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Wilson Pickett

Wilson Pickett was an American singer and songwriter. A major figure in the development of American soul music, Pickett recorded over 50 songs which made the US R&B charts, many of which crossed over to the Billboard Hot 100. Among his best-known hits are "In the Midnight Hour", "Land of 1,000 Dances", "Mustang Sally", "Funky Broadway". Pickett was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1991, in recognition of his impact on songwriting and recording. Pickett was born March 18, 1941 in Prattville and sang in Baptist church choirs, he was the fourth of 11 children and called his mother "the baddest woman in my book," telling historian Gerri Hirshey: "I get scared of her now. She used to hit me with anything, stove wood — and cried for a week. Stayed in the woods, me and my little dog." Pickett left to live with his father in Detroit in 1955. Pickett's forceful, passionate style of singing was developed in the church and on the streets of Detroit, under the influence of recording stars such as Little Richard, whom he referred to as "the architect of rock and roll."In 1955, Pickett joined the Violinaires, a gospel group.

The Violinaires played with another gospel group on concert tour in America. After singing for four years in the popular gospel-harmony group, lured by the success of gospel singers who had moved to the lucrative secular music market, joined the Falcons in 1959. By 1959, Pickett recorded the song "Let Me Be Your Boy" with the Primettes as background singers; the song is the B-side of his 1963 single "My Heart Belongs to You". The Falcons were an early vocal group bringing gospel into a popular context, thus paving the way for soul music; the group featured notable members. Pickett's biggest success with the Falcons was "I Found a Love", co-written by Pickett and featuring his lead vocals. While only a minor hit for the Falcons, it paved the way for Pickett to embark on a solo career. Pickett had a solo hit with a re-recorded two-part version of the song, included on his 1967 album The Sound of Wilson Pickett. Soon after recording "I Found a Love", Pickett cut his first solo recordings, including "I'm Gonna Cry", in collaboration with Don Covay.

Pickett recorded a demo for a song he co-wrote, "If You Need Me", a slow-burning soul ballad featuring a spoken sermon. Pickett sent the demo to a producer at Atlantic Records. Wexler gave it to the label's recording artist Solomon Burke, Atlantic's biggest star at the time. Burke admired Pickett's performance of the song, but his own recording of "If You Need Me" became one of his biggest hits and is considered a soul standard. Pickett was crushed; when Pickett—with a demo tape under his arm—returned to Wexler's studio, Wexler asked whether he was angry about this loss, but denied it saying "It's over". Pickett's version was released on Double L Records and was a moderate hit, peaking at No. 30 R&B and No. 64 pop. Pickett's first significant success as a solo artist came with "It's Too Late," an original composition. Entering the charts on July 27, 1963, it peaked at No. 7 on the R&B chart. Compiling several of Pickett's single releases for Double L, It's Too Late showcased a raw soulful sound that foreshadowed the singer's performances throughout the coming decade.

The single's success persuaded Wexler and Atlantic to buy Pickett's recording contract from Double L in 1964. Pickett's Atlantic career began with the self-produced single, "I'm Gonna Cry". Looking to boost Pickett's chart chances, Atlantic paired him with record producer Bert Berns and established songwriters Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil. With this team, Pickett recorded "Come Home Baby," a duet with singer Tami Lynn, but this single failed to chart. Pickett's breakthrough came at Stax Records' studio in Memphis, where he recorded his third Atlantic single, "In the Midnight Hour"; this song was Pickett's first big hit, peaking at #1 R&B, #21 pop, #12. It sold over one million copies, was awarded a gold disc, it garnered Pickett his first Grammy nomination for Best Rhythm & Blues Recording at the 8th Annual Grammy Awards. The genesis of "In the Midnight Hour" was a recording session on May 12, 1965, at which Wexler worked out a powerful rhythm track with studio musicians Steve Cropper and Al Jackson of the Stax Records house band, including bassist Donald "Duck" Dunn.

Wexler said to Cropper and Jackson, "Why don't you pick up on this thing here?" He performed a dance step. Cropper explained in an interview that Wexler told them that "this was the way the kids were dancing. We'd been one-beat-accenters with an afterbeat. Pickett recorded three sessions at Stax in May and October 1965, he was joined by keyboardist Isaac Hayes for the October sessions. In addition to "In the Midnight Hour," Pickett's 1965 recordings included the singles "Don't Fight It," "634-5789" and "Ninety-Nine and a Half". All but "634-5789" were original compositions which Pickett co-wrote with Eddie Floyd or Steve Cropper or both.

Umar (film)

Umar is a 2006 Indian crime-drama film directed by Karan Razdan. The film stars Jimmy Sheirgill, Kader Khan, Satish Kaushik, Prem Chopra in lead roles, with Shenaz Treasurywala, Shakti Kapoor, Dalip Tahil and Rez Kempton in supporting roles; the film story follows a young man played by Shergill, framed for a crime he did not commit and is on the run from the police, aided with three elder men played by Khan and Chopra. Chandrakant Mehta, Rajpal Singh and Iqbal Khan are best friends, living their last years in United Kingdom; the lives of the men are complicated as Mehta and Singh are mistreated as servants by their own children and Khan is victim of racial discrimination from the British community. However, they find love in form of a caring young man Shashank Dutt. Shashank is a student and works as a part-time waiter and singer in a bar for a living and is in love with Sapna Lakha, daughter of a rich business tycoon Prem Lakha. Sapna introduces Shashank to her father for marriage but the latter disagrees because of Shashank's status.

However, the owner of the bar Victoria falls for Shashank and he rejects her advances, as he is still loyal to Sapna. But one day Victoria gets all the evidences points towards Shashank. Shashank is jailed by the police thereafter. After learning this incident, the three men help Shashank in his escape, which turns them into fugitives as well. Jimmy Sheirgill as Shashank Dutt Shenaz Treasurywala as Sapna Lakha Kader Khan as Iqbal Khan Prem Chopra as Chandrakant Mehta Satish Kaushik as Rajpal Singh Shakti Kapoor as Prem Lakha Dalip Tahil as Ben Chibber Rez Kempton as Girish Mehta Varun Juneja as Chucky Singh Film critic Taran Adarsh from Bollywood Hungama rated the film 1.5 out 5. Akash Gandhi rated the film 7.5 ou of 10. Priyanka Jain from Rediff criticised the film with no ratings. All music composed by Shamir Tandon. Trivia: Duniyawalon, a Qawwali, is the last released song Of the legendary singer Manna Dey "Aankhon Mein Tum" - Hariharan, Sunidhi Chauhan "Akele Mein Hum To Ghabhra Gaye'"- Babul Supriyo "Bechein Sansein" - Bhupinder Singh "Duniyawalon Ko Nahi Kuch Bhi" - Sonu Nigam, Manna Dey, Shabab Sabri, Kavita Krishnamurthy "Kumari Chadke" - Jagjit Singh "Piya" - Om Umar on IMDb

Corfield v. Coryell

Corfield v. Coryell is a landmark 1823 federal circuit court case decided by Justice Bushrod Washington, sitting by designation as a judge for the U. S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. In it, he upheld a New Jersey regulation forbidding non-residents from gathering oysters and clams against a challenge that New Jersey's law violated the Article IV Privileges and Immunities Clause and that the New Jersey law regulated interstate commerce in violation of the Commerce Clause; the most-cited aspect of Corfield v. Coryell is Justice Washington's listing of the "privileges and immunities" enjoyed by citizens of the United States: The inquiry is, what are the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states? We feel no hesitation in confining these expressions to those privileges and immunities which are, in their nature, fundamental. What these fundamental principles are, it would be more tedious than difficult to enumerate, they may, however, be all comprehended under the following general heads: Protection by the government.

The right of a citizen of one state to pass through, or to reside in any other state, for purposes of trade, professional pursuits, or otherwise. These, many others which might be mentioned, are speaking and immunities, the enjoyment of them by the citizens of each state, in every other state, was manifestly calculated "the better to secure and perpetuate mutual friendship and intercourse among the people of the different states of the Union." The well-known passage from Corfield was quoted in reference to the first section of the Fourteenth Amendment, during congressional debates on the Amendment, for an indication of what the judiciary had interpreted the phrase "privileges and immunities" to mean as it stood in the original Constitution, but there is substantial evidence to the effect that some congressmen, at the time the Fourteenth Amendment was passed, did not accept Justice Washington's reading of the term. Justice Washington's assessment is cited by those who advocate a broader reading of the Fourteenth Amendment Privileges or Immunities Clause than the Supreme Court gave in the Slaughter-House Cases.

Sohappy v. Smith Link to Case from Gerard. "Not King Tut’s Tomb, But...", Concurring Opinions, discussing Justice Bushrod Washington's notes on Corfield v. Coryell at the Chicago History Museum

Belconnen United FC

Belconnen United Football Club is an Australian semi-professional association football club based in the northern Canberra region of Belconnen, ACT. The club competes in the National Premier Leagues Capital Football; the Belconnen United Football Club was founded in 1970 as the Belconnen United Soccer Club. The football club has been based out of the north Belconnen suburb of McKellar since its inception during the establishment of the Belconnen district of Canberra in the 1970s. Belconnen has run youth and senior footballing programs from recreational to elite level since its establishment; the Blue Devils first appeared in the top flight of ACT men's football in 1975. The club set-itself up as one of the top ACT clubs with a string of major ACT titles during the 80s, 90s and early 2000s; this included seven finals championships and three Federation Cups. In 2000, Belconnen United switched to the NSW Premier League and were renamed the Belconnen Blue Devils. Belconnen first competed in the NSW Premier League in the 2000–01 season.

The Blue Devils competed in NSW top flight for five straight seasons before a dispute between the Blue Devils management and board of Football NSW resulted in the club losing its licence to compete in the competition from 2006 onwards. During the club's brief time competing in NSW, The Blue Devils enjoyed success, reaching the finals series in each season post their first and becoming league premiers in the 2003–04 season, beating St George Saints to the title with a +3 goal difference over the South Sydney club. Belconnen started the finals series with a narrow 4–3 overtime loss at McKellar Park to Sydney club Bankstown City Lions in the major semi-final; this meant The Blue Devils had to compete in the preliminary final while Bankstown advanced straight to the grand final. Belconnen once again played host in the preliminary final against league runner-up and winner of the minor semi-final, St George Saints FC; the Blue Devils were victorious over St George with a 2–1 victory thanks to a brace to Belconnen striker Macor.

The victory led Belconnen to reach the 2003–04 NSW Premier League Grand Final, held at Marconi Stadium, where the Blue Devils faced-off against Bankstown City Lions once again. In front of a crowd of 5,000 the Blue Devils succumbed to two-second half goals to lose the grand final 2–0. Bankstown were given a penalty in the sixty-fifth minute, converted by Saso Boskovski before Belconnen player, Lee Pietrukowski, scored an own goal seven minutes later. In the 2004–05 season Belconnen won the ‘Challangers League’ by three points over Marconi Stallions and Wollongong Wolves after the league split into two groups following the combined league section of the season; as such, Belconnen qualified for the 04-05 finals series along with the top four clubs of the ‘Champions League’. The Blue Devils defied the odds to beat former NSL club, Sydney United on penalties 2–2 in the qualifying final and Blacktown City Demons 2–1 in the minor semi-final to reach the preliminary final. 18 June 2005, the Blue Devils took on Bonnyrigg White Eagles in the preliminary final held in Sydney.

The match ended. The White Eagles’ scored twice in the first half of extra time to take a commanding 2–0 lead into the final fifteen minutes of the match. Belconnen scored in the one-hundred and seventeenth minute to set up a tense final few minutes, but the Blue Devils failed to score again, which resulted in a 2–1 victory for Bonnyrigg, who progressed to the grand final. In 2006, after separating with Football NSW, The Blue Devils returned to Capital Football in the ACT and were accepted back into the ACT Premier League; the Club was renamed Belconnen United Football Club, with Blue Devils reverting to being a nickname.22 April 2006, Belconnen played its first match back in the ACT Premier League away to Canberra Olympic where United and Olympic played out a 1–1 draw. United finished the 2006 Act Premier League regular season as runner-up to Canberra Olympic by seven points; the Blue Devils qualified for the finals series where the club lost the major semi-final to Olympic 0–4 and the preliminary final to Cooma 1–2.

In 2007, Belconnen signed a mutual benefiting relationship agreement with A-League club Central Coast Mariners. The two clubs agreed to play an annual pre-season friendly match in Canberra at McKellar Park named The Bank of Queensland Cup; the agreement opened up opportunities for a development pathway for ACT talent to the A-League while the Mariners gained a foothold within the ACT footballing community. The agreement lasted five years with annual matches played between 2007 and 2011, starting with a 4–0 victory to the visiting Mariners on 30 June 2007. Belconnen next won the Championship two seasons in 2008. 14 September 2008, Belconnen met Canberra FC in the ACT Premier League grand final. Belconnen took a first half lead and were 2–0 up at half time before continuing the good form in the second half to secure a 4–1 victory for the club's first title since returning to ACT competition. In 2012, Belconnen won the league premiership with a comfortable nine-point first-place finish over Cooma Tigers, who finished second.

Belconnen reached the grand final of the finals series but lost the match to Cooma 1–2 at McKellar Park on 15 September 2012. This turned out to be the last ACT Premier League Premiership title as the league re-structured in 2013 under the FFA national banner of National Premier Leagues. Belconnen United was a founding member of the NPL ACT in 2013 following Football Federation Australia’s national re-structure of football leagues in Australia. Belconnen finished their first NPL season in second place, seven points behind league premiers Canberra FC; the B

American Journal of Primatology

The American Journal of Primatology is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal and the official journal of the American Society of Primatologists. It was established in 1981 and covers all areas of primatology, including the behavioral ecology, conservation biology, evolutionary biology, life history, paleontology, endocrinology, molecular genetics, psychobiology of non-human primates. Besides its regular issues, the journal publishes a yearly supplementary issue detailing the program of the society's annual meetings; the editor-in-chief is Karen Bales. The types of papers published are: original research papers, review articles, book reviews and plenary addresses. According to the Journal Citation Reports, its 2011 impact factor is 2.221. Official website American Society of Primatologists

Timeline of the Hellenic Air Force

In 1911 the Greek Government appointed French specialists to form the Hellenic Aviation Service. Six Greek officers were sent to France for training, while the first four "Farman" type aircraft were ordered; the first Greek aviator was Emmanuel Argyropoulos, who flew in a Nieuport IV. G. "Alcuin" aircraft, on February 8, 1912. The first military flight was made on 13 May of that year by Lieutenant Dimitrios Kamberos. In June, flew with the "Daedalus", a Farman Aviation Works aircraft, converted into a seaplane, setting the foundations of the Naval Aviation; that September, the Greek Army fielded the Aviators Company. The Hellenic Air Force participated in the Balkan Wars, World War I, the Asia Minor Campaign and World War II, it consisted of the separate Army Aviation and Naval Aviation, but in 1930 the Aviation Ministry was founded, establishing the Air Force as the third branch of the Hellenic Armed Forces. In 1931 the Air Force Academy, the "Icarus School of Basic and Advanced Fighter Training", was founded.

During the Second World War, it resisted the Italian invasion in 1940, but the entire force was destroyed by the Germans in April 1941. The Air Force was rebuilt in the Middle East as part of the Royal Air Force, flying Spitfires and Martin Baltimores. After Greece's liberation in 1944, it returned home and subsequently participated in the Greek Civil War. In the 1950s, the force was organized according to NATO standards; the Greek Air Force participated in the Korean War with a transport flight unit. Until the late 1980s the Air Force deployed Nike-Hercules Missiles armed with U. S. nuclear warheads. As a result of Greco-Turkish tensions around the 1974 Turkish invasion in Cyprus, the U. S. removed its nuclear weapons from Turkish alert units to storage. Greece saw this as another pro-Turkish move by NATO and withdrew its forces from NATO's military command structure from 1974 to 1980. In 1988 the first 3rd generation fighters were introduced, marking the beginning of a new era: The first Mirage 2000 EG/BG aircraft were delivered to the 114th Combat Wing and equipped the 331 and 332 squadrons.

In January 1989, the first F-16C/D Block 30 arrived in Nea Anchialos and were allocated between the 330 and 346 squadrons. On March 29, 1991 the RF-84F were retired from service after 34 years and 7 months of operational life. In November 1992 more RF-4E were delivered to the 348 Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron. In 1997 the reception of third generation aircraft continued. In July, delivery of forty F-16 Block 50 begun; the new aircraft, equipped with the LANTIRN navigation and targeting pod as well as AMRAAM and HARM missiles, were allocated to the 341 and 347 squadrons. Greece participated in NATO "nuclear weapons sharing" until 2001, using A-7 Corsair IIs to deploy tactical B61 nuclear warheads from Araxos Air Base. Greece strategically decided to remove all nuclear weapons under storage in Greece and did not purchase any more aircraft with nuclear capabilities. In 2005, Greece was among the first countries to add the F-16 Block 52+ to its inventory. Ninety of these aircraft were ordered and delivery began the same year.

This advanced F-16 type is an improved version of the Block 50 featuring a more powerful radar, better communications systems and an upgraded engine. The Hellenic Air Force's Block 52+ belong to the 337, 340 and 343 Squadrons with call signs "Ghost", "Fox" and "Star" respectively. 337 SQ is based at Larissa Air Force Base and the other two in Souda AB. In 2007, the Hellenic Air Force has a total fighter fleet of 275 modern, upgraded or under upgrade aircraft and due to the retirement of some fighter planes that have ended their life-cycle, HAF is looking forward to acquiring new 3rd and 4th generation fighters in order to reach a total number of 300 modern fighters, according to the "2007 Supreme Air Force Council Memorandum" published in 2007; this goal is to be reached by 2015. Prime candidates for a 4th generation aircraft, of which acquisition is considered certain, are the Eurofighter Typhoon, F-35 Lightning II and Dassault Rafale