A world's fair or world fair is a large international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations. These exhibitions vary in character and are held in different parts of the world at a specific site for a period of time, ranging from three to six months. Speaking, the term World’s Fairs is used in the United States. World Expo or Specialised Expo are the official terms used in Europe and the Middle East. In Latin languages such as Spanish, Italian or Romanian, the translation of the French word “Exposition Universelle” is used to qualify World Expos; the short word Expo or expo has been applied to both type of Expos in various locations, since 1967. Since the 1928 Convention Relating to International Exhibitions came into force, the Bureau International des Expositions has served as an international sanctioning body for international exhibitions. Four types of international exhibition are organised under the auspices of the BIE: World Expos, Specialised Expos, Horticultural Expos and the Milan Triennial.
Depending on their category, international exhibitions may last from three weeks to six months. Astana, Kazakhstan held the most recent Specialised Expo, Expo 2017. Dubai, United Arab Emirates has been selected to host World Expo 2020. Buenos Aires, Argentina has been selected to host Specialised Expo 2023. Osaka, Japan has been selected to host World Expo 2025. International Exhibitions originated in the French tradition of national exhibitions, a tradition that culminated with the French Industrial Exposition of 1844 held in Paris; this fair was followed by other national exhibitions in the United Kingdom. The best-known'first World Expo' was held in The Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, United Kingdom, in 1851, under the title "Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations"; the Great Exhibition, as it is called, was an idea of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's husband, is considered to be the first international exhibition of manufactured products. It influenced the development of several aspects of society, including art-and-design education, international trade and relations, tourism.
This expo was the precedent for the many international exhibitions called World Expos, that have continued to be held to the present time. The character of world fairs, or expositions, has evolved since the first one in 1851. Three eras can be distinguished: the era of industrialization, the era of cultural exchange, the era of nation branding; the first era, the era of "industrialization" covered the years from 1800 to 1938. In these days, world expositions were focused on trade and displayed technological advances and inventions. World expositions were platforms for state-of-the-art technology from around the world; the world expositions of 1851 London, 1853 New York, 1862 London, 1876 Philadelphia, 1889 Paris, 1893 Chicago, 1897 Brussels, 1900 Paris, 1904 St. Louis, 1915 San Francisco, 1933–34 Chicago were notable in this respect. Inventions such as the telephone were first presented during this era; this era set the basic character of the world fair. The 1939–40 New York World's Fair, those that followed, took a different approach, one less focused on technology and aimed more at cultural themes and social progress.
For instance, the theme of the 1939 fair was "Building the World of Tomorrow". These fairs encouraged effective intercultural communication along with sharing of technological innovation; the 1967 International and Universal Exposition in Montreal was promoted under the name Expo 67. Event organizers retired the term world's fair in favor of Expo. From World Expo 88 in Brisbane onwards, countries started to use expositions as a platform to improve their national image through their pavilions. Finland, Canada and Spain are cases in point. A major study by Tjaco Walvis called "Expo 2000 Hanover in Numbers" showed that improving national image was the main goal for 73% of the countries participating in Expo 2000. Pavilions became a kind of advertising campaign, the Expo served as a vehicle for "nation branding". According to branding expert Wally Olins, Spain used Expo'92 and the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona in the same year to underscore its new position as a modern and democratic country and to show itself as a prominent member of the European Union and the global community.
At Expo 2000 Hanover, countries created their own architectural pavilions, investing, on average, €12 million each. Given these costs, governments are sometimes hesitant to participate, because the benefits may not justify the costs. However, while the effects are difficult to measure, an independent study for the Dutch pavilion at Expo 2000 estimated that the pavilion generated around €350 million of potential revenues for the Dutch economy, it identified several key success factors for world-exposition pavilions in general. Presently, there are two types of international exhibition: Specialised Expos. World Expos known as universal expositions, are the biggest category events. At World Expos, participants generally
Westerville is a city in Delaware and Franklin counties in the U. S. state of Ohio. It is a northeastern suburb of Columbus; the population was 36,120 at the 2010 census. Westerville is the home of Otterbein University. Westerville was once known as "The Dry Capital of the World" for its strict laws prohibiting sales of alcohol. Cultures have inhabited the Westerville area for several millennia. Paleo-Indians and their successor cultures inhabited the area between Big Walnut Creek and Alum Creek; the Wyandot were the primary inhabitants by the time Europeans arrived, living along Alum Creek. They were forced out of Ohio in 1843; the land, today Westerville was settled by those of European ancestry around 1810. In 1818, Matthew and William Westervelt, settlers of Dutch extraction, migrated to the area from New York. Matthew Westervelt donated land for the construction of a Methodist church in 1836, the settlement was subsequently named in the family's honor. In 1839, the Blendon Young Men's Seminary was chartered in Westerville.
The Church of the United Brethren in Christ bought the seminary in 1846, the next year the seminary was reformed, renamed Otterbein College after the church's founder Philip William Otterbein. It continues today in Westerville as the private Otterbein University. Westerville was platted by 1856, incorporated in August 1858; the town's population in that year was 275. Throughout the Antebellum era, several homes in Westerville were stations on the Underground Railroad. Among these is the Hanby House, located one block from the college. Benjamin Russell Hanby had moved to Westerville in 1849, at the age of sixteen, to enroll at Otterbein University. Hanby went on to write many familiar hymns and songs, among them "Darling Nelly Gray", "Who is He in Yonder Stall?", the Christmas favorite "Up On The Housetop". His home in Westerville, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, was dedicated as a museum in 1937 and is now owned by the Ohio Historical Society and managed locally by the Westerville Historical Society.
It is the only state memorial to a composer in the state of Ohio. An 1859 town ordinance prohibited sales of alcohol in Westerville. By the 1870s, a burgeoning conflict between pro- and anti-temperance forces boiled over into the so-called "Westerville Whiskey Wars". Twice, in 1875 and 1879, businessman Henry Corbin opened a saloon in Westerville, each time the townspeople blew up his establishment with gunpowder. Westerville's reputation for temperance was so significant that in 1909 the Anti-Saloon League moved its national headquarters from Washington, D. C. to Westerville. The League, at the forefront of the Prohibition movement, gained its greatest triumph when the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified in 1919; the League printed so many leaflets in support of temperance and prohibition—over 40 tons of mail per month—that Westerville, by known as "The Dry Capital of the World", was the smallest town in the nation to have a first class post office. The League's Westerville headquarters was given to the Westerville Public Library in 1973 and now serves as a museum attached to the library.
After Prohibition ended, Westerville remained dry for most of the twentieth century. In 1916, Westerville became the first village in Ohio to adopt a council-manager form of government, in which a city council makes policy but the town's administrative and many of its executive governmental functions are vested in an appointed, professional manager. Westerville retains the council-manager system to the present day; the city elects seven council members at large for four-year terms. Under the City Charter, the mayor is only "the ceremonial head of the government" of the city; the council additionally selects the city manager, who serves indefinitely. In 2007, David Collinsworth replaced David Lindimore as city manager after the latter's tenure of twenty-two years. In 1995 the city annexed 941 non-dry acres of land to its north, which included several alcohol-selling businesses. Subsequently, voters have approved alcohol sales in old Westerville at a number of establishments through site-specific local options.
In 2006 Michael's Pizza served the first beer in Uptown Westerville in over 70 years. On October 15, 2019, Westerville hosted the fourth 2020 Democratic Primary Presidential Debate which had over 12 candidates on stage. To date, it still remains the largest primary debate in American history. Westerville is located at 40°7′25″N 82°55′17″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.61 square miles, of which 12.47 square miles is land and 0.14 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 36,120 people, 13,859 households, 9,800 families living in the city; the population density was 2,896.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 14,467 housing units at an average density of 1,160.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 88.6% White, 6.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population. There were 13,859 households, of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 29.3% were non-families.
24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The a
|date=March 19, 2018}} The 2017–18 Troy Trojans women's basketball team represents Troy University during the 2017–18 NCAA Division I women's basketball season. The Trojans, led by sixth year head coach Chanda Rigby, play their home games at Trojan Arena and were members of the Sun Belt Conference, they finished the season 12 -- 6 in Sun Belt play to finish in a tie for third place. They advanced to the semifinals of the Sun Belt Tournament, they finished the season 12 -- 6 in Sun Belt play to finish in third place. They defeat Arkansas State, Texas–Arlington and Louisiana–Lafayette to become champions of the Sun Belt Tournament to earn an automatic trip to the NCAA Women's Tournament, they lost in the first round to Mississippi State. 2017–18 NCAA Division I women's basketball rankings 2017–18 Troy Trojans men's basketball team