Boroughs and neighborhoods of Berlin
Berlin is both a city and one of Germany’s federal states. Since a 2001 administrative reform, it has been made up of twelve boroughs or districts, each with its own local government, though all boroughs are subject to Berlin’s city and state government; each borough is governed by a council with a borough mayor. The borough council is elected by the borough assembly; the borough governments' power is limited, subordinate to the Berlin Senate. The borough mayors form a council of mayors; each borough is made up of several recognized subdistricts or neighborhoods. These neighborhoods have a historical identity as former independent cities, villages, or rural municipalities that were united in 1920 as part of the Greater Berlin Act, forming the basis for the present-day city and state; the neighborhoods do not have their own governmental bodies, but are recognized by the city and the boroughs for planning and statistical purposes. Berliners identify more with the neighborhood where they live than with the borough that governs them.
The neighborhoods are further subdivided into statistical tracts, which are used for planning and statistical purposes. The statistical tracts correspond but not with neighbourhoods recognized by residents; when Greater Berlin was established in 1920, the city was organized into twenty boroughs, most of which were named after their largest component neighborhood a former city or municipality. By 2000, Berlin comprised twenty-three boroughs, as three new boroughs had been created in East Berlin. Today Berlin is divided into twelve boroughs, reduced from twenty-three boroughs before Berlin's 2001 administrative reform. An administrative reform in 2001 merged the existing boroughs into the current 12 boroughs, as listed below; the borough government is part of the two-stage administration of the Berlin city-state, whereby the Senate and its affiliated agencies and municipal enterprises form the first stage of the so-called Hauptverwaltung. On second position, the boroughs enjoy a certain grade of autonomy—though in no way comparable to the German Landkreise districts or independent cities, nor to the local government of a common municipality as a legal entity, as according to the Berlin Constitution the legal status of the city as a German state itself is that of a unified municipality.
The power of the borough governments is limited and their performance of assigned tasks is subject to a regulatory supervision by the Senate. The twelve self-governing boroughs have constitutional status and are themselves subdivided into two administrative bodies: each is governed by the borough assembly and a full-time borough council, consisting of four councilors and headed by a borough mayor; the BVV assembly is directly elected by the borough's population and therefore acts as a borough parliament, though it is part of the executive. It elects the members of the borough council, checks its daily administration and is able to make applications and recommendations; the twelve borough mayors meet in the Council of Mayors, led by the city's Governing Mayor. The localities have no local government bodies, the administrative duties of the former locality representative, the Ortsvorsteher, were taken over by the borough mayors. All the coats of arms of Berliner boroughs have some common points: The shield has a Spanish form and the coronet is represented by a mural crown: 3 towers in red bricks with the coat of arms of Berlin in the middle.
Most of the coats of arms of current boroughs have changed some elements in their field: Some of them have created a "fusion" of themes of the merged Bezirke. Only the unchanged boroughs of Neukölln and Spandau haven't changed their field; the coat of arms of Pankow was created with a new design in 2008, having been the only district without an emblem for 7 years. As of 2012, the twelve boroughs are made up of a total of 96 recognized localities. All of them are further subdivided into several other zones; the largest Ortsteil is Köpenick, the smallest one is Hansaviertel. The most populated is Neukölln, the least populated is Malchow. Mitte Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Pankow Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf Spandau Steglitz-Zehlendorf Tempelhof-Schöneberg Neukölln Treptow-Köpenick Marzahn-Hellersdorf Lichtenberg Codes 1105 and 1108 are not assigned Reinickendorf Politics of Berlin Berlin Police Boroughs of Berlin – Wikipedia book Media related to Boroughs of Berlin at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Localities of Berlin at Wikimedia Commons
Germany the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north and the Czech Republic to the east and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a decentralized country, its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Essen; the country's other major cities are Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Dresden, Bremen and Nuremberg. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.
A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815; the German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic; the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria, World War II, the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American and French occupation zones, East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990. Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor, it is a great power with a strong economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods; as a developed country with a high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, a tuition-free university education. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993, it is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, the OECD. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, musicians, film people, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.
Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world. The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine; the German term Deutschland diutisciu land is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz "popular", derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- "people", from which the word Teutons originates; the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a coal mine in Schöningen between 1994 and 1998 where eight 380,000-year-old wooden javelins of 1.82 to 2.25 m length were unearthed. The Neander Valley was the location where the first non-modern human fossil was discovered.
The Neanderthal 1 fossils are known to be 40,000 years old. Evidence of modern humans dated, has been found in caves in the Swabian Jura near Ulm; the finds included 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments found, the 40,000-year-old Ice Age Lion Man, the oldest uncontested figurative art discovered, the 35,000-year-old Venus of Hohle Fels, the oldest uncontested human figurative art discovered. The Nebra sky disk is a bronze artefact created during the European Bronze Age attributed to a site near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt, it is part of UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme. The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Pre-Roman Iron Age. From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well
Margraviate of Brandenburg
The Margraviate of Brandenburg was a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire from 1157 to 1806 that played a pivotal role in the history of Germany and Central Europe. Brandenburg developed out of the Northern March founded in the territory of the Slavic Wends, it derived one of its names from the March of Brandenburg. Its ruling margraves were established as prestigious prince-electors in the Golden Bull of 1356, allowing them to vote in the election of the Holy Roman Emperor; the state thus became additionally known as the Electorate of Brandenburg. The House of Hohenzollern came to the throne of Brandenburg in 1415. In 1417, Frederick I moved its capital from Brandenburg an der Havel to Berlin. Under Hohenzollern leadership, Brandenburg grew in power during the 17th century and inherited the Duchy of Prussia; the resulting Brandenburg-Prussia was the predecessor of the Kingdom of Prussia, which became a leading German state during the 18th century. Although the electors' highest title was "King in/of Prussia", their power base remained in Brandenburg and its capital Berlin.
The Margraviate of Brandenburg ended with the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. It was replaced after the Napoleonic Wars with the Prussian Province of Brandenburg in 1815; the Hohenzollern Kingdom of Prussia achieved the unification of Germany and the creation of the German Empire in 1871. As Prussia was the legal predecessor of the united German Reich of 1871–1945, as such a direct ancestor of the present-day Federal Republic of Germany, Brandenburg is one of the earliest linear ancestors of present-day Germany; the Mark Brandenburg is still used informally today to refer to the present German state of Brandenburg. The territory of the former margraviate known as the Mark Brandenburg, lies in present-day eastern Germany and western Poland. Geographically it encompassed the majority of the present-day German states Brandenburg and Berlin, the Altmark, the Neumark. Parts of the present-day federal state Brandenburg, such as Lower Lusatia and territory, Saxon until 1815, were not parts of the Mark.
Colloquially but not the federal state Brandenburg is sometimes identified as the Mark or Mark Brandenburg. The region was formed during the ice age and characterized by moraines, glacial valleys, numerous lakes; the territory march because it was a border county of the Holy Roman Empire. The Mark is defined by two depressions; the depressions are taken up by rivers and chains of lakes with marsh and boggy soil along the shores. The Northern or Baltic Uplands of the Mecklenburg Lake Plateau have only minor extensions into Brandenburg; the 230 km-long range of hills in the Mark's south begins in the Lusatian Highlands and continues past Trzebiel and Spremberg to the northwest through Calau, ends in the bare and dry Fläming. The southern depression is to the north of this ridge and appears strikingly in the Spreewald; the northern depression, lying directly south of the Baltic uplands, is defined by the lowlands of the Noteć and Warta Rivers, the Oderbruch, the valley of the Finow, the Havelland moor, the Oder River.
Between these two depressions is a low plateau that extends from the Poznań area westward to Brandenburg through Torzym, the Spree plateau, the Mittelmark. From southeast to northwest, this plateau is intersected by the lowland of the Leniwa Obra and the Oder River below the confluence of the Lusatian Neisse, the lower Spree Valley, the Havel Valley. Between these valleys rise a series of hills and plateaus, such as the Barnim, the Teltow, the Semmelberg near Bad Freienwalde, the Müggelberge in Köpenick, the Havelberge, the Rauen Hills near Fürstenwalde; the region is predominantly marked by dry, sandy soil, wide stretches of which have pine trees and erica plants, or heath. However, the soil is loamy in the uplands and plateaus and, when farmed appropriately, can be agriculturally productive. Mark Brandenburg has a cool, continental climate, with temperatures averaging near 0 °C in January and February and near 18 °C in July and August. Precipitation averages between 500 mm and 600 mm annually, with a modest summer maximum.
By the 8th century, Slavic Wends, such as the Sprewane and Hevelli, started to move into the Brandenburg area. They intermarried with Bohemians; the Bishoprics of Brandenburg and Havelberg were established at the beginning of the 10th century. They were suffragan to the Archbishopric of Mainz. King Henry the Fowler started governing in the region in 928–9, allowing Emperor Otto I to establish the Northern March under Margrave Gero in 936 during the German Ostsiedlung. However, the march and the bishoprics were overthrown by a Slavic rebellion in 983. Though the bishopric was retained. Prince Pribislav of the Hevelli came to power at the castle of Brenna in 1127. During Pribislav's reign, in which he cultivated close connections with the Germ
Berlin University of the Arts
The Universität der Künste Berlin, situated in Berlin, Germany, is the largest art school in Europe. It is a public art and design school, one of the four research universities in the city; the university is known for being one of the biggest and most diversified universities of the arts worldwide. It has four colleges specialising in fine arts, architecture and design, music and the performing arts with around 3,500 students, thus the UdK is one of only three universities in Germany to unite the faculties of art and music in one institution. The teaching offered at the four colleges encompasses the full spectrum of the arts and related academic studies in more than 40 courses. Having the right to confer doctorates and post-doctoral qualifications, Berlin University of the Arts is one of Germany's few art colleges with full university status. Outstanding professors and students at all its colleges, as well as the steady development of teaching concepts, have publicly defined the university as a high standard of artistic and art-theoretical education.
All the study courses at Berlin University of the Arts are part of a centuries-old tradition. Thus Berlin University of the Arts gives its students- at an early stage of rigorously selected artists and within the protected sphere of a study course – the opportunity to investigate and experiment with other art forms in order to recognise and extend the boundaries of their own discipline. Within the field of Visual Arts, the university is known for the intense competition that involves the selection of its students, the growth of applicants worldwide has increased during the years, due to Berlin's important current role in the cultural innovation worldwide. In the same way, the University of the Arts is publicly recognized for being on the cutting edge in the areas of Visual Arts, Fashion Design, Industrial Design and Experimental Design, its roots institutions date back to the foundation of Academie der Mal-, Bild- und Baukunst, the Prussian Academy of Arts, at the behest of Elector Frederick III of Brandenburg.
The two predecessor organisations were Königlich Akademischen Hochschule für ausübende Tonkunst established in 1869 under Joseph Joachim, which had adopted the tradition of the famous Stern Conservatory, the Berlin State School of Fine Arts founded in 1875. In 1975, both art schools merged under the name Hochschule der Künste Berlin, HdK; the organization received the title of a university on 1 November 2001. The exchange program with UDK is a direct enrollment program offered during the fall and academic year to students interested in the arts and with four semesters of German language study; each academic year the school receives 100 exchange students on the basis of institutional agreements. Students participating in the exchange are required to subsidize their own accommodations with little help from the school. Annually, the university opens its doors to the public in its four colleges, offering one of the most important art fairs in Berlin due to new proposals that highlight its young artists.
Claudio Arrau, pianist Claudia Barainsky, soprano Esther Berlin-Joel, graphic designer F. W. Bernstein, cartoonist and academic Sebastian Bieniek, artist Norbert Bisky, painter Antonio Piedade da Cruz, Indian painter and sculptor Daniela Comani, painter SEO, artist Marie Fillunger, opera singer Caroline Fischer, pianist Eduard Franck Catherine Gayer, coloratura soprano Ria Ginster, soprano Leopold Godowsky, pianist Günter Grass, sculptor, 1999 Nobel prize in Literature Burkhard Held, painter Carla Henius, mezzo-soprano Philip A. Herfort, orchestra leader Arnulf Herrmann, composer Christian Leden, ethno-musicologist. Leo van Doeselaar 1995– Jean-Philippe Vassal 2012– Vivienne Westwood 1993–2005 Josef Wolfsthal 1926–1931 Ji-Yeoun You 2009- Isang Yun 1970–85 Siegfried Zielinski 2007- Walter Zimmermann 1993- Thomas Zipp 2008- Spandauer Kirchenmusikschule, which became part of the Musikhochschule Berlin in 1998 Universities and research instituti
Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam
The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam, is a separatist group within the Ahmadiyya movement that formed in 1914 as a result of ideological and administrative differences following the demise of Hakim Nur-ud-Din, the first Caliph after Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. Members of the Lahore Ahmadiyya movement are referred to by the majority group as ghayr mubāyi'īn and are known colloquially as Lahori Ahmadis or Lahoris. Adherents of the Lahore Ahmadiyya movement believe Ghulam Ahmad to be a Mujaddid and affirm his status as the promised Messiah and Mahdi, but diverge from the main Ahmadiyya position in understanding his prophetic status to be of a Sufistic or mystical rather than theologically technical nature. Moreover, adherents of the Lahore Ahmadiyya movement do not profess allegiance to the Ahmadiyya Caliphate and are administered, instead, by a body of people called the Anjuman, headed by an Amīr. According to estimates from the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada and author Simon Ross Valentine, there are between 5,000 and 10,000 Lahori Ahmadis in Pakistan and as many as 30,000 worldwide, thereby representing less than 0.2% of the total Ahmadiyya population.
Soon after the death in 1914 of Hakim Nur-ud-Din, Ghulam Ahmad's first successor, Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad, Ghulam Ahmad's son, was chosen in Qadian at the age of 25 to lead the movement as his second successor. However, a group, which included some of the movement's senior figures, led by Maulana Muhammad Ali, opposed his succession and refrained from pledging their allegiance to him leaving Qadian and relocating to Lahore. Muhammad Ali and his supporters' differences with Mahmud Ahmad centred upon the nature of Ghulam Ahmad's prophethood—and consequentially the status of Muslims who did not accept him— as well as the form the leadership should take within the movement, viz. the relative authority of the successor and the Central Ahmadiyya Council. Although a clash of personalities between the dissenters and Mahmud Ahmad has been postulated owing to the latter's relative youth and poor academic background; the disputes surrounding these, other related issues led to a veritable secession and the formation of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement.
Adopting a position more congruent with the mainstream of Sunni Islam regarding the issues of dispute, Muhammad Ali led the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement as Amīr from 1914 until his death in 1951. Since it has been led by four Amīrs, the current being Abdul Karim Saeed Pasha. Relative to the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, some mainstream Muslim opinion towards the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement and its literature has been more accepting, with some Orthodox Sunni scholars considering the members of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement as Muslims. Notwithstanding, the group was subsumed within Pakistan's anti-Ahmadi laws declaring Ahmadis to be non-Muslims and prohibiting them from any public expression of the Islamic faith. Ahmadis universally concur in the belief that Ghulam Ahmad was both the promised Mahdi and Messiah foretold by Muhammad to appear in the end times, that his prophetic qualities were neither independent nor separable from Muhammad's prophetic mission. What this entailed theologically, became an issue of contention within the early Ahmadiyya movement.
Muhammad Ali held that the type of prophecy described by Ghulam Ahmad in reference to himself did not make him a prophet in the technical sense of the word as used in Islamic terminology, amounted to nothing more than sainthood and that Islamic mystics preceding Ghulam Ahmad had described experiences of prophecy within Islam and in relation to Muhammad. Unlike the majority Islamic belief which expects the physical return of Jesus, the Lahore Ahmadiyya affirm the absolute cessation of prophethood, believe that no prophet can appear after Muhammad, neither a past one like Jesus, nor a new one. In contrast, Mahmud Ahmad posited that Ghulam Ahmad's messianic claim and role were qualitatively distinct to the claims of the saints preceding him in Islam and that his prophetic status, though subservient to Muhammad, being a mere reflection of his own prophethood and not legislating anything new, still made him technically a prophet irrespective of the type of prophethood or the adjectives added to qualify it.
Accordingly, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community believes that prophecy gifted as a result of perfect obedience and self-effacement in devotion to Muhammad is theologically possible after him, though it affirms the advent of only one such promised end-times figure in Ghulam Ahmad as having appeared in accordance with scriptural prophecies. Such a prophetic status, though not independent, is nonetheless technically classed as prophethood in as much as it involves an individual, given knowledge of the hidden, predicts future events and is called a prophet by Allah. A linked point of contention surrounded the status of Muslims who did not accept Ghulam Ahmad's claim. Muhammad Ali and his supporters, rejecting indiscriminate pronouncements of disbelief concerning them, drew a distinction between those who were neutral in the controversy and those who rejected and opposed Ghulam Ahmad, or pronounced him an infidel; the former could not in any sense be termed disbelievers while the latter were guilty only of rejecting a particular commandment of the Islamic faith—namely that pertaining to belief in the promised Messiah—which would render them fasiqun in distinction to disbelief in a basic element of the faith which would have excluded them from
Greater Berlin Act
The Greater Berlin Act, in full the Law Regarding the Creation of the New Municipality of Berlin, was a law passed by the Prussian government in 1920 that expanded the size of the German capital of Berlin. Berlin had been part of the Province of Brandenburg since 1815. On 1 April 1881, the city became a city district separate from Brandenburg; the Greater Berlin Act was passed by the Prussian parliament on 27 April 1920 and came into effect on 1 October of the same year. The region termed Greater Berlin acquired territories from the Province of Brandenburg and consisted of the following: The city of Berlin; the act increased the area of Berlin 13-fold from 66 km2 to 883 km2 and the population doubled from 1.9 million to near 4 million, with 1.2 million of these new inhabitants coming from the 7 surrounding towns alone. Greater Berlin was sub-divided into 20 boroughs: from Alt-Berlin: Mitte, Wedding, Prenzlauer Berg and Friedrichshain. With this, the act was an important foundation for the rise of Berlin to a cultural centre of Europe in the 1920s.
Apart from minor changes, the city boundary defined in the law is still the same as today though its character has changed several times over the years. A mere municipal boundary, it became a demarcation line between occupation zones after 1945, a part of the Iron Curtain after 1949 with the Berlin Wall on some of its length between 1961 and 1990. Since the reunification of Germany it is the border between the German states of Berlin and Brandenburg. Verfassungen.de, text of the law
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is the fourth borough of Berlin, formed in an administrative reform with effect from 1 January 2001, by merging the former boroughs of Charlottenburg and Wilmersdorf. Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf covers the western city centre of Berlin and the adjacent affluent suburbs, it borders on the Mitte borough in the east, on Tempelhof-Schöneberg in the southeast, Steglitz-Zehlendorf in the south, Spandau in the west and on Reinickendorf in the north. The district includes the inner city localities of Charlottenburg and Halensee. After World War II and the city's division by the Berlin Wall, the area around Kurfürstendamm and Bahnhof Zoo was the centre of former West Berlin, with the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church as its landmark; the Berlin Institute of Technology, the Berlin University of the Arts, the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, the Deutsche Oper Berlin as well as Charlottenburg Palace and the Olympic Stadium are located in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. As of 2012, the borough had a population of 326,354, of whom about 110,000 were of non-German origin.
The largest ethnic minorities were Turks at 4%. Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is divided into seven localities: The localities of Schmargendorf and Grunewald were part of the former Wilmersdorf borough until 2001. By resolution of 30 September 2004, the localities of Westend and Charlottenburg-Nord were created on the territory of the former Charlottenburg borough, like Halensee on the territory of the former Wilmersdorf borough. Current allocation of seats in the borough's parliamentary body as of the 2016 Berlin state election: Social Democratic Party of Germany 15 Christian Democratic Union 13 Alliance'90/The Greens 12 Free Democratic Party 6 Alternative for Germany 5 The Left 4 The borough Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf of Berlin is twinned with: Twin towns of the former Charlottenburg borough Twin towns of the former Wilmersdorf borough The borough's economy depends on retail trade in the City West area along Kurfürstendamm and Tauentzienstraße, with supra-local importance; the Berliner Börse is housed in the Ludwig-Erhard-Haus designed by Nicholas Grimshaw at Fasanenstraße 85 in Berlin-Charlottenburg near Bahnhof Zoologischer Garten The Royal Porcelain Factory in Berlin is situated in Charlottenburg, near Berlin-Tiergarten Station The Messe Berlin is situated in Berlin-Westend Air Berlin had its headquarters in Building 2 of the Airport Bureau Center in Charlottenburg-Nord.
As of 2006 Air Berlin employed 1,200 employees at its headquarters. Germania has its headquarters in Charlottenburg-Nord. Universität der Künste Technische Universität Berlin Comenius-Schule, a primary school, is in Wilmersdorf. Halensee-Grundschule, a primary school, is in Halensee. Jüdische Traditionsschule, traditionell Jewish primary and secondary school in Westend Heinz-Galinski-Schule Charlottenburg, Jewish primary school Svenska Skolan Berlin, Swedish School Berlin Nelson-Mandela-School, International School Goethe-Gymnasium, one of the most popular secondary schools in Berlin Peter-Ustinov-Schule, located between Messe Nord and Wilmersdorfer Straße; the Japanische Ergänzungsschule in Berlin e. V. A weekend Japanese supplementary school, is held at Halensee-Grundschule. Zentrale Schule für Japanisch Berlin e. V. Another weekend Japanese supplementary school, is held at the Comenius-Schule - Established April 1997. Berlin portal Berlin Charlottenburg – Wilmersdorf Berlin Spandau – Charlottenburg North Official homepage of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf Official homepage of Berlin