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Woodruff County, Arkansas

Woodruff County is located in the Arkansas Delta in the U. S. state of Arkansas. The county is named for William E. Woodruff, founder of the state's first newspaper, the Arkansas Gazette. Created as Arkansas's 54th county in 1862, Woodruff County is home to one incorporated town and four incorporated cities, including Augusta, the county seat; the county is the site of numerous unincorporated communities and ghost towns. Occupying only 587 square miles, Woodruff County is the 13th smallest county in Arkansas; as of the 2010 Census, the county's population is 7,260 people in 3,531 households. Based on population, the county is the second-smallest county of the 75 in Arkansas. Located in the Arkansas Delta, the county is flat with fertile soils. Covered in forest and swamps, the area was cleared for agriculture by early settlers, it is drained by the White River. Along the Cache River, the Cache River National Wildlife Refuge runs north-south across the county, preserving bottomland forest and wildlife habitat.

Although no Interstate highways are located in Woodruff County, two United States highways and twelve Arkansas state highways run in the county. Two Union Pacific Railroad lines cross the county; the county is located in one of the six primary geographic regions of Arkansas. The Arkansas Delta is a subregion of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain, a flat area consisting of rich, fertile sediment deposits from the Mississippi River between Louisiana and Illinois. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 594 square miles, of which 587 square miles is land and 7.2 square miles is water. Major hydrologic features include the Cache River, which bisects the county north-south, Bayou De View, which runs through eastern Woodruff County, the White River, which serves as the county's western boundary. Prior to settlement, Woodruff County was densely forested, with bayous and swamps crossing the land. Seeking to take advantage of the area's fertile soils, settlers cleared the land to better suit row crops.

Although some swampland has been preserved in the Cache River NWR and some former farmland has undergone reforestation, the majority of the county remains in cultivation. Another large land use in Woodruff County is the Cache River NWR, owned by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Stretching 90 miles across adjacent counties, the NWR is listed as a Ramsar wetlands of international importance, serves as a key wintering area for ducks and the largest contiguous tract of bottomland hardwood forest in North America; the NWR aggressively seeks willing property owners to sell land to add to the NWR's boundaries, adding 2,000 acres in 2015. The county is located 75 miles northeast of Little Rock and 81.3 miles west of Memphis, Tennessee. Woodruff County is surrounded by five other Delta counties: Jackson County to the north, Cross County to the northeast, St. Francis County to the southeast, Monroe County to the south and Prairie County to the southwest. West of Woodruff County is White County, something of combination point for the Delta and Central Arkansas.

Woodruff County has a humid subtropical climate. Woodruff County experiences all four seasons, although summers can be hot and humid and winters are mild with little snow. July is the hottest month of the year, with an average high of 93 °F and an average low of 70 °F. Temperatures above 100 °F are not uncommon. January is the coldest month with an average high of 49 °F and an average low of 27 °F; the highest temperature was 112 °F, recorded in 1936 and 1972. The lowest temperature recorded was −11 °F, on January 8, 1942. Four incorporated cities and one incorporated towns are located within the county; the largest city and county seat, Augusta, is located in the western part of the county near the White River and the White County border. Augusta's population in 2010 was 2,199—well below its peak of 3,496 at the 1980 Census. McCrory and Patterson are adjacent to each other, located near the county's center. Cotton Plant and Hunter are both located in the southern part of Woodruff County, with 2010 populations of 649 and 105, respectively.

Woodruff County has dozens of unincorporated communities and ghost towns within its borders. This is due to early settlers in Arkansas tending to cluster in small clusters rather than incorporated towns. For example and Gregory had post offices at some point in their history. Other communities are a few dwellings at a crossroads that have adopted a common place name over time; some are listed as populated places by the United States Geological Survey, others are listed as historic settlements. Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Woodruff County are listed below; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 8,741 people, 3,531 households, 2,439 families residing

Anchieta College (Porto Alegre)

The College Anchieta is a private school located in Porto Alegre, the capital of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The institution is one of the twenty-two works of the Society of Jesus in Southern Brazil, it has more than three thousand students and three hundred members on its staff. The "College of the Fathers", as it was known, was founded on 13 January 1890. Fr. Francisco Trappe received from Rome permission to buy the house of the Fialho family, located at Church Street. In the beginning, the College of the Fathers was intended only for boys, divided into two sections and Brazilian. In its first year of operation, the number of students began at 42 and rose to 80; the boys were ages 9 through 12, were only admitted if they could read. In 1897 the College of the Fathers changed its name to St. Joseph, to Anchieta Gymasium, it progressed gradually. The current name Anchieta College was adopted in 1901, at the suggestion of the director Conrado Menz, in tribute to José de Anchieta. Anchieta College required more space than it had on Duque de Caxias Street.

The growth of Porto Alegre put pressure on the requirements. In 1954 a plot on Nile Pecanha Avenue was bought and a new school was built. A new church was added in 1967; the Anchieta College had in all twenty-three directors. They are: Francisco Trappe Roberto Fuhr Conrado Menz Luiz Kadesh Angelo Contessoto Henry Lanz Jorge Sedelmayr Julio Poether Henry Book Alberto Fuger Arthur Boll Edmundo Dreher Walter Hofer Emilio Hartmann José Carlos Nunes João Roque Rohr Eugenio Rohr João Roque Rohr Martin Matthias Lenz Aegídio Körbes Franz Stadelmann Celso Schneider – provisionally Egydio Eduardo Schneider Guido Kuhn John Claudio Rhoden João Goulart 24 President of Brazil Jorge Furtado, filmmaker Humberto Gessinger, musician


Gastornithiformes were an extinct order of giant flightless fowl with fossils found in North America and Australia. Members of Gastornithidae were long considered to be a part of the order Gruiformes. However, the traditional concept of Gruiformes has since been shown to be an unnatural grouping. Beginning in the late 1980s and the first phylogenetic analysis of gastornithid relationships, consensus began to grow that they were close relatives of the lineage that includes waterfowl and screamers, the Anseriformes. Recognizing the apparent close relationship between gastornis and waterfowl, some researchers classify them within the anseriform group itself. Others restrict the name Anseriformes only to the crown group formed by all modern species, label the larger group including extinct relatives of anseriformes in the clade Anserimorphae. While the order is considered to be monotypic, a 2017 paper concerning the evolution and phylogeny of giant fowl by Worthy and colleagues have found phylogenetic support in finding the mihirungs to be the sister taxon to the gastornis.

The mihirungs are another family of giant flightless birds that have been classified as anserimorphs either as crown anseriforms related to the screamers or the sister taxon to Anseriformes. Worthy et al. incorporated several new taxa and character traits into existing matrices of Galloanserae resulted in several of their phylogenies to support this grouping. The authors did note the bootstrap support is weakly supported and one of their phylogenies found gastornithiforms to be stem galliforms instead; these too were weakly supported as well. Below is a simplified phylogeny showing their one phylogeny supporting gastornithiforms as anserimorphs

Minnesota Kings

Minnesota Kings was an American Soccer team based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Founded in 2009, the team played in National Premier Soccer League, a national professional/amateur league at the fourth tier of the American Soccer Pyramid, in the Midwest Division. Founded in 2009; the Chairman found the team. The club played in the NPSL ranking fourth on the United States Soccer Pyramid; the team partnered up with local soccer club, St. Micheal Youth Soccer Association to create the Minnesota Kings Academy in late 2010. In three seasons the Kings finished the season near the bottom of the standings in the Midwest Division. Failing to qualify for the playoffs in each of it three seasons. In 2012 the team disbanded due to money and league violations. Source: Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Brad Fewell Community Education Field.

Dan Bern

Dan Bern is an American guitarist, songwriter and painter. His music has been compared to that of Bob Dylan, Woody Guthrie, Bruce Springsteen, Phil Ochs and Elvis Costello, he is a prolific composer. He wrote the novel Quitting Science under the pen name Cunliffe Merriwether and wrote the preface under his own name. Bern's song "Talkin' Woody, Bob and Dan Blues," from the album Smartie Mine, offers a joking take on this influence, presented in the style of a Guthrie or Dylan talking blues song, containing a spoof of a Springsteen song as well; when asked about the similarity between himself and Dylan, he once quipped, "I guess Bob Dylan was sort of the Dan Bern of the'60's." Bernstein has toured with Ani DiFranco. He is known for sardonic, literary lyrics, a range of musical styles, a folk music style paired with rock instrumentation. Although a vein of social and political humor runs through his earliest work, Bern's songs became more explicitly political during the 2004 US presidential election campaign, with songs such as "Bush Must Be Defeated" and "President" highlighting his sometimes surreal political takes.

His work deals with his Lithuanian Jewish ancestry, as in songs like "Lithuania." The name Bernstein is a reference to this ancestry. Between 1997 and 2003 many of his tours and recordings featured a regular cast of backup musicians which he began calling the International Jewish Banking Conspiracy or IJBC, which Bern said was a tribute to the book Nigger by Dick Gregory. New American Language, The Swastika EP, Fleeting Days and My Country II were all released under the "Dan Bern & the International Jewish Banking Conspiracy" name; the IJBC featured longtime Bern producer and collaborator Wil Masisak on keyboards, drums and bass. In early 2007, Bern's Breathe won in The 6th Annual Independent Music Awards for Best Folk/Singer-Songwriter Album. In 2009, 2010 and 2012, Bern played with Common Rotation from Los Angeles, California which consists of vocals, banjo, trumpet and other instruments, their concert in September 2009 at the M Bar in Los Angeles, was released as a live album in the spring of 2010 called "Live in Los Angeles" with about half the songs Bern playing solo and the other half including Common Rotation.

Bern's songwriting skills were used in the biopic parody film Walk Hard where he helped write 16 songs for the movie. Many of these songs made the theatrical cut of the film including the Dylanesque "Royal Jelly," and the melodic " Dewey Cox Died." He continues to write songs for films, including Get Him to the Greek and Father's Day. Bern’s song "One Dance" was included in Kasdan's first film Zero Effect. Bern wrote "Swing Set," a duet with Emmylou Harris, for the off Broadway production of Family Week directed by Jonathan Demme, wrote the title song for Demme's documentary Jimmy Carter Man From Plains. In 2012, Bern released two studio recordings of American roots music: Drifter, featuring a duet with Emmylou Harris, Doubleheader, an 18-song tribute to baseball culled from close to 30 years of songwriting and recorded at Bob Weir’s TRI Studios in Marin County. In 2004, Bern published the novel Quitting Science and, in 2012, Cleaver the Gronk under the pen name Cunliffe Merriwether. An avid baseball fan, Bern has written several baseball songs including "Johnny Sylvester Comes Back to Visit the Babe" in which he put words to music to the story of Babe Ruth and Johnny Sylvester.

In 2019, Bern released the album Regent Street. Bern learned to play cello at age six, the guitar at 14. Or 16, after he heard his first Bob Dylan songs. After college, he played seven open mics a week in Chicago and started to be invited to Chicago folk clubs such as The Earl of Old Town, Holstein’s and The No Exit. In 1991, he lived in Hollywood, taught tennis in Encino to make a living as a songwriter; the junior scouts from the major record companies “were coming around". Bern is married to Danielle Lesniewski, they lived in Los Angeles until 2016 before moving eastward for family reasons. Dog Boy Van Dan Bern Fifty Eggs Smartie Mine New American Language World Cup The Swastika EP Fleeting Days My Country II Anthems Breathe Easy Breathe Moving Home Two Feet Tall Live in Los Angeles Live in New York Drifter Doubleheader Wilderness Song Three Feet Tall Hoody Adderal Holiday Regent Street Divine and Conquer The Burbank Tapes Macaroni Cola Songs of Fall Dan Bern's website Messenger Records Dan Bern website Dan Bern at AllMusic Dan Bern collection at the Internet Archive's live music archive

USS Montclair (ID-3497)

USS Montclair was a United States Navy refrigerated cargo ship in commission from 1918 to 1919. Montclair was built in 1918 as the British commercial refrigerated cargo ship SS War Speed for the Cunard Line by the Standard Shipbuilding Corporation at Shooters Island, New York, she soon was renamed SS Montclair. On 19 August 1918, the United States Shipping Board took control of Montclair via the Emergency Fleet Corporation at Brooklyn, New York, turned her over to the U. S. Navy, which assigned her the naval registry identification number 3497 and commissioned her that same day as USS Montclair for use in World War I. Assigned to the Naval Overseas Transportation Service, Montclair joined a convoy out of New York City on 7 October 1918 with a cargo of beef and a deckload of trucks, but she was unable to maintain convoy speed; because of this and because of machinery deficiencies, she was ordered to drop out of the convoy on 8 October 1918 and proceed to Norfolk, for repairs. With her repairs completed, Montclair was directed to join up with a convoy scheduled to depart New York on 19 October 1918.

She made a successful transatlantic crossing this time, arrived at Quiberon, France, on 6 November 1918. The war ended while she was in France, on 11 November 1918. Montclair departed Quiberon on 14 November 1918 for a westbound voyage, but after weathering a gale she was forced to put in for repairs and fuel at Bermuda, she arrived at New York on 15 December 1918. She completed two more transatlantic cargo runs to St. Nazaire in France and Rotterdam in the Netherlands, completing the second of these on 20 May 1919. In June 1919, Montclair was directed to proceed to Galveston, Texas, to take on a load of onions destined for St. Nazaire. A few days out of Galveston during the voyage to St. Nazaire, it was found that the temperature and condition of the cargo in the holds was such that decay had set in, Montclair was ordered to divert to Norfolk. Upon her arrival there on 25 June 1919 it was decided to place her in line for demobilization. Montclair was decommissioned at Norfolk on 7 July 1919, the Navy returned her to the U.

S. Shipping Board the same day. Once again SS Montclair, she continued to operate as a refrigerated cargo ship under U. S. Shipping Board ownership until 1932, she was scrapped at Baltimore, Maryland, in 1937. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. Department of the Navy: Naval Historical Center Online Library of Selected Images: U. S. Navy Ships: USS Montclair, 1918-1919; the civilian refrigerator ship War Speed, renamed Montclair in 1918 NavSource Online: Section Patrol Craft Photo Archive: Montclair