Winfield Scott Hancock was a United States Army officer and the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in 1880. He served with distinction in the Army for four decades, including service in the Mexican–American War and as a Union general in the American Civil War. Known to his Army colleagues as "Hancock the Superb", he was noted in particular for his personal leadership at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863, his military service continued after the Civil War, as Hancock participated in the military Reconstruction of the South and the Army's presence at the Western frontier. Hancock's reputation as a war hero at Gettysburg, combined with his status as a Unionist and supporter of states' rights, made him a potential presidential candidate; when the Democrats nominated him for President in 1880, he ran a strong campaign, but was narrowly defeated by Republican James A. Garfield. Hancock's last public service involved the oversight of General Ulysses S. Grant's funeral procession in 1885.
Winfield Scott Hancock and his identical twin brother Hilary Baker Hancock were born on February 14, 1824, in Montgomery Square, Pennsylvania, a hamlet just northwest of Philadelphia in present-day Montgomery Township. The twins were the sons of Elizabeth Hoxworth Hancock. Winfield was named after Winfield Scott, a prominent general in the War of 1812; the Hancock and Hoxworth families had lived in Montgomery County for several generations, were of English and Welsh descent. Benjamin Hancock was a schoolteacher. A few years after their birth, he moved the family to Norristown, the county seat, began to practice law. Benjamin was a deacon in the Baptist church and participated in municipal government. Hancock was at first educated at Norristown Academy, but removed to the public schools when the first one opened in Norristown in the late 1830s. In 1840, Joseph Fornance, the local Congressman, nominated Hancock to the United States Military Academy at West Point. Hancock's progress at West Point was average.
He graduated 18th in his class of 25 in 1844, he was assigned to the infantry. Hancock was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the 6th U. S. Infantry regiment, was stationed in Indian Territory in the Red River Valley; the region was quiet at the time, Hancock's time there was uneventful. Upon the outbreak of war with Mexico in 1846, Hancock worked to secure himself a place at the front. Assigned to recruiting duties in Kentucky, he proved so adept at signing up soldiers that his superiors were reluctant to release him from his post. By July 1847, Hancock was permitted to join his regiment in Puebla, where they made up a part of the army led by his namesake, General Winfield Scott. Scott's army moved farther inland from Puebla attacked Mexico City from the south. During that campaign in 1847, Hancock first encountered battle at Churubusco, he was appointed a brevet first lieutenant for meritorious service in those actions. Hancock was developed a fever. Although he was well enough to join his regiment at Molino del Rey, fever kept Hancock from participating in the final breakthrough to Mexico City, something he would regret for the rest of his life.
After the final victory, Hancock remained in Mexico with the 6th Infantry until the treaty of peace was signed in 1848. Hancock served in a number of assignments as an army quartermaster and adjutant in Fort Snelling, Minnesota and St. Louis, Missouri, it was in St. Louis that he met Almira Russell and they married on January 24, 1850. Allie gave birth to two children, Russell in 1850 and Ada in 1857, but both children died before their parents. Hancock was assigned to Fort Myers, Florida. Hancock's young family accompanied him to his new posting, where Allie Hancock was the only woman on the post. Hancock's tour in Florida coincided with the end of the Third Seminole War, his duties were those of a quartermaster, he did not see action in that campaign. As the situation in Florida began to settle down, Hancock was reassigned to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, he served in the West during the partisan warfare of "Bleeding Kansas", in the Utah Territory, where the 6th Infantry arrived after the Utah War.
Following the resolution of that conflict, Hancock was stationed in southern California in November 1858. He remained there, joined by Allie and the children, until the Civil War broke out in 1861, serving as a captain and assistant quartermaster under future Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston. In California, Hancock became friendly with a number of southern officers, most Lewis A. Armistead of Virginia. At the outbreak of the Civil War and the other southerners left to join the Confederate States Army, while Hancock remained in the service of the United States. Hancock returned east to assume quartermaster duties for the growing Union Army, but was promoted to brigadier general on September 23, 1861, given an infantry brigade to command in the division of Brig. Gen. William F. "Baldy" Smith, Army of the Potomac. He earned his "Superb" nickname in the Peninsula Campaign, in 1862, by leading a critical counterattack in the Battle of Williamsburg. McClellan did not follow through on Hancock's initiative and Confederate forces were allowed to withdraw unmolested.
John C. Hunterson was a Medal of Honor recipient in the American Civil War, he mustered in with Company B of the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry as a Private on July 23, 1861. He mustered out with his company, August 24, 1864. Place and date: On the Peninsula, Va. 5 June 1862. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. Date of issue: 2 August 1897. Citation: While under fire, between the lines of the 2 armies, voluntarily gave up his own horse to an engineer officer whom he was accompanying on a reconnaissance and whose horse had been killed, thus enabling the officer to escape with valuable papers in his possession. List of Medal of Honor recipients This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History. "An Incident of Orderly Duty on the Peninsula, June 5, 1862", History of the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, Sixtieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, in the American Civil War, 1861–1865. By Pennsylvania Cavalry.
3d Regt. 1861–1865, Capt. William Brooke Rawle. Published by Franklin Printing Company, 1905. Pp. 519–522. "At the Risk of His Life", Deeds of Valor: How American Heroes Won the Medal of Honor. Published by the Perrien-Keydel Co. 1907, p. 43. "John C. Hunterson". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2009-02-07
Shiv Brat Lal Varman, popularly known by the honorifics "Data Dayal" and "Maharishi", was born in Bhadohi district of Uttar Pradesh state in India in 1860. He was a famous writer, it is believed that he wrote as much as 3000 books on various social, historical and spiritual topics. Being a famous writer he was called as the modern Maharishi Ved Vyas and hence became famous with the name Maharishi ji; as an editor he moved to Lahore to edit the'Arya Gazette' - an Urdu weekly. On 1 August 1907 he started his own magazine, it acquired popularity quickly, he became a famous writer and in his lifetime he edited and authored 3000 spiritual periodicals and books in Hindi, Urdu & English on various social, historical and spiritual topics. His books Light of Anand Yoga, Dayal Yoga and Shabd Yoga became famous. Lal's books on the Radha Soami spiritual movement include: Light of Anand Yoga Dayal Yoga Shabd Yoga Radhaswami Yog: Part 1-6 Radhaswami Mat Parkash Adbhut Upasana Yog: Part 1-2 Anmol Vichar Dus Avtaron Ki Katha Kabir Prichaya Adyagyan Kabir Yog: Part 1-13 Kabir Bijak: Part 1-3 Karam Rahshya Nanak Yog: Part 1-3 Panth Sandesh Safalta Ke Sadhan Sahaj Yog Saptrishi Vartant Sharanangati Yog Satsang Ke Aath Vachan Vayvahar Gyan Parkash Vicharanjali Vigyan Ramayana Vigyan Krishnayana To spread the Radha Soami spiritual movement, Lal began a long journey from Lahore to Calcutta on 2 August 1911.
He left Calcutta, proceeding towards Rangoon by sea. He reached Penang on Hong Kong on 22 November, via Singapore and Java. After that he went to Japan and he went to San Francisco in America, where he delivered two lectures. In 1912 Lal founded his ashram in Gopi Ganj in Uttar Pradesh, India, his discourses attracted seekers of the Radha Soami movement from all over the India and abroad. He died on 23 February 1939 at the age of seventy-nine, his holy Samādhi stands near Gopi Ganj. Among those who continued his work was Baba Faqir Chand of Hoshiarpur. Bhagat Munshi Ram Manav Dayal I. C. Sharma Manavta Mandir Shiv Dayal Singh Rai Saligram Param Sant Kanwar Saheb Radha Swami Satsang, Dinod Radha Swami Satsang, Dinod Official website