my country, my world, my time, my culture. I am not estranged from God, although I am a disbeliever in everything about God excepting God indefinable, inside all and careless of all. Saroyan published essays and memoirs, in which he depicted the people he had met on travels in the Soviet Union and Europe, such as the playwright George Bernard Shaw, the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius, Charlie Chaplin. In 1952, Saroyan published The Bicycle Rider in Beverly Hills, the first of several volumes of memoirs. Several other works were drawn from his own experiences, although his approach to autobiographical fact contained a fair bit of poetic license. Drawn from such personal sources, Saroyan's plays disregarded the convention that conflict is essential to drama. My Heart's in the Highlands, his first play, a comedy about a young boy and his Armenian family, was produced at the Guild Theatre in New York.

He is best remembered for his play The Time of Your Life, set in a waterfront saloon in San Francisco. It won a Pulitzer Prize, which Saroyan refused on the grounds that commerce should not judge the arts; the play was adapted into a 1948 film starring James Cagney. Before the war, Saroyan had worked on the screenplay of Golden Boy, based on Clifford Odets's play, but he never had much success in Hollywood. A second screenplay, The Human Comedy is set in the fictional California town of Ithaca in the San Joaquin Valley, where young telegraph messenger Homer bears witness to the sorrows and joys of life during World War II. "Mrs. Sandoval," Homer said swiftly, "your son is dead. Maybe it's a mistake. Maybe it wasn't your son. Maybe it was somebody else; the telegram says. But maybe the telegram is wrong... Having hired Saroyan to write the MGM screenplay, Louis B. Mayer balked at its length, but Saroyan would not compromise and was removed from directing the project, he turned the script into a novel

Trilobite zone

Trilobites are used as index fossils to subdivide the Cambrian period. Assemblages of trilobites define trilobite zones; the Olenellus-zone has traditionally marked the top of the Lower Cambrian, is followed by the Eokochaspis zone. The last two zones of the Middle Cambrian are the Bathyuriscus–Elrathina-zone and the subsequent Bolaspidella-zone; these are overlain by the lowermost Upper Cambrian Cedaria-zone. Alternative zoning names place the Burgess Shale in the Peronopsis bonnerensis-zone, underlain by the Oryctocephalus indicus-zone and overlain by the Ptychagnostus punctuosus-zone; the lower Middle Cambrian Glossopleura-zone is above the Albertella-zone. The Elvinia-zone is upper Cambrian, it has been proposed to subdivide the Olenellus-zone. The following zones have been proposed to replace the Upper Olenellus-zone; each lower boundary is defined by the first occurrence of the naming species. Each upper boundary is defined by the first occurrence of the naming species of the overlying zone.

In case of the youngest zone, this is Eokochaspis nodosa, that marks the base of the Wuliuan. Nephrolenellus multinodus-zone. Species: Nephrolenellus multinodus, Mesonacis fremonti, Olenellus terminatus s.l. Olenellus puertoblancoensis s.l. Olenellus fowleri s.l. Olenellus gilberti, Bolbolenellus brevispinus, Olenellus chiefensis, Olenellus sp.1, Nephrolenellus geniculatus, Olenellus sp.2, Olenellus howelli. Bolbolenellus euryparia-zone. Species: Bolbolenellus euryparia, Mesonacis fremonti, Bristolia fragilis s.l. Olenellus terminatus s.l. Olenellus fowleri s.l. Olenellus puertoblancoensis s.l. Olenellus gilberti, Biceratops nevadensis, Bristolia brachyomma. Peachella iddingsi-zone. Species: Peachella iddingsi, Mesonacis fremonti, Olenellus nevadensis, Bristolia anteros, Bristolia fragilis s.l. Olenellus terminatus s.l. Paranephrolenellus besti, Peachella brevispina. Bristolia insolens-zone. Species: Bristolia insolens, Mesonacis fremonti, Olenellus nevadensis, Olenellus clarki, Olenellus sp.3, Paranephrolenellus klondykensis, Bristolia harringtoni, Bristolia bristolensis, Bristolia anteros, Bristolia fragilis s.l.

Paranephrolenellus inflatus, Eopeachella angustispina. Bristolia mohavensis-zone. Species: Bristolia mohavensis, Mesonacis fremonti, Olenellus nevadensis, Olenellus clarki, Olenellus sp.3, Bristolia harringtoni, Bristolia bristolensis. Arcuolenellus arcuatus-zone. Species: Arcuolenellus arcuatus, Arcuolenellus aff. megafrontatis, Mesonacis cylindricus, Olenellus nevadensis, Olenellus clarki, Mesonacis fremonti, Olenellus sp.3

Okara Park

Okara Park known commercially as Semenoff Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Whangarei, New Zealand. It is used for rugby union matches and is the home stadium of Northland Rugby Union; the stadium is able to hold 18,500 people and was built in 1965. The park has had a $16m redevelopment with the new grandstand known as the Northland Events Centre being built; the new development has turned Okara Park into a multi-purpose Northland sports hub. Despite Okara Park only having a capacity for 30,000 people at a stretch, there was a match of Rugby Union in 1979 where around 40,000 people crammed into the stadium thanks to its large embankment; the occasion for this record crowd was the defence by the local side, North Auckland, of the prized Ranfurly Shield against Auckland. The stadium has held national games, including the New Zealand Māori rugby league team beating the Great Britain Lions 40-28 in 1996 and the New Zealand Māori rugby union team beating the Tongan national side 66–7 at Okara Park in 1998.

It has hosted matches between Northland and touring international sides such as the British and Irish Lions, Tonga and Fiji in the last two decades. In 2010, Okara Park hosted a match of the New Zealand Maori Rugby centenary series, with New Zealand Māori playing the New Zealand Barbarians in what was an All Blacks trial match; the stadium was used as a venue for the 2011 Rugby World Cup. The stadium hosted two group stage matches, Tonga vs. Japan. On 1 November 2014, the stadium hosted its first rugby league international when New Zealand played Samoa as part of the 2014 Rugby League Four Nations. New Zealand won the match 14-12. On 3 June 2017, the 2017 British and Irish Lions began their tour here with a 13-7 win against New Zealand Barbarians

Léon Gambetta-class cruiser

The Léon Gambetta-class cruisers were a group of three armored cruisers built for the French Navy during the first decade of the 20th century. The Léon Gambetta-class ships were designed as enlarged and more powerful versions of the Gloire-class armored cruisers, their crew enlisted men, or 821 when serving as a flagship. The ships measured 149.1 meters overall, with a beam of 22.5 meters and a draft of 8.2 meters Designed to displace 12,351 metric tons, they displaced 11,959 to 13,108 metric tons. The ships had each driving one propeller shaft; the engines were rated at a total of 27,500 indicated horsepower, using steam provided by 20 or 28 water-tube boilers. They had a designed speed of 22.5 knots. They carried up to 2,065 long tons of coal and could steam for 12,000 nautical miles at a speed of 10 knots; the main armament of the Léon Gambetta-class cruisers consisted of four 194 mm guns mounted in twin-gun turrets fore and aft of the superstructure. Their intermediate armament was sixteen 164 mm guns.

Twelve of these were in twin-gun turrets on the sides of the ship and the other four were in casemates. For anti-torpedo boat defense, they carried, they were armed with two or four submerged 450-millimeter torpedo tubes. The waterline armored belt of the Léon Gambettas was 150 millimeters thick amidships and tapered to 70 millimeters towards the bow and stern; the conning tower had armored sides 200 millimeters thick. The main-gun turrets were protected by 200 millimeters of armor and the intermediate turrets by 130–160 millimeters; the casemates had armor 140 millimeters thick. The ships were named after notable statesmen of the French Republic; the Minister of the Navy from 1902 to 1905, Camille Pelletan, chose these names for the armoured cruisers in order to honour left-wing statesmen, philosophers or historians, such as Waldeck-Rousseau, Jules Michelet, Ernest Renan, or Edgar Quinet, as the officers of the French Navy were reputed to have rather right-wing Royalist sympathies. Under his authority, for the same reason, six battleships were given names as République, Patrie, Démocratie, Liberté, or Vérité.

Léon Gambetta was torpedoed and sunk in 1915. Jules Ferry served until 1927. Victor Hugo until 1928. Chesneau, Roger & Kolesnik, Eugene M. eds.. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4. Jordan, John & Caresse, Philippe. French Armoured Cruisers 1887–1932. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-5267-4118-9. Silverstone, Paul H.. Directory of the World's Capital Ships. New York: Hippocrene Books. ISBN 0-88254-979-0. Sondhaus, Lawrence; the Great War at Sea: A Naval History of the First World War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-03690-1. Media related to Léon Gambetta class armoured cruisers at Wikimedia Commons

One Dangerous Night

One Dangerous Night is the tenth Lone Wolf film produced by Columbia Pictures. It features Warren William in his seventh and second-to-last performance as the protagonist jewel thief turned detective Lone Wolf, Warren Ashe as Sidney Shaw, the film's antagonist; the film was directed by Michael Gordon and written by Arnold Phillips, Max Nosseck, Donald Davis. One Dangerous Night centres on former jewel thief Michael Lanyard known by his alias "Lone Wolf", aiming to clear his name after he is accused of murdering a jewel smuggler. Filming took place in September 1942. One Dangerous Night was theatrically released in the United States on January 22, 1943. Former jewel thief and reformed detective Michael Lanyard, or the Lone Wolf, is driving to a party with his butler Jamison. Halfway through the journey, they come across Eve Andrews, who requests that they bring her to Harry Cooper's residence. Meanwhile, Cooper, an unprofessed criminal, is carrying out a scheme to loot the jewelry of select wealthy persons — namely, Jane Merrick, Sonia Budenny and Andrews.

Cooper is killed. Lanyard, who happens to be at the scene, is pinpointed by the suspicious police as the perpetrator, he escapes but is found by magazine writer Sidney Shaw, who agrees not to rat Lanyard out in exchange for a scoop. The Lone Wolf is unable to find a lead, he is captured by two criminals working under Arthur, Cooper's right-hand man. Lanyard breaks flees, reuniting with Jamison and Shaw; the trio sneak into Cooper's house and decide to tail Arthur, leaving for the airport. The criminal turns out to be meeting a female teen named Patricia Blake. Unaware of Cooper's death, she becomes distressed. Arthur and Blake leave for a hotel. In the middle of his confidence trick on Blake, Arthur is halted by Lanyard and Shaw, who rush into the hotel room. A heated fight ensues, with Arthur managing to escape. Blake injures herself and is attended to by Shaw; when she admits her love for Cooper, Shaw seethes in infuriation. Lanyard realizes that Blake is Shaw's spouse and by piecing two-and-two together, he concludes that Shaw was Cooper's killer.

The police arrive in time to arrest the jealous lover and the Lone Wolf is exonerated from all charges. While still a work-in-progress, the film was referred to; the film marked American actor Warren William's seventh and second-to-last portrayal of the Lone Wolf. It was the film debut of Ann Savage, who played an acquaintance of the Lone Wolf's. One Dangerous Night was directed by Michael Gordon; the script was written based on Arnold Phillips and Max Nosseck's story. L. W. O'Connell was signed on as cinematographer, while David Chatkin was in charge of producing for Columbia Pictures. Viola Lawrence was editor and M. W. Stoloff directed the film's music; the interior decorator was George Montgomery and the art directors were Lionel Banks and Robert Peterson. Principal photography commenced on September 10, 1942, ended on September 29, 1942; the film was released in the United States on January 22, 1943. The Blockbuster Guide to Movies and Videos described the film as "modest". In their 2010 book Savage Detours: The Life and Work of Ann Savage, Lisa Morton and Kent Adamson wrote that One Dangerous Night is "unremarkable" but "nonetheless entertaining", comparing it with After Midnight with Boston Blackie.

One Dangerous Night on IMDb One Dangerous Night at the TCM Movie Database

Cannabinol

Cannabinol is a mildly psychoactive cannabinoid found only in trace amounts in Cannabis, is found in aged Cannabis. Pharmacologically relevant quantities are formed as a metabolite of tetrahydrocannabinol. CBN has a higher affinity to CB2 receptors. Degraded or oxidized cannabis products, such as low-quality baled cannabis and traditionally produced hashish, are high in CBN. Unlike other cannabinoids, CBN does not stem directly from cannabigerol or cannabigerolic acid, but rather is the degraded product of tetrahydrocannabinolic acid. If cannabis is exposed to air or ultraviolet light for a prolonged period of time, THCA will convert to cannabinolic acid. CBN is formed by decarboxylation of CBNA. In contrast to THC, CBN stereoisomers. Both THC and CBN activate the CB2 receptors. Chemically, CBN is related to cannabidiol. CBN is not listed in the schedules set out by the United Nations' Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs from 1961 nor their Convention on Psychotropic Substances from 1971, so the signatory countries to these international drug control treaties are not required by these treaties to control CBN.

In the United States and state laws regarding the legality of cannabis products are confusing and at times contradictory. CBN is not listed in the list of scheduled controlled substances in the U. S. However, it is possible that CBN could be considered an analog of THC or CBD, both of which are Schedule I substances, therefore sales or possession could be prosecuted under the Federal Analogue Act, it is possible that CBN may not meet the legal standard of an analogue for the purposes of bringing forth a prosecution under the Federal Analogue Act. In December 2016, the Drug Enforcement Administration added marijuana extracts, which are defined as any "extract containing one or more cannabinoids, derived from any plant of the genus Cannabis, other than the separated resin", to Schedule I; this action has led to additional uncertainty about the legal status. Erowid Compounds found in Cannabis sativa