Wilton Crescent

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Wilton Crescent (Numbers 30-16 consecutive)
Wilton Garden
33 Wilton Crescent
Alfonso López Pumarejo blue plaque, 33 Wilton Crescent and part of 32 to the left, which uniquely in the Crescent form part of a terrace with 1-11 Belgrave Square

Wilton Crescent is an early 19th century-built street of Grade II listed buildings and also describes its central private communal garden (also known as Wilton Garden). It is in Belgravia, London and is often taken to fall into the category of London's garden squares;[n 1] the street is notable for its affluent and politically important list of residents, present and historic, and it today includes the High Commission of Singapore and equivalent Embassy of Luxembourg.

Overview[edit]

Wilton Crescent was created by Thomas Cundy II, the Grosvenor family estate surveyor, and was drawn up with the original 1821 Wyatt plan for Belgravia,[1] it was named at the time of Thomas Egerton, 2nd Earl of Wilton, second son of Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster on whose estate the road was built in 1825 through Seth Smith (property developer)

In the 19th and 20th centuries, it was home to many prominent British politicians, ambassadors and civil servants. Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900–1979) lived at 2 Wilton Crescent for many years, marked today by an attributive blue plaque. Akin to nearby developments, Wilton Crescent is characterised by grand terraces with lavish white houses which are built in a crescent shape, many of them with stuccoed balconies, particularly on the southern part of the crescent; the Portland stone-clad, five-storey houses toward the north are high and were refaced between 1908 and 1912 via architects Balfour and Turner. Most of the houses had originally been built in the stucco style, but such houses became stone-clad during this renovation period. Other houses today have black iron balconies.

Wilton Crescent lies east of Lowndes Square and Lowndes Street, to the northwest of Belgrave Square, it is accessed via Wilton Place which connects it to the main road in Knightsbridge. Grosvenor Crescent is to the east, which contains the Indonesian Embassy. Further to the east is the back of Buckingham Palace and London Victoria station. In 2007, Wilton Garden in the middle of the crescent won a bronze medal from the London Gardens Society.

There are two diplomatic buildings in Wilton Crescent: the High Commission of Singapore at No. 9,[2] and the Embassy of Luxembourg at No. 27 (formerly home to the Luxembourgish government-in-exile).[3][4]

Layout and numbering

The 50 buildings, some subdivided, forming the headline Wilton Crescent addresses are listed at Grade II;[5][6][7] the crescent is split into three terraces of lengthy proportion buildings, plus 31 which forms a terrace with 1-15 Grosvenor Crescent, plus 32 and 33 which face the opposing side of a brief continuation of the eastern broad link into Belgrave Square which form a terrace with 1-11 Belgrave Square. The western broad link into Belgrave Square is however termed Wilton Terrace, split into 1-3 Wilton Terrace and is of identical date, style and proportions.

References in the arts

The play 1905-penned play Major Barbara is partly set at Lady Britomart's house in Wilton Crescent.

Architectural details[edit]

Of the main two quadrants and main facing return of the crescent, forming 47 of the 50 buildings, the first floor has stucco-applied doric order pilasters between the windows and a subsidiary cornice above;[5] the second and third floors are united by paired ionic order pilasters set between houses. These are surmounted by a heavy modillion cornice.[5] Most have a balustrade finished with urns to the final unit, they have dipped parapet walls with ball finials.[5]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

References
  1. ^ Opensquares.org
  2. ^ "The London Diplomatic List" (PDF). 14 December 2013.
  3. ^ "Luxembourg Embassy In London". allinlondon.co.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  4. ^ "The London Diplomatic List" (PDF). 14 December 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d Historic England. "1-15 (1066080)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  6. ^ Historic England. "16-30 (1266737)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  7. ^ Historic England. "31-50 (1066081)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  8. ^ "Hampden Clement: Profile and Legacies Summary, Legacies of British Slave Ownership, UCL". University College London. 2019.
  9. ^ A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. 42. Henry Colburn. 1880. p. 710.
Notes
  1. ^ The crescent constitutes a garden square in the same way as Walcot Square, Lambeth which is triangular; and Wilton Square, Islington centred on an irregular quadrilateral which resembles a rounded triangle.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°30′02″N 0°09′20″W / 51.50056°N 0.15556°W / 51.50056; -0.15556