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Winchmore Hill

Winchmore Hill is an affluent suburban area in the Borough of Enfield, north London, in the N21 postal district. With the Winchmore Hill conservation area as a focal point, Winchmore Hill is a ward of Enfield borough, bounded on the east by Green Lanes, Barrowell Green, Firs Lane and Fords Grove, on the west by Grovelands Park. Winchmore Hill is 8.9 miles north north-east of Charing Cross. Once a small hamlet in the parish of Edmonton, Winchmore Hill now borders Palmers Green, Southgate and Grange Park. Prior to the Roman invasion, Hertfordshire and Middlesex were occupied by the Catuvellauni tribe, it is believed that this tribe built a hill fort on the mound now occupied by Bush Hill Park Golf Club. The earliest recorded mention of Winchmore Hill is in a deed dated A. D. 1319 in which it is spelt Wynsemerhull. In Old English,'merhull' translates according to the Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names as'boundary hill', it might be speculated that the overall title could mean'Wynsige's boundary hill'.

By 1395 the name had been altered to Wynsmerhull and by 1565 the village was known as Wynsmorehyll, becoming Winchmore Hill by the time it was mentioned in state papers in 1586. There are many buildings of historical note in Winchmore Hill; the first religious building recorded is the Quaker Meeting House, 1688, rebuilt in 1790. Among those buried here are Luke Howard, the father of modern meteorology, Alice Hum, founder of Palmers Green High School for Girls, members of the Hoare and Barclay banking families. Samuel Hoare played a prominent role in the campaign against the slave trade. St Paul's Church was built as a Waterloo church on land donated from the Grovelands estate; the church ceiling was said to be the largest unsupported expanse of plasterwork in Europe until its renovation in the 1960s introduced concealed supports. The original wooden clapboard St Paul's School building can be seen a little further down Church Hill; the remains of the second, brick-and-stone school building are evident in the walls of the church car park.

The current 1960s building is off Station Road. Other historical buildings may be seen on leading north from The Green. On the right, just beyond the shops, are some wooden clapboard cottages; this stands alone. It once had a partner house to its right, demolished by its owners, Keble School; the oldest pub in the district was the Green Dragon – on Green Lanes. It is reputed to have opened in 1726 on the junction of Green Dragon Lane; the Victoria County History reveals that by 1752 The Green Dragon was established, although not in its present form. At that time, highwaymen were hanged near to where they were caught, it is said that one was caught and executed on a gallows erected by the Green Dragon's front entrance; these gallows were not pulled down for a number of years, which might have prompted the owner to move the pub to its current location at the bottom of Vicars Moor Lane near the end of the eighteenth century. The original Green Dragon was pulled down in 1892 and the new one was extensively remodelled in 1935.

It was closed as a public house in 2015. In 2017, a micropub called the Little Green Dragon was opened near to the site of the original eighteenth century Green Dragon at the end of Green Dragon Lane; the Woodman pub near the end of Broad Walk is reported to have been built in 1727, although there is evidence to suggest that it dates from 1820. Before the building obtained a pub licence in 1868, it was a private residence. Woodside House and Rowantree House on The Green at the end of Broad Walk were built in 1750 and of painted brick. Numerous local buildings that were constructed between 1770 and 1839 remain today. Near the Dog and Duck on Hoppers Road are some old terraced houses built around 1770. Number 106A Vicars Moor Lane is a distinctive private residence. To the east on the same road are a number of residences that were built around the late eighteenth or early nineteenth century. In 1865 the Great Northern Railway obtained permission to build a new line to run from Wood Green to Hertford through Palmers Green and Enfield.

However, in 1869 financial constraints forced the company to consider Enfield as the northern terminus. Palmers Green and Winchmore Hill were to be the intervening rural stations; the intention was to finish the line to Enfield by 1870, but the terrain was more troublesome than expected and five men met their death while laying the track. The branch opened on All-Fools Day in 1871 and the first passenger train came through Winchmore Hill, creating a new suburb of London. At first only 16 trains a day left Enfield for Moorgate. An electric tramway along Green Lanes from Palmers Green was developed in 1907, helping to further develop the area; the tramway is now long gone, but the wide road remains and the 329 bus follows the tram route from Enfield to Turnpike Lane. The Capitol Cinema, designed in the Art Deco style by Robert Cromie, was opened on 29 December 1929 in Green Lanes, on a site now occupied by the office block Capitol House. Run by Lou Morris, the cinema was taken over in December 1930 by ABC Cinemas, which ran it until its closure on 5 December 1959.

It was demolished the following year. At the heart of the area is Winchmore Hill Green, a village green surrounded by shops and res

Koshido Station

Koshido Station is a railway station in the city of Toyota, Japan, operated by Meitetsu. Koshido Station is served by the Meitetsu Mikawa Line and is 19.1 kilometers from the terminus of the line at Chiryū Station. The station has two opposed elevated side platforms with the station building underneath; the station is staffed. Koshido Station was opened on January 17, 1922, as a station on the owned Mikawa Railway; the Mikawa Railway was merged with Meitetsu on June 1, 1941. The station has been unattended since 1970; the tracks were elevated in December 2000 and a new station building was completed at that time. In fiscal 2017, the station was used by an average of 897 passengers daily. Japan National Route 153 site of Koshido mines List of Railway Stations in Japan Media related to Koshido Station at Wikimedia Commons Official web page

A Night in Old Mexico

A Night in Old Mexico is a 2013 Spanish-American co-production film directed by Emilio Aragón about a man and his grandson. Forced to give up his land and his only home, cantankerous Texas rancher Red Bovie isn't about to go to the dismal trailer park that's all he can now afford, instead goes off with his grandson Gally for a road trip to Old Mexico, they pick up two hitch-hikers. But after Red drives off without them, unbeknownst to him the money remains in the car, they arrive in Mexico, still pursued by the drug dealers, who are pursued in turn by another hit-man looking to recover the stolen money. Red and Gally enjoy the town's attractions during the Mexican festival of the dead; as night falls, they visit a brothel. They meet a singer named Patty Wafers, down on her luck, she is attracted to Red's fearless and outrageous behavior. Meanwhile, the hit-man is now in pursuit of Red. Red discovers the money and desires to keep it so that he can have a better life than the one promised by the trailer park.

Patty tries to help them return undetected across the border with the money, but the hit-man catches up with them and takes it. They pursue him they pursue another hit-man who has taken the money in turn; as Red and Patty's affection grows, Red begins to lose interest, but Gally, seeking his identity after the death of his father, takes up the pursuit in his place. They overpower the second hit man and recover the money. Patty invites Red to live with her in her small town, he is happy to go with her, knowing that with $150,000, they will live like royalty. As they part ways and Gally returns to the U. S. Red tells Gally that he has "found himself a grandson". Robert Duvall as Red Bovie Jeremy Irvine as Gally Angie Cepeda as Patty Wafers Luis Tosar as Panama Joaquín Cosío as Cholo Jim Parrack as Moon James Landry Hébert as J. T. A Night in Old Mexico on IMDb A Night in Old Mexico at Rotten Tomatoes

2009–10 Pittsburgh Penguins season

The 2009–10 Pittsburgh Penguins season was the 43rd season of the franchise in the National Hockey League. The Penguins entered the season as defending Stanley Cup champions, it was scheduled to be the last season in which the Penguins' home venue will be Mellon Arena, before they move into their new arena, the Consol Energy Center, being constructed adjacent to the Mellon Arena across Centre Avenue. The regular season began with a home game against the New York Rangers in which the Penguins held a banner-raising ceremony beforehand; the Penguins qualified for the playoffs for the fourth consecutive season. They did not become champions of the Atlantic Division, but nonetheless finished in fourth place in the Eastern Conference with 101 points, they began the 2010 Stanley Cup playoffs on April 14 against the Ottawa Senators. They beat the Senators, but were eliminated in the Eastern Conference Semi-finals against the Montreal Canadiens; the Penguins began the 2009–10 season on Friday, October 2.

Prior to the game the team raised the Stanley Cup banner at Mellon Arena. The ceremonial banner raising was shown on a video board outside Mellon Arena, which displayed highlights from the previous season during the days leading up the game; the Penguins won their opening night game over the New York Rangers and defeated the New York Islanders the following night. After their first loss of the season to the Phoenix Coyotes, the Penguins embarked on a four-game road trip to complete a series of five games in eight days; the Penguins swept the four game road trip, setting a new franchise record for consecutive road wins to start a season. The Penguins extended their overall win-streak to seven games by winning the first three games of their ensuing homestand; the Penguins began November with a three-game road trip in California. After defeating the Anaheim Ducks, the Penguins lost their first back-to-back games of the season to the Los Angeles Kings and the San Jose Sharks; the team lost to the Boston Bruins and New Jersey Devils.

During the four-game losing streak, the Penguins were outscored 17–3. Against the Bruins, Sidney Crosby did not score a point for the fifth-consecutive game, the longest point-drought of his career; the Penguins ended their skid with a 6–5 overtime victory against Boston on November 14. Bill Guerin tied the game with.04 second left, Pascal Dupuis scored in overtime. Extended injuries hindered the team throughout much of the early season. On November 16, the Penguins played without four of the six defenceman that had started with the team. Additionally, they were without Maxime Talbot and Chris Kunitz. Evgeni Malkin had missed significant time. In the week, it was announced that defenceman Jay McKee would miss two to four weeks, but that Sergei Gonchar and Maxime Talbot, who had surgery during the off-season, would both return on November 19. In late December through January 1, rosters for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver were announced, five Penguins were selected. Malkin and Gonchar were selected to play for Russia, Sidney Crosby and Marc-Andre Fleury for Canada and Brooks Orpik for the United States.

The Penguins concluded the first half of their season with their 41st game on December 30 against the New Jersey Devils. Through the first 41 games, the Penguins earned a 26–14–1 record. While the Penguins won five straight in the middle of the month, they ending losing three in a row, four of their last five, including shutouts of 0–2 and 0–4 to the Devils; the 0–4 shutout earned Devils' goalie Martin Brodeur his 104th career shutout and the NHL record. The Penguins began the second half of their season with their 42nd game on January 2 against the Tampa Bay Lightning; the Penguins went on to lose both of their first two games of the second half of the season with the second coming against the Florida Panthers. The Penguins returned home for a two-game home stand in which they split by first defeating the Atlanta Thrashers and losing in a high scoring 7–4 contest to the Philadelphia Flyers. After the home stand, the Penguins embarked on a five-game road trip of Canada and Minnesota, in which they finished the trip with a decent 3–2 record with wins coming against the Toronto Maple Leafs, Calgary Flames and Edmonton Oilers.

They battled with a struggling New Jersey Devils team for the Atlantic Division title, but fell short due in large part to having lost all six divisional games against the Devils. The Penguins had a 21–14–6 record in the second half of the season, placing them in fourth place in the Eastern Conference, it would be the third time in four years that the Penguins had over 100 points in a season and the fourth-straight year with 45 wins or more. Atlantic DivisionEastern Conferencebold – Qualified for playoffs, they earned the fourth seed in the Eastern Conference and home-ice advantage in the opening round match-up with the Ottawa Senators. The Penguins advanced to face the eighth-seeded Montreal Canadiens; the Penguins lost Game 1 of the series 5–4. The Penguins took an early 1–0 lead when Evgeni Malkin scored at 3:03 into the first period on the power play, but finished the first period trailing the Senators 2–1 after Peter Regin and Chris Neil both scored on rebounds; the Senators extended their lead to 3–1 early in the second period on the power play when Marc-Andre Fleury was caught out of the net on an odd bounce off of the end board in


Paradirphia is a genus of moths in the family Saturniidae first described by Charles Duncan Michener in 1949. The genus includes the following species: Paradirphia andicola Lemaire, 2002 Paradirphia andrei Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Paradirphia anikae Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Paradirphia antonia Paradirphia boudinoti Lemaire & Wolfe, 1990 Paradirphia citrina Paradirphia coprea Paradirphia estivalisae Guerrero & Passola, 2003 Paradirphia frankae Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Paradirphia fumosa Paradirphia gabrielae Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Paradirphia geneforti Paradirphia hectori Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Paradirphia herediana Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Paradirphia hoegei Paradirphia ibarai Balcazar, 1999 Paradirphia lasiocampina Paradirphia leoni Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Paradirphia lieseorum Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Paradirphia manes Paradirphia oblita Paradirphia pararudloffi Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Paradirphia peggyae Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Paradirphia rectilineata Wolfe, 1994 Paradirphia rudloffi Brechlin & Meister, 2008 Paradirphia semirosea Paradirphia talamancaia Brechlin & Meister, 2010 Paradirphia torva Paradirphia valverdei Lemaire & Wolfe, 1990 Paradirphia winifredae Lemaire & Wolfe, 1990

International Year of Light

The International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies 2015 or International Year of Light 2015 was a United Nations observance that aimed to raise awareness of the achievements of light science and its applications, its importance to humankind. Under the leadership of UNESCO, the IYL 2015 brought together hundreds of national and international partners to organize more than 13,000 activities in 147 countries; the audience reached by the IYL 2015 is estimated to be over 100 million. The first idea for an International Year of Light dates back to 2009 when John Dudley, IYL 2015 Steering Committee Chair, proposed the idea whilst representing the Quantum Electronics and Optics Division of the European Physical Society at a meeting of the International Council of Quantum Electronics in Baltimore, USA. An item, discussed at this meeting was how to follow up activities that were planned to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the laser in 2010 with something more ambitious; the photonics community felt that there was a real opportunity to reach out beyond the scientific sector to raise much broader awareness of the problem-solving potential of light-based science in so many areas of life, to make a global effort to influence education and policy in both developed and developing countries.

The proposal was endorsed by ICQE and thus began the adventure towards IYL 2015. International Years are part of the United Nations declared observances that promote awareness of issues relevant to its aims and international programmes; the first step to achieve the proclamation of the International Year was to work through UNESCO to prepare and submit a resolution to the UN General Assembly. But before this, EPS had to construct the proposal in detail and build a consortium amongst the major optics and physics societies. During 2010 and 2011, the main motivations and goals for IYL 2015 were drafted, it was decided that 2015 would be the target year based on several key scientific anniversaries. With the support of the EPS President Luisa Cifarelli, an important milestone occurred in September 2011 when the Italian Physical Society and EPS organized in Varenna, the Passion for Light launch meeting for IYL 2015, where representatives of UNESCO and the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics were present, both to learn more about our plans and to show their support.

This was the essential step that brought the guidance and experience of UNESCO's International Basic Science Programme to the proposal. With the help of the Institute of Physics, EPS led a delegation to the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics General Assembly in London, United Kingdom, during November 2011 to obtain endorsement, providing an important green light recognizing the international nature of the proposal. At this point there were many partners involved: in addition to EPS and its own European member societies, the IYL 2015 team included the African Physical Society, the American Physical Society, the Association of Asia Pacific Physical Societies, the Chinese Optical and Physical Societies, the European Optical Society, the International Commission for Optics, the IEEE Photonics Society, the Optical Society, the international society for optics and photonics, as well as many other partners and societies from Africa, Canada, the Middle East, New Zealand, South America, elsewhere.

From March 2012 things moved quickly. With help from the Director of UNESCO's International Basic Science Programme Dr. Maciej Nalecz, a consortium of supporting UNESCO member states was assembled. Much support was needed from a number of international scientific partners at this stage, it is essential here to acknowledge Francis Allotey and Ana María Cetto for their leading roles. Other assistance was provided by Zsolt Fulop, John Harvey and Geoff Austin, Zohra Ben Lakhdar and Mourad Zghal, Joe Niemela, Lluis Torner and Sergei Bagaev and Victor Zadkov. A resolution supporting IYL 2015 was prepared and was adopted by the UNESCO Executive Board at its 190th session which took place at the UNESCO HQ in Paris, France, 3–18 October 2012; the resolution was placed before the Executive Board by Ghana, the Russian Federation, New Zealand. UNESCO delegates from Ghana and Mexico introduced the proposal to the Executive Board; the resolution was adopted by the Executive Board joined by co-signatories from a further 27 Board Members: Angola, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Gambia, Indonesia, Malawi, Peru, the Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates, the United States of America and Zimbabwe.

Other Member States of UNESCO who declared support for the initiative were Hungary and South Africa. UNESCO's official support opened the gate to approach the UN General Assembly to endorse the International Year. In early 2013 a meeting amongst the international stakeholders proposed ICTP as the Global Coordination Secretariat. In the year, with the help of UNESCO, the IYL 2015 Steering Committee was invited by Mexico to defend the proposal in New York, United States of America, at an information meeting held at UN Headquarters in May 2013. Ana Maria Cetto and John Dudley led a delegation that included representatives of the African Physical Society, ICTP and OSA and SPIE. After the May 2013 meeting, Mexico led the political process to draft a resolution for the 68th Session of the UN General A