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Windward Islands

The Windward Islands known as the Islands of Barlovento, are the southern larger islands of the Lesser Antilles, within the West Indies. They lie south of the Leeward Islands between latitudes 10° and 16° N and longitudes 60° and 62° W; the name was used to refer to a British colony in these islands, existing between 1833 and 1960 and consisting of the islands of: Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, the Grenadines, Grenada. The island of Dominica was traditionally a part of the Leeward Islands until 1940, when it was transferred from the Leeward Islands colony to the Windward Islands.) The Windward Islands are called such because they were more windward to sailing ships arriving to the New World than the Leeward Islands, given that the prevailing trade winds in the West Indies blow east to west. The trans-Atlantic currents and winds that provided the fastest route across the ocean brought these ships to the rough dividing line between the Windward and Leeward islands. Vessels in the Atlantic slave trade departing from the British Gold Coast and Gulf of Guinea in Africa would first encounter the southeasternmost "Windward" islands of the Lesser Antilles in their west-northwesterly heading to final destinations in the Caribbean and North and Central America.

The chain of Windward Islands forms a part of the easternmost boundary of the Caribbean Sea. The Windward Islands are as follows: Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Grenada Martinique Dominica Leeward Islands Southern Caribbean Lesser Antilles topics Windward Islands topics Leeward Islands topics Windward Islands cricket team Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Windward Islands". Encyclopædia Britannica. 26. Cambridge University Press. P. 716

Esplugues de Llobregat

Esplugues de Llobregat is a municipality of the Barcelona metropolitan area. It belongs to the comarca of Baix Llobregat, Barcelona province, Spain. During the recent decades Esplugues has evolved from a predominantly industrial city to a modern city with all services, preserving however its cultural and historical identity, it is known for its characteristic old quarter, the only one in the Baix Llobregat area with such evocative and romantic areas as el Carrer de Montserrat and the palace of Can Cortada, home to the Baron Maldà, author of Calaix de Sastre, the most representative work of Catalan literature of the late 18th century. Esplugues holds a remarkable natural area with parks and green spaces such as the Park of Solidarity, the Park of Torrents and the Can Vidalet Park. From the mountain of Sant Pere Màrtir it is possible to enjoy a picturesque viewpoint of the entire town; the German School of Barcelona and the American School of Barcelona are located in town and attract wealthy expatriate families who decide to get their kids educated there.

Due to its proximity to the Camp Nou stadium, many famous footballers reside in Esplugues, such as Gerard Piqué and his wife Shakira, Andrés Iniesta, Dani Alves, as well as the motorcycle racer Sete Gibernau, the former World Number 1 tennis player Arantxa Sánchez, other personalities in the Spanish showbiz. Esplugues de Llobregat has an excellent road network, being connected to the highways B-20 and B-23, the N-340 road, its location right across from the Avinguda Diagonal, the most important avenue in Barcelona; the city resides 11 km away from the Airport of Barcelona, it is 13 km away from the port of Barcelona, 10 km away to the Catalan capital downtown. It is linked to Barcelona through the following bus lines: 57, 63, 67, 68, 157, metropolitan buses, T1, T2 and T3 Trambaix lines; the only metro station in the area is Can Vidalet, on the L5 line. Two other stops are under construction and will be opened in 2018; the first nominal legal land section, a little portion of land with a few homes and a few inhabitants, in what is today Esplugues was made in 1096.

The first documents which talk about a town called Esplugues de Llobregat date from the 14th century. International schools in the municipality include: German School of Barcelona American School of Barcelona Ahrensburg, Germany Macael, Spain Carme Chacón: Minister of Defence Óscar Jaenada: Actor Mercedes Milá: Journalist Lorenzo Milá: Journalist Pilar Giménez García: Musician Gerard Piqué: Footballer Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria. Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona: Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3. ISBN 84-87135-02-1. Official site Government data pages

Bad Influence (film)

Bad Influence is a 1990 American psychological thriller film directed by Curtis Hanson starring Rob Lowe and James Spader. In this noirish film, Spader plays a yuppie who meets a mysterious stranger who encourages him to explore his dark side. Bad Influence was the first original screenplay for which David Koepp received a sole screenplay credit; the film's villain is loosely based on a real person, a nomadic surfer who befriended executive producer Morrie Eisenman. Alex leaves a naked woman sleeping as he disappears into the city, throwing away a bag of things to cover his tracks. Michael, a shy awkward doormat, discovers important work materials missing, he knows that Patterson, his nemesis at work, has somehow hidden them but can't prove it, let alone bring himself to accuse the man. Frustrated, he hides in his office - only to be confronted by his fiancée Ruth, whose prattling about their upcoming wedding serves to create further anxiety for Michael, he buys a drink for a woman who has lost her wallet.

Her abusive boyfriend assaults Michael. Alex appears, breaks a beer bottle and defends Michael, menacing the thug until he leaves. Michael turns to thank his benefactor. At home, Michael’s older brother Pismo borrows money - a frequent occurrence he blames on being unable to get anywhere because of a drug conviction. Michael sees the mysterious man from the bar on the pier, he introduces himself as Alex. They go out for drinks and Alex tells Michael he needs to get the best of Patterson. At work, he feels exhilarated. Over a short period of time Alex introduces Michael to a life of hedonism and anarchy, he shows Ruth a video of Michael having sex with Claire to break up the engagement Michael told him he didn’t want, creates a distance between Michael and his brother and involves him in armed robbery and a drug fueled crime spree, ending with an assault on Patterson, though Michael is too drunk and drugged to know what he’s doing. Michael comes to his senses when he learns at work about the assault.

He confronts Alex. At work, Michael wins the promotion. Michael feels too guilty to enjoy his success. Alex takes it upon himself to convince Michael to reconsider his decision - another. Michael realizes Alex is beyond it; when he finds him and Alex takes credit for the promotion, Michael tells him to keep the stuff and consider them even. Alex begins wreaking havoc on Michael’s life, he makes a video of himself killing Claire off-camera with Michael’s golf club and leaves her body in his apartment. Alex leaves him. Michael is unable to go to the police, he enlists his brother’s help to get rid of the body in the La Brea Tar Pits. Michael's secretary quits. Claire's body is found by police and Michael finds a golf club in his office - a message from Alex. Michael enlists Pismo’s help again - this time to find Alex and eliminate the problem. Michael sets up Alex: he sends Pismo to the secret mobile nightclub to follow Alex. Pismo grabs a beer bottle with Alex’s DNA and a bag with the girl’s drivers license.

Alex follows him out of the club. Alex attacks Pismo, but Michael saves him, Pismo gives him a beach address he has found where he can find Alex. Michael has a gun, is about to leave when Pismo notices that Alex has rigged the car to blow up, they fix it and Michael changes his mind. At the beach apartment, Alex has sex with two women in Michael’s bed, he prepares to disappear the way. After he grabs a plastic bag with Michael’s bloody jacket, Michael appears and holds a knife to his throat. Alex admits, they struggle. Alex prepares to kill Michael. Alex traps him at the end of the pier and Michael grabs a gun he has planted, he preens and tells Michael his philosophy, admitting to killing Claire and beating up Patterson while Michael was unconscious - and Michael calls out to Pismo, who has recorded the entire confession. But Pismo stumbles, distracting Michael, Alex lunges at him. Michael shoots in self-defense and Alex falls into the water. Pismo calls the police, who appear on the beach, Michael walks out to meet them with the evidence.

Alex's body washes up on the shore. Rob Lowe as Alex James Spader as Michael Boll Lisa Zane as Claire Christian Clemenson as Pismo Boll Marcia Cross as Ruth Fielding Kathleen Wilhoite as Leslie Grand L. Bush as Bartender David Duchovny as Club Goer with Glasses Perri Lister as Claire's Friend Michael Kristick as Bouncer Bianca Rossini as Bumped Woman John de Lancie as Howard Warren Stanhope as Banker Lilyan Chauvin as Art Gallery Patron Rosalyn Landor as Britt Tony Maggio as Patterson Palmer Lee Todd as Naked Woman Sunny Smith as Waitress Susan Lee Hoffman as Karen, Woman in Bar Jeff Kaake as Willie, Man in Bar The film is based on an original script by David Koepp who had made just one movie, Apartment Zero; the script launched Koepp's career. Director Curtis Hanson did not write the film but says it was similar to his earlier movies The Silent Partner and The Bedroom Window, he said. In these pictures the guy is guilty... and his guilt gets him in deeper and deeper. Because he's guilty he pays a terrible price, but we feel better because he paid that price and he ends


Norev is a French manufacturer of diecast metal model cars. Traditionally based in Villeurbanne, a suburb of Lyon, it has produced modern and vintage European vehicles those of French origin – though Italian, German and American vehicles were produced. Norev's closest competition was Solido, but that company had more pan-European influence, while Norev was more national in orientation. According to the official website, Norev was founded by the Véron brothers, in the suburb of Villeurbanne, near Lyon, France, in 1946. Norev is the family name spelled backwards. In 1953, after the first plastics toy fair in Oyonnax, Joseph Véron started using the new plastic'Rhodialite' for a series of toys; the company's first product was a small tin service garage with several plastic cars in about 1/87 scale. Other products at the company's start were toy watches, miniature sewing machines, a doll's feeding set and other plastic toys for infants. In 1953, was the watershed of the first Norev vehicles to appear.

These were in 1:43 scale and manufactured in plastic. The plastic series consisted of 12 vehicles up through 1956, but expanded to more than 96 models in 1964. Force's book shows that throughout the whole run of all Norev vehicles, without regard to scale or type, models were sequentially numbered from the first car as no. 1 in plastic through no. 899 in zamac and beyond. The early models had colorful unpainted bodies, a main selling point. While earlier models tended to feature semi-realistic colors similar to what contemporary car manufacturers were offering models tended to stray away from realism and offered vibrant, less realistic colors, such as bright orange or lime green. In the mid-1960s, Norev toyed with the idea of adopting colorless plastic bodies which would be spray-painted in metallic colors; the experiment seemed to have been short-lived, with only 5 known models released: the Ford Anglia 105E Deluxe, the Lancia Flaminia, the Fiat 2300, the DAF Daffodil and the Morris Mini 850.

The models chosen were French cars, such as the Simca Aronde, Renault 4CV, Ford Vedette, Peugeot 203, Citroën DS 19, Renault Dauphine, Panhard Dyna Z, Peugeot 403 and Citroën H Van, among others. The first non-French model to be released was the Mercedes-Benz W196 racecar in 1956, followed by the Jaguar 2.4L MK1 saloon a year later. As the years progressed, foreign cars would be added to the Norev range in rapid succession. Norev plastic models were known for their bright body colors and their red plastic hubs with white tires; some of the attention to detail is notable, such as with the Citroën DS sedan. For instance, on the real car, the roof section is a separate plastic piece; the Norev toy made the roof a separate plastic section, allowing for a greater variety of color combinations. In addition to this, Norev released all 3 versions of the DS19: the initial version launched in 1956, the first facelift with metal hood vents to aid cooling, released in 1961, the second facelift in 1963, where the hood vents were replaced with holes under the headlights.

The Rhodialite plastic used in the models was prone to fading and warping after excessive exposure to sunlight. By the mid-1970s, Norev did rectify this via the usage of a lighter plastic with a more matte finish, Most early models were available in both free-wheeling and friction motor versions, though the motorised models were discontinued by the early 1960s. Early bases were unpainted and made of metal, but from 1956 onwards, models started being equipped with black plastic ones. Detail and proportion were good and though the early models lacked windows, they were successful and cheaper than the diecast metal competition. Most models did not have many accessories, unlike the competitors Minialuxe, but a few items like roof skis did appear, like on the Panhard Dyna. After about 1960, opening features began to appear on some – like the opening doors on the Renault 4 van or the Land Rover Expedition, which featured a spare tire and roof luggage / equipment rack. By the end of the 1960s, models would feature multiple different opening parts.

In the case of the Peugeot 504, released in 1969, the model featured 4 opening doors, as well as an opening hood and trunk. Different companies would be advertised on the sides of the model trucks and vans, like Locatel telephone, Cibie lights, or Fleury Michon, a provider of meat products; the most common models for these promotional models were the Citroën 2CV Van and Type H, Renault Estafette and 4 Van, the Peugeot J7. Through the 1950s the red hubs were replaced with more detailed chrome ones and tires became black and windows were added. In 1957, a 1:87 scale'500 / Micro-Norev' series appeared consisting of the same models that appeared in the 1:43 scale line. Still, some unique models, not issued in the 1:43 scale series, did appear the Renault Caravelle and the Peugeot 403 pick-up. In 1961, Émile Véron of the Véron family started Majorette, a separate company in the Lyon area; this new smaller line of cars would be competition for Siku Toys. The first diecast metal Norev models appeared about 1965.

The famous'Jet-Car' series, appeared in 1971. These were hierarchically labeled

Long Rock, Livingston Island

Long Rock is a large rock extending 720 m in east-west direction, 180 m wide and rising to 13 m in the northeast of Morton Strait in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. The area was visited by early 19th century sealers operating on Byers Peninsula; the feature was named by Discovery Investigations personnel that charted Morton Strait in 1930-31. The rock is located 1.6 km south-southwest of Vardim Rocks, 2.1 km south-southwest of Devils Point, 4.2 km north of President Head, Snow Island, 7 km east-northeast of Cape Timblón, Snow Island and 6.93 km southeast of Benson Point, Rugged Island. Composite Antarctic Gazetteer List of Antarctic islands south of 60° S SCAR Territorial claims in Antarctica Península Byers, Isla Livingston. Mapa topográfico a escala 1:25000. Madrid: Servicio Geográfico del Ejército, 1992. L. L. Ivanov et al. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich Island, South Shetland Islands. Scale 1:100000 topographic map. Sofia: Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, 2005.

L. L. Ivanov. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich, Robert and Smith Islands. Scale 1:120000 topographic map. Troyan: Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2009. ISBN 978-954-92032-6-4 Composite Antarctic Gazetteer This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Long Rock, Livingston Island"

2008 Oxford City Council election

Elections for Oxford City Council were held on Thursday 1 May 2008. As Oxford City Council is elected by halves, one seat in each of the 24 wards is up for election. Overall turnout was 32.6%, down from 35.8% in 2006. The lowest turnout was in the highest in Marston. Note: three Independents stood in 2008, compared with two in 2006; this result has the following consequences for the total number of seats on the Council after the elections: Note that Paul Sargent won the Carfax seat in the 2004 elections for the Liberal Democrats, but crossed the floor to the Conservatives in 2007. So when comparing to the 2004 elections, the Liberal Democrats hold. Note that Saj Malik won the Cowley Marsh seat in the 2004 elections for the Liberal Democrats, but crossed the floor to Labour in 2007. So when comparing to the 2004 elections, Labour gain from the Liberal Democrats. Note: ±% figures are calculated with respect to the results of the by-election of 27 July 2006. Note: ±% figures are calculated with respect to the results of the by-election of 21 September 2006.

Note that Tia MacGregor won the Quarry and Risinghurst seat in the 2004 elections for the Liberal Democrats, but crossed the floor to the Conservatives in 2007. So when comparing to the 2004 elections, Labour gain from the Liberal Democrats. Election results, from Oxford City Council Elections in the United Kingdom