Winona County, Minnesota

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Winona County, Minnesota
Winona County Courthouse.jpg
Map of Minnesota highlighting Winona County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 23, 1854
Named forWinona
SeatWinona
Largest cityWinona
Area
 • Total642 sq mi (1,663 km2)
 • Land626 sq mi (1,621 km2)
 • Water15 sq mi (39 km2), 2.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)50,825
 • Density81.2/sq mi (31.4/km2)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.winona.mn.us

Winona County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2018 census,[1] its estimated population was 50,825, its county seat is Winona.[2]

Winona County comprises the Winona, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Maiden's Rock, from which legend has it the Dakota maiden named Winona leapt to her death

The Wisconsin Territory was established by the federal government effective July 3, 1836, and existed until its eastern portion was granted statehood (as Wisconsin) in 1848; the federal government set up the Minnesota Territory effective March 3, 1849. The newly organized territorial legislature created nine counties across the territory in October of that year. One of those original counties, Wabasha, had its southern section partitioned off on March 5, 1853, into a new county, Fillmore. On February 23, 1854, the legislature partitioned the northern part of Fillmore County, plus a small section of Wabasha, to create Winona County, with the village of Winona as county seat;[3] the county name was taken from the village name, which is said to derive from a Dakota legend about a woman, Winona, (a relative of Chief Wabasha) who was betrothed to a warrior she did not love. Rather than marry him, she jumped to her death from a rock on Lake Pepin now called "Maiden's Rock";[4] this is known as the Winona legend.[5]

The county boundaries have remained unchanged since 1854.

Geography[edit]

Soils of Winona County[6]

Winona County lies on Minnesota's border with Wisconsin and is part of the driftless area that defines southeastern Minnesota, northeastern Iowa, southwestern Wisconsin and northwestern Illinois; the Mississippi, flowing south-southeast, defines the county's eastern border. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (St. Paul District[7]) maintains the lock and dam system in this region.

The Whitewater River flows north-northeast through the northwest part of the county toward its discharge into the Mississippi just above Winona County; the eastern part of the county is drained into the Mississippi by east-flowing streams including Rollingstone Creek, Garvin Brook, Cedar Creek, and Big Trout Creek. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills with the east portion particularly etched by drainages, and lightly sprinkled with lakes; the land is devoted to agriculture where possible.[8] The terrain slopes to the south and east,[9] with its highest point at 1,365' (416m) ASL on a hill two miles (3 km) east of Wilson;[10] the county has a total area of 642 square miles (1,660 km2), of which 626 square miles (1,620 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (2.4%) is water.[11]

Within Minnesota, Winona County borders Wabasha County, Olmsted County, Fillmore County and Houston County.

Major highways[edit]

Public airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[8][edit]

  • Great River Bluffs State Park
  • John A Latsch State Park
  • Richard John Dorer Memorial Hardwood State Forest
  • Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge (part)
  • Whitewater State Park
  • Whitewater State Wildlife Management Area (part)
    • Callahan Unit
    • McCarthy Ravine Unit
    • South Branch Unit
    • Upper South Branch Unit

Lakes[8][edit]

  • Airport Lake
  • Bartlet Lake
  • Bollers Lake
  • Hunters Lake
  • Lake Goodview
  • Lake Winona
  • Rileys Lake

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18609,208
187022,319142.4%
188027,10721.5%
189033,79724.7%
190035,6865.6%
191033,398−6.4%
192033,6530.8%
193035,1444.4%
194037,7957.5%
195039,8415.4%
196040,9372.8%
197044,4098.5%
198046,2564.2%
199047,8283.4%
200049,9854.5%
201051,4613.0%
Est. 201850,825[12]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2018[17]

2018 estimate[edit]

As of the 2018 estimate of Winona County population, there were 50,825 residents; the racial makeup of the county was 94% White, 1% African American, 2% Asian, 2% Hispanic or Latino, below 1% from other races, and 1% from two or more races. The male population constituted 49% of the total.

2000 census[edit]

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 49,985 people, 18,744 households, and 11,696 families in the county; the population density was 79.8/sqmi (30.8/km²). There were 19,551 housing units at an average density of 31.2/sqmi (12.1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.80% White, 0.77% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.87% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. 1.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.8% were of German, 13.9% Norwegian, 9.9% Polish and 7.4% Irish ancestry.

There were 18,744 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.30% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.60% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.

The county population contained 22.80% under the age of 18, 18.60% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,700, and the median income for a family was $49,845. Males had a median income of $31,926 versus $23,406 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,077. About 5.60% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.80% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.

In 2016, Winona County planning commissioners voted to approve new permits for existing commercial dog breeding operations, also known as "puppy mills", despite overwhelming evidence of animal cruelty and neglect. Due to the high number of kennels in the county, Winona county has earned the dubious title "Puppy Mill Capital of Minnesota".[18]

Micropolitan Statistical Area[edit]

The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has designated Winona County as the Winona, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area (µSA), with Winona as its principal city.[19] The US Census Bureau ranked this µSA as the 582nd most populous Core Based Statistical Area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.[20]

Politics[edit]

Winona County voters tended to vote Democratic until recently. Since 1960 the county selected the Democratic Party candidate in 64% of national elections (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[21]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 46.5% 12,122 43.6% 11,366 9.9% 2,586
2012 42.2% 11,480 55.0% 14,980 2.8% 772
2008 39.3% 10,975 58.4% 16,308 2.3% 652
2004 46.3% 12,686 51.9% 14,231 1.8% 505
2000 45.0% 10,773 46.3% 11,069 8.7% 2,076
1996 36.8% 7,955 47.5% 10,272 15.7% 3,389
1992 35.0% 8,585 39.6% 9,707 25.4% 6,226
1988 50.9% 11,012 47.7% 10,310 1.4% 302
1984 55.0% 11,981 44.0% 9,577 1.0% 212
1980 45.1% 10,332 42.9% 9,814 12.0% 2,757
1976 47.6% 10,436 49.9% 10,939 2.5% 539
1972 56.5% 10,910 41.8% 8,080 1.7% 337
1968 45.9% 7,998 49.5% 8,627 4.7% 818
1964 35.7% 6,345 64.1% 11,397 0.2% 28
1960 52.1% 9,271 47.7% 8,484 0.1% 25
1956 61.3% 9,743 38.1% 6,048 0.6% 102
1952 64.5% 10,723 35.1% 5,834 0.4% 64
1948 44.9% 6,880 54.1% 8,281 1.0% 152
1944 57.2% 8,296 42.2% 6,117 0.6% 93
1940 56.8% 9,599 42.6% 7,187 0.6% 105
1936 34.4% 5,353 59.6% 9,268 6.0% 930
1932 35.7% 4,751 62.4% 8,305 1.9% 252
1928 53.2% 7,459 46.2% 6,484 0.6% 88
1924 43.5% 5,670 8.5% 1,111 48.0% 6,245
1920 69.8% 7,888 25.6% 2,896 4.6% 516
1916 47.9% 2,916 47.8% 2,907 4.3% 259
1912 16.5% 1,042 47.7% 3,004 35.8% 2,254
1908 48.2% 3,014 49.2% 3,072 2.6% 163
1904 61.2% 3,734 33.8% 2,063 5.0% 302
1900 47.4% 3,305 49.2% 3,436 3.4% 239
1896 51.5% 3,935 46.2% 3,528 2.3% 176
1892 40.0% 2,734 54.1% 3,701 6.0% 409

Winona County is represented in the Minnesota House of Representatives by Rep. Steve Drazkowski (R), and Rep. Gene Pelowski (DFL). Winona County is represented in the Minnesota Senate by Sen. Jeremy Miller (R). Winona County is located in Minnesota's 1st Congressional District, represented by Rep. Jim Hagedorn (R). There are five commissioners on the Winona County Board.[22]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Census".
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
  4. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. pp. 581–4.
  5. ^ Porter, Cynthya (1 February 2009). "Homecoming To Explore Roles Of American Indian Women". Winona Daily News (reprinted at Diversity Foundation). Retrieved October 21, 2015.
  6. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 43 - 48. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  7. ^ "ASACE St. Paul District".
  8. ^ a b c Winona County MN Google Maps (accessed 24 April 2019)
  9. ^ "Find an Altitude/Winona County MN" Google Maps (accessed 19 April 2019)
  10. ^ Winona County High Point, Minnesota. PeakBagger (accessed 24 April 2019)
  11. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  17. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  18. ^ Post, Winona. "Winona County's dirty little secret: It's the puppy mill capital of Minnesota - Winona Post > Opinion". www.winonapost.com. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  19. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). United States Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
  20. ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". 2012 Population Estimates. US Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. Archived from the original (CSV) on April 1, 2013. Retrieved April 9, 2013.
  21. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  22. ^ "Winona County Board".

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°59′N 91°46′W / 43.98°N 91.77°W / 43.98; -91.77