Wilson Bentley

Wilson Alwyn Bentley was the first known photographer of snowflakes. He perfected a process of catching flakes on black velvet in such a way that their images could be captured before they either melted or sublimated. Kenneth G. Libbrecht notes that the techniques used by Bentley to photograph snowflakes are the same as those used today, that while the quality of his photographs reflects the technical limitations of the equipment of the era, "he did it so well that hardly anybody bothered to photograph snowflakes for 100 years"; the broadest collection of Bentley's photographs is held by the Jericho Historical Society in his home town, Vermont. Bentley donated his collection of original glass-plate photomicrographs of snow crystals to the Buffalo Museum of Science. A portion of this collection has been organized into a digital library. Bentley was born on February 1865, in Jericho, Vermont, he first became interested in snow crystals as a teenager on his family farm. “Always, right from the beginning it was the snowflakes that fascinated me most,” he said.

“The farm folks up in this country dread the winter, but I was supremely happy.” He tried to draw what he saw through an old microscope given to him by his mother when he was fifteen. The snowflakes were too complex to record before they melted, so he attached a bellows camera to a compound microscope and, after much experimentation, photographed his first snowflake on January 15, 1885, he captured more than 5,000 images of crystals in his lifetime. Each crystal was caught on a blackboard and transferred to a microscope slide. At subzero temperatures, snowflakes are ephemeral because they sublimate. Bentley described snowflakes as "tiny miracles of beauty" and snow crystals as "ice flowers." Despite these poetic descriptions, Bentley brought an empirical method to his work. In collaboration with George Henry Perkins, professor of natural history at the University of Vermont, Bentley published an article in which he argued that no two snow crystals were alike; this concept caught the public imagination and he published other articles in magazines, including National Geographic, Popular Science, Scientific American.

His photographs have been requested by academic institutions worldwide. In 1931 Bentley worked with William J. Humphreys of the U. S. Weather Bureau to publish Snow Crystals, a monograph illustrated with 2,500 photographs, his other publications include the entry on "snow" in the fourteenth edition of Encyclopædia Britannica. Bentley photographed all forms of ice and natural water formations including clouds and fog, he was the first American to record raindrop sizes, was one of the first cloud physicists. He died of pneumonia at his farm on December 23, 1931. Bentley was memorialized in the naming of a science center in his memory at Johnson State College in Johnson, Vermont, his book Snow Crystals was published by McGraw-Hill shortly before his death, is still in print today. Bentley's lifelong home is listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the Caldecott Medal winner in 1999 for the best-illustrated children's book was Snowflake Bentley, which remembers Bentley's life. Patterns in nature Ukichiro Nakaya Karl Blossfeldt Thompson, Jean M. Illustrated by Bentley, Wilson A.

Water Wonders Every Child Should Know Bentley, Wilson A. The Guide to Nature Bentley, Wilson A.'The Magic Beauty of Snow and Dew', National Geographic Bentley, Wilson A.. "No two alike?" Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 69:496 Blanchard, Duncan. The Snowflake Man, A Biography of Wilson A. Bentley, ISBN 0-939923-71-8. Martin, Jacqueline Briggs. Snowflake Bentley, ISBN 0-395-86162-4 Stoddard, Gloria May. Snowflake Bentley: Man of Science, Man of God ISBN 0-933050-31-3. Snowflake New York Heritage - Bentley Snow Crystal Collection Works by or about Wilson Bentley in libraries Inventory of Wilson A. Bentley Photographs, Special Collections, University of Vermont Library Inventory of Wilson A. Bentley Photographs, Smithsonian Institution Archives, Smithsonian Institution Wilson A. Bentley Photographs at the Vermont Historical Society Smithsonian Photography Initiative, click! Photography changes everything project story on Wilson A. Bentley Bliss, Segment on Bentley Snow Crystal Starts at 34:00

Corwith, Iowa

Corwith is a city in Hancock County, United States. The population was 309 at the 2010 census. Corwith had its start in the year 1880 by the building of the Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad through that territory, it burned down in the 18s The first buildings to be built were the train depot. Corwith is located at 42°59′36″N 93°57′21″W on the Boone River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.48 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 309 people, 141 households, 78 families living in the city; the population density was 208.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 167 housing units at an average density of 112.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 0.3% Asian, 1.3% from other races, 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.2% of the population. There were 141 households of which 22.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 44.7% were non-families.

35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age in the city was 46.3 years. 20.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 51.8% male and 48.2% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 350 people, 150 households, 94 families living in the city; the population density was 224.2 people per square mile. There were 163 housing units at an average density of 104.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 0.29 % Native American, 3.14 % from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.57% of the population. There were 150 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.3% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,222, the median income for a family was $38,333. Males had a median income of $32,031 versus $16,528 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,054. About 9.8% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over. Lu Verne Community School District serves the community. Since 2015 Lu Verne sends its secondary students to the Algona Community School District, which operates Algona Middle School and Algona High School. Corwith-Wesley Community School District served the community until it dissolved on July 1, 2015.

That district operated Corwith-Wesley-Lu Verne High School. The demolition of the former Corwith school was anticipated for 2016. E. Thurman Gaskill, Assistant Majority Leader in the Iowa Senate Sue Mullins, Iowa farmer and state legislator Corwith Wesley LuVerne Times

The Rokes

The Rokes were a pop rock band formed in 1963 in Italy by English expatriates. Their most successful songs included "Piangi con Me", the original version of "Let's Live for Today" a US hit when re-recorded by The Grass Roots. Norman David "Shel" Shapiro began performing in London as a guitarist and singer with rock and roll band Rob Storm & the Whispers. After a spell playing in Gene Vincent's backing band during a tour of Britain in 1959, Shapiro decided to form his own band, The Shel Carson Combo, with guitarist Vic Briggs, drummer Mike Shepstone, bassist Bobby Posner; the band performed rhythm and blues in clubs around London and had regular shows at American base camps around the south of England plus a couple of tours in the north including Scotland, before deciding to try their luck in the club scene in continental Europe. In January 1963, they travelled to Germany, where they had a residency at the Top Ten Club in Hamburg with a short stay at the TopTen Club in Hanover; the band were invited to tour Italy as the backing group for Colin Hicks, the brother of Tommy Steele.

Guitarist Vic Briggs left the group, preferring to stay in England, was replaced by Johnny Charlton. The group toured around Italy with Hicks performing more of their own material. In June 1963, they broke their ties with Hicks and were signed up by Teddy Reno, the manager and husband of Italian pop singer Rita Pavone, they toured with Pavone, appearing as the Shel Carson Combo warming up the fans before Rita did her show. They gained a recording contract with the ARC label and renamed themselves The Rokes for their first single, a cover version of Big Joe Turner's "Shake and Roll", was unsuccessful, but the band established themselves with a club residency in Rome at The Piper Club; the Rokes completed a series of short commercial videos on Italian TV. On recordings, they sang in English-accented Italian recording versions of American and British chart hits. In 1965, their version of Jackie DeShannon's "When You Walk in the Room", reached no. 11 on the Italian charts, followed by "Grazie a Te", a cover of "I'm Alive" by The Hollies.

In 1966, they were voted the second most popular beat group in Italy, after further hits with versions of Bob Lind's songs "Cheryl's Going Home" and "Remember The Rain". The B-side of "Che Colpa Abbiamo Noi" was a song co-written by Shapiro, "Piangi Con Me"; the group re-recorded the song in English, as "Let's Live for Today", with English lyrics by Michael Julian of Dick James Music. Worldwide sales of "Piangi Con Me" exceeded one million copies, it was released in England at the same time as a cover version by another English band, The Living Daylights. The song was heard by American record producers P. F. Sloan and Steve Barri, recorded by them with The Grass Roots; the Rokes released four albums between 1965 and 1968, continued to record in Italy. They toured and appeared on Italian TV shows and in several of the annual San Remo Festival events, they ventured into psychedelic rock in 1967 with "Il Vento" recorded in English as "When the Wind Arises", recorded a version of The Equals' UK hit "Baby Come Back".

However, their records had little success outside Italy due to RCA/ARC's lack of interest on the publicity, with changing tastes and declining sales, the group disbanded in 1970 having sold more than 5 million vinyl records and continue to sell CD's compilations and box sets. Shapiro continued to perform his own music, he recorded seven albums and embarked on an acting career, working with directors such as Mario Monicelli and Marco Risi. In 1977 he founded his own label in Milan. In 2018 he recorded an album with Equipe 84 lead vocalist Maurizio Vandelli. Johnny Charlton opened Galleria Charlton, in Rome, he now works as a visual artist. Bobby Posner and Mike Shepstone returned to England. Posner bought various pubs in London and sold these and moved to Hastings on the south coast where he acquired other music pubs, he never stopped playing and performed in different rock and blues bands. Mike Shepstone formed the duo'Shepstone and Dibbens', toured with AC/DC and continued to write songs as well as for other artists.

In 2000, serious discussions about putting the band back together for an Italian tour gained momentum. However and Charlton weren't interested, so Posner and Shepstone decided to form'The Rokes M&B', they have been playing in Italy since 2000. In 2013 Posner moved permanently back to Italy and now lives with his fiancee Paola Salvadeo in Novi Ligure. 1965 - The Rokes 1966 - The Rokes vol. 2 1966 - Che mondo strano 1968 - The Rokes The Rokes official site The Rokes Discography Shel Shapiro official site Johnny Charlton Art official site The Rokes – MySpace page The Rokes site, managed by Bobby Posner The Rokes site, managed by Mike Shepstone and Bobby Posner The Rokes Fans Club Italy – YouTube