The World Athletics Championships are a biennial athletics competition organized by World Athletics. The World Championships were started in 1976 in response to the International Olympic Committee dropping the men's 50 km walk from the Olympic programme for the 1976 Montreal Olympics, despite its constant presence at the games since 1932; the IAAF chose to host its own world championship event instead, a month and a half after the Olympics. It was the first World Championships. A second limited event was held in 1980, the inaugural championships in 1983, with all the events, is considered the official start of the competition; until 1980, the Olympic champions were considered as reigning World Champions. At their debut, these championhips were held every four years, until 1991, when they switched to a two-year cycle since; the idea of having an Athletics World Championships was around well before the competition's first event in 1983. In 1913, the IAAF decided that the Olympic Games would serve as the World Championships for athletics.
This was considered suitable for over 50 years until in the late 1960s the desire of many IAAF members to have their own World Championships began to grow. In 1976 at the IAAF Council Meeting in Puerto Rico an Athletics World Championships separate from the Olympic Games was approved. Following bids from both Stuttgart, West Germany and Helsinki, the IAAF Council awarded the inaugural competition to Helsinki, to take place in 1983 and be held in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium. Two IAAF world championship events preceded the inaugural edition of the World Championships in Athletics in 1983; the 1976 World Championships had just one event – the men's 50 kilometres walk, dropped from the Olympic programme for the 1976 Summer Olympics and the IAAF responded by setting up their own contest. Four years the 1980 World Championships contained only two newly approved women's events, neither of which featured on the programme for the 1980 Summer Olympics. Over the years the competition has grown in size.
In 1983 an estimated 1,300 athletes from 154 countries participated. By the 2003 competition, in Paris, it had grown to 1,907 athletes from 203 countries with coverage being transmitted to 179 different countries. There has been a change in composition over the years, with several new events, all for women, being added. By 2005, the only differences were men's competition in the 50 km walk, equivalent events in women's 100 m hurdles and heptathlon to men's 110 m hurdles and decathlon; the following list shows. 1987, women's 10,000 m and 10 km walk were added. 1993, women's triple jump was added. 1995, women's 3,000 m was replaced by the 5000 m. 1999, women's pole vault and hammer were added and the women's 20 km walk replaced the 10 km walk. 2005, women's 3000 m steeplechase was added. 2017, women's 50 km walk was added. 2019, mixed 4 × 400 m relay was added. Updated after the 2019 World Athletics Championships. Notes ^ ANA is the name, under which Russian athletes competed in the 2019 Championships.
Their medals were not included in the official medal table. In the IAAF placing table the total score is obtained from assigning eight points to the first place and so on to one point for the eight placed finalists. Points are shared in situations. However, the IAAF site shows all points rounded to the nearest integer. Updated after the 2017 Championships Notes^ including points earned by athletes from East Germany and West Germany at the 1976, 1980, 1983 and 1987 Championships. ^ including points earned by Authorised Neutral Athletes at the 2017 Championships. Boldface denotes highest medal count among all athletes per type. * including one medal in the relay event in which he participated in the heats only * including one medal in the relay event in which she participated in the heats only *** including three medals in the relay events in which she participated in the heats only **** including four medals in the relay events in which she participated in the heats only There are 61 athletes that have competed in at least eight editions.
* At the 1993 World Championships in Athletics in Stuttgart, Dragutin Topić completed as Individual World Championship Participant as Athletic Federation of Yugoslavia was suspended by IAAF due to United Nations sanctions stemming from the Yugoslav wars. A total of 32 world records have been set or equalled at the competition, 17 by men, 13 by women and 2 – in the mixed relay; the first world record to be set at the World Championships was by Jarmila Kratochvílová of Czechoslovakia, who ran 47.99 seconds to win the women's 400 m final. A peak of five world records came at the 1993 World Championships in Athletics; the most recent world record was in the Women's 400 metres hurdles, which Dalilah Muhammad of the United States finished in 52.16 second in 2019. World records have become less common as the history of the event has expanded, with no world records set in the 1997, 2001, 2007 and 2013 editions. American athletes have been the most successful with thirteen world records set by that nation in total, followed by Jamaica and Great Britain on four each.
Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt has broken the most world records at the competition, at four, one more than American Carl Lewis. Jonathan Edwards holds the distinction of breaking the world record twice in one championships – improving upon his own newly-set world record in the 1995 men's triple jump final; the men's 4 × 100 metres relay
Progresso da Lunda Sul was an Angolan sports club from Saurimo, the capital city of Lunda Sul province. The club was an affiliate of Progresso do shares the same outfit colours. Established as Progresso do Sambukila, the club changed its name in 2014 to its current denomination; the club was owned by Angolan businessman Ernesto dos Santos Lino aka Santos Bikuku. In 2014, the club won the 2014 Angolan second division Group B thus being promoted to the 2015 Girabola. Angolan League: 0Angolan Cup: 0Angolan SuperCup: 0Gira Angola: 0 Progresso da Lunda Sul's season-by-season performance since 2011: PR = Preliminary round, 1R = First round, GS = Group stage, R32 = Round of 32, R16 = Round of 16, QF = Quarter-finals, SF = Semi-finals Girabola Gira Angola Girabola.com profile Zerozero.pt profile Facebook profile
Statu Nascendi is the third studio album by American post-rock band Mamiffer. It was released through SIGE Records on November 18, 2014; the album was recorded and mixed live on November 16, 2013 subsequently produced by Randall Dunn at Avast Studios in Seattle. Unlike previous efforts, Statu Nascendi features no use of fewer distorted guitars. Faith Coloccia described the sound of the album as "compositionally simple" and "repetitive," a trait she defines as a "spiritual presence evoked through a use of minimalism and repetition." She credited this evolution in sound, in part, to a tour the previous year where the band was limited in budget and member availability. Coloccia described this as the "strengths of limitation" found throughout the album. Turner said that the decision to live record and mix the album was a direct intention to "recreate the live feeling of our set as as we could—a direct translation of the energy and emotion of the live set—something that's sometimes lost in longer, more elaborate recording sessions."
Upon its release, the album was met with favorable reviews. Chris Bilton of Exclaim! Described the album as a "mix of ethereal piano and organ, post-rock guitar and crystalline vocals" and an "elemental incarnation, devoid of traditional rock signifiers.' Creaig Dunton of Brainwashed described Statu Nascendi as "a powerful work that strips the Mamiffer sound down to its organic core." "Caelestis Partus" – 6:16 "Enantiodromia" – 16:14 "Mercy" – 6:40 "Flower of the Field" – 7:47 Faith Coloccia – organ, vocals Aaron Turner – guitars Faith Coloccia – artwork, design James Plotkin – mastering Joseph Anderko – cover photograph Randall Dunn – engineering, producer