Eubenangee is a locality split between the Cairns Region and the Cassowary Coast Region, Australia. In the 2016 census, the population of Eubenangee was 242 people; the larger northern part of the locality is in Cairns Region with the smaller southern part in the Cassowary Coast Region. The western part of the locality is low-lying undeveloped wetland and forms part of the Eubenangee Swamp National Park. In contrast the north-eastern part of the locality is mountainous undeveloped land rising to Mount Arthur, part of being in the Ella Bay National Park; the developed land is on the fringes of the Eubenangee Swamp National Park. Eubenangee is a watershed with the northern part of the locality draining towards the Russell River and the southern part of the locality draining towards the North Johnstone River; the Bruce Highway and North Coast railway passes through the south-east of the locality with the Waugh railway station serving the area. A cane tramway passes through the locality to take harvested sugarcane to the local sugar mills.
The locality takes its name from the railway station name assigned by the Queensland Railways Department on 15 August 1918. In turn the railway station tooks its name from the extensive Eubenangee Swamp. Media related to Eubenangee, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons
Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland; the state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres. As of 15 May 2018, Queensland has a population of 5,000,000, concentrated along the coast and in the state's South East; the capital and largest city in the state is Australia's third-largest city. Referred to as the "Sunshine State", Queensland is home to 10 of Australia's 30 largest cities and is the nation's third-largest economy. Tourism in the state, fuelled by its warm tropical climate, is a major industry. Queensland was first inhabited by Torres Strait Islanders.
The first European to land in Queensland was Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606, who explored the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula near present-day Weipa. In 1770, Lieutenant James Cook claimed the east coast of Australia for the Kingdom of Great Britain; the colony of New South Wales was founded in 1788 by Governor Arthur Phillip at Sydney. Queensland was explored in subsequent decades until the establishment of a penal colony at Brisbane in 1824 by John Oxley. Penal transportation ceased in 1839 and free settlement was allowed from 1842; the state was named in honour of Queen Victoria, who on 6 June 1859 signed Letters Patent separating the colony from New South Wales. Queensland Day is celebrated annually statewide on 6 June. Queensland was one of the six colonies which became the founding states of Australia with federation on 1 January 1901; the history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement.
The north-eastern Australian region was explored by Dutch and French navigators before being encountered by Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. The state has witnessed frontier warfare between European settlers and Indigenous inhabitants, as well as the exploitation of cheap Kanaka labour sourced from the South Pacific through a form of forced recruitment known at the time as "blackbirding"; the Australian Labor Party has its origin as a formal organisation in Queensland and the town of Barcaldine is the symbolic birthplace of the party. June 2009 marked the 150th anniversary of its creation as a separate colony from New South Wales. A rare record of early settler life in north Queensland can be seen in a set of ten photographic glass plates taken in the 1860s by Richard Daintree, in the collection of the National Museum of Australia; the Aboriginal occupation of Queensland is thought to predate 50,000 BC via boat or land bridge across Torres Strait, became divided into over 90 different language groups.
During the last ice age Queensland's landscape became more arid and desolate, making food and other supplies scarce. This led to the world's first seed-grinding technology. Warming again made the land hospitable, which brought high rainfall along the eastern coast, stimulating the growth of the state's tropical rainforests. In February 1606, Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon landed near the site of what is now Weipa, on the western shore of Cape York; this was the first recorded landing of a European in Australia, it marked the first reported contact between European and Aboriginal Australian people. The region was explored by French and Spanish explorers prior to the arrival of Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. Cook claimed the east coast under instruction from King George III of the United Kingdom on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island, naming Eastern Australia, including Queensland,'New South Wales'; the Aboriginal population declined after a smallpox epidemic during the late 18th century. In 1823, John Oxley, a British explorer, sailed north from what is now Sydney to scout possible penal colony sites in Gladstone and Moreton Bay.
At Moreton Bay, he found the Brisbane River. He established a settlement at what is now Redcliffe; the settlement known as Edenglassie, was transferred to the current location of the Brisbane city centre. Edmund Lockyer discovered outcrops of coal along the banks of the upper Brisbane River in 1825. In 1839 transportation of convicts was ceased, culminating in the closure of the Brisbane penal settlement. In 1842 free settlement was permitted. In 1847, the Port of Maryborough was opened as a wool port; the first free immigrant ship to arrive in Moreton Bay was the Artemisia, in 1848. In 1857, Queensland's first lighthouse was built at Cape Moreton. A war, sometimes called a "war of extermination", erupted between Aborigines and settlers in colonial Queensland; the Frontier War was notable for being the most bloody in Australia due to Queensland's larger pre-contact indigenous population when compared to the other Australian colonies. About 1,500 European settlers and their alli
Daradgee is a town and a locality in the Cassowary Coast Region, Australia.. As of the 2016 Australian Census, Daradgee had a population of 74 people; the locality is bounded in the south-east by the Johnstone River. Victory Creek, a tributary of the Johnstone River, flows through the locality; the land is flat and low-lying and is used for cropping including sugarcane and bananas. The Bruce Highway runs through the south-west corner of the locality while the North Coast railway line runs from south to north through the locality. There is a cane tramway to deliver harvested sugarcane to the local sugar mills; the town name is a corruption of the original township name Daraji based on an Aboriginal word meaning burial ground. The final section of the North Coast Railway line was the bridge at Daradgee across the Johnstone River; the bridge was opened on 8 December 1924, by the Queensland Premier, Ted Theodore, enabling rail travel from Cairns to Brisbane and from there to as far as Perth in Western Australia.
Media related to Daradgee, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons Town map of Daradgee, 1975
Goondi is a locality in the Cassowary Coast Region, Australia. Goondi is riverside land wrapped around the southern side of an elbow-shaped bend in the Johnstone River, it is flat land, being 0 to 10 metres above sea level, is predominantly used for growing sugar cane and bananas. Reid Creek flows from the north-east of the locality from neighbouring Sundown though to the Johnstone River in the north of the locality. There is little residential development in Goondi; the Bruce Highway passes from south to north through the south-western edge of Goondi crossing the Johnstone River at the Sir Joseph McAvoy Bridge, while the North Coast railway line travels from south to north along Goondi's north-eastern border and crosses the Johnstone River. There is a private cane train tramway in the west of the locality, used to transport harvested sugar cane to the local sugar mill; the name "Goondi' is believed to be an Aboriginal word meaning "elbow", referring to the bend in the river. The Goondi Sugar Mill opened in 1883 located at the end of Goondi Mill Road near the Johnstone River.
It closed in 1987 after being taken over by Bundaberg Sugar. Goondi State School opened on 17 February 1898. Although there is a Goondi State School, it is not located in Goondi but at 78 Maple Street in neighbouring Goondi Bend. Media related to Goondi, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons
Cardwell is a tropical coastal town and locality in the Cassowary Coast Region in Far North Queensland, Australia. In the 2016 census, Cardwell had a population of 1,309 people; the Bruce Highway National Highway 1 and the North Coast railway line are the dominant transport routes. Cardwell suffered significant damage from Cyclone Yasi, a category 5 cyclone, in February 2011. West of Cardwell the rugged topography of the Cardwell Range intercepts the trade winds resulting in high rainfall; the coastal escarpment is covered in rainforest which transitions to the west to eucalypt woodland and tropical savanna. Cardwell Range biodiversity has been protected by the introduction of Forestry Reserves, National Parks and Queensland World Heritage Wet Tropics Areas. Seaward lies the Coral Sea, the Great Barrier Reef and Lagoon, Rockingham Bay and Hinchinbrook Channel. Islands are visible from Cardwell including protected areas i.e. Hinchinbrook Island, Goold Island and the Brook Islands Group. Oyster Point is one kilometre south of Cardwell.
This location experienced one of Australia's important conservation battles. With the establishment of Port Hinchinbrook, the Marina Public Boat Ramp provides year round access to the protected marine environments of Hinchinbrook Channel, Estuaries and Great Barrier Reef; the Cardwell Jetty is an important infrastructure asset, where visitors can socialize and view the coastal scenery. The Aboriginal heritage is defined by Language Groups; the first Europeans settled in the area in January 1864 in order to create a port called "Port Hinchinbrook". Subsequently, the town was renamed after 1st Viscount Cardwell. Cardwell was the first port settlement on the Queensland coast north of Port Denison; the first party of non-indigenous people to settle at Rockingham Bay arrived in January 1864 and was led by George Elphinstone Dalrymple. They were 20 in number including James Morrill, William Alcock Tully, Arthur Jervoise Scott, Lieut. Marlow of the Native Police and his troopers Norman and Warbragen. Dalrymple brought his "black boy" servant, an Aboriginal man from Stradbroke Island that he called "Cockey".
They came from Bowen on the small schooner Policeman, under the command of ex-Native Police officer Captain Walter Powell, with the 3 ton cutter Heather Bell in tow. Dalrymple's main purpose in establishing a settlement in Rockingham Bay was to create a port as close as possible to the Valley of Lagoons Station of which he was part owner. Soon after disembarking from the Policeman, he endeavoured to create a road from the coast to the Valley of Lagoons by expanding existing native paths. A few miles inland from the landing site was a beautiful aboriginal village and bora ground surrounded by native banana plantations that reminded Dalrymple of villages in Ceylon; the Warrgamay people in the area and on nearby Hinchinbrook Island were described as numerous and having some of the largest spears and wooden swords recorded in Australia. Having told the local people through his interpreter that he had come to take possession of their lands, Dalrymple bizarrely expressed frustration at the supposed inability of the aboriginals to understand the concept of "Thou shalt not steal".
James Morrill was more factual in his account of the founding of Cardwell writing that "I said to that they must clear out..as we wished to occupy the land and would shoot any who approached, that we were strong and that another party would soon follow", he described how a group of Aboriginals "were set upon by Dalrymple's men and rather cut up."Cardwell Post Office opened on 10 July 1864. In March 1865, Lieutenant Blakeney and seven troopers of the Native Police spent two days clearing the area around Cardwell of Aboriginal presence by "burning camps and dispersing the natives."In the late 1860s and early 1870s, Cardwell became a transport hub for prospectors heading to the Etheridge Shire goldfields 200 km inland from the town. Captain John Moresby visited Cardwell in 1871 and wrote that "various tribes of aborigines roam about the vicinity, not unnaturally regard the white men, who are dispossessing them of their homes, as mortal enemies. They..suffer terrible retaliation at the hands of our countrymen, who employ native troopers, commanded by white men to hunt down and destroy the offenders when the opportunity offers".
In January 1872, two British dugong fishermen named Henry Smith and Charles Clements were killed at nearby Goold Island by resident Aboriginals. Wet weather prevented an immediate punitive expedition of four boats of armed local white men who were eager that "the blacks" be "taught that what they do is punishable by death". However, within the same month the Native Police forces of Sub-Inspectors Crompton and Johnstone completed a punitive mission and returned to Cardwell with three young Aboriginal children from the island; the eldest of the children was ten and "they were given away in Cardwell to domesticate them."The Cardwell Library opened in 2008. Cardwell has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Valley of Lagoons Road, Damper Creek: Stone Bridge, Dalrymple Gap Track 51 Victoria Street: Cardwell Divisional Board Hall 53 Victoria Street: Cardwell Post Office Cardwell has a granite monument erected in memory of Walter Jervoise Scott, a pioneer of the Valley of Lagoons; the monument was sent from Great Britain by his brothers intended for his grave at Valley of Lagoons.
On arrival at Cardwell, it was found to b
Flying Fish Point, Queensland
Flying Fish Point is a coastal town, a locality and a headland in the Cassowary Coast Region, Australia. Flying Fish Point is on the northern shore of the mouth of the Johnstone River as it enters the Coral Sea; the town was called Musgrave, but on 1 December 1961 it was changed to Flying Fish Point. The town's name comes from the headland, which in turn was named by explorer George Elphinstone Dalrymple on 4 October 1873, after the twelve ton cutter Flying Fish, the principal vessel of his North East Coast Expedition; the southern shore of the mouth of the Johnstone River, Coquette Point, was named after another cutter in the expedition. C Thomas Henry Fitzgerald had established sugarcane plantations in the Mackay area and in April 1880 came to Flying Fish Point and planted sugarcane there on 15 June 1880; the focus of his sugarcane interests shifted further up the Johnstone River resulting in the establishing of Geraldton as the major sugarcane growing area. Flying Fish Point with its sandy beach instead became a popular holiday town for the area.
The first Catholic mass was celebrated in Flying Fish Point on 1 January 1940 in Edwin Shaw's hut. Flying Fish Point Provisional School opened on 23 January 1899, it closed on a number of occasions due to low student numbers. It closed for a period in 1918 after the school building was destroyed in a cyclone in March 1918; the school closed for a period in World War II from about February 1942 when people were evacuated from the district due to fears of a Japanese invasion but the school did not reopen until 1947. It is unclear. Flying Fish Point State School is a government co-educational primary school on Maud Street. In 2016, the school had an enrolment of 56 students with 10 non-teaching staff; the Flying Fish Point branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at QCWA Hall on Alice Street. Media related to Flying Fish Point, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons "Flying Fish Point". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland. Town map of Flying Fish Point, 1984
East Innisfail, Queensland
East Innisfail is a suburb of Innisfail, Cassowary Coast Region, Australia. The suburb links to the Innisfail CBD via the Jubilee Bridge over the Johnstone River and the Bruce Highway. In the 2011 census, East Innisfail had a population of 1,828 people; the suburb has a park running along the river and East Innisfail State School. Land for the school was secured by the Department of Lands in 1935; the suburb was linked to the CBD by the old Jubilee Bridge, built in 1923. At the 2006 census East Innisfail had a population of 1,608. Due to deterioration from both age and increased traffic flow, the Jubilee Bridge was closed on July 19, 2010 after concerns were raised over the safety and integrity of the structure. A new bridge was built, which opened on 2 September 2011. In early 2011, some residents in low-lying areas of the suburb were evacuated ahead of the passing of Cyclone Yasi. Shortly after there were a number of cases of dengue fever recorded in the suburb. East Innisfail has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Mourilyan Street: Innisfail Water Tower Media related to East Innisfail, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons