Wing Chun Kuen called Wing Chun, is a concept-based traditional Southern Chinese Kung fu style and a form of self-defence known as "beautiful springtime", that requires quick arm movements and strong legs to defeat opponents. Softness and performance of techniques in a relaxed manner is fundamental to Wing Chun. According to legend, it was created by Ng Mui, an abbess who taught it to her student Yim Wing-chun as a means to defend herself against unwanted advances; the martial art is named after her. According to Ip Man, "Chi Sau in Wing Chun is to maintain one's flexibility and softness, all the while keeping in the strength to fight back, much like the flexible nature of bamboo". Notable practitioners of Wing Chun include Yuen Kay Shan, Ip Man, Ip Chun, Bruce Lee, Brandon Lee, Jackie Chan, Donnie Yen, Robert Downey Jr and Sum Nung. Wing Chun favors a high, narrow stance with the elbows close to the body. Within the stance, arms are positioned across the vitals of the centerline with hands in a vertical "wu sau".
This style positions the practitioner to make placed blocks and fast-moving blows to vital striking points down the center of the body. Shifting or turning within a stance is done on the heels, balls, or middle of the foot, depending on lineage; some Wing Chun styles discourage the use of high kicks because this risks counter-attacks to the groin. The practice of "settling" one's opponent to brace them more against the ground helps one deliver as much force as possible to them. Softness and performance of techniques in a relaxed manner, by training the physical, breathing and force in a relaxed manner to develop Chi "soft wholesome force", is fundamental to Wing Chun. On "softness" in Wing Chun, ip Man during an interview said: Wing Chun is in some sense a "soft" school of martial arts. However, if one equates that work as weak or without strength they are dead wrong. Chi Sau in Wing Chun is to maintain one's flexibility and softness, all the while keeping in the strength to fight back, much like the flexible nature of bamboo".
The most common system of forms in Wing Chun consists of three empty hand forms, two weapon forms, a wooden dummy form. See Glossary of Wing Chun terms Both the Wai Yan and Nguyễn Tế-Công branches use different curricula of empty hand forms; the Tam Yeung and Fung Sang lineages both trace their origins to Leung Jan's retirement to his native village of Gu Lao, where he taught a curriculum of San Sik. The Siu Lim Tau of Wing Chun is one long form that includes movements that are comparative to a combination of Siu Lim Tau, Chum Kiu, Biu Ji of other families; the other major forms of the style are: Jeui Da, Fa Kyun, Jin Jeung, Jin Kyun, Jeui Kyun, Sap Saam Sau, Chi Sau Lung. A few family styles of Wing-Chun (especially those coming from the Hung Syun Hei Baan have an advanced combination form called Saam Baai Fat which includes many flow/leak techniques from all of the first'standard' 7 forms. Old phonetics in Cantonese, they are one of the few schools that teach the full 8-form curriculum including Yoo-Choy family-style of'Saam Baai Fut' 3 Bows to Buddha.
The Star Dummy consists of three poles that are embedded into the ground in a triangle with each pole an arms span apart. The associated form consists of kicking the poles using the various kicks found in Wing Chun: front kick, front kick with foot pointed out using broad area of foot and knee rotation to outside, side kick; the Yuen Kay Shan / Sum Nung branch historically trained throwing darts. San Sik are compact in structure, they can be loosely grouped into three broad categories: 1. Focus on building body structure through basic punching, standing and stepping drills. 2. Fundamental arm cycles and changes ingraining the cardinal tools for interception and adaptation. 3. Sensitivity training and combination techniques. Wing Chun includes several sensitivity drills designed to obtain specific responses. Although they can be practiced or expressed in a combat form, they should not be confused with actual sparring or fighting. Chi Sau is a term for the principle and drills used for the development of automatic reflexes upon contact and the idea of "sticking" to the opponent.
In reality, the intention is not to "stick" to your opponent at all costs, but rather to protect your centerline while attacking your opponent's centerline. In Wing Chun, this is practiced by two practitioners maintaining contact with each other's forearms while executing techniques, thereby training each other to sense changes in body mechanics, momentum and "feel"; the increased sensitivity gained from this drill helps a practitioner attack and counter an opponent's movements quickly, with appropriate techniques. Chi Sau additionally refers to methods of rolling hands drills (Chinese: 碌手.
John G. Trueschler, was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates, District 42. In the 2002 election, Trueschler won his first election, he won a seat in District 42. He served in this district along with William J. Frank. In the general election, they defeated Democratic challengers James W. Campbell, an incumbent, Matthew Joseph, Stephen W. Lafferty; the prior Delegates from District 42 were in different districts. Incumbent Democrat Samuel I. Rosenberg moved to District 41 and Maggie McIntosh moved to District 43. In 2006, Trueschler decided to retire rather than run for reelection. Democrat Stephen W. Lafferty was elected to replace him, one of several seats that the Republicans lost in the 2006 election in the House of Delegates. Trueschler was raised in the northern Baltimore area, he attended Hampton Elementary School, Towsontown Junior High School, Loch Raven High School. After high school he went to West Virginia University where he graduated in 1979 with his B. S. in landscape architecture, magna cum laude.
Trueschler returned to college to get his J. D. from the University of Maryland School of Law, where he graduated with honors in 1991. After graduating from West Virginia, Trueschler was a licensed landscape architect. After law school, he was admitted to Maryland Bar in 1991, he is a founding member of the North Central Republican Club and served as vice-president from 1990 until 1991. He is an active member of the Boy Scouts of America and is a committee member of the Dulaney District, he is on the Soccer Board for the Lutherville-Timonium Recreation Council. While in the Maryland House of Delegates, Trueschler was a member of the Economic Matters Committee, several subcommittees including the business regulation subcommittee, the unemployment insurance subcommittee, the alcoholic beverages work group, the corporations work group, he was a member of the Medical Malpractice Insurance Work Group, the Maryland Veterans Caucus, the National Conference of State Legislatures. 2002 Race for Maryland House of Delegates – District 42Voters to choose three: Maryland House of Delegates: John G. Trueschler
Map Project Office is an industrial design firm based in East London, working with both major brands and start-ups in the consumer technology space. The studio works with abstract technologies such as artificial intelligence, augmented reality or the IoT, creating accessible experiences for the end user. Map was formed as a team within furniture design firm Barber & Osgerby to accommodate its growing portfolio of design work for major technology brands including Google, IBM and Sony. Founded by Edward Barber and Jay Osgerby, it was spun-off into its own business in 2012, has since received over 40 awards including Creative Review’s Creative Agency of the Year 2016. In 2018 Map Project Office and its sister company Universal Design Studio joined with AKQA. Map is now led by Directors Will Alex Hulme. Map started with four people and has since grown to a team of 12 designers, their three main strands of work are designed for start-ups, global technology brands and exhibition and installation development for leading creative and advertising agencies.
For their work with start-up clients, the studio works in an end-to-end design process, from strategy and fundraising to production and manufacturing and across disciplines including engineering, science and business. One of Map’s first projects was with Kano to create a DIY computer kit that promotes STEAM and STEM learning for children; the kit launched on Kickstarter, has gone on to receive multiple awards. Further work with start-ups include BleepBleeps and the Beeline Smart Compass, awarded Best Consumer Product by Design Week in 2017; the studio works with technology brands conducting concept work, working with the client's in-house design teams to develop strategic products that will shape the future of technology, in many cases where the final output will end up being released 4 or 5 years later. Working on collaborative exhibition and spatial design projects Map received awards for the Google Chrome Web Lab, the Science Museum Entrance Desk and IBM Watson IoT Head Quarters in Munich.
In 2016, the studio was the recipient of the acclaimed Creative Agency of the Year by Creative Review and was listed by Fast Co as one the Top 10 Most Innovative Companies in Design. For collaborations with Honda, BleepBleeps and Beeline they were featured extensively in Icon Magazine, FastCo Design, The Drive and Dezeen; the studio was highlighted within The Design Economy as a case study. The report released by the Design Council addressed the skills and economic contribution the industry provides to the UK. Map Project Office collaborated with Universal Design Studio to design the world's first integrated quantum computing system for IBM. In 2019 IBM launched the IBM Q System One at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. Map and Universal defined the vision for the system, where the hardware and interface were considered as a single coherent experience; the design includes a nine-foot-tall, nine-foot-wide case of half-inch thick borosilicate glass forming a sealed, airtight enclosure.
Its glass door opens effortlessly, simplifying the system’s maintenance and upgrade process while minimising downtime – making the IBM Q System One uniquely suited for reliable commercial use
The United States Navy at one time had nuclear powered cruisers as part of its fleet. The first such ship was USS Long Beach. Commissioned in late summer 1961, she was the world's first nuclear powered surface combatant, she was followed a year by USS Bainbridge. While Long Beach was a'true cruiser', meaning she was designed and built as a cruiser, Bainbridge began life as a frigate, though at that time the Navy was using the hull code "DLGN" for "destroyer leader, guided missile, nuclear"; this was prior to the enactment of the 1975 ship reclassification plan, in which frigates, were reclassified as cruisers, so that the US Navy's numbers would compete with those of the Soviet Navy. Long Beach, the largest of all the nuclear cruisers, was equipped with a C1W cruiser reactor, while all the others were equipped with D2G destroyer reactors. In the summer of 1964, Long Beach and Bainbridge would meet up with USS Enterprise, the Navy's first nuclear powered aircraft carrier, to form Task Force One, an all-nuclear powered naval unit.
They would commence Operation Sea Orbit, in which they circumnavigated the globe, without refuelling. It was a remarkable achievement for its time, a naval group capable of sailing over 48,000 kilometers in just 65 days, without replenishment. In the spring of 1967 came the Navy's third nuclear powered cruiser, USS Truxtun, a modified design based on the Belknap-class cruiser. Truxtun would be followed by the 2-ship California class, beginning with USS California in February 1974 and USS South Carolina in January 1975; the US Navy was the only fleet in the world with nuclear powered cruisers, until 1974 when the USSR would begin construction on their own nuclear battlecruiser, the Kirov class. The Soviets would build 4 in total, between 1974 and 1998; the last nuclear powered cruisers the Americans would produce would be the 4-ship Virginia class. USS Virginia was commissioned in 1976, followed by USS Texas in 1977, USS Mississippi in 1978 and USS Arkansas in 1980. All these ships would prove to be too costly to maintain and they would all be retired between 1993 and 1999.
A fifth Virginia-class vessel was planned but cancelled. The US Navy has the largest fleet of nuclear powered aircraft carriers and nuclear powered submarines. List of United States Navy nuclear powered cruisers "The Official Website of the United States Navy". "U. S. Naval Institute"
Strandegaard is a manor house and estate located in Faxe Municipality, Denmark. The estate estate was acquired by Otto Thott and two sisters in 1631 and is still owned by the Thott/Reedtz-Thott family, it is managed as an organic farm and other activities include Feddet Beach Camping & Resprt. Strandegård Manor was established by Axel Sehested in 1662 at the site where the village of Fiskerhoved had until been located; the area had until belonged to the Crown but was by Frederick III presented to Sehested after the Second Northern War. Sehested later that same year sold the estate to a merchant from Copenhagen named Hans Pedersen Klein. AfterPetersen Klein's widow, Magdalene Mogensdatter, was married for a second time to Ernst Volcher. In 1686, Magdalene Mogensdatter sold Strandegård to merchant Peder Jensen, his widow, Kirsten Ellen Andersdatter, kept the estate until her death in 1707. Strandegaard was sold in public auction to Christian Juel, his widow, Anne Margrethe Krag, kept the estate after her husband's death in 1717, In 1731, after struggling economically for years, like many other landowners of the time, she had to sell Strandegaard.
The new owners were his sisters Dorothea and Anne Thott. Otto Thott was the owner of the estates Gavnø and Lindersvold. Dorothea Thott passed away in 1738 and Otto Thott bought Anne Thott in 1740. Otto Thott had no children. In his will of 1780, he converted his estates into a stamhus for his maternal uncle's grandson, Holger Reedtz, who in 1786 took the name Reedtz-Thott; the legal effect of a stamhus was that the estate could not be pledged, sold or divided between heirs. In 1805, Otto Reedtz-Thott was able to establish the Barony of Gavnø from the estates, his son, Tage Reedtz-Thott, succeeded his father in 1862. He was active in politics and served as Council President from 1785 to 1786; the barony was dissolved in 1921. This happened in accordance with the lensafløsningslov of 1919. Tage Reedtz-Thott's son. Otto Reedtz-Thott, succeeded his father in 1923 but died in 1927, he had no children and Strandegård was therefore passed to a cousin, Holger Reedtz-Thott, while another cousin's son, Axel Reedtz-Thott, received Gavnø.
Holger Reedtz-Thott had no children and therefore left Strandegård to Axel Reedtz-Thott Axel Reedtz-Thott ceded Strandegård to his youngest son Ivan Reedtz-Thott in 1978. His eldest son, His elder son, Otto Reedtz-Thott, had succeeded him on Gavnø in 1973. Rhe estate has a total area of 1,300 hectares of which just over half is farmland and the rest is forest and other natural habitats. Strandegaard is managed as an organic farm. Other activities include Feddet Beach Resort. A project under Realdania's Manor Houses of the Future programme has worked with realizing new synergies between the organic farm and the hospitality-related activities. Axel Sehested Hans Pedersen Klein Magdalene Mogensdatter, gift 1) Klein 2) Volcher Jokum Ernst Volcher Magdalene Mogensdatter, gift 1) Klein 2) Volcher Peder Jensen Kirsten Ellen Andersdatter, gift Jensen Christian Juel Anne Margrethe Krag, gift Juel Dorothea Thott Anne Thott Otto Thott Holger Reedtz-Thott Otto Reedtz-Thott Tage Reedtz-Thott Otto Reedtz-Thott Holger Reedtz-Thott Axel Reedtz-Thott Ivan Reedtz-Thott
The 2014 United States House of Representatives election in the District of Columbia was held on Tuesday, November 4, 2014 to elect the non-voting Delegate to the United States House of Representatives from the District of Columbia. The election coincided with the elections of other federal and local offices; the non-voting delegate is elected for two-year terms. Democrat Eleanor Holmes Norton, who has represented the district since 1991, won re-election to a thirteenth term in office. Eleanor Holmes Norton, incumbent Delegate Nelson F. Rimensnyder Natale L. Stracuzzi Tim Krepp, tour guide District of Columbia Board of Elections Campaign contributions at OpenSecrets.org Outside spending at the Sunlight FoundationOfficial campaign websitesEleanor Holmes Norton campaign website Nelson Rimensnyder campaign website Natale Stracuzzi campaign website Tim Krepp campaign website