Although women have participated in boxing for as long as the sport has existed, female fights have been outlawed for most of boxing's history, with athletic commissioners refusing to sanction or issue licenses to women boxers, most nations banning the sport. Reports of women entering the ring go back to the 18th century. Women's boxing goes back at least to the early 18th century, when Elizabeth Wilkinson fought in London. Billing herself as the European Championess, she fought both women. In those days, the rules of boxing allowed kicking and other methods of attack not part of today's arsenal. During the 1920s, Professor Andrew Newton formed a Women's Boxing Club in London; however women's boxing was hugely controversial. In early 1926, Shoreditch borough council banned an arranged exhibition match between boxers Annie Newton and Madge Baker, a student of Digger Stanley. An attempt to hold the match in nearby Hackney instead was defeated by a campaign led by the Mayor of Hackney, who wrote "I regard this proposed exhibition of women boxers as a gratification of the sensual ideals of a crowd of vulgar men."
The Home Secretary Sir William Joynson-Hicks was among those opposing the match, claiming "the Legislature never imagined that such a disgraceful exhibition would have been staged in this country." The story was reported across the country and internationally. Women's boxing first appeared in the Olympic Games at a demonstration bout in 1904, its revival was pioneered by the Swedish Amateur Boxing Association, which sanctioned events for women in 1988. The British Amateur Boxing Association sanctioned its first boxing competition for women in 1997; the first event was to be between two thirteen-year-olds, but one of the boxers withdrew because of hostile media attention. Four weeks an event was held between two sixteen-year-olds. One named the other Joanne Cawthorne; the International Boxing Association accepted new rules for Women's Boxing at the end of the 20th century and approved the first European Cup for Women in 1999 and the first World Championship for women in 2001. Women's boxing was not featured at the 2008 Olympics.
Around these hearings, in conjunction with AIBA, the International Olympic Committee agreed to include three additional women's weight classes to the 2012 London Olympic Games. However, a new “gender-appropriate” women's boxing uniform was in the works, this would require women to wear skirts during competition. Traditional gender role sentiment skirts. To include top armature coaches, who have been documented stating, “Women are made for beauty and not to take blows to the head” and “By wearing skirts…it gives a good impression, a womanly impression”; the issue was ignored till amateur boxer and London student Elizbeth Plank, brought light to the issue and created a petition at Change.com to end this sex-based mandatory uniforms. Although women fought professionally in many countries, in the United Kingdom the B. B. B. C. Refused to issue licences to women until 1998. By the end of the century, they had issued five such licenses; the first sanctioned bout between women was in November 1998 at Streatham in London, between Jane Couch and Simona Lukic.
In October 2001 the 2001 Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships were held in Scranton, The United States. International Olympic Committee president Jacques Rogge announced that it would be an Olympic sport at the 2012 Games in London. Women were allowed to competitively box for the first time at the Olympics during the 2012 Summer Olympics, producing the world's first 12 female Olympic medalist boxers. In 2015 the World Boxing Federation unified various women's titles to have one title holder. Barbara Buttrick was the first televised boxing match between two women on radio. During the 1970s, a popular female boxer named Cathy'Cat' Davis came out of the United States Northwest, a few of her fights were televised. Cathy Davis was the female boxer to appear on the cover of Ring Magazine, but a scandal broke out. Marian “Tyger” Trimiar and Jackie Tonawanda were pioneers as they were the first women in the United States to get a license for boxing in the United States. During the 1980s, women's boxing resurfaced in California under the wings of sisters Dora and Cora Webber.
The twin sisters packed crunching punching power and a good chin. Women took hunger strikes to be noticed But the boom of women's boxing came during the 1990s, coinciding with the boom in professional women sports leagues such as the WNBA and WUSA, with boxers such as Stephanie Jaramillo, Delia'Chikita' Gonzalez, Laura Serrano, Christy Martin, Deirdre Gogarty, Laila Ali, Jackie Frazier-Lyde, Lucia Rijker, Ada Vélez, Ivonne Caples, Bonnie Canino and Sumya Anani, all world champions, jumping into the scene. Women's boxing has experienced more television and media exposure, including the major motion picture Million Dollar Baby. There are a few organizations that recognize world championship bouts, fights are held in more than 100 countries. Although positive strides in recent years have been made to women's boxing, reports of sex-based harassment in boxing gyms and tournaments across the United Kingdom and the United States remain. In addition to harassment and unfair policy, women have been grossly under-promoted or sponsored in
Eudokia Angelina was the consort of Stefan the First-Crowned of Serbia from c. 1190 to c. 1200. She remarried, to Alexios V Doukas, who ruled as Emperor of Byzantium in 1204, she was a daughter of Euphrosyne Doukaina Kamatera. Eudokia first married the second son of Stefan Nemanja, Grand Župan of Serbia; the marriage was arranged by her uncle, the emperor Isaac II Angelos, around 1190, while her father was in exile in Syria. In 1196, on her father-in-law's retirement to a monastery, Eudokia's husband became ruler of Serbia. According to the Byzantine historian Nicetas Choniates and Eudokia quarrelled and separated, accusing one another of adultery, therefore in 1200 or 1201, Eudokia was banished from Serbia. Eudokia fled on foot with only the clothes on her back, seeking refuge at the court of Stefan's brother Vukan, ruler of Zeta, who befriended her and provided for; when she recovered, Eudokia went to Dyrrachium, from where a Byzantine ship returned her to her father in Constantinople. The repudiation of Eudokia shows the decline of Byzantine prestige.
In Constantinople Eudokia became the mistress of the future Alexios V Doukas, with whom she fled the city into Thrace on April 12, 1204, as the Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade were storming the city. Reaching her deposed father at Mosynopolis, Eudocia was allowed to marry Alexios V, but he was arrested and mutilated on the orders of Alexios III. Eudokia was furious with her father's actions. Afterwards Alexios without any supporters, was sentenced to death by the Crusaders. Eudokia married thirdly Leo Sgouros, the independent ruler of Corinth, after he offered asylum to Alexios III and his family in 1204. Blockaded in the citadel of Corinth, Leo Sgouros committed suicide in 1207/1208. Eudokia is thought to have died around 1211. By her marriage to Stefan of Serbia she had two children: Stefan Radoslav, King of Serbia Komnena Nemanjić List of Byzantine emperors List of Roman and Byzantine Empresses Ćirković, Sima; the Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing. Fine, John Van Antwerp Jr.. The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest.
Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. Varzos, Konstantinos. Η Γενεαλογία των Κομνηνών. B. Thessaloniki: Centre for Byzantine Studies, University of Thessaloniki. OCLC 834784665. Kazhdan, Alexander, ed.. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504652-8. O city of Byzantium: annals of Niketas Choniates tr. Harry J. Magoulias. Mihailo Laskaris, Byzantine Princesses in Medieval Serbia
Oleg Anatolyevich Korneev is a Russian-born chess player, who now represents Spain. He was awarded the Grandmaster title in 1995. Korneev was not a child prodigy. In 2004, Korneev tied for 1st–6th with Evgeniy Najer, Artyom Timofeev, Kaido Külaots, Sergey Grigoriants and Zoltan Gyimesi in the Cappelle-la-Grande Open. In 2013 he tied for 1st–11th with Pavel Eljanov, Dmitry Kokarev, Alexander Areshchenko, Denis Khismatullin, Maxim Matlakov, Dragan Solak, Vadim Zvjaginsev, Sanan Sjugirov, Ivan Bukavshin and Ildar Khairullin in the Chigorin Memorial in St Petersburg
Symphony in B-flat for Band was written by the German composer Paul Hindemith in 1951. It was premiered on April 5 of that year by the U. S. Army Band "Pershing's Own" with the composer conducting; the Symphony is scored for: Woodwind: 2 flutes, piccolo, 2 oboes, E-flat clarinet, 4 B-flat clarinets, alto clarinet, bass clarinet, 2 bassoons, 2 alto saxophones, tenor saxophone, baritone saxophone Brass: 4 cornets, 2 trumpets, 4 horns, 3 trombones, tuba Percussion: timpani, bass drum, glockenspiel, snare drum, triangleThe contrapuntal textures used by Hindemith throughout the symphony highlight many instruments individually. This writing takes advantage of the vast color palette. Richard Franko Goldman, a bandmaster himself and a music critic of the mid-20th century, called the piece "singularly dead", he states that composing for band is difficult because "the agglomeration of instruments is irrational and exasperating". He lamented that the piece falls "between the effort to be popular and obvious, the intention to remain unsmiling and uncorrupted" The first Boston-area performance of the Symphony in B-flat for Band was at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on May 13, 1955 with conductor John Corley.
There are two recordings of this piece conducted by composer: Philharmonia Orchestra and Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra. Goldman, Richard Franko. 1958.. The Musical Quarterly 44, no. 1: 126–28. Miles, Larry Blocher, Eugene Migliaro Corporon, Ray Cramer, Tim Lautzenheiser, Edward S. Lisk. 2010. Teaching Music through Performance in Band, Volume 1, second edition.: GIA Publications, Inc. ISBN 978-1-57999-788-5. MIT Concert Band. 2007. "MIT Concert Band, Director: Thomas Reynolds. Winter Concert, December 15, 2007, 8:00pm, Kresge Auditorium". MIT Concert Band website. Sharp, Chris. 2011. "A Study of Orchestration Techniques for the Wind Ensemble/Wind Band as Demonstrated in Seminal Works". PhD diss. Gainesville: University of Florida. Anon. n.d. "Symphony in B flat for Concert Band". Paul Hindemit.org. Hindemith, Paul. 1951. Symphony in B flat for Concert Band. Edition Schott 4063. Mainz: B. Schott's Söhne. Morgan, Robert P. 1991. Twentieth-Century Music. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. Weiss, Scott A. 2006. "Paul Hindemith and the Genesis of the Symphony in B flat for Concert Band".
In Kongressbericht Oberwölz/Steiermark 2004, edited by Bernhard Habla, 379–88. Alta Musica: Eine Publikation der Internationalen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung und Förderung der Blasmusik 25. Tutzing: Schneider. ISBN 3-7952-1203-0. Symphony in B-flat for Band: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project Hindemith Foundation
Astro Ceria is a 24-hour Malay-language television channel, broadcast on the Astro satellite television service. This channel is dedicated to children, it was launched on 31 August 2006, making it Malaysia's first-ever television channel dedicated to kids. Some of Astro Ceria's programmes are taken from various countries that broadcast their cartoons in English, Indonesian, Korean and mandrin Astro Ceria's lineup consists of in-house programmes produced by Astro. Viewers are able to watch the cartoons on Astro Ceria in two languages. Subtitles are not available in Astro Ceria at this time. Astro Ceria has organised several activities for children of all ages to increase its popularity. A Run for Fun marathon is held between the months of February and April. Berani Jadi Bos?, a competition searching for children who are able to portray the role of a boss, was held in 2007. In 2009, it organised a creative fun carnival, Sukaria Ceria, where kids competed in creating outstanding outfits using all natural resources.
Astro Ceria is available for free-to-view on Astro customers and paid-per-view on NJOI customers in Malaysia on Channel 611. Ceria Popstar 2 and Misi Ejen Ceria Bersama Tiger Biskuat are selected to be aired on Astro Maya HD. Starting November 22, 2019, Astro Ceria HD starts broadcasting on channel number 631 and joins Astro Xiao Tai Yang HD on channel number 304. Astro Ceria has a new program in collaboration with Pinkfong titled "Hello Pinkfong!". List of Malaysian television stations List of programmes broadcast by Astro Ceria Official website
Dalvík is the main village of the Icelandic municipality of Dalvíkurbyggð. Its population is 1,400; the town's name means "valley bay." Dalvík is on the western shore of Eyjafjörður in the valley of Svarfaðardalur. Dalvík harbor is a regional commercial port for fishing; the ferry Sæfari, which sails from Dalvík, serves the island of Grímsey, Iceland's northernmost community, which lies on the Arctic Circle. The annual Fiskidagurinn mikli is held the Saturday after the first Monday of August, attended by up to 30,000 people who enjoy a free fish buffet sponsored by the local fishing industry. Dalvík has had four representatives at the Eurovision song contest for Iceland, despite its small size In sports, Dalvík is most known for alpine skiing. Böggvisstaðafjall is one of the best known ski areas in Iceland; the town has produced a series of skiers who have represented Iceland in the Olympics, World Cups, World Championships, European Cups, as well as other international and national competitions.
Amongst these have been Daníel Hilmarsson, Sveinn Brynjólfsson and Björgvin Björgvinsson. Football teams from the village have had their ups and downs but have managed to produce some nationally known players. Hamar golf club has a short drive outside Dalvík; the local economy is based upon fisheries and fish processing. Dalvík is a tourist destination for boat trips in whale watching and heli skiing. Dalvik process virtual machine in the Android operating system was named after this town. Dalvíkurbyggð municipality Fiskidagur – official site