Patrington is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, in an area known as Holderness, 9 miles south-east of Hedon, 16 miles south-east of Kingston upon Hull and 4 miles south-west of Withernsea on the A1033. Along with Winestead, it was a seat of the ancient Hildyard/Hilliard/Hildegardis family; the Prime Meridian passes just to the east of Patrington. The civil parish is formed by the villages of Patrington and Winestead and the hamlet of Patrington Haven and at the 2011 census, had a population of 2,059, an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 1,949. RAF Patrington, built during the Second World War, was a radar station and used for ground-controlled interception. In 1955, following the building of a new RAF station at nearby Holmpton, the radar site closed, being surplus to requirements; the new radar site at Holmpton was renamed RAF Patrington. Patrington was served from 1854 to 1964 by Patrington railway station on the Hull and Holderness Railway; the parish church of St Patrick is an example of the decorated period of Gothic architecture.
Known as the "Queen of Holderness", it is a Grade I listed building. It contains an Easter Sepulchre; the village has a central square of shops, known as the market place, which consists of a wide range of services for residents and is used as a "stop-off" for drivers passing through the village going towards Withernsea or Easington. Shops and services include a general store, petrol station, hardware store, 4 bakeries and cafes, 4 public houses, a country house bed and breakfast, a fish and chip shop, pharmacy, 3 hair/beauty salons, a country wear store, 2 florists/homemade gifts stores and the doctors surgery which forms part of the South Holderness Medical Practice. Alongside businesses, there is a football pitch adjacent to the playing fields and a cricket pitch opposite the primary school which holds regular tournaments with teams all over the country. Robert Thew, engraver Media related to Patrington at Wikimedia Commons The ancient parish of Patrington: historical and genealogical information at GENUKI.
Historic England. "Details from image database". Images of England. - St Patrick's Church Patrington in the Domesday Book
Blue Flag beach
The Blue Flag is a certification by the Foundation for Environmental Education that a beach, marina, or sustainable boating tourism operator meets its stringent standards. The Blue Flag is a trademark owned by FEE, a not-for-profit non-governmental organisation consisting of 65 organisations in 60 member countries. FEE's Blue Flag criteria include standards for quality, environmental education and information, the provision of services and general environmental management criteria; the Blue Flag is sought for beaches and sustainable boating tourism operators as an indication of their high environmental and quality standards. Certificates, which FEE refers to as awards, are issued on an annual basis to beaches and marinas of FEE member countries; the awards are announced yearly on 5 June for Europe, Morocco and other countries in a similar geographic location, on 1 November for the Caribbean, New Zealand, South Africa, other countries in the southern hemisphere. In the European Union, the water quality standards are incorporated in the EC Water Framework Directive.
Spain has held the 1st position for nearly three decades since the awards began in 1987. As a result of the 2015 awards, a total of 4,154 Blue Flags are waving around the world; the table below lists the Blue Flags awarded and in force in 2015. The table can be sorted to show the total number of Blue Flags per country and the number of Blue Flags per population, per area or per the length of the coastline of each country. Note: Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland have always been treated as individual countries e.g. in 2015 Northern Ireland had 10 Blue Flag beaches and marinas, England had 61, Wales had 41 and Scotland 1. The Blue Flag was created in France in 1985, as a pilot scheme from the Office of the Foundation for Environmental Education in Europe where French coastal municipalities were awarded the Blue Flag on the basis of criteria covering sewage treatment and bathing water quality. 11 French municipalities got the award in 1985. 1987 was the "European Year of the Environment" and the European Commission was responsible for developing the European Community activities of that year.
The Foundation for Environmental Education in Europe presented the concept of the Blue Flag to the Commission, it was agreed to launch the Blue Flag Programme as one of several "European Year of the Environment" activities in the Community. The French concept of the Blue Flag was developed on European level to include other areas of environmental management, such as waste management and coastal planning and protection. Besides beaches marinas became eligible for the Blue Flag. In 1987, 244 beaches and 208 marinas from 10 countries were awarded the Blue Flag. There have been increases in the numbers of Blue Flags awarded each year; the criteria have during these years been changed to more strict criteria. As an example, in 1992 the Programme started using the restrictive guideline values in the EEC Bathing Water Directive as imperative criteria, this was the year where all Blue Flag criteria became the same in all participating countries. In 2001, FEEE rules were changed to allow non-European national organisations, sharing the objectives of FEEE, to become members, changed its name by dropping Europe from its name, becoming the Foundation for Environmental Education.
Several organisations and authorities outside the European Union have joined FEE. In 2001, South Africa and several Caribbean countries joined. FEE has been cooperating with UN WTO on extending the Programme to areas outside Europe. South Africa, Morocco, New Zealand and four countries in the Caribbean region are members of FEE. Aruba and Brazil are in the pilot phase of the Programme and Jordan, Turks & Caicos Islands and United Arab Emirates have started the implementation of the Blue Flag Programme. FEE standards allow for regional variations in beach criteria to reflect specific environmental conditions of a region; as of 2006 an international set of criteria is being used with some variations. In 2016, Blue Flag extended its programme boat-based tourism activities like nature watching, recreational fishing and crewed charter tours. Certified tour operators have to comply with criteria regarding the sustainable operation of their boats and their business as a whole. In 2015 over 4,154 beaches and marinas globally were awarded the Blue Flag.47 countries are participating in the Blue Flag Programme: Bahamas, Brazil, Canada, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, Estonia, Germany, Iceland, Israel, Jordan, Lithuania, Mexico, Morocco, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Poland, Puerto Rico, Serbia, Sint Marteen, Slovenia, South Africa, Sweden, Tunisia and Tobago, United Arab Emirates, Ukraine, US Virgin Islands and Wales.
Information relating to coastal zone ecosystems and natural, sensitive areas in the coastal zone must be displayed Information about bathing water quality must be displayed Information about the Blue Flag Programme must be displayed Code of conduct for the beach area must be displayed and the laws governing beach use must be available to the public upon request A minimum of 5 environmental education activities must be offered Compliance with the requirements and standards for excellent bathing water quality No industrial or sewage related discharges may affect the beach area Monitoring on the health of coral reefs located in the vicinity of
A prime meridian is a meridian in a geographic coordinate system at which longitude is defined to be 0°. Together, a prime meridian and its anti-meridian form a great circle; this great circle divides e.g. Earth, into two hemispheres. If one uses directions of East and West from a defined prime meridian they can be called the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere. A prime meridian is arbitrary, unlike an equator, determined by the axis of rotation—and various conventions have been used or advocated in different regions and throughout history; the most used modern meridian is the IERS Reference Meridian. It is derived but deviates from the Greenwich Meridian, selected as an international standard in 1884; the notion of longitude was developed by the Greek Eratosthenes in Alexandria, Hipparchus in Rhodes, applied to a large number of cities by the geographer Strabo. But it was Ptolemy. Ptolemy used as his basis the "Fortunate Isles", a group of islands in the Atlantic which are associated with the Canary Islands, although his maps correspond more to the Cape Verde islands.
The main point is to be comfortably west of the western tip of Africa as negative numbers were not yet in use. His prime meridian corresponds to 18° 40' west of Winchester today. At that time the chief method of determining longitude was by using the reported times of lunar eclipses in different countries. Ptolemy's Geographia was first printed with maps at Bologna in 1477, many early globes in the 16th century followed his lead, but there was still a hope. Christopher Columbus reported that the compass pointed due north somewhere in mid-Atlantic, this fact was used in the important Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494 which settled the territorial dispute between Spain and Portugal over newly discovered lands; the Tordesillas line was settled at 370 leagues west of Cape Verde. This is shown in Diogo Ribeiro's 1529 map. São Miguel Island in the Azores was still used for the same reason as late as 1594 by Christopher Saxton, although by it had been shown that the zero magnetic deviation line did not follow a line of longitude.
In 1541, Mercator produced his famous 41 cm terrestrial globe and drew his prime meridian through Fuerteventura in the Canaries. His maps used the Azores, following the magnetic hypothesis, but by the time that Ortelius produced the first modern atlas in 1570, other islands such as Cape Verde were coming into use. In his atlas longitudes were counted from 0° to 360°, not 180°W to 180°E as is usual today; this practice was followed by navigators well into the 18th century. In 1634, Cardinal Richelieu used the westernmost island of the Canaries, Ferro, 19° 55' west of Paris, as the choice of meridian; the geographer Delisle decided to round this off to 20°, so that it became the meridian of Paris disguised. In the early 18th century the battle was on to improve the determination of longitude at sea, leading to the development of the marine chronometer by John Harrison, but it was the development of accurate star charts, principally by the first British Astronomer Royal, John Flamsteed between 1680 and 1719 and disseminated by his successor Edmund Halley, that enabled navigators to use the lunar method of determining longitude more using the octant developed by Thomas Godfrey and John Hadley.
Between 1765 and 1811, Nevil Maskelyne published 49 issues of the Nautical Almanac based on the meridian of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. "Maskelyne's tables not only made the lunar method practicable, they made the Greenwich meridian the universal reference point. The French translations of the Nautical Almanac retained Maskelyne's calculations from Greenwich—in spite of the fact that every other table in the Connaissance des Temps considered the Paris meridian as the prime." In 1884, at the International Meridian Conference in Washington, D. C. 22 countries voted to adopt the Greenwich meridian as the prime meridian of the world. The French argued for a neutral line, mentioning the Azores and the Bering Strait, but abstained and continued to use the Paris meridian until 1911. In October 1884 the Greenwich Meridian was selected by delegates to the International Meridian Conference held in Washington, D. C. United States to be the common zero of longitude and standard of time reckoning throughout the world.
The modern prime meridian, the IERS Reference Meridian, is placed near this meridian and is the prime meridian that has the widest use. The modern prime meridian, based at the Royal Observatory, was established by Sir George Airy in 1851; the position of the Greenwich Meridian has been defined by the location of the Airy Transit Circle since the first observation was taken with it by Sir George Airy in 1851. Prior to that, it was defined by a succession of earlier transit instruments, the first of, acquired by the second Astronomer Royal, Edmond Halley in 1721, it was set up in the extreme north-west corner of the Observatory between Flamsteed House and the Western Summer House. This spot, now subsumed into Flamsteed House, is 43 metres to the west of the Airy Transit Circle, a distance equivalent to 0.15 seconds of time. It was Airy's transit circle, adopted in principle as the Prime Meridian of th
Kingston upon Hull
Kingston upon Hull abbreviated to Hull, is a port city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It lies upon the River Hull at its confluence with the Humber Estuary, 25 miles inland from the North Sea, with a population of 260,700. Hull lies east southeast of York and northeast of Sheffield; the town of Wyke on Hull was founded late in the 12th century by the monks of Meaux Abbey as a port from which to export their wool. Renamed Kings-town upon Hull in 1299, Hull has been a market town, military supply port, trading hub and whaling centre and industrial metropolis. Hull was an early theatre of battle in the English Civil Wars, its 18th-century Member of Parliament, William Wilberforce, took a prominent part in the abolition of the slave trade in Britain. After suffering heavy damage in the Second World War, Hull weathered a period of post-industrial decline, gaining unfavourable results on measures of social deprivation and policing. In the early 21st century spending boom before the late 2000s recession the city saw large amounts of new retail, commercial and public service construction spending.
Tourist attractions include The Hull People's Memorial, the historic Old Town and Museum Quarter, Hull Marina and The Deep aquarium. Sports teams include Championship League football club Hull City and rugby league clubs Hull F. C. & Hull Kingston Rovers. The University of Hull now enrols more than 16,000 students, it is ranked among the best in the Humber region. Hull was the 2017 UK City of Culture and in the same year the city's Ferens Art Gallery hosted the prestigious Turner Prize. Kingston upon Hull stands on the north bank of the Humber Estuary at the mouth of its tributary, the River Hull; the valley of the River Hull has been inhabited since the early Neolithic period but there is little evidence of a substantial settlement in the area of the present city. The area was attractive to people because it gave access to a prosperous hinterland and navigable rivers but the site was poor, being remote, low-lying and with no fresh water, it was an outlying part of the hamlet of Myton, named Wyke.
The name is thought to originate either from a Scandinavian word Vik meaning inlet or from the Saxon Wic meaning dwelling place or refuge. The River Hull was a good haven for shipping, whose trade included the export of wool from Meaux Abbey, which owned Myton. In 1293 the town of Wyke was acquired from the abbey by King Edward I, who on 1 April 1299 granted it a royal charter that renamed the settlement King's town upon Hull or Kingston upon Hull; the charter is preserved in the archives of the Guildhall. In 1440, a further charter incorporated the town and instituted local government consisting of a mayor, a sheriff and twelve aldermen. In his Guide to Hull, J. C. Craggs provides a colourful background to Edward's naming of the town, he writes that the King and a hunting party started a hare which "led them along the delightful banks of the River Hull to the hamlet of Wyke …, charmed with the scene before him, viewed with delight the advantageous situation of this hitherto neglected and obscure corner.
He foresaw it might become subservient both to render the kingdom more secure against foreign invasion, at the same time to enforce its commerce". Pursuant to these thoughts, Craggs continues, Edward purchased the land from the Abbot of Meaux, had a manor hall built for himself, issued proclamations encouraging development within the town, bestowed upon it the royal appellation, King's Town; the port served as a base for Edward I during the First War of Scottish Independence and developed into the foremost port on the east coast of England. It prospered by exporting wool and woollen cloth, importing wine and timber. Hull established a flourishing commerce with the Baltic ports as part of the Hanseatic League. From its medieval beginnings, Hull's main trading links were with northern Europe. Scandinavia, the Baltic and the Low Countries were all key trading areas for Hull's merchants. In addition, there was trade with France and Portugal; as sail power gave way to steam, Hull's trading links extended throughout the world.
Docks were opened to serve the frozen meat trade of New Zealand and South America. Hull was the centre of a thriving inland and coastal trading network, serving the whole of the United Kingdom. Sir William de la Pole was the town's first mayor. A prosperous merchant, de la Pole founded a family. Another successful son of a Hull trading family was bishop John Alcock, who founded Jesus College and was a patron of the grammar school in Hull; the increase in trade after the discovery of the Americas and the town's maritime connections are thought to have played a part in the introduction of a virulent strain of syphilis through Hull and on into Europe from the New World. The town prospered during the 16th and early 17th centuries, Hull's affluence at this time is preserved in the form of several well-maintained buildings from the period, including Wilberforce House, now a museum documenting the life of William Wilberforce. During the English Civil War, Hull became strategically important because of the large arsenal located there.
Early in the war, on 11 January 1642, the king named the Earl of Newcastle governor of Hull while Parliament nominated Sir John Hotham and asked his son, Captain John Hotham, to secure the town at once. Sir John Hotham and Hull corporation declared support for Parliament and denied Charles I entry into the town. Charles I responded to these events by besieging the town; this siege helped precipitate open conflict between the forces of Parliament a
Humberside Police is the territorial police force responsible for policing an area covering the East Riding of Yorkshire, the city of Kingston upon Hull, North East Lincolnshire and North Lincolnshire. The current Chief Constable is Lee Freeman, the Assistant Chief Constable Lincolnshire from 2013 - 2015 before transferring to Humberside in May 2015. Following the sudden departure of Justine Curran, he took over as the Deputy Chief Constable in February 2017 before being appointed into the role as a Chief Constable In June 2017. Humberside Police was created in 1974 following a merger of previous forces under the Local Government Act 1972, along with the non-metropolitan county of Humberside, it was a successor to the Hull City Police, part of the areas of the York and North East Yorkshire Police, the old Lincolnshire Constabulary and the West Yorkshire Constabulary. Proposals made by the Home Secretary on 21 March 2006 would have seen the force merge with North Yorkshire Police, South Yorkshire Police and West Yorkshire Police to form a strategic police force for the entire region.
These proposals have since been'put on hold' by the government. Following the abolition of Humberside in 1996, the local council members of the Police Authority were appointed by a joint committee of the councils of the East Riding of Yorkshire, Kingston upon Hull, North Lincolnshire, North East Lincolnshire. On 21 November 2012 the Police Authority was made redundant by the introduction of the Police and Crime Commissioner; the Humberside Police Authority, at the time it ceased to exist, had 17 members in total. 1974–1976: Robert Walton 1976–1991: David Hall 1991–1999: D. Anthony Leonard 1999–2005: David Westwood 2005–2013: Timothy Stancliffe Hollis 2013–2017: Justine Curran 2017–: Lee Freeman From March 2013 to February 2017 the Chief Constable of Humberside Police was Justine Curran Chief Constable of Tayside Police in Scotland before the introduction of the national Police Scotland service on 1 April 2013, her appointment was unanimously approved by the Humberside Police and Crime panel after Humberside Police and Crime Commissioner, Matthew Grove, proposed her for the post.
Curran took over the position from Tim Hollis CBE QPM who retired from the service in March 2013. On 11 November 2015, it was revealed that Curran had claimed for more than £39,000 in expenses for her relocation from Tayside to Humberside in March 2013. After Keith Hunter was elected as Police and Crime Commissioner in May 2016, Curran was given six months to improve the force after it was rated inadequate by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary. Nine months after a further HMIC inspection which identified further "significant failings", Hunter asked Curran to consider her position, she announced her retirement, she left on 20 February 2017. In August 2017, it was revealed that Hunter had "lost confidence" in Curran and was "completely undermined" by her when it was decided to withhold the findings of an HMIC investigation which revealed further inadequacies within the force. Hunter sought legal advice, Curran was allowed to retire before the statutory procedure to remove a Chief Constable was started.
Lee Freeman, a former Assistant Chief Constable in Lincolnshire from August 2013 who had joined Humberside in May 2015, took over as Deputy Chief Constable on Curran's departure. He was appointed temporary Chief Constable in May 2017 and the position was made permanent on 26 June 2017. Humberside uses a wide variety of vehicles and unmarked. ProViDa is the standard in-car video unit used. All of the vehicles within the force have now changed to the recognisable Battenberg livery as opposed to the traditional livery. All vehicles within the force now use LED lightbar technology, as opposed to the older halogen rotating light bars; the LED lightbars are much clearer to see, provide a lot more illumination, along with front spots and rear reds. The main vehicles used are: • Peugeot Cars – A recent addition to the fleet in late 2016, multiple Peugeot 308 vehicles have been introduced across the force for general patrol and purposes replacing the aging Proton Impian, not being converted to run on LPG to save money.
• Vauxhall Cars – There are several Vauxhall Astra vehicles within the force which are used for general patrol and by IRT. All Vauxhall vehicles are marked with the Battenberg livery and have LED lights. There are several Vauxhall Vivaro vans which are used for patrol and prisoner transport; these are fully marked with the Battenberg livery and LED lights. Vauxhall vehicles are used for the dog section, however these are Vauxhall Zafira models; some community teams have a Vauxhall Corsa as a marked up patrol vehicle. • Proton Cars – These are used for general patrol and by IRT, these are nearly all phased out as of January 2018. The majority are Impians, with the Proton Persona phased out some years ago. Proton vehicles are being replaced across the force by Vauxhall and now Peugeot vehicles and much of the Proton fleet are now vehicles bought in 2010. All Proton vehicles have the Battenberg livery and LED lights. Humberside Police won the top award in the National Energy Efficiency Awards by running the vast majority of its fleet on Liquified Petroleum Gas.
Most Protons are dual fuel, running unleaded petrol. • Mercedes Benz Sprinter – These vans are used for Public Order and crowd situations as well as for transporting prisoners. The latest shape vans are now coming onto divisions to re
In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation, the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; the unit rolled out across England in the 1860s. A civil parish can range in size from a large town with a population of about 75,000 to a single village with fewer than a hundred inhabitants. Eight parishes have city status. A civil parish may be known as and confirmed as a town, neighbourhood or community by resolution of its parish council, a right reserved not conferred on other units of English local government. 35% of the English population live in a civil parish. As of 31 December 2015 there were 10,449 parishes in England; the most populous is Weston super Mare and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Hereford, Ripon, Salisbury and Wells.
On 1 April 2014, Queen's Park became the first civil parish in Greater London. Before 2008 their creation was not permitted within a London borough. Wales was divided into civil parishes until 1974, when they were replaced by communities, which are similar to English parishes in the way they operate. Civil parishes in Scotland were abolished for local government purposes by the Local Government Act 1929, the Scottish equivalent of English civil parishes are community council areas, which were established by the Local Government Act 1973; the Parish system in Europe was established between the 8th and 12th centuries and in England was old by the time of the Conquest. These areas were based on the territory of one or more manors, areas which in some cases derived their bounds from Roman or Iron Age estates. Parish boundaries were conservative, changing little, after 1180'froze' so that boundaries could no longer be changed at all, despite changes to manorial landholdings - though there were some examples of sub-division.
The consistency of these boundaries, up until the 19th century is useful to historians, is of cultural significance in terms of shaping local identities, a factor reinforced by the adoption of parish boundaries unchanged, by successor local government units. There was huge variation in size between parishes, for instance Writtle in Essex was 13,568 acres while neighbouring Shellow Bowells was just 469 acres, Chignall Smealy 476 acres; until the break with Rome, parishes managed ecclesiastical matters, while the manor was the principal unit of local administration and justice. The church replaced the manor court as the rural administrative centre, levied a local tax on produce known as a tithe. In the medieval period, responsibilities such as relief of the poor passed from the Lord of the Manor to the parish's rector, who in practice would delegate tasks among his vestry or the monasteries. After the dissolution of the monasteries, the power to levy a rate to fund relief of the poor was conferred on the parish authorities by the Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601.
Both before and after this optional social change, local charities are well-documented. The parish authorities were consisted of all the ratepayers of the parish; as the number of ratepayers of some parishes grew, it became difficult to convene meetings as an open vestry. In some built up, areas the select vestry took over responsibility from the entire body of ratepayers; this innovation allowed governance by a self-perpetuating elite. The administration of the parish system relied on the monopoly of the established English Church, which for a few years after Henry VIII alternated between the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England, before settling on the latter on the accession of Elizabeth I in 1558. By the 18th century, religious membership was becoming more fractured in some places, due for instance to the progress of Methodism; the legitimacy of the parish vestry came into question and the perceived inefficiency and corruption inherent in the system became a source for concern in some places.
For this reason, during the early 19th century the parish progressively lost its powers to ad hoc boards and other organisations, for example the loss of responsibility for poor relief through the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834. Sanitary districts covered England in Ireland three years later; the replacement boards were each entitled to levy their own rate in the parish. The church rate ceased to be levied in many parishes and became voluntary from 1868; the ancient parishes diverged into two distinct, nearly overlapping, systems of parishes during the 19th century. The Poor Law Amendment Act 1866 declared all areas that levied a separate rate: C of E ecclesiastical parishes, extra-parochial areas and their analogue, chapelries, to be "civil parishes". To have collected rates this means these beforehand had their own vestries, boards or equivalent bodies; the Church of England parishes, which cover more than 99% of England, became termed "ecclesiastical parishes" and the boundaries of these soon diverged from those of the Ancient Parishes in order to reflect modern circumstances.
After 1921 each ecclesiastical parish has been the responsibility of the parochial church councils. In the late 19th century, most of the ancient irregularities inheri
Keyingham is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The village is situated 10 miles east of Kingston upon Hull city centre and lies on the A1033 road. A possible Iron Age or Roman enclosure was 800 yards north-east from the present village, identified by aerial photography, at the north and south of the village is evidence of medieval earthworks, field boundaries, ponds and ridges and furrows. Less than 1 mile west of the village is the site of a medieval water spring. Keyingham is listed in the 1086 Domesday Book as in the Hundred of Holderness, with 31 households, 30 villagers, one priest and a church. Eight ploughlands and 24 acres of meadow are recorded. In 1066 Thorfridh held the lordship, this transferred by 1086 to Drogo of la BeuvriËre, Tenant-in-chief to King William I. In 1823 Keyingham was a civil parish in the Liberty of Holderness; the patronage of the ecclesiastical parish and church was under the Archbishop of York. In 1802 the interest from a bequest of 200 shillings was left for the education of poor parish children of'Kayingham', administered by the churchwardens, the incumbent who held his post as a perpetual curate.
Parish population in 1823 was 639. Occupations included eight farmers, two blacksmiths, two wheelwrights, four grocers, a corn miller, six shoemakers, two tailors, one of whom was a draper, a bricklayer, the parish clerk, a school master, the landlord of The Blue Bell and the landlady of The Gate public houses. Two carriers operated between Hull twice weekly. Keyingham was served from 1854 to 1964 by Keyingham railway station on the Hull and Holderness Railway. According to the 2011 UK Census, Keyingham parish had a population of 2,314, an increase on the 2001 UK Census figure of 2,302; the parish church of St Nicholas is a Grade I listed building. Its spire was parapets rebuilt in the late 1960s. Within St Nicholas' Church south chapel was a shrine to Philip Ingleberd; the remains of the medieval ashlar St Philip's Cross, Grade II listed and dedicated to Ingleberd, stands on Church Lane. Further parish listed structures are a farmhouse, 2.5 miles to the south at Little Dam Lane, The Old Vicarage on Station Road, two windmill towers, one on Mill Road, the other on Ottringham Road.
Keyingham amenities and businesses include a doctor's surgery, a Co-operative food store, a newsagent, a butchers, takeaway outlets, a funeral directors, a village hall. The village public house is the Ship Inn on Main Street. A further public house and a former coaching inn on Main Street, the Blue Bell, closed in 2012 now re-opened. Two horticultural nurseries which cover an area equal to that of the village are at the east and west of the village. To the west are sand and gravel pits. Highland cattle are kept in a field just outside the village; the village has Keyingham Primary School. It was opened to pupils at the beginning of the 2007 school year, replacing the former infant school on the same site; the new school combines the former junior and infant schools, the junior school being based in a former board school building across the road which closed in 2006. The schools serve children from Keyingham and the neighbouring village of Ottringham just over 1 mile to the east. Media related to Keyingham at Wikimedia Commons Keyingham in the Domesday Book Keyingham Primary School Keyingham Weather Historic England.
"St Nicholas' Church". Images of England; the ancient parish of Keyingham: historical and genealogical information at GENUKI