click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Williamson County, Texas

Williamson County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 422,679, its county seat is Georgetown. The county is named for Robert McAlpin Williamson, a community leader and a veteran of the Battle of San Jacinto. Williamson County is part of Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area, it was included with Austin in the Best Cities to Live in for 2009 by the Milken Institute It is on both the Edwards Plateau to the west, rocky terrain and hills, Texas Blackland Prairies in the east, fertile farming land. The two areas are bisected by Interstate 35. Much of Williamson County has been the site of human habitation for at least 11,200 years; the earliest known inhabitants of the area lived during the late Pleistocene, are linked to the Clovis culture around 9,200 BC based on evidence found at Bell County's much-studied Gault Site. One of the most important discoveries in recent times is the ancient skeletal remains dubbed the "Leanderthal Lady" because of its age and proximity to Leander, Texas.

It was discovered by accident by the Texas Department of Transportation workers while drilling core samples for a new highway. The site has been extensively studied for many years, samples from this site carbon date to the Pleistocene period around 10,500 years ago. Prehistoric and Archaic "open occupation" campsites are found throughout the county along streams and other water sources, including Brushy Creek in Round Rock and the San Gabriel River in Georgetown; such evidence of Archaic-period inhabitants is in the form of relics and flint tools recovered from burned rock middens. Many such sites were inundated; the earliest known historical Native American occupants, the Tonkawa, were a flint-working, hunting people who followed the buffalo on foot and periodically set fire to the prairie to aid them in their hunts. During the 18th century, they made the transition to a horse culture and used firearms to a limited extent. After they were crowded out by white settlement, the Comanches continued to raid settlements in the county until the 1860s.

Small numbers of Kiowa, Yojuane and Mayeye Indians were living in the county at the time of the earliest Anglo settlements. On September 9 and 10, 1921, the remnants of a hurricane moved over Williamson County; the center of the storm became stationary over Thrall, a small farming town in eastern Williamson County, dropping a storm total of 39.7 inches of rain in 36 hours. The 24-hour rainfall total ending 7 am on September 10, 1921 at a U. S. Weather Bureau station in Thrall remains the national official 24-hour rainfall record. Thrall's rainfall was 23.4 in during 6 hours, 31.8 in during 12 hours, 36.4 in during 18 hours. Eighty-seven people drowned in and near Taylor, 93 in Williamson County; this storm caused the most deadly floods with a total of 215 fatalities. On May 27, 1997, Williamson County was hit by the worst tornado outbreak in county history; the 1997 Central Texas tornado outbreak caused 20 tornadoes including an F-5, which remains the only F-5 to strike Williamson County. The F-5 tornado killed 27 people and destroyed the Double Creek Estates neighborhood in the city of Jarrell, located in far northern Williamson County.

Another strong tornado, an F-3, struck Cedar Park. Two F-2 tornadoes struck Williamson County; the outbreak cost the county over $190 million in a total of 30 fatalities. Williamson County's fast growth rate is due in large part to its location north of Austin coupled with Austin's rapid expansion northward. Most of the growth has been residential, but large employers, such as Dell's international headquarters, have changed Williamson County from just a bedroom community into a more vibrant community where its citizens can live and work in the same general vicinity; this has transformed the county over recent years into a dynamic, self-sustaining community with less dependency on Austin. Major retail and commercial developments began appearing from 1999 to present, including the Rivery in Georgetown, the Premium Outlet Mall, the IKEA-area retail, the La Frontera mixed-use center in Round Rock. Health care and higher education have both become major factors in the growth of Williamson County, as well.

Two new colleges and two new hospitals have opened within the last five years. Another significant factor has been the opening in of the North Loop 1 toll road and Texas State Highway 45 toll road, which have made a major difference in accessibility between Williamson County and Austin. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,134 square miles, of which 1,118 square miles are land and 16 square miles are covered by water; the area is divided into two regions by the Balcones Escarpment, which runs through the center from north to south along a line from Jarrell to Georgetown to Round Rock. The western half of the county is an extension of the Western Plains and is considered to be within the eastern fringes of Texas Hill Country, it features undulating, hilly brushland with an abundance of Texas live oak, prickly pear cactus, karst topography. The eastern region of the county is part of the Coastal Plains and is flat to rolling with an average elevation of 600 feet.

It consists of flatter land, with dark clay and rich, fertile soils for agriculture, but is being developed as the

Fencing at the 1956 Summer Olympics – Men's foil

The men's foil was one of seven fencing events on the fencing at the 1956 Summer Olympics programme. It was the twelfth appearance of the event; the competition was held on 26 November 1956. 32 fencers from 14 nations competed. The competition used a pool play format, with each fencer facing the other fencers in the pool in a round robin. Bouts were to 5 touches. Barrages were used to break ties necessary for advancement. However, only as much fencing was done as was necessary to determine advancement, so some bouts never occurred if the fencers advancing from the pool could be determined; the top 4 fencers in each pool advanced to the semifinals. Delaunois beat Paul, who beat Bergamini, who beat Delaunois, in the barrage, all at 5–4; the top 4 fencers in each pool advanced to the final. The three-way barrage for 3rd and 4th places resulted in Stratmann losing twice to be eliminated. Gyuricza and Jay did not face each other in the barrage, with their nominal 3rd and 4th place ranks determined on touches against in the main pool

Lorenzo Ricci

Lorenzo Ricci, S. J. was an Italian Jesuit, elected the eighteenth Superior General of the Society of Jesus. He was the last before the suppression of the Jesuits in 1773. Ricci was born in Florence, into one of the most ancient, illustrious families of Tuscany; when young, he was sent to Prato to the Jesuits Cicognini College. He entered the Society when he was scarcely fifteen, on 16 December 1718, at the novitiate of S. Andrea at Rome. Having completed his studies in philosophy and theology at the Roman College of Rome, he taught at Siena and Rome, he was formally professed in August 1736. From 1751 to 1755 he was spiritual Director at the Roman College. In fact this quiet and unassuming spiritual work – in particular giving the Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola – seemed to have had his preference. In 1755, he was chosen secretary of the society. At the 19th General Congregation, in May 1758, Ricci was elected Superior General of the Society of Jesus at the second ballot. Guilio Cordara, who lived near Ricci and seems to have known him intimately, deplored this choice: "On account of his placid nature and too temper, I regarded him as little suited for a time when disturbance and storm seem to require extraordinary application of unusual remedies to unusual evils".

Ricci himself asked to be relieved of the responsibility. The crisis with the Catholic Bourbon royal courts was coming to a head. Four months after Ricci's election, an attempt was made on the life of King Joseph I of Portugal. Prime Minister Carvalho, jealous of Gabriel Malagrida's influence at court, charged the Jesuit with involvement in the plot. Malagrida was declared guilty of high treason, but, as a priest, could not be executed without the consent of the Inquisition, so he was executed for heresy instead; the Jesuits were expelled form Portugal in September 1759. The decree included the Portuguese possessions of Brazil and Macao; the Jesuits in France had earned the enmity of the influential Madame de Pompadour. According to the Comtesse de Courson, in 1752 Pompadour had approached the Jesuits requesting to be admitted the sacraments, in hopes of strengthening her position and influence to the detriment of the Queen and the Dauphin. Suspecting her motives were less than spiritual, the priests demurred until such time as she should cease to be the King's mistress.

Within a few years she became one of the most ardent promoters of the destruction of the Society. Antoine de La Valette was the thirty-four-year-old Superior of the missions in Martinique, which were in debt. Lavallette borrowed became over-extended, went bankrupt when the British seized twelve of thirteen ships carrying produce from the plantations for sale in France; the Society's efforts to intervene with LaValette in Martinique were hampered by the Seven Years' War. The war had left France bankrupt, the Duke de Choiseul, minister for foreign affairs and secretary of war, saw in the Jesuit assets an opportunity to rebuild crown revenue; the French Jesuits were making an effort to settle with the creditors, but when the case was brought before the courts, the whole Society was held responsible for the debt, a decree was issued for the seizure of all their property. This rendered the Society in France bankrupt. An anonymous French author published a pamphlet of letters between Ricci and Corsican insurgents.

The Society was expelled from France in 1764, from Spain and Naples in 1767, from the Duchy of Parma in 1768. The helpless Ricci saw it all; as long as Clement XIII was pope, the Society was somehow protected in Rome. The Pope gave a new public approval of the Society; the Pope advised courage and patience to Ricci, inexperienced in the art of governing and who had always lived apart from the world and diplomatic intrigues. The spiritually inclined Superior General sent circular letters to the Jesuits on Fervent perseverance in Prayer, On greater fervour in prayer in 1769, just a few months before the suppression of the Society another one on a New Incentive to Prayer, he was not in touch with what was going on. But pressure on the Holy See was increasing and at the conclave called to elect a successor to Clement XIII the suppression of the Jesuits was the main issue. Clement XIV was elected. After his election Clement XIV took harsh and humiliating decisions against the Society in order to placate its enemies, but political pressure went on unrelentingly and the Pope suppressed the order, the main reason being that he wanted to'restore peace in the Church'.

Jesuit communities were disbanded, libraries confiscated, properties looted. Under pressure from Spanish ambassador José Moñino, 1st Count of Floridablanca, Ricci was put behind bars at the Castel Sant'Angelo, where he suffered further humiliation and ill treatment; the charges leveled publicly against the Jesuits were never brought in a court of law: no process of justice was gone through. Before he died Ricci solemnly declared before witnesses: "I say and protest that the Society of Jesus did not give any ground warranting its suppression, he is buried in the crypt of the Gesù Church in Rome. About six weeks after Ricci's death, Pope Pius VI ordered the release of Ricci's five assistants; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Lorenzo Ricci". Cath

Orange High School (North Carolina)

Orange High School is a high school in the northern area of Orange County, North Carolina. Founded in 1963, Orange High School educates 1274 students in the northern half of Orange County–generally, the northern half of Hillsborough and all of the county north of I-85, it was the district's sole high school until Cedar Ridge High School opened in 2002 to serve the southern part of the county. Like most high schools, Orange High serves grades 9 through 12 offering academic, co-curricular and technical, extracurricular opportunities; the student-teacher ratio is 16.3:1. The faculty for the North Carolina school includes 75 licensed classroom teachers, four school counselors, one career development coordinator, one media specialist, one instructional technology resource teacher, two associate principals, one principal, one AIG Resource Teacher, one social worker, one school psychologist, one school nurse. Nine of the teachers National Board Certified Teachers, 32 hold master degrees. In Spring of 2007, it was announced that Jeff Dishmon would not be returning as principal of Orange High for the 2007-2008 school year, where he would be moved to a Central Office position.

Roy Winslow became principal, until January 2010 when it was announced that he would be moving to a school in Granville County. Stephen Scroggs, a former Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools Assistant Superintendent, was assigned the position of interim principal until a new principal was found. One of the assistant principals, Armond Hankins, was selected for the position, effective July 1, 2010. Hankins was demoted in 2012, former Gravelly Hill Middle School principal Jason Johnson replaced him; the Cross Country team has made it to state championships with both girls and boys for six consecutive years, starting in 2006. In 2011, the Cross Country team got fourth in the 3A state championships for boys and sixth for girls. In 2012, Orange's men's team placed 7th in the state at the 3A state championships, sent 2 girls individually; the Men's Tennis Team in 2006 got to the 2A State Dual team playoffs and made it to the second round. This was further than before in Panthers history. In 2005 the wrestling team won the 3A state title.

Orange pulled off back to back state championships in winning both the Dual Meet and Individual titles in 2008 as well as in 2009. In 2008, Nick Walters, won the state 145 weight division state championship. Coach Bobby Shriner earned his 400th career win as Orange defeated Newton-Conover in the final round of the 2009 state duals. Orange had three individual state champions in 2009. Chris Johnson, James Norman and Remington Jarrett earned state titles at the 125, 130 and 145 pound respective weight classes. In 2010, seniors Chris Intehar and Chris Johnson won the individual state championships for their weight classes. In 2012, senior Zachary Rimmer won the individual championship for the 152 weight class. In 2011 and 2012 the team won the duel-team state championships consecutively; the baseball team finished the 2008 season as 2A state champions with a record of 27-3. On August 30, 2006, former student 18-year-old Alvaro Rafael Castillo murdered his father, Rafael Castillo, drove the family minivan to Orange High School, where he set off a cherry bomb and opened fire with a 9mm Hi-Point 995 Carbine and a sawed-off 12-gauge Mossberg 500 pump-action shotgun.

When his 9mm carbine jammed he was apprehended by a deputy sheriff assigned to the school and a retired highway patrol officer who taught driver's education. Two students were injured in the attack but none were killed; that day it was discovered that Castillo had killed his father to "put him out of his misery." He made the statement "Columbine, remember Columbine," while entering a patrol car. Referring to the attack at Columbine High School in Colorado in 1999, he sent a written letter and videotape to the Chapel Hill News prior to the shooting, that made reference to school shootings. He sent an e-mail to the principal of Columbine High School saying "Dear Principal, In a few hours you will hear about a school shooting in North Carolina. I am responsible for it. I remember Columbine, it is time. I am sorry. Goodbye."Castillo entered a plea of not guilty by reason of insanity. Psychologist James Hilkey testified that Castillo suffered from schizotypal and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, as well as major depressive disorder and was not in touch with reality at the time of the shooting.

On August 21, 2009, Alvaro Castillo was found guilty in Orange County Superior Court following a trial that lasted three weeks. He was sentenced to life in prison with no chance of parole. Bryse Wilson, professional baseball player in the Atlanta Braves organization Scott Satterfield, Head Football Coach for University of Louisville Alvis Whitted, former NFL player with the Oakland Raiders and current wide receivers coach for the Green Bay Packers

Chevrolet Series F

The Chevrolet Series F of 1917 was an American automobile manufactured by Chevrolet. The successor of the Series H, it had a longer wheelbase and other improvements, but kept the same engine, it was replaced the following year by the Series FA in 1918, which had a larger, more powerful engine. The F had a wheelbase of 108 inches, it had the same four-cylinder engine as the H, with a displacement of 171 cubic inches and 24 horsepower. Overhead-valve Inline Four-cylinder cast-iron block Bore and stroke: 3 11/16 × 4 in Displacement: 171 cid Brake hp: 24 HP Main bearings: three Valve lifters: solid Carburetor: Zenith double jet The Series F preserved the model names and body styles of the Series H it replaced: the Royal Mail model F-2 roadster and the Baby Grand model F-5 open touring car. On both models, the front fenders followed a straight line from right behind the center of the front wheels to the runningboard

QIAGEN Silicon Valley

QIAGEN Silicon Valley is a company based in Redwood City, California, USA, to analyze complex biological systems. QIAGEN Silicon Valley's first product, IPA, was introduced in 2003, is used to help researchers analyze omics data and model biological systems; the software has been cited in thousands of scientific molecular biology publications and is one of several tools for systems biology researchers and bioinformaticians in drug discovery and institutional research. All QIAGEN Silicon Valley use the Ingenuity Knowledge Base, which contains biological and chemical interactions and functional annotations created from millions of individually modeled relationships between proteins, complexes, tissues and diseases; each relationship originates from reported experimental facts from primary literature sources, including peer-reviewed journal articles and textbooks. The knowledge acquisition and extraction process is protected by multiple US Patents. IPA is broadly adopted in the life science community and has been cited in thousands of peer-reviewed journal articles.

IPA can be used without data. IPA helps researchers analyze data derived from expression and SNP microarrays, proteomics experiments, small-scale experiments that generate gene lists, in order to gain insight into molecular and chemical interactions, cellular phenotypes, disease processes within a system. IPA lets researchers search for information on genes, chemicals and reagents. Resulting information can be used to build biological models, design experiments, or get up to speed in an area of research. Ingenuity offers visualization tools for science related e-commerce websites. Ingenuity has two prominent partnerships. Sigma-Aldrich leverages Ingenuity technology in their Your Favorite Gene application, BD Biosciences leverages Ingenuity technology in their BD Cell Pathways application. 2003 - Ingenuity first offers Ingenuity Knowledge Base 2004 - Stanford University licenses IPA 2004 - Independent analysis finds significant ROI for pharmaceutical companies using IPA 2005 - US Food and Drug Administration adopts IPA to review pharmacogenomics submissions 2006 - Ingenuity enters into partnerships with Asuragen, Agilent and Inforsense 2007 - Ingenuity introduces toxicology and biomarker capabilities within IPA 5.0 2007 - IPA 5.0 wins Best in Show - Best New Product at Bio-IT World 2007 - Ingenuity and FDA enter three year collaboration to enhance regulatory review process 2008 - IPA's newest feature, Path Designer, wins Best New Product at Molecular Medicine 2009 - Sigma Aldrich launches Your Favorite Gene - Powered by Ingenuity 2009 - BD Biosciences launches BD Cell Pathways, powered by Ingenuity 2011 - Ingenuity announces early access to Ingenuity iReport 2012 - Ingenuity announces commercial availability of Ingenuity iReport and Ingenuity Variant Analysis 2013 - Ingenuity announces collaborations with both Laboratory Corporation and Quest Diagnostics to develop a solution for scoring genetic variation for next generation sequencing data and is purchased by QIAGEN in May of the same year Systems biology Bioinformatics Computational genomics Computational biology Microarray analysis DNA microarray Pathway analysis ingenuity.com