Wisdom, sapience, or sagacity is the ability to think and act using knowledge, understanding, common sense and insight. Wisdom is associated with attributes such as unbiased judgment, experiential self-knowledge, self-transcendence and non-attachment, virtues such as ethics and benevolence. Wisdom has been defined in many different ways, including several distinct approaches to assess the characteristics attributed to wisdom; the Oxford English Dictionary defines wisdom as "Capacity of judging rightly in matters relating to life and conduct. Charles Haddon Spurgeon defined wisdom as "the right use of knowledge". Robert I. Sutton and Andrew Hargadon defined the "attitude of wisdom" as "acting with knowledge while doubting what one knows". In social and psychological sciences, several distinct approaches to wisdom exist, with major advances made in the last two decades with respect to operationalization and measurement of wisdom as a psychological construct; the ancient Greeks considered wisdom to be an important virtue, personified as the goddesses Metis and Athena.
Metis was the first wife of Zeus, according to Hesiod's Theogony, had devoured her pregnant. Athena was portrayed as strong, fair and chaste. Apollo was considered a god of wisdom, designated as the conductor of the Muses, who were personifications of the sciences and of the inspired and poetic arts. Apollo was considered the god who prophesied through the priestesses in the Temple of Apollo, where the aphorism “know thyself" was inscribed, he was contrasted with Hermes, related to the sciences and technical wisdom, and, in the first centuries after Christ, was associated with Thoth in an Egyptian syncretism, under the name Hermes Trimegistus. Greek tradition recorded the earliest introducers of wisdom in the Seven Sages of Greece. To Socrates and Plato, philosophy was the love of wisdom; this permeates Plato's dialogues. Aristotle, in Metaphysics, defined wisdom as understanding why things are a certain way, deeper than knowing things are a certain way, he was the first to make the distinction between phronesis and sophia.
According to Plato and Xenophon, the Pythia of the Delphic Oracle answered the question "who is the wisest man in Greece?" by stating Socrates was the wisest. According to Plato's Apology, Socrates decided to investigate the people who might be considered wiser than him, concluding they lacked true knowledge: οὗτος μὲν οἴεταί τι εἰδέναι οὐκ εἰδώς, ἐγὼ δέ, ὥσπερ οὖν οὐκ οἶδα, οὐδὲ οἴομαι Thus it became popularly immortalized in the phrase "I know that I know nothing" that it is wise to recognize one's own ignorance and to value epistemic humility; the ancient Romans valued wisdom, personified in Minerva, or Pallas. She represents skillful knowledge and the virtues chastity, her symbol was the owl, still a popular representation of wisdom, because it can see in darkness. She was said to be born from Jupiter's forehead. Wisdom is important within Christianity. Jesus emphasized it. Paul the Apostle, in his first epistle to the Corinthians, argued that there is both secular and divine wisdom, urging Christians to pursue the latter.
Prudence, intimately related to wisdom, became one of the four cardinal virtues of Catholicism. The Christian philosopher Thomas Aquinas considered wisdom to be the "father" of all virtues. In Buddhist traditions, developing wisdom plays a central role where comprehensive guidance on how to develop wisdom is provided. In the Inuit tradition, developing wisdom was one of the aims of teaching. An Inuit Elder said that a person became wise when they could see what needed to be done and did it without being told what to do. In many cultures, the name for third molars, which are the last teeth to grow, is etymologically linked with wisdom, e.g. as in the English wisdom tooth. It has its nickname originated from the classical tradition, which in the Hippocratic writings has been called sóphronistér, in Latin dens sapientiae, since they appear at the age of maturity in late adolescence and early adulthood. Public schools in the US have an approach to character education. Eighteenth century thinkers such as Benjamin Franklin, referred to this as training wisdom and virtue.
Traditionally, schools share the responsibility to build character and wisdom along with parents and the community. Nicholas Maxwell, a contemporary philosopher in the United Kingdom, advocates that academia ought to alter its focus from the acquisition of knowledge to seeking an
The 1981 FIBA European Championship called FIBA EuroBasket 1981, was the 22nd FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship, held by FIBA Europe. The competition was hosted by Czechoslovakia and took place from May 26 to June 5, 1981. Twelve national teams took part in the competition, divided in 2 six-teams groups; the winner of each match earns the loser one. The first three teams advance to the final stage, the last three team take part in the classification round. Soviet Union Yugoslavia Czechoslovakia Spain Italy Israel Poland France Greece West Germany Turkey England 1. Soviet Union: Valdis Valters, Anatoly Myshkin, Vladimir Tkachenko, Sergėjus Jovaiša, Alexander Belostenny, Stanislav Yeryomin, Sergei Tarakanov, Andrey Lopatov, Nikolay Deryugin, Aleksandr Salnikov, Gennadi Kapustin, Nikolai Fesenko 2. Yugoslavia: Krešimir Ćosić, Dražen Dalipagić, Mirza Delibašić, Dragan Kićanović, Andro Knego, Peter Vilfan, Predrag Benaček, Ratko Radovanović, Boban Petrović, Branko Skroče, Željko Poljak, Petar Popović 3.
Czechoslovakia: Kamil Brabenec, Stanislav Kropilák, Zdenek Kos, Vlastimil Klimes, Vojtech Petr, Vlastimil Havlik, Jaroslav Skala, Juraj Zuffa, Peter Rajniak, Zdenek Bohm, Justin Sedlak, Gustav Hraska 4. Spain: Juan Antonio Corbalán, Juan Antonio San Epifanio, Wayne Brabender, Fernando Martín, Candido "Chicho" Sibilio, Manuel Flores, Ignacio "Nacho" Solozábal, Rafael Rullán, Juan Domingo de la Cruz, Quim Costa, Josep Maria Margall, Fernando Romay
Cornelius Alexander McGillicuddy III, popularly known as Connie Mack III, is an American Republican former politician. He served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from Florida from 1983 to 1989 and as a Senator from 1989 to 2001, he served as chairman of the Senate Republican Conference from 1997 to 2001. He was considered for the GOP vice presidential nomination by Bob Dole in 1996 and George W. Bush in 2000. Jack Kemp and Dick Cheney were chosen instead, he is the grandson of Connie Mack, former owner and manager of baseball's Philadelphia Athletics and a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. Mack was born Cornelius Alexander McGillicuddy III in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1940, the son of Susan and Cornelius Alexander McGillicuddy Jr, he graduated from the University of Florida with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration in 1966. He is a member of Florida Blue Key, his paternal grandfather was Connie Mack, former owner and manager of baseball's Philadelphia Athletics and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Mack's maternal grandfather was Morris Sheppard, U. S. Senator and Representative from Texas, his maternal step-grandfather was Tom Connally, who served as U. S. Senator from Texas. Mack's father's line were Irish immigrants. Mack's maternal great-grandfather was John Levi Sheppard, who served as a U. S. Representative from Texas. U. S. House electionsMack made his first run for public office in 1982, when he ran in the Republican primary for the 13th District, a newly created district centered around Fort Myers; the old 13th, represented by Democrat William Lehman, had been renumbered as the 17th district. Mack led the field in a crowded four-way Republican primary with 28 percent of the vote, won a run-off election in October against State Representative Ted Ewing 58% to 42%. In the November general election, he won with 65% of the vote. In 1984, he won re-election in 1986 won with 75 % of the vote. 1988 U. S. Senate election Incumbent Democratic U. S. Senator Lawton Chiles decided to retire. After three terms in the U.
S. House, Mack decided to run for the U. S. Senate, he won the primary with 62% of the vote against Robert Merkle. In the general election, he defeated Democratic U. S. Congressman Buddy Mackay with just 50% of the vote. 1994 U. S. Senate election In the general election, he defeated Democratic attorney Hugh Rodham 71% to 29%, he won every county in the state. He was the only Republican Senator in Florida history to get elected to more than one term until Marco Rubio did so in 2016. During his congressional career, Mack supported the passage of laws dealing with health care, financial modernization, modification of the tax code, public housing reform. A cancer survivor, Mack has been a strong advocate for cancer research, early detection and treatment Mack led a historic bipartisan congressional effort to double funding for biomedical research through the National Institutes of Health and worked to secure the necessary appropriations, he secured Medicare coverage for clinical trials, was a leading Republican advocate of the Women's Health Initiative.
He worked to strengthen and reform the U. S. Food and Drug Administration. Mack helped define the framework of landmark legislation to allow the financial industry to respond appropriately to the increasing demands of an aggressive global marketplace, he has worked to reduce gov't debt. He introduced into the House the landmark Gramm-Rudman deficit reduction law. Mack was instrumental in passage of the Everglades Restoration Act, signed into law on December 11, 2000, he decided to retire in 2000 rather than run for re-election to a third term. Democrat Bill Nelson, the Florida State Treasurer and a former U. S. Representative, won the open seat. Mack's son, U. S. Congressman Connie Mack IV, ran unsuccessfully against Nelson in 2012. 1999, he received the National Coalition for Cancer Research Lifetime Achievement Award. 1992, he received the American Cancer Society's Courage Award and the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation's Betty Ford Award. In 2005, Connie Mack III was appointed by President George W. Bush as Chairman of the President's Advisory Panel for Federal Tax Reform.
Since early 2007, Mack III has served as the Senior Policy Advisor to Liberty Partners of Tallahassee, a Florida-based lobbying firm. On April 15, 2010, Mack resigned as campaign chairman for Charlie Crist's race for the U. S. Senate. In 2005, Mack was featured in Castles In a documentary about the development of Cape Coral, his father Connie Mack, Jr. had worked as a public relations man for Leonard and Jack Rosen, the brothers who developed Cape Coral as a resort waterfront. The producer interviewed Connie Mack III at his Palm Island home in Florida. United States Congress. "Connie Mack". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Appearances on C-SPAN Connie Mack III Political Papers at the University of Florida U. S. Senator Connie Mack official U. S. Senate site
The 1996 Giro d'Italia was the 79th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro began in Athens, with a flat stage on 18 May, Stage 11 occurred on 29 May with a stage to Marina di Massa; the race finished in Milan on 9 June. 18 May 1996 — Athens to Athens, 170 km 19 May 1996 — Eleusis to Naupactus, 235 km 20 May 1996 — Missolonghi to Ioannina, 199 km 21 May 1996 22 May 1996 — Ostuni to Ostuni, 147 km 23 May 1996 — Metaponto to Crotone, 196 km 24 May 1996 — Crotone to Catanzaro, 179 km 25 May 1996 — Amantea to Massiccio del Sirino, 164 km 26 May 1996 — Polla to Naples, 135 km 27 May 1996 — Naples to Fiuggi, 184 km 28 May 1996 — Arezzo to Prato, 164 km 29 May 1996 — Prato to Marina di Massa, 130 km
The first elections to Sutherland County Council were held in February 1890 as part of the wider 1890 local elections. County councils had been created in Scotland by the Local Government Act 1889, following on from the Local Government Act 1888 which had created them in England and Wales; the election took place at a time of great change in Sutherland. The Crofters' Holdings Act 1886 had established the first Crofters Commission, which acted as a land court which ruled on disputes between landlords and crofters; the largest land owner in the county was the Duke of Sutherland, who owned the Sutherland estate, comprising most of the county. To ensure the Duke's interest was represented on the new council all of the Sutherlands estates factors stood for election, along with James Gordon; the estate anticipated defeat in the election having lost control of School and Poor boards in the early 1880s. Only Donald MacLean won a seat on behalf of the Sutherland interest. Despite having been anticipated, the estate was shocked by the scale of their loss, which they blamed on local land leaguers, merchants and school teachers, as well as the fact that the vote was no longer secret.
Evander McIver, a Lewis-man and factor for Scourie, complained that the new council was "formed of Radicals, Land Leaguers, troublesome Clericals!"MacLean, with the Dukes consent, stepped down before the elections in 1892 after complaining his presence was a waste of time as he was supported by no other members, there was little prospect of additional representatives for the estate being returned. In addition to the elected members the council included Bailie Gunn, representing the burgh of Dornoch; the ex-officio members were the Duke of Sutherland, Lord Stafford, Sheriff Mackenzie, a Mr Barclay of Skelbo
Plastocyanin/azurin family of copper-binding proteins is a family of small proteins that bind a single copper atom and that are characterised by an intense electronic absorption band near 600 nm. The most well-known members of this class of proteins are the plant chloroplastic plastocyanins, which exchange electrons with cytochrome c6, the distantly related bacterial azurins, which exchange electrons with cytochrome c551; this family of proteins includes amicyanin from bacteria such as Methylobacterium extorquens or Paracoccus versutus that can grow on methylamine. This pollen protein has evolutary relation to the above proteins, but seems to have lost the ability to bind copper. Although there is an appreciable amount of divergence in the sequences of all these proteins, the copper ligand sites are conserved