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Worcester County, Massachusetts

Worcester County is a county located in the U. S. state of Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the population was 798,552, making it the second-most populous county in Massachusetts while being the largest in area; the estimated population as of July 1, 2018 is 830,839. The largest city and traditional county seat is the city of Worcester. Worcester County is included in the Worcester, MA-CT Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area. Worcester County was formed from the eastern portion of colonial Hampshire County, the western portion of the original Middlesex County and the extreme western portion of the original Suffolk County; when the government of Worcester County was established on April 2, 1731, Worcester was chosen as its shire town. From that date until the dissolution of the county government, it was the only county seat; because of the size of the county, there were fifteen attempts over 140 years to split the county into two counties, but without success.

Lancaster was proposed as the seat of the northern county. As a concession, in August 1884 the Worcester County Registry of Deeds was split in two, with the Worcester Northern registry placed in Fitchburg. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,579 square miles, of which 1,511 square miles is land and 68 square miles is water, it is the largest county in Massachusetts by area. The county is larger geographically than the entire state of Rhode Island including Rhode Island's water ocean limit boundaries; the county constitutes Central Massachusetts, separating the Greater Springfield area from the Greater Boston area. It stretches from the northern to the southern border of the state; the geographic center of Massachusetts is in Rutland. Worcester County is one of two Massachusetts counties that borders three different neighboring states, they are the only two counties to touch both the northern and southern state lines. Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge In 1990 Worcester County had a population of 709,705.

As of the census of 2000, there were 750,963 people, 283,927 households, 192,502 families residing in the county. The population density was 496 people per square mile. There were 298,159 housing units at an average density of 197 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.61% White, 2.73% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 2.62% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.93% from other races, 1.82% from two or more races. 6.77 % of the population were Latino of any race. 15.9% were of Irish, 12.3% Italian, 11.7% French, 8.0% French Canadian, 8.0% English, 5.6% Polish and 5.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 85.1 % spoke 6.1 % Spanish and 1.9 % French as their first language. There were 283,927 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.20% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.11. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $47,874, the median income for a family was $58,394. Males had a median income of $42,261 versus $30,516 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,983. About 6.80% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 798,552 people, 303,080 households, 202,602 families residing in the county; the population density was 528.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 326,788 housing units at an average density of 216.3 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the county was 85.6% white, 4.2% black or African American, 4.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.6% from other races, 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 22.2% were Irish, 15.1% were French as well as 6.7% French Canadians, 14.4% were Italian, 11.7% were English, 7.0% were Polish, 6.9% were German, 3.2% were American. Of the 303,080 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families, 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 39.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $64,152 and the median income for a family was $79,121. Males had a median income of $56,880 versus $42,223 for females; the per capita income for the county was $30,557.

About 6.9% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over. The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective of the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. Worcester County is one of 8 of the 14 Ma

LUSFiber

LUS Fiber is a municipally owned subsidiary of Lafayette Utilities System providing Cable Television, Broadband Internet, Telephone services to the citizens of Lafayette, Louisiana. It is notable for being the first municipally owned company providing Fiber-To-The-Home services in the state of Louisiana, one of the first municipally owned FTTH companies in the country. In the late 1990s, the Lafayette Utilities System needed to upgrade its outdated microwave system for connecting their substations. LUS chose to upgrade with Fiber Optic technology. In 2002, after installing the system for their needs, they used the surplus fiber optic strands to provide wholesale service to hospitals and the Lafayette Parish School System. In 2003 during the campaign for City-Parish President, candidate Joey Durel expressed in a Chamber of Commerce debate with his opponent that he would not be in favor of LUS competing in the private sector. However, once taking office, Joey Durel led the charge for a citywide fiber to the premise initiative.

As he said, "I begged the private sector to do it so that we wouldn't have to." With the incumbents refusing, local government was the only option. In 2004, the city announced its proposal for a municipal fiber network providing broadband internet, cable TV telephone services to the City of Lafayette. 70 percent of residents, 80 percent of businesses responded positively to a market survey conducted by LUS. The questions asked and the raw results of the telephone poll were requested by interested parties in the public but were never released; the announcement of the project came within 4 months of Durel's inauguration, just one day after the closing of submission of new bills in the state legislature. This would prevent a challenge in the state legislature by the incumbent phone and cable provider, as there are many laws on the books regulating phone and cable TV providers, but no laws regulating a local municipality entering such business sectors. Representatives from the ILEC Bellsouth were able to lobby representatives in the legislature to modify an existing bill to establish rules that would allow some regulation over a municipal entity entering into telecommunications.

Prior to this, there were no laws on the books preventing a municipal entity from subsidizing a telecom business with proceeds from a true monopoly utility system. This bill, negotiated between representatives from Bellsouth, Cox Communications, LUS and Governor Kathleen Blanco herself became the Local Government Fair Competition Act of 2004; as per the requirements of Local Government Fair Competition Act, LUS conducted a Feasibility Study and presented the study in November 2004. The Lafayette City-Parish Council voted to adopt the study and proceed with the sale of bonds by resolution in December 2004 and opted to forgo a referendum; this resolution resulted in a petition for a referendum in January 2005 and a subsequent lawsuit in February. The petition was conducted by a non-profit group calling themselves Fiber411.com. The group was founded by 3 citizens of Lafayette who spoke out at the public hearings against the Feasibility Study and joined by other volunteers and concerned citizens.

While some accused the group of being shills for Bellsouth and Cox, the three were of backgrounds in oil and gas leasing, home building and oilfield engineering had never met prior to November 2004 and had no ties to the communications industry nor local government. The petition was participated in by members of Fiber411.com and community volunteers as well as volunteers from Bellsouth and Cox. The petition was contested by the administration and was not recognized as a valid petition. Fiber411.com, being a volunteer group, decided not to sue to enforce the petition due to lack of funds. Bellsouth won; the decision was based on the judge's determination that the City had used the incorrect set of Louisiana State laws to seek sale of bonds that precluded a referendum mechanism. The district court decision further ruled that the petition used by Fiber411 was written to appeal to the correct set of state laws that the City should have been using; the City of Lafayette had to decide if it would try again for to sell bonds with or without a referendum.

The City decided to have a referendum. The Council members of the City-Parish Government prior to 2005 had stated that they did not want a "media bloodbath" between the City and he incumbents and, their reason to deny a referendum. In the end, the City of Lafayette hosted a series of "Town Hall" meetings where the Fiber project was discussed. Local Political Action Committees calling themselves LafayetteYes and LafayetteComingTogether made up of political allies of the Administration, etc. raised and spent over $300,000 for media campaigns. Fiber411.com spent $10,000 and Bellsouth spent less than $5,000. Cox spent $0.00 on the campaign. As such, the media campaign was one sided. On July 16, 2005, the proposal was put to a vote. By a margin of 62% for and 38% against, the residents of Lafayette approved of the City's plan; the City's legal troubles weren't over however. In order to raise money for the project, the city had to borrow money through tax-exempt bonds. Again the state cable association and BellSouth sued Lafayette, alleging the bond ordinance didn't comply with state law.

The suit was won by the city in district court but an appellate court panel ruled 3-0 that the City's ordinance to sell bonds violated the Local Government Fair Competi

Hydrotaea dentipes

Hydrotaea dentipes is a fly from the family Muscidae. Its larvae have been found in the dung of rabbits, cows, horses and humans, it is found in the Palearctic. See Morphology of Diptera for terms; the thorax, seen from behind, with conspicuous whitish dusting at least in front of the suture. The middle tibia, anteriorly along whole length, with dense fine pubescence, shorter than width of tibia; the discal vein of wing with a slight though distinct curve forward just before apex. Hind tibia with only 2-3 rather short anteroventral bristles. Middle femur, at base beneath, with numerous setulose hairs, many of which are more than twice as long as depth of femur. 6·5-7·75 mm. D'Assis Fonseca, E. C. M, 1968 Diptera Cyclorrhapha Calyptrata: Muscidae Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects pdf Seguy, E. Diptères Anthomyides. Paris: Éditions Faune de France Faune n° 6 393 p. 813 fig. Bibliotheque Virtuelle Numerique pdf

Pan African Federation of Accountants

The Pan African Federation of Accountants is the regional body, aimed to represent African professional accountants with one and louder voice in relating with International Federation of Accountants. It was inaugurated in Dakar, Senegal on 5 May 2011; the first president, elected at the inaugural meeting in Dakar, was Major General Sebastian Achulike Owuama. Owuama is president of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria and of the Association of Accountancy Bodies in West Africa. Dr. Mussa J. Assad of the National Board of Accountants and Auditors in Tanzania was named vice president; the South African Institute of Chartered Accountants in Johannesburg hosts the PAFA Secretariat. At time of launch, members were: Official website

Armento Rider

The Armento Rider is an ancient bronze sculpture of a rider and a horse, found in the town of Armento in southern Italy. Now part of the British Museum's collection, it is considered one of the oldest works of art from Western Greece or Magna Graecia; the Armento Rider is a diminutive statue of a Greek warrior wearing a corinthian helmet who bestrides a horse with a long mane and elongated body. Solid cast in bronze in two separate pieces and made about 560-550 BC, it is one of the earliest bronzes to be produced in the ancient Greek world; the rider is shown beardless wearing a short belted chiton and once used to hold a spear and reins for the horse. The bronze sculpture belonged to the Hungarian collector Gábor Fejérváry, who purchased it in Naples in 1833. After passing through several collections, it was acquired by the British Museum in 1904; when first discovered the statue was wrongly attributed to the settlement of Grumentum, although recent research has shown that it originated from Armento, an ancient Greek site from the region of Basilicata, southern Italy.

L. Burn, The British Museum book of Greece C. Rolley, Greek bronzes H. B. Walters: British Museum. Select bronzes, Greek and Etruscan, in the Departments of Antiquities, London 1915

Information Please

Information Please was an American radio quiz show, created by Dan Golenpaul, which aired on NBC from May 17, 1938 to April 22, 1951. The title was the contemporary phrase used to request from telephone operators what was called "information" but is now called "directory assistance"; the series was moderated by Clifton Fadiman. A panel of experts would attempt to answer questions submitted by listeners. For the first few shows, a listener was paid $2 for a question, used, $5 more if the experts could not answer it correctly; when the show got its first sponsor, the total amounts were increased to $5 and $10 respectively. A complete Encyclopædia Britannica was added to the prize for questions that stumped the panel; the amounts went up to $10 and $25. By 1948, the prizes changed to the following: submitting a question awarded the viewer an Encyclopædia Britannica world atlas, stumping the panel added a $50 savings bond plus the complete Encyclopedia, they replaced the regular sponsorship with a different sponsor for certain broadcasts.

Panel regulars included writer-actor-pianist Oscar Levant and newspaper columnists and renowned wits and intellectuals Franklin P. Adams and John Kieran. All the panelists were well-versed in a wide range of topics. Music and film questions were addressed to Levant. Adams was well known for his mastery of popular culture and Gilbert and Sullivan. Kieran was an expert in natural history and literature. A typical question would have three or four parts and would require the panelists to get a majority of the questions right, lest they lose the prize money; the show would always have a fourth guest panelist either a celebrity, a politician or writer. Guest panelists included Fred Allen, Leonard Bernstein, Boris Karloff, Clare Boothe Luce, Dorothy Parker, S. J. Perelman, Sigmund Spaeth, Rex Stout, Jan Struther, Deems Taylor, Jackie Robinson, Alexander Woollcott, George S. Kaufman, Ruth Gordon, Orson Welles, Basil Rathbone and a young Myron "Mike" Wallace; the show was as much a comedy as a quiz show.

The panelists displayed a quick wit in answering the questions, reveling in malapropisms. Due to the spontaneous nature of the program, it became the first show for which NBC allowed a prerecorded repeat for the West Coast. During World War II, the show went on tours from its New York City base to promote the buying of war bonds. Instead of the usual cash prize, a question writer would win a bond; the show received several awards as an outstanding radio quiz show. It is believed to be the earliest example of the panel game genre; the program was so popular that, from 1939 to 1943, excerpts of 18 radio broadcasts were filmed and released by RKO Pictures as a series of theatrical shorts. Two card games based on the series were released, as was a 1939 tie-in quiz book from Simon & Schuster; the show was satirized by the zany panel of radio's It Pays to Be Ignorant, which enjoyed a successful radio run from 1942 to 1951. In 1947, Golenpaul edited the Information Please Almanac, a reference book which continued through the years in different formats.

Information Please went to television from June 29 to September 21, 1952 on CBS Television on Sundays at 9:30 PM as a summer replacement for The Fred Waring Show, a musical variety series. Adams and Kieran returned with Fadiman again as host and two guest celebrities. On August 17, Fadiman was replaced by John McCaffery for the rest of the show's run. A variation of Information Please, this time a program devoted to music with the same four-member panel format, became popular when it was televised in Los Angeles in 1953. After two years of local success, Musical Chairs became a summer replacement series on NBC Television; the Bill Leyden-hosted game show lasted eleven weeks on the national airwaves. An Australian version of the program was first broadcast from Melbourne radio station 3DB in about 1939, was relayed to Sydney station 2CH from July 1941, it was soon relayed nationwide through the Major Broadcasting Network. The program continued into the early 1960s. John Stuart was the host. Panelists included Barry Jones, Edward Alexander Mann who broadcast as The Watchman, Crosbie Morrison, Alan Nichols, John Lynch, Professor W.

A. Osborne,Ian Mair, Dr Charles Souter, Eric Welch. Martin Grams Jr. Information Please. Albany, Georgia: BearManor Media, 2003 Archive.org Information Please radio shows OTR Network Library: Information Please Zoot Radio, free old time radio show downloads of'Information Please.' "Information Please". RadioEchoes. 1938–1948. CS1 maint: date format 236 episodes. Clifton Fadiman Jerry Haendiges Vintage Radio Logs: Information Please